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To select his ministers is the un- believe in the existence of any such doubted prerogative of the king; scheme. With whatever difficulbut it never was the prerogative of ties Mr. Canning might find himthe Crown to compel a subject to self now surrounded by whatever fill a public office whether he would intrigues he might already have or not, and still less to compel him fore-armed, or might now endeato fill it under the control of those vour to arm, himself against them in whom that subject reposes little he could not justly say,

that any official confidence, and from whom one intrigue had been attempted he differs in matters of public against him. policy. On what principle could It was fortunate for the new the king have said to Mr. Peel, “I minister, that the recess of parliacharge you on your allegiance to ment left him leisure to look serve under Mr.Canning,” on which about for substitutes for the colhe might not at any time say to the leagues who had quitted him. House of Commons, “ I charge you He was not allowed to seek them on your allegiance to vote the all among his own friends: the supplies, however you may distrust, Catholic question was still not to and differ from my ministers.” be made a cabinet question ; the The supposition that the resigna- king had declared, at the very tions of these ministers were the moment when he made Mr. Canresult of a preconcerted plan, be- ning minister, that he himself was cause they happened to be almost resolved to oppose any further simultaneous, was more absolutely cessions to the Papists. In this ridiculous than any

other. They point of view, the nomination of a could not formally decline to be- successor to lord Eldon was the come part of a ministry with a most important feature in the new Catholic head, until they were form- arrangements. Sir John Copley, ally told that such a ministry was the Master of the Rolls, whose to be framed, and were requested speech against the Catholics in the to join it. Mr. Canning did not tell late debate in the House of Comthem this till the 10th of April; mons had led to an almost personal and even then he did not say ex- altercation between him and Mr. plicitly that he was himself to be Canning, was created lord Lyndat the head of the government: hurst, and raised to the office of their replies necessarily reached lord High Chancellor, his place in him in the course of the 11th and the Rolls court being supplied by 12th. When Mr. Canning's ad- the vice-chancellor, sir John Leach, herents, therefore, enlarged upon and the vice-chancellor being sucthis simultaneousness as proving a ceeded by Mr. Hart. Mr. Sturges preconcerted scheme, and when Bourne,andlord Dudley and Ward, Mr. Canning himself described it both personal friends of the preas an extraordinary coincidence, hemier, were called to take the seals, and they just asserted this, that the former of the Home, and the men were guilty of conspiracy be- latter of the Foreign, department; cause they answered letters of im- the duke of Portland, a brother-inportance so soon as they received law of Mr. Canning's wife, became them. The uncontradicted declara- lord Privy-Seal ; Mr. Robinson, tions of the parties themselves in the Chancellor of the Exchequer, parliament make it impossible to was called up to the House of

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Peers, by the title of lord Goderich, represent him as inclined to go and took the seals of the Colonial equally far with themselves in the office, which lord Bathurst had re-application of these principles, if he signed. The duke of Wellington were not tranımelled, as they supwas succeeded as Master-general of posed him to be (though he affirmed the Ordnance by the marquis of the contrary), by his less daring colAnglesea: the office of Commander- leagues. These colleagues he had in-chief remained unoccupied; the now thrown off, and thus paved Board of Admiralty being dissolve the way to a junction with the ed, the office of lord High Admiral party whose support was become was revived, and bestowed upon essential to his ministerial existthe duke of Clarence, assisted by a ence, and which was not inclined council composed principally of to let slip this opportunity of placthose members of the former boarding itself in some share of auwho had not withdrawn from office. thority. It is true there remained Mr. Plunkett was raised to the many weighty questions, on which peerage, and created lord chief jus- it seemed impossible for the coalestice of the Common Pleas in Ire- cing parties to agree, unless one of land, in place of lord Norbury, them should sacrifice, for the enjoywho had resigned; but that retirement of power, all its public prinment was the result of old age and ciples. Year after year the Whigs infirmity; and Mr. Plunkett's had pressed the necessity of parappointment would, in all proba- liamentary reform, describing it bility, have taken place, although as

measure which

was not the cabinet had remained unbroken. merely expedient, but altogether Lord Manners expressed his de- essential to the safety of the countermination to retire from the try: Mr. Canning, on the other Chancellorship of Ireland, and that hand, was the bitter and irreconcileintention was carried into execu- able enemy of this alleged reform in tion before the ensuing Michaelmas all its shapes. Religious freedom term. In Scotland, where there was a watch-word of the opposition, are but few offices dependent on and the Test-act was in their judgpolitical vicissitudes, no changement an intolerant burthen upon took place.

liberty of conscience; but that very But though offices were thus act was one, to the repeal of which, filled, no positive addition was Mr. Canning declared, he would made to the strength of the new never be brought to consent. To ministry. This was sought and the opposition, any thing bearing attained by a coalition with the the appearance a restraint

upon Whigs, and some of the Radicals. the press was an abomination which It has already been mentioned, that they could not tolerate, and all the Whigs had for some time con- the vials of their wrath had been sidered, or affected to consider, Mr. poured out against the ministers, Canning as being, in a great mea- who, in 1820, had imposed some sure, a member of their own body. check upon periodical publications. Their sentiments, they said, coin- Of these ministers, Mr. Canning cided with his own principles, in has not been least exposed to their kind, at least, in so far as foreign obloquy, and these checks still policy and commercial regulation existed. Were the Whigs to become 1 were concerned, and they used to enemies of reform, of toleration,



and of the press, or was Mr. Can. They had thus one point of disning to become the reformer, the sension less with the former than corporator, the “chartered libere with the latter, and in a contest tine?”


between the two parties, During the remaining part of the it was their interest to support that session, some of these questions which approached nearest to their were propounded, and the issue own. A negotiation was opened shewed, that those newly enlisted with lord Lansdowne, through on the side of the government were lord Carlisle, who being connected not disposed to endanger its stabili- by birth and marriage with the ty, now that they formed part of it, leading members of the Whig arisby pressing their own views on the tocracy, and by long habits of notice of parliament. But, unless friendly intercourse with Mr. Canthere was a total sacrifice of prin- ning, was in those respects, no less ciple on one side or the other, it than by the moderation and respect

evident that the admission of ability of his character, fitted to the opposition to the cabinet would perform the office of a mediator, multiply all the evils of a divided For some time, however, the Whigs government.

Catholic emancipa- exhibited a feigned, or a real relucttion was the only topic on which ance, to take office. Whether it the members of the former cabinet was that Mr. Canning, foreseeing had openly differed: the new cabinet the danger of such allies becoming was formed expressly on the prin- masters, was reserved in his prociple that that difference should posals, and not sufficiently liberal continue; and to it would be added, in his offers or that the Whigs by an admixture of Whig members, were unwilling to commit them. all those other topics, which, for selves, till the probable stability of twenty years had furnished them

the new minister had been put to with themes of invective, and some- some test, thenegotiations did not times of personal abuse against lead to the immediate introduction their new master, and the party to of

any of them into the cabinet. which he belonged. At bottom, They agreed, however, to give Mr. however, their support of him rested Canning their support: and, as a on a very plain principle. If they pledge and symbol of their coalition, differed from Mr. Canning in these offices of considerable emolument, points, so did they likewise differ though of little direct political from his colleagues who had re- influence, were conferred on some signed, while they were further of their adherents. Mr. Scarlett separated from the latter on the

was knighted, and named Ato question of Catholic emancipation. torney-general.

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Meeting of Parliament after the Recess-Mr. Peel explains in the

House of Commons the Reasons of his Resignation--Statement of w. Mr. CanningSir Francis Burdett and Mr. Brougham defend their ***Coalition with the MinistryExplanations in the House of Lords by - Lord Eldon, the Duke of Wellington, Lord Bathurst, Lord Westmor

land, and Lord Melville, of the Reasons of their Resignations-Discussions in both Houses on the Formation of the New MinistryStrong Hostility expressed towards it in the House of LordsSpeech of Earl Grey-Opinions of His Majesty on the Catholic Question --Motions

on the State of Ireland withdrawn-Motion for, the Repeal of the Test Acts withdrawn_Motion on the Chancellor's Jurisdiction in Bankruptcy-Motion regarding the Stamp Duty on Cheap Publications-The Marquis of Lansdowne made Secretary of State.

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THEN the parliament re-as- who so long had acted together

sembled on the 1st of May,* in good and in evil report, and the public eagerness was at its which had accomplished an union height to learn something of the between parties and individuals causes, which had separated men whose contest had generally been


When parliament met, after the recess, the new ministry was as follows:--



PEERS. 191 Lord Chancellor ..................... Lord Lyndhurst place of Lord Eldon. Lord President's..................... Earl of Harrowby Lord Privy Seal ... .........Duke of Portland ......

the E. of Westmoreland. Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster .. Lord Bexiey Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs ,,Viscount Dudley :

Mr. Canning.
Secretary of State for the Colonies
SViscount Goderich (late?

Earl Bathurst,
Mr. Robinson .......

See. of State for the Home Department.. Rt. Hon. W. S. Bourne..

Mr. Peel,
President of the Board of Trade Rt. Hon. W. Huskisson
President of the Board of Control...... Rt. Hon. C. W. Wynn
Secretary at War ....................

Viscount Palmerston
First Lord of the Treasury and Chan-?

SLd. Liverpool, and Mr, Rt. Hon. G. Canning....

Robinson created Visc. cellor of the Exchequer

Lord High Admiral .

SHis Royal Highness the S Lord Melville and the
Duke of Clarence

other Lds. of the Adm. Master-General of the Ordnance........Marquis of Anglesea ....

the Duke of Wellington. Lord Chamberlain of the Household .Duke of Devonshire ....

Duke of Montrose.
Master of the Horse....
.Duke of Leeds..........

Duke of Dorset.
Chief Sec. to the Lord Lieut. of Ireland..Hon. W. Lamb

Mr. Goulburn,

LAW APPOINTMENTS. Master of the Rolls ce..................Sir John Leach

Sir John Copley created

Lord Lyndhurst. Vice-Chancellor.... ....................,Sir Anthony Hart ......

Sir John Leach. Attorney General

Sir James Scarlett

Sir Charles Wetherelle Holleitor General punt!!!!!

Sir 17, Tindali




a war ad internecionem. The office, were simply these. For benches of the House of Commons eighteen years, from the first displayed a juxta position of mem- moment of his public life, whether bers which St. Stephen's chapel in office or out of office, he had had not witnessed for twenty years, constantly offered an uncomproand which, if it had been predicted mising, but he trusted a temperate, six weeks before, would have ex- fair, and constitutional resistance cited only laughter. Mr. Tierney to the extension of political priviand Mr. Brougham, sir Francis leges to the Roman Catholics. Burdett and sir Robert Wilson, His opposition was founded on were ranged on the ministerial principle. He thought that the side of the House, and were ranged continuance of those bars, which there in support of Mr. Canning, excluded the Catholics from the

On the motion that a new acquisition of political power, was writ should issue for the borough necessary for the maintenance, of of Ashburton for the election of the constitution, and the safety of a member in place of Mr. S. the established church. ThereBourne, who had accepted, since fore it was, that he opposed their the adjournment of the House, the removal: and cherishing at this office of one of his majesty's prin- moment the same opinions he had cipal Secretaries of State, Mr. Peel always done, and having taken said, that, as the motion was imme. the active and prominent part in diately connected with the succes- support of these opinions which sion to that office which he had he had always done, as a minister recently held, he trusted the House of the crown, he did not think would allow him the opportunity of that he could, consistently with explaining the grounds on which his honour as a public man, agree he had retired from the situation

to an arrangement, which would, of Secretary of State. In the he knew, be beneficial to himself, prospect of this opportunity he but which would, likewise, if he had abstained from resorting to retained office, materially forward any other mode of explaining the the success of a question, to which motives by which his conduct he could never agree, and to which had been guided. During the he had always offered, and always three weeks which had elapsed must offer, the most open and desince his resignation, his silence cided resistance. Therefore he had been made the subject of determined to retire from the many doubts and of much mis- public service, if Mr. Canning construction ; he had submitted to should be placed at the head of the them in the prospect of vindicating Treasury. If his opinion on that his character before that House. question had been changed, he He said vindicate, for he could would have felt himself bound by not conceive that a public man a sense of public duty to have embarked in the public service, accepted office under his right was entitled, on light or trivial honourable friend's administration, grounds, to withdraw his assist- and to have kept himself free from ance from the servants of the even the most distant suspicion of crown whose confidence he had

being actuated by private or perpreviously obtained. The grounds, sonal feelings. But, as his opinion on, which he had retired from remained unchanged, as the duke

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