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better do this than in this book. It is not so ponderous as the "Systems of Medicin," and yet has at least references to everything one might wish to know in medicin. When surgery is indicated, he admits the fact, with full suggestions. In appendicitis, he concedes the right of a consulting surgeon in every case; indeed, suggests consultation pending diagnosis in doubtful cases. He intimates that in cases of doubt, you would better "cut." He gives many excellent tables of differential diagnoses. full page is given the cuts of Koplik's spots in measles. He aids the adoption of the metric system by full references. In Infectious Diseases and in Nervous Troubles, considerable matter has been changed and added to the first edition; and much more space has been given the articles upon the Blood and Vascular System. This edition will excel the other. There is no better one volume book on the plain science of medicin than this. We commend it thoroly.-A. L. R.
A Child of Light, or, Heredity and Prenatal Culture; considered in the light of new psychology. By Newton N. Rid. dell. Chicago: Child of Light Publishing Company, 1900 Price, $2.00.
The author is honest. It is a pity he has not the advantages of a thoro medical education. As it is, he can teach doctors many things along the lines of "their own game." He strikes the chord upon which we have harped so long. He is a born orator, who can sway multitudes; yet one might wish more scientifically than has been done. He has graspt the kernel of the theme, but he might have handled it better. His work is along lines to which we extend our sympathy, but we wait for a better work, which, doubtless, he will later bring forth. In this book he takes the ground (tho he hesitates to say just so openly), that if all parents were just and pure, all children would be holy and no wrong or sin could exist. We may admit to him as much, and still ask the excuse for the book. All love has a strain of passion, and until these misguided philanthropists can eliminate such tendencies, they can never change the trend of the world. He goes entirely too far into prenatal heritage and hereditary influences; since he can prove none of his theories. With all its faults and imperfections, it is just such a book as many patients need. The doctor may fearlessly commend it to any patient, and no harm can result; yet we might hope that Mr. Riddell will take more medical counsel before the second edition is issued.-A. L. R.
A Handbook of Diseases of the Eye and their Treatment. By Henry R. Swanzy, A.M., M.B., F.R C.S.I. Seventh edition, with 165 illustrations. Publisht by P. Blakiston's Son & Co., 1012 Walnut street, Philadelphia, Pa., 1900., Price,
Contains 597 pages, with an index, and a card of colored yarns explanatory of Holmgren's tests for color blindness. This is a unique feature, and is valuable in such a book of handy reference. The cuts are more diagrammatic than illustrations of peculiar cases, the effort being evident in instruction of the student rather than "booming" of the author's specialty. The text touches at sufficient length upon all of the
common diseases and operations, tho the work is not in any sense a cyclopedia of ophthalmology. This edition contains a resume of Dr. Mackenzie Davidson's method of locating foreign bodies in the eye by the aid of the X-rays, a description of Mule's operation for ptosis, and three tables specially prepared for the work by Dr. Louis Werner, on the actions of the various mydriatics, myotics and local anesthetics. Other minor alterations, especially along the line of therapeutics, bring the book up to present standards. It will hold its well deserved place with the other smaller works on this subject.-A. L. R.
Manual of the Diseases of the Eye, for students and general practitioners, with 243 original illustrations, including 12 colored figures. By Charles H. May, M.D., Chief of Clinic and Instructor in Ophthalmology, Eye Department, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Med. Dpt. Columbia University, New York. Publisht by William Wood & Co., New York, N. Y., 1900.
Three hundred and ninety-two pages prepared with the idea of condensation in small space, without omitting anything. The illustrations are original. Index is remarkably full for as small a book as this. It is especially suited to the requirements of students and practitioners of general medicin, and will satisfy any who wish only a manual. Fifteen pages are devoted to the medical side of ocular therapeutics-enuf for the ordinary purposes. As a manual we commend the book.- A. L. R.
Our Monthly Talk.
Mr. Henry D. Lloyd is a gentleman of culture, means and leisure. However, in his leisure the burden of humanity rests heavily upon his heart. What a fortunate thing this is, for it compels the service of his splendid talents in the most sacred of all causes, the improving of human conditions. When he hears of any important development in government or sociology in any part of the world, he has the time, means and desire to go and investigate it. He then writes a book about it, and the book immediately becomes an authority on that subject. We
are all too familiar with the numerous wars between labor and capital in this country during recent years. Many of us got occasional good reports of the workings of a new compulsory arbitration law in New Zealand, and we were anixious to have particulars. Mr. Lloyd went to New Zealand to investigate this and other matters there, and one result of his trip is we here take pleasure in describing:
A Country Without Strikes.
Because of the great number of strikes we are having in this country and consequent loss to employees, employers and the public at large, the book of Mr. Henry D. Lloyd on "A Country Without Strikes" should meet with a hearty welcome and a large reading. It is not a work of fiction, but it is a full account of the successful working of the compulsory arbitration law of New Zealand. Mr. Lloyd went to New Zealand and made a careful examination of the law and its successful results, so he speaks with authority. The people of that country became
tired of the industrial wars between labor and capital, which as in all countries were almost as disastrous in every way as military wars. Under the leadership of a legislative genius, Mr. William P. Reeves, they enacted a law in 1894 that has completely put an end in that country to strikes, lockouts, government by injunction, mobs, etc. The salient points of the law are as follows: Conciliation is tried before resorting to compulsion. The country is divided into industrial districts, and in each district there is a Board of Conciliation of from four to six members. There is one Court of Arbitration for the whole country, which consists of one Judge of the Supreme Court and one man nominated by the working men and one by the employers. When any labor dispute arises that cannot be settled by the parties interested, the matter is brought before the Board of Conciliation. This Board then makes full investigation and makes a decision, but either party can appeal from the decision of the Board of Conciliation to the Court of Arbitration. The court then takes the matter up and renders a judgment that is binding on all parties. The law applies only to cases where a labor union is a party, as individual grievances would be too numerous. But the law allows any seven men engaged in any one kind of industrial employment to form a union. In no case does the work stop while the investigation is proceeding. When a grievance arises it is unlawful for a workman to quit work or for an employer to discharge a workman until a final decision, at which time all parties must proceed with the work under such new terms as the court may fix. This secures a quiet, orderly and prompt settlement of all labor troubles on a fair and just basis to all concerned. The law is satisfactory to the employers for the reason that it prevents the losses resulting from a strike, and it also secures a uniform scale of wages in industry and prevents any one firm from cutting wages in order that it may undersell and thereby secure the business held by competing firms. The wage for the average workman in the boot and shoe factories of the country was fixed at $10.00 a week of forty-eight hours labor; of employees in grocery stores at $11.25 a week. Extra pay can be paid to men who are more than ordinarily skillful, and less can be paid to those who cannot do average work. The courts compel employers to produce their books and to share their profits with their workmen in the form of good wages. Mr. Lloyd says that the "law aims to play within living limits for both employers and employees." This prevents employers from amassing enormous fortunes by oppressing laborers with starvation wages, as is done so often in this country. Mr. Lloyd sums up the good results of the law as follows:
1. Strikes and lockouts have been stopt. 2. Wages and terms have been fixt so that manufacturers can make their contracts ahead without fear of disturbance.
3. Workingmen, too, knowing that their income cannot be cut nor lockt out, can marry, buy land, build homes.
4. Disputes arise continually, new terms are fixt, but industry goes on without interruption.
19. The concentration of wealth and power is checkt.
20. The distribution of wealth is determined along lines of reason, justice, and the greatest need, instead of the greatest greed.
21. It furnishes the people their only cheap, speedy and untechnical justice.
It is simply wonderful that such great and far reaching results should come from a single legislative act. And yet it is but applying the quiet and peaceable processes of our courts to a new jurisdiction-to the settlement of labor disputes. The wonder is that it has not been done long ago in all countries. Especially do we need such a law in this country, where protracted labor wars are so frequent, and where wealth is concentrating into the hands of a few with such alarming rapidity.
* Publisht by Doubleday, Page & Co., New York. Price $1
A remarkable page is in the current issue of the Ladies' Home Journal, entitled "What may happen in the next hundred years." It is made up of separate paragraphs, each treating of a different subject. Following are the introduction and some of the most striking paragraphs :
These prophecies will seem strange, almost impossible. Yet they have come from the most learned and conservativ minds in America. To the wisest and most careful men in our greatest institutions of science and learning I have gone, asking each in his turn to foreaast for me what, in his opinion, will have been wrought, in his own field of investigation before the dawn of 2001-a century from now. These opinions I have carefully transcribed.
No Foods will be Exposed. Storekeepers who expose food to air breathed out by patrons or to the atmosphere of the busy streets will be arrested with those who sell stale or adulterated produce. Liquid air refrigerators will keep great quantities of food fresh for long intervals.
Coal will not be Used for Heating or Cooking. It will be scarce, but not entirely exhausted. The earth's hard coal will last until the year 2050 or 2100; its soft coal mines until 2200 or 2300. Meanwhile both kinds of coal will have become more and more expensiv. Men will have found electricity manufactured by by water power to be much cheaper. Every river or creek with any suitable fall will be equipt with water motors, turning dynamos, making electricity. Along the seacoast will be numerous reservoirs filled by waves and tides washing in. Out of these the water will be constantly falling over revolving wheels. All of our restless waters, fresh and salt, will thus be harnessed to do the work which Niagara is doing to-day; making electricity for heat, light and fuel.
Automobiles. will be Cheaper than Horses are to-day. Farmers will own automobile hay wagons, automabile truck wagons, plows, harrows and hay. rakes. A one pound motor in one of these vehicles will do the work of a pair of horses or more. Children will ride in automobile sleighs in winter. Automobiles will have been substituted for every horse vehicle now known. There will be, as already exist to-day, automobile hearses, automobile police patrols, automobile ambulances, automobile street sweepers. The horse in harness will be as scarce,lif, indeed, not even scarcer, then as the yoked ox is to-day.
Everybody will Walk Ten Miles. Gymnastics will begin in the nursery, where toys and games will be designed to strengthen the muscles. Exercise will be compulsory in the schools. Every school, college and community will have a complete gymnasium. All cities will have public gymnasiums. A man or woman unable to walk ten miles at a stretch will be regarded as a weakling.
There will be no Wild Animals except in menageries. Rats and mice will have been exterminated. The horse will have become practically extinct. A few of high breed will be kept by the rich for racing, hunting and exercise. The automobile will have driven out the horse. Cattle and sheep will have no horns. They will be unable to run faster than the fattened hog of to-day. A century ago the wild hog could outrun a horse. Food animals will be bred to expend practically all their life energy in producing meat, milk, wool and other by-products. Horns, bones, muscles and lungs will have been neglected.
How Children will be Taught. A university education will be free to every man and woman. Several great national universities will have been established. Children will study a simple English grammar adapted to simplified English, and not copied after the Latin. Time will be saved by grouping like studies. Poor students will be given free board, free clothing and free books if ambitious and actually unable to meet their school and college expenses. Medical inspectors regularly visiting the public schools will furnish poor children free eyeglasses, free dentistry and free medical attention of every kind. The very poor will, when necessary, get free rides to and from school and free lunches between
sessions. In vacation time poor children will be taken on trips to various parts of the world. Etiquette and housekeeping will be important studies in the public schools.
Peas as Large as Beets. Peas and beans will be as large as beets are to-day. Sugar cane will produce twice as much sugar as the beet sugar now does. Cane will once more be the chief source of our sugar supply. The milk-weed will have been developed into a rubber plant. Cheap native rubber will be harvested by machinery all over this country. Plants will be made proof against disease microbes just as readily as man is to-day against smallpox. The soil will be kept enriched by plants which take their nutrition from the air and give fertility to the earth.
Few Drugs will be Swallowed or taken into the stomach unless needed for the direct treatment of that organ itself. Drugs needed by the lungs, for instance, will be applied directly to those organs through the skin and flesh. They will be carried with the electric current applied without pain to the outside skin of the body. Microscopes will lay bare the vital organs, through the living flesh of men and animals. The living body will to all medical purposes be transparent. Not only will it be possible for a physician to actually see a living, throbbing heart inside the chest, but he will be able to magnify and photograph any part of it. This work will be done with rays of invisible light.
Notice that nothing is said about either government or religion. Most people are abnormally sensitiv concerning these two most important subjects. They seem to be very "touchy" corns on an otherwise normal foot.
In the light of the above prophesies, what shall we say of the "boss" system in politics? also the spoils system of public service? If "to the victor belong the spoils " when our population is 500,000,000, will not the onslaughts of the politicians for offices at a change of administration be a serious strain on our institutions ? Will we continue to have the old congress to sit after the new one is elected (a remnant of stage coach days)? Will we continue other equally awkward modes of procedure, or will we strive to improve methods in government, as well as in every other department of life?
Also, what shall we say about narrow sectarianism in religion?
If medicin and other branches of science are not too sacred to change, then religion and government are not. We could not keep back progress in other branches of life if we wanted to do so; then why not adopt methods of government to new needs and new conditions? This can be done only by impartial study and nonpartisan action. Are we capable of doing it?
for some time to have a-a-bab-yes, a chil-a boy or a girl. It's-it will, or would be our first, and we thought you better be around."
"Well, my dear man," said the doctor, "tell your wife that I am sorry she has so far forgotten her calling as to give in to the sin of a fancied pain or two. These twinges that come with such clock-like regularity are nothing but the timed temptations of Satan. Tell her that here is no such thing as pain; that she isn't going to have a baby; that she isn't a woman, but the ghost of Euripides; that she isn't even married. Tell her that I am not a doctor, and never was, and that this is one of the loveliest nights in June. Good night, sir."-E. S. Goodhue in the South. Calif. Pract.
"New Animal Therapy." See adv. of J. R. Hawley, M.D., and write for literature.
Two very interesting and attractiv pages are adv. pages 8 and 9. Please see them.
The whirling spray syringe! See adv., and you will instantly recognize its value.
The best" bracer" in this country is the firm of G. W. Flavell & Bro. See adv., and whenever you have occasion to brace weak parts, write to them.
Mr. Geo. C. Frye, of Portland, Maine, changes his adv. every month. See what he presents this month.
For those discouraging cases-see page 3. An aperient for your first-class patientsApenta. See opposit first page of reading.
Woodruff's specialties, the Freligh remedies. See page adv., and send for samples and special
On a gold basis-the business of the Chas. Roome Parmele Co. See page 2, and send for literature.
Always see what is new on last adv. pageoutside. It is always interesting.
Have you used Cystogen? Do you use Cystcgen? Do you expect to use Cystogen? If not, why not? Do not your bladder cases give you trouble?
For sensible and honest information concerning hypnotism, see adv. of Dr. Herbert Parkyn, and write for further information.
Have you got a tube of Unguentine in your hand-bag? Why not? See adv.
That safety bottle made by the Western Leather M'f'g Co. will prevent acids from spilling out and ruining your medicin case. Worth many times its cost for the trouble and destruction it will prevent. See adv.
Do you know how to properly disinfect a room after scarlet fever or diphtheria? If not, write to Chas. Lentz & Sons, 20 N. 11th st., Philadelphia, for circulars.
Send for samples of Sphenoids, put one in a glass of water and see it dissolv-a beautiful sight.
Electricity in medicin is now taught by mail by the most successful correspondence institution in this country. It is at Scranton, Pa. See adv., and write for terms.
The instruments sold by Wm. V. Willis & Co. are always of high standard and of moderate price. Try this firm, and you will do so again.
"Seng" is said to be capital for the liver and indigestion. See terms for free sample.
Treatment of Cancerous Cachexia.
Lawrence (The Medical Brief, April, 1900) gives as the best treatment for cancer and the cachexia attending it, teaspoonful doses of Ecthol four times daily in conjunction with alterativ doses of iodide of arsenic. The latter should be administered in doses ranging from one-sixtieth to one-thirtieth of a grain three times a day, and continued for a long period. Ecthol contains the activ principles of thuja, which is accorded The treatment outspecific value in cancer. (Continued over next leaf.)
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Language is a growth rather than a creation. The growth of our vocabulary is seen in the vast increase in the size of our dictionaries during the past century. This growth is not only in amount, but among other elements of growth the written forms of words are becoming simpler and more uniform. For example, compare English spelling of a century or two centuries ago with that of to-day! It is our duty to encourage and advance the movement toward simple, uniform and rational spelling. See the recommendations of the Philological Society of London, and of the American Philological Association, and list of amended spellings, publisht in the Century Dictionary (following the letter z) and also in the Standard Dictionary, Webster's Dictionary, and other authoritativ works on language. The tendency is to drop silent letters in some of the most flagrant instances, as ugh from though, etc., change ed to t in most places where so pronounced (where it does not affect the preceding sound), etc.
The National Educational Association, consisting of ten thousand teachers, recommend the following:
"At a meeting of the Board of Directors of the National
join in securing the general adoption of the suggested amendments.-IRVING SHEPARD, Secretary.
Much misapprehension of the truth reNo. 2 garding this disease is current among both laity and profession. When the epidemics of the last few years swept over all the known world, the laity were amazed at the "new disease;" but while they could not be expected to be learned in medical history, the doctor should be. Had the profession been so equipt in knowledge, fewer disasters from careless and ignorant use of drugs would have occurred, and the laity would have been so instructed that they would have acted in a more sensible manner. Grip is an infectious, contagious disease that has traveled the world for at least three centuries. It spreads as fast as modes of communication can carry it, and covers continents in weeks. It was first known in the United States in 1647, and it has been with us at intervals ever
We feel it a duty to recognize the above tendency, and to adopt it in a reasonable degree. We are also disposed to add enuf (enough) to the above list, and to conservativly adopt the following rule recommended by the American Philological Association;
Drop final "e" in such words as "definite," "inflnite," "favorite," etc., when the preceding vowel is short. Thus, spell "opposit," "preterit," "* hypocrit," "requisit."etc. When the preceding vowel is long, as in "polite," "finite," "unite," etc., retain present forms unchanged.
We simply wish to do our duty in aiding to simplify and rationalize our universal instrument-language.
This name describes the disease tersely and to the point. We think it better that the synonyms: la grippe (French), catarrhal influenza, epidemic catarrhal fever and influenza be forgotten. The laity have so named it, and we may conveniently follow. It certainly does "grip," and it is frequently very slow in letting go.