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said, was now visible in various Chancellor, again, though not members of parliament: they were educated in the Equity courts, all opposed to the alterations in was a person of very great legal the court of Chancery which they talents, and of a very strong and had formerly most strenuously independent mind. He possessed advocated; and they had now, a remarkable power of simplifying being in office, no objection to all and dealing with the most comthe arrangements of that court, plicated questions; and it was the though, when out of office, they opinion of those, whose opinion in had poured forth against them such matters was best worth hav“torrents of fiery indignation." ing, that he was qualified for reIt was assumed, for the purpose forming the court, and anxious to of an unfair attack, that he him- save its time; and that he would self, and those who thought with make up for the defect in his him, had changed their opinions legal education of not having been on the subject. Now, on what trained in a court of Equity, which measure of government, on what was his misfortune, not his fault. chapter of policy, on what officer He, therefore, had a confident of state, on what judge of the expectation that the business of land, had his conduct, opinions, the court would now be despatched or principles, changed? It had in proper time. But he did not, been said by those who contended therefore, say that bankruptcy that lord Eldon was not to blame should be attached to the Great for the arrears in the court, that Seal for ever. He said, wait a no man could get through the year; give time to the court of mass of business. If the business Chancery, which has now three, had increased, the means of dis- instead of two judges, and for posing of it had increased too, by the introduction of practical and the establishment of the Vice- effectual reforms by the judges chancellor's court. Instead, how themselves. See what the lord ever, of having an efficient Chan- Chancellor could effect, with the cellor, Vice-chancellor, and Master aid of his two efficient coadof the Rolls, there had always jutors. The experiment in the been either an unfit Vice-chan- court of Chancery could now be cellor or an unfit Master of the fairly tried; and if, at the end of Rolls, which left the court in the a year, the case should appear same situation as before the Vice- hopeless, then he would admit chancellor's bill passed. Now, that the bankruptcy experiment at present, we had, in the first should be adopted, and he would place, as efficient a Master of support a proposition which he the Rolls as could be required. now deemed mischievous, or at Of sir Anthony Hart, the new least premature. Vice-chancellor, he would say that On a division, the motion was he had been one of the most ex- lost by a majority of 134 to 37. perienced practitioners in the court

During the discontents which of Chancery, and was admirably disturbed the country in the end qualified to get through business, of 1819 and the beginning of which would compensate for any 1820, certain legislative measures deficiencies that might exist in had been adopted, known by the other respects. The new lord name of the Six-acts, for the pura pose of checking the course of the had hitherto expressed certain preachers of sedition. Some of opinions on the subject; but it them had already expired by the was expecting too much to suplapse of time; but one of them, pose, that he was now to vote for which subjected to a stamp duty the repeal of this bill merely bethose cheap periodical tracts that cause he had happened, ten years formed the most powerful instru- ago, to complain of part of its ments of unprincipled agitators, enactments. The House must be still remained in force. Mr. well aware, that, in legislating for Hume, who had not joined in the the good of the country, it was migration of his brethren to the

necessary to look at a subject in ministerial benches, brought for- all its bearings, and not rashly ward (31st May) a motion for the revoke a measure, the practical repeal of this statute, which, with effects of which had been tried all the others, had received the and approved. When he looked strenuous support of Mr. Canning, at this bill, its various bearings, and had been resisted and con- and the objects for which it was demned by the opposition as a designed, he could never consent tyrannical and unwarrantable at- to its entire repeal. It merely tack against the liberty of the put periodical pamphlets and papers press, and as a new attempt to crush on the same footing with news the public execration of him and papers, in regard to paying a duty, of his compeers. Mr. Hume said, and as such publications might that he had intended to have made contain all that was most interestthe same motion during the pre- ing in a newspaper, he saw no ceding session ; but he now con- reason why it should be othergratulated himself upon the delay, wise. It compelled the proprietors as the changes, which had in the of them likewise to enter their interim taken place in the govern- names at the Stamp-office : this, ment, must have made it a fortu- too, was good; he knew that it nate delay for the question he now had produced great benefit in advocated. But Mr. Hume greatly many cases of libel where the deceived himself. Mr. Tierney, suffering parties, but for this arMr. Abercrombie, sir James Mac- rangement, would have been left intosh, and Mr. Brougham, were

without an attainable remedy. absent the occasion : lord There were one or two clauses of Milton declared it to be a matter the act which he might wish to of so little moment, that he was see altered or expunged; but he not sure whether he would remain was not, therefore, of opinion that in the House to the division ; sir it ought to be repealed altogether. James Scarlett and sir Robert If he had formerly opposed the Wilson manfully joined Mr. Can- enactment of this measure upon ning in resisting the motion, and speculative grounds, and abusing and ridiculing their as- found that a beneficial practical tonished mate, the member for effect had flowed from it, he felt Aberdeen. The attorney-general himself bound to take advantage (sir James Scarlett) said, that the of the benefit which experience mover of the present motion seemed had afforded him, and should deem to expect his concurrence in it, for it a dereliction of duty to adhere no other reason than because he to the speculative opinions which

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time had proved to be erroneous. tory to him, who in 1819 had As no practical evil arising from supported this measure, and who, the act had been pointed out, he in common with those who had could not consent to the repeal. introduced it from a sense of duty, With all the obligations which he had been subjected to a great and felt to be due to the member for undeserved load of obloquy, to Aberdeen for the good which he hear the correctness of that policy had effected for the country in now maintained by the hon. and other respects, he was not inclined learned gentleman, who had forto take him as a model in matters merly been among the foremost to of general legislation, and would arraign it. It was highly satismeet the motion with a direct factory, he repeated, for him to negative, however kindly it might see a tardy justice at last performbe meant to the new administra- ed to the memory of a noble friend tion.

of his, who had been more foully Mr. Peel said, that the straight- calumniated than any individual forward course which the attorney, with whom he had ever been acgeneral had adopted, was infinitely quainted. His majesty's attorneymore manly than the insidious general was wrong, very wrong; line of conduct followed by other in stating that this particular bill honourable and learned gentle- met with but slight opposition. men, who had absented themselves Not one of the Six-acts was more from their places, because they had pertinaciously resisted than this resisted, in 1819, the enactment of very act; it was resisted on its the bill which was now sought to third reading, and even at the be repealed. He honoured the last stage and indeed in every attorney-general more than ever, shape in which the forms of the for the manliness with which he House would allow any opposition had declared, that he would not to be made to it. The open sanction the repeal of this bill, manly course which the attorbecause he had originally resisted ney-general had that night purits enactment, without inquiry into sued, in recording his approbation, its practical results

. If all the gen- in 1827, of the measure against tlemen, who had recently joined which he had divided in 1819, his majesty's administration, had

was a full justification of those pursued a similar line of conduct, who had introduced it. He and had stated their reasons for hoped that the House would pernot adhering to the opinions which mit him, in justice to the methey had formerly expressed, they mory of his noble friend the would have done themselves more late marquis of Londonderry, to honour than they now did by stay- take advantage of the admission ing away from the debate, and made.

The vindication withholding from the public the which his majesty's attorney-genesentiments they entertained upon ral had that night offered for it. At the same time he would his own conduct, rendered the not say, that the grounds, on which vindication of his noble friend's his majesty's attorney-general had political conduct in 1819, comresisted the repeal of this act, were plete and unassailable. If it altogether such as he approved. were right now, in times of com It was, however, highly satisfac- parative quiet and tranquillity,

and

now

when there was little sedition and would let it alone, if the attorneyblasphemy abroad, and when those general asked him to do so. Mr. who attempted to corrupt the Hume replied, that this was not public mind by such publications true; that he had written to the were comparatively insignificant attorney-general, stating, that he in number—if it were right now would not stir the matter, if the to resist the repeal of this act, was attorney-general himself would not his noble friend justified in undertake to move the repeal in 1819, when assiduous attempts the course of next session. This were making in all quarters to the attorney-general would not do, poison the mind of the lower and he had therefore nothing left classes, in proposing a measure, of but to bring it forward hinself, which the practical operation was for he was so unfortunate as not now admitted to be as beneficial to be able to change his opinions, as his noble friend had anticipated which, however, sir R. Wilson that it would be ?

certainly had a right to do,' if he Sir Robert Wilson manfully de- pleased. On a division, the moclared that he would vote against tion was lost by a majority of 120 the motion, because it was an in- against 10. convenient motion for the ministry. In the mean time, a portion, at He said, that he had come to the least, of the members of the oppoministerial side of the House, not sition were introduced into subora by that circuitous path generally dinate offices, though none of them followed in moving from one side had as yet been elevated to any to the other, but boldly and un- station of high and direct inblushingly, because he had come fluence. The marquis of Lanswith the colours of liberal princi- downe accepted of a seat in the ples flying, to support a ministry cabinet, to which were soon added which was formed for the avowed the seals of the home department. purpose of uniting the prerogative The mastership of the mint, which of the king with the liberty of the had been vacated by Mr. Wallace, people. He came to the House was conferred upon Mr. Tierney ; prepared to defend the govern- Mr. Abercromby became judgement, either from open assault, or advocate, and sir J. M‘Donald one invidious attacks, which were cal- of the commissioners for India afculated to prejudice its character, fairs. Mr. Brougham had no and to produce a schism among its share of the spoil : he declared in supporters, which could not fail to the House of Commons, that, be injurious to the best interests of “ finding that his taking of office the country.

He accused Mr. would have prevented the junction Hume of a breach of faith in of the two parties, lie had volunhaving brought forward the mo- tarily resigned all claims of his own tion, after a pledge given to him that could be held to stand in the (sir R. Wilson) in private, that he way.”

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CHAP. V.

The Corn Bill introduced in the House of Lords-Debate on the Second

ReadingAmendment of the Duke of Wellington carried against the Ministry in the Committee, and confirmed on the bringing up of the Report-Ministers withdraw the Bill-Attack of Mr. Canning on the Duke of Wellington--Proposal to give effect to the Corn Act of 1822-Temporary Corn Bill brought in and passed-Discussion in the House of Lords on the Language used concerning them in the House of Commons-Discussion with respect to the State of the Shipping Interest.

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ties — such the dislocation tile, was about to be introduced, and embarrassment of the govern- and would furnish an opportunity ment, when the Corn-bill, which for a more effective expression of had passed the House of Commons sentiment. The bill having been on the last day before the recess, read a first and second time, the was brought up to the House of debate took place (May 25) on the Lords. While it was still pend- motion for referring it to a com, ing in the lower House, the peers, mittee. Lord Malmesbury moved on the motion of lord Lauderdale, as an amendment, that it should had appointed a committee to ina be committed that day three quire into the prices at which corn months. The duke of Somerset, could be imported into this coun- the marquis of Lansdowne, the try from the continent—a question earls of Roseberry, Carnarvon, and concerning which very discordant Darnley, viscount Goderich, and and contradictory statements had lord Bexley, spoke in favour of the been made in the debate in the original motion ; the marquis of Commons. An address to the Salisbury, the earl of Mansfield, Crown had likewise been voted, the earl of Rosslyn, earl Stanhope, praying his majesty to take mea- and lord Redesdale, supported the sures for obtaining from our minis- amendment. Lord Ellenborough ters and consuls abroad information said, that he would not resist the regarding the corn trade in the sending of the bill to a committee ; countries round the Black Sea; but unless very great improveand lord Redesdale raised a pre- ments were made upon it in the liminary discussion (May 15), by committee, it should have his most proposing certain resolutions, which determined opposition. It would went to assert the reasonableness be superfluous to repeat the argųand expediency of the principlesments which were used by each on which the existing Corn-laws party in support of its views, for had been established. These reso- they were in substance the same lutions, however, were not per- with those which have been alsisted in, because the new bill ready brought before the reader as

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