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son succeeded to him as colonial however, that it was not the king Secretary. That portion of the who had recommended Mr. Her : Whigs who had made their way ries to lord Goderich, but lord into the cabinet under Mr. Can- Goderich who had recommended ning, wished to strengthen their Mr. Herries to the king, they conparty by bringing in lord Holland; sented to keep their places. Lord but the proposal was immediately Harrowby retired from the Preover-ruled, and they did not think sidency of the council: his place that circumstances called upon was taken by the duke of Portland, them to enforce his reception, or and the earl of Carlisle succeeded risk the return to power of their to his Grace as lord Privy Seal. old opponents, by resigning. The The chancellorship of Ireland, only difficulty that was encounter, likewise, was now filled up.

It ed lay in finding a chancellor of

was given to sir Anthony Hart; the Exchequer. The office was and, in his place, Mr. Shadwell declined by Mr. Tierney, Mr. was knighted, and made ViceHuskisson, and Mr. Sturges Bourne; chancellor of England.* and at last was given to Mr. Her- This new ministry—the third ries, who had been Secretary of which the country had seen in the the Treasury under lord Liver- space of seven monthsstood out pool's administration, and had re- the remainder of the

year.

Tosigned, with his colleagues, on the wards the end of the year indeed, appointment of Mr. Canning. The it was exhibiting evident sympwhigs of the cabinet were so little toms of an approaching dissolution, pleased at first with this nomina- and the Premier, lord Goderich, tion, that the marquis of Lans- had tendered his resignation As . downe waited upon his majesty to however it did see the year out, in resign the seals of the Home life and in motion, although in a Department. They objected to sickly and ricketty condition, the him both on political grounds, and history of its dissolution, and of as being a nominee of the king; the formation of that by which it for such they said was the light in was succeeded, does not properly which the transaction appeared to fall within the scope

of

our present them. On its being explained, volume.

• The Ministry now stood as follows : First Lord of the Treasury

Lord Goderich. Chancellor of the Exchequer

Mr. Herries. Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs ...,

Lord Dudley and Ward. Secretary of State for the War and Colonial Department Mr. Huskisson. Secretary of State for the Home Department

Marquis of Lansdowne. Master-General of the Ordnance..

Marquis of Anglesey. Lord Chancellor....

Lord Lyndhurst. President of the Council

Duke of Portland. Lord Privy Seal...

Earl of Carlisle.
President of the Board of Trade and Treasurer of the

Mr. C. Grant.
Navy
President of the Board of Control

Mr. C. W, Wynn.
Secretary at War

Lord Palmerston. Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster.

Lord Bexley. Master of the Mint

Mr. Tierney. Surveyor of the Woods and Forests

Mr. S. Bourne.

In the colonies no event oc- ground that she had not gained curred during the year deserving the money by honest industry, of particular commemoration. Å but by following immoral courses, foolish quarrel, in which the House the proof of which was, that she of Assembly of Jamaica had in- had a mulatto child. The provolve itself with the government tector of slaves appeared in court at home, was amicably settled. in her defence; he insisted that The former imagining that its the law gave to him alone, in his rights as a colonial legislature official capacity, the power of were infringed by certain Trea- determining whether the money, sury minutes ordering certain with which a slave wished to purduties to be levied under an act chase his liberty, had been honestly of the British parliament, had re- earned ; and he stated he had solved “ that the allowances to the convinced himself by proper inBritish troops shall be stopped quiries, that, in the present case, it from the first of June (1826) un- had been so earned. His claim less the grievance complained of was allowed ; and the negress and by the imposition of duties with- her child were declared free on out the consent of the legislature payment of a sum fixed by apof this colony, be fully redressed praisers. It no doubt is of much before that day.” Accordingly the importance that the prospect of allowances were actually stopped; manumission should not tempt and as the officers of the customs slaves to accumulate money by were ordered to enforce the duties dishonest and immoral means ; but in the mean time, the consequence to sustain an objection founded on was that the colonists found them- the species of immorality which selves compelled to pay double was here alleged, in a state of soduties, one collected by the re- ciety like that which exists among ceiver-general under the colonial the negroes, would be demanding law, and another by the collectors from him a great deal too much. of the Customs. This induced On the appointment of lord them to accede to a proposal of Goderich to the Premiership, lord the governor, that, until the next William Bentinck was named to : session of parliament, the usual succeed lord Amherst, as governor allowances to the troops should be general of India, and lord Amherst, continued, and all the duties be in the mean time, was making paid over to the receiver-general, “a progress” up the Ganges, rean officer under the control of the ceiving the visits of the neighbourcolonial legislature itself, while ing princes, amid the amusements they had no authority over the and luxuries of Oriental magnifiofficers of his majesty's customs.

The relations of amity, In Berbice the first instance oc- with the Burmese court, that folcurred of a slave insisting on pur- lowed the termination of the war, chasing his liberty, without the were cultivated by a mission to consent of his master, and that Ava, which was received by the new officer, the protector of slaves, humbled monarch with the highest appeared, for the first time, en- marks of respect, and succeeded in forcing the claim. The slave was concluding a commercial treaty a woman; her right to purchase between him and the company. her freedom was denied on the By this convention, all vessels VOL. LXIX.

CO]

cence.

A pe

away, their

were to pass and repass, without their funds, they imposed a stamp obstruction, paying only the cus- duty. All Calcutta was unani. tomary dues. No pilotage was to mous against the justice and expebe demanded, unless the captain diency of the measure; they even of the vessel should actually re- questioned its legality, and counsel quire a pilot, and vessels were no were heard for three days against longer to be compelled to land their the registration of the act. guns, or unship their rudders. tition against it, the signatures to The king engaged, that no ob- which included all the principal struction should be given to mer- mercantile houses, was presented chants coming and going at their to the council; but the council repleasure, or disposing of, or taking mained firm in its purpose. The

property as they inhabitants resolved to petition might please ; and that, in any case parliament against what seemed of wreck, or injury by stress of wea- to be, in principle, the assertion of ther, the people of the towns and a right of unlimited taxation. villages in the vicinity should They obtained leave of the Sheriff yield all the assistance in their to meet for the purpose of consipower. Rangoon, possession of dering the propriety of petitioning which had been retained for the parliament but the council sent a re-embarkation of the troops, was severe reprimand to that officer, evacuated in November 1826; but and commanded him to disallow his golden-footed majesty imme- the meeting. - Debarred from diately found, that he had a new, meeting in any corporate capacity, though less formidable competitor they resolved to meet as an assemfor it on his hands. A neighbour- bly of individuals; and that there ing tribe of Taliens, or Talains, might appear nothing elandestine having at their head a native of in their proceedings, they gave the name of Gnu-lat, who, under public intimation of their intenthe Burmese government,

had tion. The government, which been governor of Syriam, took ad- had “no objection” to the inhabivantage of the departure of the Bri- tants petitioning the parliament of tish, and speedily made themselves England, saw great objection to masters of the whole territory, with affording them the means of draw, the exception of Rangoon itself, in ing up a petition, and sent an order which they shut up the Burmese to their stipendiary magistrates to garrison. The Golden Foot, how- disperse the meeting, and, if necesever, immediately assembled an ar- sary, to call in a military force for my, and giving them orders, as his this purpose. The magistrates, manifesto expressed it," to catch, however, took legal advice on the murder, and squeeze the beggarly legality of the act; and finding Taliens,” he succeeded in clearing that each and every one of them his territory of the intruders, in would be liable to an action of the course of the following Fe trespass for disturbing a lawful bruary.

meeting, they refused to obey the Great discontent was excited at order. The meeting accordingly Calcutta by a financial regulation of took place. the company

To relieve the A petition to both Houses of pressure, which the expenses of the parliament was unanimously voted, Burmese war had brought upon was shortly afterwards signed by every man in Calcutta, of what- meet the charges made against ever party, eminent for wealth or him; but they were allowed to station, out of the service of the die away in the House of Comcompany, and was transmitted to mons without any definite meaEngland.

sure founded on them being even The government of Calcutta had proposed. found it necessary or prudent to lay The foreign relations of the certain restrictions on the periodic country underwent no change, excal press of that presideney. They cepting towards Turkey; and the passed a regulation prohibiting the events which led to that ehange publication of any newspaper, or will find a more fitting place in other periodical work, by any per- another part of our narrative. A son not licensed by the governor and convention was signed with the council, and making such licence princess Regent of Portugal for revocable at the pleasure of the the maintenance of the British governor and council: and the re- troops which had been sent to that gulation had been registered by the country. The expense was ultisupreme court. When it was mately to be borne by Portugal; transmitted, however, to Bombay, but it was agreed that the money to be made law there, the supreme should, in the mean time, be adcourt of that presidency took a dif- vanced by Britain, “to obviate the ferent view of the matter: two difficulties which an immediate out of three judges refused to re- disbursement of funds might occagister it, as being

contrary to law. sion, under the present circumAt the Cape of Good Hope, a stances, to the government of Pornew governor was installed in place tugal.” A treaty for the abolition of lord C. Somerset, whose conduct, of the slave trade was concluded whether right or wrong, had given with the emperor of Brazil. The rise to so many complaints. His trade, on the part of the Brazilians lordship came home, professedly to was to cease in three years from

the ratification of the treaty, and . The reader will find the judgment those who should carry it on after delivered by the chief justice in the that period were to be treated as Appendix to the Chronicle.

pirates.

CHAP. VIII.

FRANCE--Meeting of the Chambers-Discussions on the Affairs of

Portugal-New Jury Act-Decision of the Chamber of Peers regarding the Laws against the Jesuits-Law for the more effectual Prohibition of the Slave Trade-Finances, and State of Manufactures-- Royal Debts-Lan for the Regulation of the Press : amendments proposed by the Committee : the Bill carried in the Chamber of DeputiesDiscontent of the Public— The Bill is withdrawn in the Chamber of PeersThe National Guard of Paris is disbanded Prorogation of the Chambers-Establishment of the CensorshipDissolution of the Chamber of DeputiesCreation of Peers General Election-Coalition of the "Ultra-Royalists and the Liberals The Ministers are defeated in the ElectionsChange of Ministry-Dispute with the Regency of Algiers-Commercial Connexion with Mexico.

THEN France, in 1826, ex- and to Europe, to unite cordially of the conduct of Spain towards of a war with England, in aiding Portugal, by recalling her am- the exertions of the Portuguese bassador from the court, and her rebels. To the cause of Chaves, Swiss guards from around the per- and his associated traitors, they son of his Most Catholic Majesty, devoted their talents, and their she had only followed the dictates political influence; the columns of of sound policy, and displayed a their public prints in Paris were sincere desire for the preservation the official, though lying, records of peace. But there was still a of his marches and exploits. Their powerful party in France, who friends did not seem to have much thought that the interests and weight in the French government, honour of the empire lay in an in so far as only ostensible offices opposite direction. They were the were to be considered ; but they friends of civil and ecclesiastical possessed beside and behind the tyranny in their own country; throne, in the closet and in the they hated, no less than did Fer- confessional, a power which threatdinand and his Camarilla, the pro- ened to counteract that of the mibable progress of a different sys- nistry itself. They had already tem on the banks of the Tagus. manifested this secret, but most So far were they from thinking, effective, authority, in the conduct that the insidious plottings, and of their minion De Moustiers, the open armaments of Spain against minister at the court of Madrid. Portugal, could justly expose the Obedient to their commands, be former to be abandoned by France, cause confident that they were able that they considered it a duty, to protect him against any subwhich France owed to legitimacy stantial disgrace, that person bad

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