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CHAP. IX.

OBSERVATIONS RELATING TO THE NATURAL, CIVIL, AND

MILITARY STATE OF JUDEA.

rha stood.....

OBS. I. Of Water-Spouts on the Syrian and Jewish

Coasts....

222

II. Curious Remarks on the Brook Kidron...

224

Ill. Remarks on the Plain where Sodom and Gomor.

226

IV. Of Hedges in the East.....

229

V. Of the Roses and Balsam of Jericho.

233

VI. A Proof that by Horn of the Son of Oil, used by

Isaiah, Syria is meant..

241

VII. Of the Fertility of Judea...

243

VIII. Of the Fish found in the Mediterranean, the Sea

of Galilee, and the Nile...

251

IX. Of the Mulberry Trees mentioned in Scripture... 253

X. Of the Olive Tree in the Promised Land......... 255

XI. Of the Dryness of the Ground previous to the Au.

tumnal Ruins,...

259

a 2

XII. Curious Account of certain Kinds of Seeds, men.

tioned by Isaiah, chap. xxviii. 25, 46... 260

XIII. Different kinds of Seeds, eaten with their Bread. 265

XIV. Eastern Gardens not remarkably well stored

with Fruit Trees......

269

XV. Ancient Method of gathering the Olives..... 271

XVI. Oil Jars frequently buried in the Ground, the

better to preserve their contents, .... 274

XVII. Of the Time when the Vine and Olive blossom. 275

XVIII. Wine Presses sometimes in the Vineyards, but

mostly in the Towns.-Curious Customs of

the Ancient and Modern Greeks ..... 282

XIX. Curious Explanation of Gen. xlix. 22, 23..... 290

XX. Of the Time in which the Vine-leaf falls off..... 294

XXI. Different kinds of Wines in the Holy Land.. 296

XXII. Superior Excellence of the Wine of Lebanon. 299

XXIII. Curious Exposition of Hosea xiv. 5–7..... 304

XXIV. Fires often made in the Fields, to burn up the

dry Herbage, previous to the autumnal Rains. 309

XXV. Different kinds of destructive Insects in Judea. 316

XXVI. Curious Account of Locusts...

318

XXVII. Small Flies very troublesome, and often de.

structive in Judea....

323

XXVIII. Different kinds of Goats in Judea.... 326

XXIX. Different kinds of Sheep at Aleppo...... 329

XXX. Of some peculiar Quadrupeds mentioned in

Scripture..

331

XXXI. Judea at present swarns with dangerous wild

Beasts.....

336

XXXII. Great Usefulness of Storks in the Holy Land. 338

XXXIII. Of the Migration of different kinds of Birds,

and the Use to be made of it in-Agriculture.. 339

XXXIV. Of the vast Numbers of tame Turtle doves

found in Egypt, &C....

351

XXXV. Olive Groves, Places of general Resort for

Birds.....

355
Page.

XXXVI. The Mediterranean well stored with Fish of

different kinds .....

356

XXXVII, The Luxury of the Harams, very oppres-

sive to the People of the East....

360

XXXVIII. Public Justice badly administered in the

East..

366

XXXIX. Peasants, in Persia, permitted to approach

the Throne, with Complaints of Oppression

against their Rulers.....

367

XL. Of the Bastinado in the East..

370

XLI. Prompt and arbitrary Executions frequent in the

East...

372

XLII. Of the Extermination of ancient royal Families

in the East......

375

XLIII. Of the Power and Influence of ancient Palmy-

ra and Balbec.....

383

XLIV. Certain Particulars relative to Palmyra.... 385

XLV. Some curious Remarks on the Euphrates... 387

XLVI. Of the Woods and Thickets in Judea........ 390

XLVII. Of the wild Beasts in the Holy Land....... 394

XLVIII. Hurtful Animals common in the Holy Land. 395

XLIX. Method of charming noxious Animals....... 397

L. Hollow Rocks and Caves, Places of Defence..... 399

LI. Tents usually pitched near Fountains....

401

LII. The great necessity of Fountains and Reservoirs

of Water in the East ....

403

LIII. Fountains, the lurking Places of Robbers and

Assassins ....

409

LIV. Of the Water Engines wrought by the Feet .... 410

LV. Cutting down valuable Plantations, one of the Me.

thods used to distress an Enemy...

483

LVI. Strong Watch. Towers, built in the Vicinity of

Cities, to keep their Inhabitants in check.... 414

LVII. Curious Particulars relative to Askelon ...... 417

LVIII. Of the Importance of Settlements near the Red

Sea...

419
Page.

LIX. Towers used for People to fly to, in Times of In-

surrection or Danger...

425

LX. Farther Information concerning the Use of these

Towers....

428

LXI. Mountains also resorted to, as Places of Refuge. 429

LXII. Nature of the Encampments used in the East .. 430

LXIII. Curious Remarks on Habbak kuk i. 8,...... 431

LXIV. Of the ancient Division of Companies into ten

435

LXV. A remarkable Illustration of Gideon's Defeat of

the Midianites...

438

LXVI. Curious Illustration of 2 Kings vii. 12....... 443

LXVII. Curious Nlustration of Joel iii. 3.

446

LXVIII. Stopping up the Wells, an Act of Hostility in

the East..

447

LXIX. Curious Illustration of 1 Sam .v. l-10..... 450

LXX. Manner of introducing a Captive Prince into the

Towns of a victorious Kingdom...... 453

LXXI. Dust very injurious in the East Of the bitter

Waters, &c. ......

LXXII. Of the Time of the Year, in which they usually

began their Campaigns in the East.... 476

LXXIII, Farther Particulars on the same Subject .. 482

LXXIV. Hail and Ruin dreadful in the East..... 484

LXXV. Curious Illustration of 2 Kings vii. 15...... 485

LXXVI. A Sword hanging at the Neck, a Token of

Humiliation and Subjection.

487

LXXVII. Curious Illustration of i Kings xx. 34.... 489

LXXVIII. Barbarous Customs used by Victors in refe-

rence to the dead Bodies of their Enemies.. 492

LXXIX. Particular Places used for Prayer previous

to Battle...

493

LXXX. People in the East often carry their whole Fa-

milies with them, when they go to War..... 495

LXXXI. The granting of a Banner, a sign of Protec-

tion....

496

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