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ened to its self-respect and respect to others is the channel, according to my opinion, along which the highest realms may be reacht.

The

No, I am not an Edward Bellamy man. Co-operativ system makes everything everybody's business, and it has been proven long ago that what is everybody's business soon becomes nobody's business.

We have laws that place sufficient restriction upon the brute passion of man; to wit: Stealing, fighting and driving others to your opinion nolens volens; giving every man a fair chance, and the requirements of the most progressiv element of the human family have made the laws, and whatever is best for that element is best for all.

That element among the human family that has the most experience; that is educated the most, is the element that should rule all below it, or direct them along the paths of least resist

ance.

Such is the nature of man that he requires some restriction to bridle the brute element that he has not yet risen above. Thru the exercise of his better faculties he has made laws, and establisht customs in society that tend to promote the exercise of the more refined and spiritual nature of all; that lead him to the declaration of the "I" within him, which is the nearest approach to the God within and God without. Therefore curtail no man's power to accumulate; do not dishearten him by giving the proceeds of his labor, his speculation, his management, to strangers instead of his children, but leave this to his faculty of benevolence. Trust him; make him free to use what he makes as he pleases, as well as to make it, and the God within him will come to the surface and proclaim to all the world the divinity of his nature.

The world is progressing, and as long as the intellect that is riding on the topmost waves continues thereon, all below will be taken care of.

Let us not go back to the primitiv life of the savage for examples, nor to the wandering Arab for lessons in the distribution of our wealth. Their methods were all right for the masses with their given education then. The chief was their head; he thought for them, and led them by the nod of his head; his clansmen were slaves and not free men.

Freedom since then has come to most all civilized people of all forms of government, and with freedom, individualism. A new era, a new inspiration has come upon mankind, and it is working out the problems of life in its own way to a still higher life. A higher life to all, but never to a degree where all will possess the same fruits of wealth or intellect. The cup may be full to each, but there will continue to be differences in the size of the cups. If such should ever become the case, then progression would be at an end. J. J. FLY.

Pulley Mills, Ill.

I had no idea that my brief reply to the Doctor's first letter would bring out such a wealth of thought and philosophy, with much of which I can heartily agree, but must differ in the main premises.

Yes, I believe in the cooperativ idea as opposed

to individualism. Anarchists call themselves individualists; but Doctor Fly's individualism (anarchy) is not of the pure, unadulterated, Herr Most brand. Dr. Fly believes in individualism for the few-the powerful and wealthy; but not for the masses! I am not sure that this is an improvement over the Herr Most brand, and as to this brand I have some knowledge at first hand. I had always thought that the newspapers were too hard on the hoary Herr; that if one would hear his cause from his own lips, one might feel a sympathy for the man, even if his words should not carry conviction. I had an opportunity to hear him, and I went. I came away convinced that the newspapers were fully justified in all they had said. I staid until my wife declared that she would "not stay another minute." She said that if I did not go with her she would go home alone. I could see that she meant it (I know when she means things) so I took her home. I afterward learned that he concluded soon after we left, so I felt that I had heard him fully. He advocated absolute freedom-liberty-individualism-for all; and his condemnation of the rich and powerful who claim these things for themselves only, and who exploit the rest of humanity because they can, was the bitterest I ever heard.

Equality.

The kind of equality that our forefathers sought to establish, the kind that the Declaration of Independence advocates, is equality before the law. Let laws be just, and then before the bar of justice let all: rich, poor, powerful, weak, high, low, wise, and ignorant, be absolutely equal. If the laws were all that they should be, and if they were executed in this impartial way, we would have equality of opportunity This is what we advocate as against anarchy for all, as per Herr Most, or "individualism " for the rich and powerful, as per Dr. Fly.

Possibly Dr. Fly may say that equality of opportunity obtained in the cases of the worthy gentlemen he mentions, and that, as is so often said, "Any or every young man could have done the same thing." Everyone familiar with the industrial history of this country knows that one of the first uses of power is to curtail or destroy equality of opportunity. This has frequently been so successful as to also destroy equality before the law. Write to Mr. C. B. Matthews, of Buffalo, N. Y., if he has had equality before the law, and equality of opportunity as an independent oil producer. Also Mr. Charles Rice, of Ohio. Read Mr. Henry D. Lloyd's remarkable book, "Wealth vs. Commonwealth " for instances of abuses of "individualism.”

No. Individualism must not be allowed to run its brutal course uncheckt. We must have law, for the protection of the weak from the strong; of the honest from the cunning and dishonest; of the scrupulous from the unscrupulous.

However, with equality before the law and equality of opportunity as a basis, I believe in individualism. With ample protection against injustice, superior brute strength, cunning and dishonesty, let every individual be free to use his

faculties to the very utmost, to the glory of God and the service of man. Individualism on this basis will bring forth more Edisons and Teslas than the world has yet seen, and their achievements will startle wondering eyes and bless the race; and but few if any Rockefellers or Carnegies would be brought forth. Is it not better that all should be better off, and none so abnormally rich as these gentlemen? Particularly is this true when we consider that Mr. Carnegie's attempt at an unselfish use of his millions is an exception and not the rule among millionaires. The Doctors' Ideal.

The ideal society from a doctor's standpoint would be a comfortable home for every family, and no magnificent palaces nor miserable hovels. There is no practise so satisfactory to the doctor as that among those in comfortable circumstances. The poor cannot give the patient needed remedies, appliances and attention; and the rich -well; they go to Europe or to distinguisht specialists.

There is wealth enuf in this exceptionally rich country to supply comfort for all. Just distribution is the problem. Just one law would do much toward the dissemination of abnormal accumulation of wealth. A law providing that no person should inherit more than one million dollars would make a Carnegie of every multimillionaire; and would make the from generation-to-generation accumulation of multimillions impossible. If every multi-millionaire knew that any excess over a million to any heir would go to the United States Treasury, he would be likely to find, during his life, some worthy use for his extra millions. Possibly a law like this might, as Dr. Fly says, "bridle his energies" in the direction of adding more, more, and ever more to his millions, but it would not "smother his aspirations." It might be the means of giving him aspirations in worthier directions than mere money getting; and his "bridled energies" would only give somebody else a chance.

Index of Treatment.

Why do you read THE MEDICAL WORLD? Emphatically, to obtain information you can use in your practise. Eagerly the pages of each issue are scanned to see what the light of others' experience may do in the way of clearing up our own difficulties. But there are two aid departments in THE WORLD. In one our brother physicians give their views, in the other people who have goods to sell tell of them. There is this to be said of the latter: Strictly commercial it may be; nevertheless, the people who are askt to buy are those who will use the goods-the judges— and mighty sharp judges, too. A man is a fool who would try to sell to doctors goods that would not do what he claimed; for the fraud would certainly be discovered, and his business with the buyers ended. In point of fact, no man can afford to recommend his wares to the medical profession unless he is quite sure they will give satisfaction.

Now, what is the greatest obstacle to the introduction of a good thing to physicians? It is the difficulty in getting them to read the adver

tisements. Publishers are at their wits' end to devise means of getting readers to look at the advertisement pages; and numberless devices have been tried to fulfil this need. But the difficulty is in the fact that if the device is in the advertisement pages it is never seen; and no publisher likes to allow matter relating to advertising to occupy space in the reading pages.

Some years ago THE WORLD publisht an Index of Diseases, taking them up alphabetically and giving for each a choice selection of prescriptions. This was a useful and popular measure, and many new readers dated their subscriptions back in order to secure the whole of the Index.

Now it has occurred to us that we might adopt an Index of Diseases as treated by the articles advertised in THE WORLD. We will not ask you to read all our advertising pages, because we know you will not do it, even to oblige us. But we present you this Index and suggest that if you need aid in treating any malady, you turn to the Index and see if any of the advertisers have aught to offer for the good of the order in that line. If you find it, turn to the advertisement and see what is said; and if the offer seems worth considering, write for particulars. Without desiring to direct attention to one more than another, suppose the doctor is worried over a case of dysmenorrhea. He turns to the Index and finds four remedies urged for this ailment. He reads the four advertisements, concludes that one of the remedies may suit his case, and writes for further information. The result probably is that he secures a new and better remedy, the advertiser gets a new customer, and THE WORLD has again fulfilled its mission of aiding the doctor to do better work.

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Erysipelas. Antiphlogistine.

Felons.-Antiphlogistine.

Fevers. Neurilla, Welch's grape juice.
Fistula.- Micajah's wafers.
Fractures.-De Puy splints.

is now the property of Dr. Abbott of the Alkaloidal Clinic It is not only convenient and time and labor saving, but is also a strictly legal, protective, and complete system of physicians' account keeping, and should be used by every up-todate physician. It consists of a handsome morocco case, twelve removable monthly sections (which fit into the case one at a time-giving very little to carry), and a nicely arranged Ledger of Monthly Balances. Orders may be sent to THE MEDICAL WORLD or to The Clinic Publishing Co., Ravenswood Chicago Price, postpaid, $2.00

Frigidity. Ovarex.

Gastric Maladies. - Armour's soluble beef, glycozone.

Gastric Ulcer.-Glycozone.

Gastritis.-Glycozone.

Genito-Urinary Diseases.-Sanmetto.

Goiter.-Thyrex.

Gonorrhea. Ichthargan, Micajah's wafers, Planten's sandal perloids, testex, Tyree's antiseptic powder.

Gout.-Formin, tongaline.

Grippe.-Armour's soluble beef, euquinine, neurilla, tongaline.

Heartburn.-Glycozone.

Heart Diseases.-Cactina.

Hernia.-Empire truss. Flavell's trusses.
Horses Headstrong. -Drawbar driving bit.
Impotence.-Testex.

Indigestion.-Seng, trophonin.
Inflammations.-Ichthyol.

Insomnia.-Dormiol, Peacock's bromides. Lack of Experience.-THE MEDICAL WORLD. Leucorrhea.-Micajah's wafers, Tyree's antiseptic powder, antiseptic sphenoids.

Liver Diseases.-Chionia,

Freligh's liver

medicine.

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Name,
Address,.

Cross off what you do not want in above list. NOTE. We will be responsible for money sent by post-office order or in registered

Send & cents extra for registration of each article (except W

WORLD) if you wish to insure safe delivery.

OR SALE-Office with furniture. Practice established Town of 11.000, southern Iowa. Price, $300. Box 33, Oskaloosa, Iowa

Fifteen years

drug store to

Rapidly growing town in Eastern Pennsylvania. A sacrifice. Terms to suit purchaser. Address, 0, care of MEDICAL WORLD.

ANTED-Location in Ohio (prefer small towno, good regiou, no other physician-or not more than one other. Will buy good opening. W. B. Secrest, Vance burgh, Ky.

OR SALE-$2,000 country practice, Michigan. Ninety per cent collections. $250 cash required. Address, "R." care of MEDICAL WORLD.

FO

years of unopposed established

for price of property, and that at a bargain to the first comer. In a small railroad town and a fine farming country. Property and office fixtures can be had for some cash balance on easy terms; if you mean business, address with stamp Dr. S., Walnut Grove. Ill.

The Medical World

The knowledge that a man can use is the only real knowledge; the only knowledge that has
life and growth in it and converts itself into practical power. The rest hangs
like dust about the brain, or dries like raindrops off the stones.-FROUDE.

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Language is a growth rather than a creation. The growth of our vocabulary is seen in the vast increase in the size of our dictionaries during the past century. This growth is not only in amount, but among other elements of growth the written forms of words are becoming simpler and more uniform. For example, compare English spelling of a century or two centuries ago with that of to-day! It is our duty to encourage and advance the movement toward simple, uniform and rational spelling. See the recommendations of the Philological Society of London, and of the American Philological Association, and list of amended spellings, publisht in the Century Dictionary (following the letter 2) and also in the Standard Dictionary, Webster's Dictionary, and other authoritativ works on language. The tendency is to drop silent letters in some of the most flagrant instances, as ugh from though, etc., change ed to t in most places where so pronounced (where it does not affect the preceding sound), etc.

The National Educational Association, consisting of ten thousand teachers, recommend the following:

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join in securing the general adoption of the suggested amendments.-IRVING SHEPARD, Secretary.

We feel it a duty to recognize the above tendency, and to adopt it in a reasonable degree. We are also disposed to add enuf (enough) to the above list, and to conservativly adopt the following rule recommended by the American Philological Association;

Drop final "e" in such words as "definite," "* infinite," "favorite," etc., when the preceding vowel is short. Thus, spell "opposit," "preterit," "hypocrit," "requisit,"etc. When the preceding vowel is long, as in "polite," "finite," "unite," etc., retain present forms unchanged.

We simply wish to do our duty in aiding to simplify and rationalize our universal instrument-language.

A New Idea Regarding Tuberculosis Advanced by Prof. Koch.

On the 23rd of July, Professor Koch, of bacillus tuberculosis fame, boldly addrest The British Congress on Tuberculosis with startling assertions regarding the transmission of tuberculosis. When Dr. Koch speaks on tuberculosis, we all need to listen; and when he jars our deep rooted beliefs, we need to think. We are all charitable toward him, for his mistakes have been few, and his discoveries many. If he now be right, many bacteriologists and veterinarians will wish that they had not spoken or written so positivly.

He asserts that bovine and human tuberculosis are separate and distinct diseases; and that tuberculosis is not communicated from man to animal, nor (tho it is not so thoroly demonstrated) from animal to man. He declares the tuberculosis of poultry may be left out of account as a possible source of infection for man. He declares that human sputum is the main source of dissemination of human tuberculosis.

It will be well for all to read his article in full, as publisht in the Journal of the American Medical Association, of July 27, 1901.

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