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P. 34.-All Heaven, except the Proud One, knelt.—“ And when we said unto the angels, Worship Adam, they all worshipped except Eblis (Lucifer), who refused." (The Koran, chap. ii.)

P. 34.-Through many a Prophet's breast.-This is according to D'Herbelot's account of the doctrines of Mokanna: — "Sa doctrine étoit, que Dieu avoit pris une forme et figure humaine, depuis qu'il eut commandé aux Anges d'adorer Adam, le premier des hommes. Qu'après la mort d'Adam, Dieu étoit apparu sous la figure de plusieurs Prophètes, et autres grands hommes qu'il avoit choisis, jusqu'à ce qu'il prit celle d' Abu Moslem, Prince de Khorassan, lequel professoit l'erreur de la Tennassukhiah on Métempsychose; et qu'après la mort de ce Prince, la Divinité étoit passée et descendue en sa personne."

P. 34.-Issa.-Jesus.

P. 37. That ancient flood.-The Amoo, which rises in the Belur Tag, or Dark Mountains, and, running nearly from east to west, splits into two branches; one of which falls into the Caspian Sea, and the other into Aral Nahr, or the Lake of Eagles.

P. 39.-The bulbul.-The nightingale.

P. 46.-Holy Koom.-The Cities of Com (or Koom) and Cashan are full of mosques, mausoleums, and sepulchres of the descendants of Ali, the Saints of Persia.-(Chardin.)

P. 46.-Kishmee.-An island in the Persian Gulf, celebrated for its white wine.

P. 46.-Zemzem's Spring of Holiness.-The miraculous well at Mecca; so called, says Sale, from the murmuring of its waters.

P. 47.-Whom India serves, the monkey deity.-The God Hannaman.-" Apes are in many parts of India highly venerated, out of respect to the God Hannaman, a deity partaking of the form of that race."-(Pennant's "Hindostan.") See a curious account, in Stephen's "Persia," of a solemn embassy from some part of the Indies to Goa, when the Portuguese

were there, offering vast treasures for the recovery of a monkey's tooth, which they held in great veneration, and which had been taken away upon the conquest of the kingdom of Jafanapatan.

P. 47.-Lucifer was right.-The resolution of Eblis not to acknowledge the new creature, man, was, according to Mahometan tradition, thus adopted: "The earth (which God had selected for the materials of His work) was carried into Arabia to a place between Mecca and Tayef, where, being first kneaded by the angels, it was afterwards fashioned by God himself into a human form, and left to dry for the space of forty days, or, as others say, as many years; the angels, in the meantime, often visiting it, and Eblis (then one of the angels nearest to God's presence, afterwards the devil) among the rest; but he, not contented with looking at it, kicked it with his foot till it rung; and knowing. God designed that creature to be his superior, took a secret resolution never to acknowledge him as such.”—(Sale on the Koran.)

P. 47. The light from dead men's marrow.—A kind of lantern formerly used by robbers, called the Hand of Glory, the candle for which was made of the fat of a dead malefactor. This, however, was rather a Western than an Eastern superstition.

P. 48.-Marble of which gods are made.-The material of which images of Gaudma (the Birman Deity) are made, is held sacred. "Birmans may not purchase the marble in mass, but are suffered, and, indeed, encouraged, to buy figures of the Deity ready made."-(Symes's "Ava," vol. ii. p. 376.)

P. 52.-Kerzrah flowers.-"It is commonly said in Persia that if a man breathe in the hot south wind which in June or July passes over that flower (the Kerzereh), it will kill him." -(Thevenot.)

P. 54. Within the crocodile's stretch'd jaws to come.-The humming-bird is said to run this risk for the purpose of picking the crocodile's teeth. The same circumstance is related of the lapwing, as a fact to which he was witness, by Paul Lucas, Voyage fait en 1714.

The ancient story concerning the Trochilus, or humming

bird, entering with impunity into the mouth of the crocodile, is firmly believed at Java.-(Barrow's "Cochin China.")

P. 56.-That rank and venomous food.-" Circum easdem ripas (Nili, viz.) ales est Ibis. Ea serpentium populatur ova, gratissimamque ex his escam nidis suis refert."-(Solinus.)

P. 57.-Yamtcheou." The Feast of Lanterns is celebrated at Yamtcheou with more magnificence than anywhere else: and the report goes that the illuminations there are so splendid that an Emperor once, not daring openly to leave his Court to go thither, committed himself with the Queen and several Princesses of his family into the hands of a magician, who promised to transport them thither in a trice. He made them in the night to ascend magnificent thrones that were borne up by swans, which in a moment arrived at Yamtcheou. The Emperor saw at his leisure all the solemnity, being carried upon a cloud that hovered over the city and descended by degrees; and came back again with the same speed and equipage, nobody at court perceiving his absence."—("The Present State of China," p. 156.)

P. 57.-Sceneries of bamboo-work.-See a description of the nuptials of Vizier Alee in the "Asiatic Annual Register" for 1804.

P. 57.-Origin of these fantastic Chinese illuminations."The vulgar ascribe it to an accident that happened in the family of a famous mandarin, whose daughter, walking one evening upon the shore of a lake, fell in and was drowned; the afflicted father, with his family, ran thither, and, the better to find her, he caused a great company of lanterns to be lighted. All the inhabitants of the place thronged after him with torches. The year ensuing they made fires upon the shores the same day; they continued the ceremony every year, every one lighted his lantern, and by degrees it grew into a custom."-("Present State of China.")


P. 60.-Seba's Queen could vanquish with that one.- "Thou hast ravished my heart with one of thine eyes.”—(Sol. Song.)

P. 60.-The fingers' ends with a bright roseate hue.—“They tinged the ends of their fingers scarlet with henna, so that

they resembled branches of coral."-("Story of Prince Futtun" in "Bahardanush.")


P. 60.-To give that long, dark languish to the eye.women blacken the inside of their eyelids with a powder named the black kohol."-(Russel.)

"None of these ladies take themselves to be completely dressed till they have tinged the hair and edges of their eyelids with the powder of lead ore. Now, as this operation is performed by dipping first into the powder a small wooden bodkin of the thickness of a quill, and then drawing it afterwards through the eyelids over the ball of the eye, we shall have a lively image of what the Prophet (Jer. iv. 30) may be supposed to mean by 'rending the eyes with painting.' This practice is no doubt of great antiquity; for, besides the instance already taken notice of, we find that where Jezebel is said (2 Kings ix. 30) 'to have painted her face,' the original words are, 'she adjusted her eyes with the powder of lead ore.'" (Shaw's Travels.)

P. 60.-The Champac's leaves of gold.-The appearance of the blossoms of the gold-coloured Champac on the black hair of the Indian women has supplied the Sanscrit poets with many elegant allusions.-(See "Asiatic Researches," vol. iv.)

P. 60.-The sweet Elcaya.-A tree famous for its perfume, and common on the hills of Yemen.-(Niebuhr.)

P. 60.-Which bows to all who seek its canopy.—A tree of the genus mimosa, "which droops its branches whenever any person approaches it, seeming as if it saluted those who retire under its shade.". "'—(Ibid.)

P. 61.-Spicy rods, such as illume at night.—“ Cloves are a principal ingredient in the composition of the perfumed rods, which men of rank keep constantly burning in their presence." (Turner's "Tibet.")

P. 62-Odoriferous woods of Comorin.-"C'est d'où vient le bois d'aloës que les Arabes appellent Oud Comari, et celui du sandal, qui s'y trouve en grande quantité.”—(D'Herbelot.)

P. 62.-The crimson blossoms of the coral tree.-"Thousands of variegated lories visit the coral trees."—(Barrow.)

P. 62.-Mecca's blue sacred pigeon.-" In Mecca there are quantities of blue pigeons, which none will affright or abuse, much less kill."-(Pitt's account of the Mahometans.)

P. 62.-The thrush of Hindostan.-" The Pagoda Thrush is esteemed among the first choristers of India. It sits perched on the sacred pagodas, and from thence delivers its melodious song." (Pennant's "Hindostan.")

P. 62.-Drunk with that sweet food whose scent hath lured them.-Birds of Paradise, which, at the nutmeg season, come in flights from the southern isles to India; and "the strength of the nutmeg," says Tavernier, " so intoxicates them, that they fall dead drunk to the earth." Tavernier adds, that while the birds of Paradise lie in this intoxicated state, the emmets come and eat off their legs; and that hence it is they are said to have no feet.

P. 62.-Build their high nests of budding cinnamon.—“That bird which liveth in Arabia, and buildeth its nest with cinnamon."-(Browne's "Vulgar Errors.")

P. 62.-Like the green birds.-"The spirits of the martyrs will be lodged in the crops of green birds."-(Gibbon, vol. ix. p. 421.)

P. 62.-That impious King.-Shedad, who made the delicious gardens of Irim, in imitation of Paradise, and was destroyed by lightning the first time he attempted to enter them.

P. 64. Hum themselves to sleep.-"My Pandits assure me that the plant before us (the Nilica) is their Sephalica, thus named because the bees are supposed to sleep on its blossoms.” -(Sir W. Jones.)

P. 66.-Captives to the King of Flowers.-"They deferred it till the King of Flowers should ascend his throne of enamelled foliage."-("The Bahardanush.")

P. 67.-A light golden chain-work round her hair.-" One of the head-dresses of the Persian women is composed of a light

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