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THE

HERALD OF PEACE:

A Monthly Journal,

PUBLISHED UNDER THE AUSPICES OF THE PEACE SOCIETY.

“Put up thy sword into his place : for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword.”—Matt. xxvi. 52.

“They shall beat their swords into plough-shares, and their spears into pruning-hooks : nation shall not lift up sword against

nation, neither shall they learn war any more.”—Isaian ii. 4.

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OFFICE OF THE PEACE SOCIETY, 19, NEW BROAD STREET, CITY

LONDON:

RICHARD BARRETT, PRINTER,

MARK LANE,

INDE X.

tion, 85.

Address letters plainly, 59.
Column for children, 127.

Freeman, Rev. J. J. on Kaflir Treat- Wm. Ewart, Esq., M.P., R. Bar-
Address from the Committee of the Conciliation more powerful than the

ment, 142.

clay Fox, 11 ; A Peaceman, 72 ;
Peace Society to their Friends and sword, 132.

French Deficits, 116.

James Inglis, 72 ; Mr. Jos. T. Price,
Subscribers, 226.

Conference of the friends of Peace, 80. Friendly appeal to intelligent and can- 93; Dr. Bodenstedt, 97 ; M. Viss.
Address of Dr. Pye Smith, Extract, Confessing a fault, 127.

did Christians, 1.

chers, 98; J. S. Hemmings, 101 ;
from, 118.
Continental tidings, 97.

Mr. F. Tuckett, 106; Rev. Dr.
Algeria, cost of its military occupa- Cost of defending 200 miles of Kafsir Germany, progress of peace principles Beckwith, 109 ; Signor F. Ferretti,

Frontier, 221.

in, 110, 192, 198; Suppression of 119; a Peace-Totaler, 199; W. C.,
Alison on war, 202.

Cost of the Mexican war,

62.

the Peace Society there, 152; Dr. 129; L. A. Chamerovzow, 131.
Ambition, 5.
Critics of the Congress, 190.

Spiess on the formation of Peace, Liberty not to be advanced by the
Amelioration and codification of inter- Curious argument against Peace prin- Societies in, 192, 198.

sword, 90, 102.
national law, 194.

ciples, 57.
Good example, 72.

London, the great Peace Congress
American Peace Society, report of,

signs from abroad, 92.

at, 125, 150 ; American address and
22 ; Operations of, 88, 126. Death of Dr. Pye Smith, 117 ; Reso. Governments afraid of their own stand- proceedings relative to, 126 ; foreign
Appeal to intelligent and candid lutions of Peace Society upon, 117. ing armies, 73.

delegates, 196 ; bingraphical sketch
Christians, 1.

Debate on Lord Palmerston's l'oreign Great Exhibition, 154 ; Royal speeches of the President, Sir David Brews-
Arbitration, proposed by the Greek policy, 18.

at its inauguration, 155 ; Wellington ter, 161 ; sittings of, 163 ; French
Government for the settlement of Debates on French and English csti- and Cobden at, 159; Close of, 209. working-men at, 218 ; President's
its late dispute with England, 4 ;

mates, 116.

Greek question, origin, and vast ex- opening address, 163 ; corporate
in America, 109; Belgium, 65. Deguerry, G., letter from, 38.

pense of the, 4.

addresses of Shefield and Dunferm-
Archbishop of Paris, letter from the, Denmark and the Duchies, 49 ; Short Gurney, Samuel Esq., speech at the line, 165 ; letter from Thomas
33.
Il istoric Sketch of, 50.
London Tavern, 227.

Carlyle to, 165; speech of Rev.
Armaments, reduction of, 135.
Diabolical outrages at Brescia and

J. A. James, 166 ; Rev. A. Coquerel,
Army, rumoured increase of, 83.

Nagy Enyed, 104, 105.

Hall of Commerce, Lectures at, 81,95 ; 167 ; M. l'isschers, 169 ; Rev. John
Austria, embarrassed circumstances of, Dickens's Household Words, extract Conference at, 147.

Lurnet, 171; Mr. Cobden, 173;
78.

from, 59.

Halle, letter from, by the Rev. I. Mr. Ewart, 175 ; Mr. Macgregor,
Austrians, diabolical cruelty of, at Discovery of a new planet, 157. Richard, with descriptive sketches, 15. 175; Dr. Creizenach, 177 ; Mr.
Brescia and Nagy Enyed, 104, 105. Douglas Jerrold's “ Folly of the Hartwell, festival at, 190.

Gilpin, 178 ; Mr. Niall, 178 ; Samuel
Sword,” 87.

Herald of Peace, 153; Circulation Gurney, 179; M. De Cormenin,
Badajos, storming of, 215.
Dr. Chalmers, remarkable extract from, of the, 11.

181 ; Elihu Burritt, 181 ; Soiree,
Bastiat, Frederick, letter from, 39. 2.

Hodgkin, Mr. John, Speech of, at the 183 ; comments of the press, 185 ;
“Beer Bill,” an evil, 47.
Dr. Speiss, on the formation of Peace London Tavern, 227.

Spectator and Economist, 185;
Belgium founded by arbitration, 65. Societies in Germany, 192, 198. Homer, remarks on, 206.

Athæneum, Nonconformist, Standard
Birmingham, great Peace demonstra- Dr. Vaugiran's speech at Manchester, Honourable acquisition of territory in of Freedom, and Patriot, 186 ; Chris-
tion at, 83.
197.
Caffreland, 130, 131.

tian Times, Weekly Dispatch, and
Black, Mr. W. H. on international Duelling, M, Visschers 39.

Horace Say, letter from, 39.

Punch, 187; the Leeds Mercury,
law, 193.

Horrors of modern warfare, 104, 215. Manchester Examiner, Hull Adver-
Bornean massacres, 158.

Elihu Burritt, letter from, on the mis- How England teaches the nations, tiser, and Huddersfield Chronicle,
Brescia, capture of, 104.

sion to Denmark, &c., 44.
205.

188; the Sheffield Independent,
British insolence and injustice main Emigrant's Peace Society, 23.

113.

Western Times, and Birmingham
causes of the Kaffir War, 114, 115, English, French, and Germans com- How the Gospel stops war, 127. Mercury, 189; The Suffolk Chro-
130, 143, 212,

pared, 55.

How to conquer a highwayman, 56, 81. nicle, 190.
British Quarterly, on the Hungarian Erasmus, extracts from, 69.

Humboldt, Baron Von, Letter from, 38. London Tavern, Meeting at the, 227.
War, 105.
European States, standing armies, and

Lord Palmersten on opinions, 221.
Brotherhood, the buddings of, 55. public debts of, 210.

Important and unexpected move of
Burton's anatomy of melancholy, ex- Exclusion of weapons of war from the

troops, 83.

Mackintosh, Sir James, extract from,
tract from, 46, 57.

Great Exhibition of 1851, 7. Indian convert, sensible remark of 102.
Extract from the speech of M.

Meeting on the Kaffir War, 227.
Captain Warner's long range, 91. Visschers, 65 ; Rev. W. Clarkson, It is impossible! from the Colnische- Message of the Kaffir Chiess, Sandilli
Cause and objects of the War in Hol- 5; Sir R. Peel, 19; Mr. Cobden, Zeitung, 195.

and Makomo, 131.
stein, 50.
19.

Mexican war, cost of, 62.
Challenge to Nr. Cobden, 76.

John Foster and the ancient poets, Military logic, 76 ; morality, 115.
China, inhuman barbarities during Fact for the friends of missions, 112. 206.

Military Glory, obverse side of, 224.
the War in, 215.
Finsbury Chapel, Public Neeting at,

Mission of Messrs. Sturge, Burritt, and
Christianity immediately practicable, 143.

Kaffir grievances, 114, 130, 131. Wheeler to Schleswig-Holstein and
6.
Folly of the Sword, Douglas Jerrold Kossuth excitement, 218.

Denmark, 43, 49.
Christians' inconsistency the occasion

on the, 87.

Kossuth and the Peace party,

221. Model Peace Society, 95.
of infidel triumph, 6.
Form of petition for disarmament, 117.

Molesworth, Sir William, on the
Cineas the orator's quiet rebuke of Foster, John, and the ancient Poets. Lamartine on the character of Napoleon, Kaffir War, 130.
Pyrrhus, 5.
206.

224.

Mr. Cobden's motion, debate on, 150;
Clarkson, Rev. W., extract from Frankfort Peace Congress, 8; Mr. Latter-day pamphlets, extract from, Lord Palmerston's speech on, 152.
speech of, 5.
Stokes's Letter on details of, 14 ;
101.

speeches at the Frankfort
Clenched-fist argument, 13.

Route to, and expense of attending, Lectures, by Mr. Samuel Bowly, 81 ; Congress, 29, 31 ; Wrexham, 71.
Clergymen, women and war, 214. 18 ; Preparations for, 25 ; Journey Rev. H. Richard, 82; Rev. Dr.

reply to Sir Thomas
Cloud of Witnesses, 1, 45, 57, 69, 87, to, 26; Sittings of, 27; Return Massie, 95.

Hastings, 77.
113, 133, 157, 206.

journey, 37 ; Additional particulars Letters, from influential public cha- M. De Girardin on non-intervention,
Cockermouth Peace Society, 120. of, 37 ; The Congress and the press, racters to the Frankfort Congress, 103.
Cölnische Zeitung, extract from, 195. 41; Mr. Cobden's Speeches at, 29, 38 ; Pacificator, 216 ; M. C. J., 8; Mr. Garnier's speech at the Congress,
Colonization by conquest, 85, 101. 31.

Mr. R. S. Bendall, an earnest friend, 52,

on,

Howe on war,

one, 5.

their own,

peace, 63.

Mr. Stokes's labours in the western | Peace Society's form of bequest, 220 ; W. Jay, 19 ; Royal Society's Prize Spirit of the warrior contrasted with
counties, 119.

meeting of members and officers, Model Cottages, by H. Goddard, the spirit of Christ, 13.
reply to certain state- 137.

Esq., 22; A Word to the Working. Standing armies considered illegal and
ments impugning his correctness,

operations of, 79, 96, Classes, by J. Russom, 46; Pleasant inconsistent with freedomn, 32.
128.
119, 219; resolutions on the death Pages, by S. P. Newcombe, 48, 59 ;

· governments afraid of
M. Visschers on duelling, 39.

of Dr Pye Smith, 117.
The Christian Lady's Library, 48 ;

73.
Much ado about nothing, 78.

tracts and publications for the British Controversialist, 48, 59; States, how their resources are em-
Municipal Council of Paris, proclama- Great Exhibition, 54.

The Morals of War, 57; Royalty

ployed, 217.
tion of, 224.

Talleyrand's plan of, 56. and Republicanism in Italy, by Maz- St. Paul's Church, Frankfort, 27.
Murder by command, 100.
Periodical panics, 66.

zini, 93 ; The Soldier's Progress, by Subscription list, 12, 24, 72, 84, 108,
Mutual disarmament, compact between Petition for disarmament, 117.

Sarah Symonds, 94; The Gospel in 120, 135, 147, 160, 220.
England and America for, and re- Picture of the miseries of war, 56. Central America, by F. Crowe, 107 ;
sult of, 31.
POETRY :-

Borneo Facts, tersus Borneo Palla- Talleyrand's plan of Peace, 56.
- triumphs of missions and The Soldier's Warning, 60.

cies, by L. A. Chamervozow, 108 ; The contemporary press, 74.
Love of God, and love of Man, 60. Colloquy between the gallows and The Kaffir war, 114, 130, 131, 212.

The Arsenal at Springfield, 60. the hangman, by A. Midlaine, 108; The scoffers, 199.
Nagy Enyed, Austrian cruelties at, 104

Universal Peace Anthem, 77. Compendium of English Literature, “ The Times”on diplomacy, 19; In-
Newton, Rev. John, (Rector of St. England's Love of War, 94.

by C. D. Cleveland ; Priceless Pearls; fluence of, on the continent, 43 ; On
Mary Woolnoth) on Christians Ring out wild Bells, 95

Dissertation on Church Polity, by European armaments, 62 ; Our
bringing up their sons to the Army, The Congress of Nations, 120. A. C. Dick ; Easy Lessons in Geo- Indian wars, 86; The Kaffir war,
217.
The Waste of war, 220.

graphy, by A. M. Sargent ; Silver 130 ; Letter on the results of con-
New Zealand Chief's judgment of Eng-

A World at Peace, 135.

Blossoms, &c. ; Health made Easy, ciliation among the wild tribes of
lish policy, 201.
Address to England, 160.

by Joseph Bentley, 119; The In- India, 132 ; On Mr. Cobden's mo-
“ North British,»' and “Eclectic" Re- Ancient incident, 208.

dustrial Exhibition of 1851, by L. A.

tion, 152.
views, on the Peace question, 211, “ The Mourners," 216.

Chamerovzow, 160 ; The Cape and Thomas Carlyle's letter to the London
Nothing, much ado about, 78.

The battle field, 217.

the Kaffirs, by Harriet Ward, 207 ; Congress, 165.
Notice of motion for a reduction of England and France, 219.

Memoir of the Rev. H. Möwes, by
armaments, 135.
Peace and war, 220.

Rev.J.Davis, B.D., 207 ; Voices from Uncivilized tribes, how to treat, 132.
Notices to correpondents, 18, 43, 54. Posture of France, 73.

the Crowd, &c., by Dr. Mackay ; Uniformity of weights and measures,
Prayer suitable for a military chaplain, People's Biographical Dictionary, by

146.
Obverse side of Military Glory, 224. 216.

Dr. Beard, 219.

Utopia, Sir Thomas More's, 2.
Occupation of India, expense of, 86. Presentation of colours at Portsmouth, Rev. H. Richard's speech at the
Old Calabas, interesting account from, by a Lady, 214.

London Tavern, 228.

Victor Hugo, letter from, 39.
63.

Prince Albert, His Royal Highness, Ruinous costliness of the war system,
Opinion of Dr. Chalmers respecting Reply of, to memorial of the peace

54.

War, Alison's remarks on, considered,
peace efforts, 2.
Society, 8.

202.
Our Indian wars, 48.
Progress, signs of, 45.
Sandilli and Makomo, their message,

a mark of the Apostacy, 113.
Promise, further signs of, 108.
131.

budget, 100.
Peace almanack, for 1851, 78.
Prospective invasion of England by the Self-protection, limits of, 129.

cost of, to the people of Exeter,
Congress at Frankfort, 8; in- French, 66, 67.

Sir Francis Head on the national de. 128.
terest excited by it in Germany, Public securities and war-cries, 72. fences, 66.

covert exhortations to, 198.
41 ; vindicated by the “ Daily Punishment for refusing to enrol, 107. - Harry Smith's blasphemous address its disastrous expense, 78.
News,” 41 ; Pennsylvanian address

at the Cape, 142.

Kaffir, 114, 130, 131, 212, 228.
Refutation of Alison, 202.

mode of extending prospect of, and its effects, 93
meetings, how to get good ones, Religion and military law, 142.

the British Empire, 130, 131.

· ravages of, 21.
89.

Returns relative to the Greek affair, - James Mackintosh, extract from, revolting brutality of, at Badajos
Peace party, Louis Kossuth and the, refused by the British government

102.

and China, 215.
221.
to Mr. Cobden,

- Thomas Hastings challenge to Mr. Warriors and murderers, just discrimi-
principles applied, 56.
REVIEWS.--Peace Lyrics, by H. G. Cobden, 76.

nation between, 91.
publications in foreign languages, Adams, 9; Memoir of Wm. Penn, - Thomas More's Utopia, 2. What the Rev. A. Puller would do, 13.
92, 106, 118, 134.

by Jacob Post, 10; War with Mexico William Molesworth on the Kaffir Wild tribes of India, 132.
Society's annual meetings, 137, Reviewed, by A. A. Livermore;

Wrexham, great Peace meeting at, 70.
143; annual report, 139; enlarge- Review of the Causes and Conse- Sword, appeals to the, a suicidal policy,
ment of premises 12, 24, 72, 84. quences of the Mexican War, by

to, 40.

226.

war, 130.

THE HERALD OF PEACE .

“Put up thy sword into his place: for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword.”—MAT. xxvi. 52.
They shall beat their swords into plough-shares, and their spears into pruning-hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation,

neither shall they learn war any more."—ISAIAH ii. 4.

No. I., NEW SERIES.]

JULY, 1850.

[Price 3d., UNSTANPED,

A FRIENDLY APPEAL TO INTELLIGENT AND affront to the genius of the gospel, and whether it may not CANDID CHRISTIANS.

be gradually abolished by resolute and united exertion, is

surely one which Christian men cannot ignore or contemn, We are about to commence a New Series of the HERALD

as undeserving their attention. And yet we submit, that OF PEACE, which we hope will overleap the limited circle this has been hitherto the case to a large extent. The within which Peace literature has for the most part been ludicrously crude nature of the objections usually started confined, and find its way extensively to the homes and in conversation, by even sensible persons, on this subject, hearts of a large class of intelligent and benevolent men, is proof enough how little it has been seriously examined. who have hitherto been scarcely touched with anything like All that we ask of those friends, among whom are many living and active sympathy for our cause. We would fain, with whom we are in close sympathy on most other points, by a few words of kindly greeting, propitiate the feelings is, that they do not condemn before they inquire. We ask of those of our readers to whom the subject of Peace is them only, not to put aside with an impatient gesture of comparatively new. We have a firm and sanguine convic- contempt, as extreme, visionary, and impracticable, printion, that could we only gain the ear of the Christian public ciples and opinions respecting which they have at least this -could we induce them to examine the question delibe- presumptive evidence, that they are held, with profound rately and devoutly, it would not fail in time to arrest their

religious convictions, by many Christian men, whom they attention and commend itself to their judgment, as one of will readily admit, are not contemptible either in sense, or the most important, and even one of the most practicable, piety, or practical wisdom. We propose to lay before them ideas of the age. At present, we fear multitudes are either in this periodical, with as much clearness as we can comtotally ignorant of its true character, or look upon it under mand, the various aspects of the argument on which the the influence of "a foregone conclusion," or through the Friends of Peace ground their cause; and to examine, dense and distorting haze of hereditary prejudices.

calmly and candidly, the objections that are wont to be “ The Peace Movement” can hardly now be regarded adduced against it. Is it too much to expect, that before as obscure and unnoticed. Its sound is gone forth through they summarily dismiss its claims, they will respectfully all the earth, and its words to the end of the world. And listen to what may be said on its behalf? “We speak as yet how many are there still, to whom it is nothing more unto wise men, judge ye what we say." than a sound--vague, confused, inarticulate! They are aware, indeed, of great stir and activity on the part of a considerable class, not usually regarded as either the least

THE CLOUD OF WITNESSES. intelligent or the least virtuous portion of the community. But they hardly know what to think of their object; Under this general title, we propose to give from time to whether to deride it altogether as an absurd fantasy of time extracts from eminent writers, ancient and modern, Pagan dreaming and impracticable enthusiasts, or to hail it as the and Christian, in prose and in verse, illustrating the wickeddawning of a more auspicious era in the destinies of hu- ness, folly, and misery of war, and the beauty and blessedmanity. In this state of incertitude, “wondering where

ness of
peace.

It will be thus found what an enormous unto this thing would grow," the great majority even of weight of testimony, from the wise and good of all ages, Christian men have hitherto been content to remain. If may be brought against the practice. Theologians, philothey do not openly join with the mockers, they hold aloof sophers, statesmen, poets, and even warriors, shall contribute from all hearty recognition of the movement, and when it their quota to this pyramid of opinion. We shall endeavour comes across their path, greet it only with very equivocal to add to the interest of this section of our periodical, by and ceremonious respect. But is it right that intelligent giving brief biographical sketches, and characteristic and earnest-minded men, who ought to have a genuine

anecdotes of the authors whose sentiments we cite. We sympathy with truth, in all its manifestations, should allow shall also take the liberty occasionally to intersperse remarks themselves to remain in this condition of unmeaning neu- of our own, calling the attention of our readers to what trality? No one can pretend that the question is one of

may seem to us most note-worthy in the observations of our trivial importance, on which it may be allowable and safe

witnesses. for a Christian to have no distinct or decided opinion. The We begin with a remarkable extract from a sermon of War-system is at least one of appalling significance and mag

Dr. Chalmers. We call it remarkable for this reason. The nitude, and standing in most disastrously intimate relation Peace Society was formed in the year 1816.

Like most to all the highest interests--religious, moral, political, and other great and good enterprises, it “came not with obcommercial-of man and society. The inquiry whether servation.” Its beginning was very humble and unostenthis system is not, in its whole essence and spirit, an utter tatious, consisting of the association of some dozen gentlemen,

B

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