« ForrigeFortsæt »
ries a Papist abroad-like disabilities and penalties as if he married within the kingdom.
9 W. 3. c. 28. Whoever marries a soldier to any uncertified wife, to be imprisoned till he pay 201. half of which is to reward the informer.
6 Ann. c. 16. § 1. 3. 6. If any person above the age of fourteen, by fraud, flattery, or fair promises, shall allure any maid or widow, having substance, to marry him without consent of parents or guardian, and the person who celebrate the marriage be a Popish priest; or if a Popish priest celebrate any marriage knowing one party to be a Protestant, he shall be deemed, and suffer all the pains of a Popish regular-be imprisoned, transported, and, on returning, be drawn, hanged, quartered, beheaded, embowelled, entrails burned alive, head and quarters given to the queen, and attainted and blood-corrupted.
8 Ann. c. 3. The knowledge of the fact is to be presumed against the priest, and he to be convicted, unless he produce a certificate from the Protestant parish minister that neither were Protestants,
12 Geo. 1. c. 3. s. 1. A Popish or reputed Popish priest, celebrating marriage between a Protestant or reputed Protestant and a Papist, or between two Protestants or reputed Protestants-death, as a felon, without benefit of clergy. N. B. 19 Geo. 2. c. 13. annuls such marriages without process, judgment, or sentence.
23 Geo. 2. c. 10. s. 3. makes it felony in the priest, notwithstanding the marriage be an nulled.
$. 1. And any two justices may summon all persons suspected to have been so married, or to have been present, and examine them on oath, where, by whom, with what form and ceremony such marriage was celebrated, and who were present; and upon neglect to appear or refusal to become informers against their friends, commit them to prison for three years without bail or mainprize, unless they will enter into recognizance to prosecute all the offenders.
7. G. 2. s. 6. A converted justice acting while his wife is a Papist, or his children edu. cated as such, to be imprisoned one year, pay 1001. half to the king, half to the informer, and be for ever disabled to be executor or guardian.
7 G. 2. c. 5. s. 12. Barristers, six clerks, and attorneys disabled, unless they convert their wife in a year, and enrol a certificate thereof in chancery.
8 Ann. c. 3. A wife conforming in the life-time of her husband, may file a bill against him, and have all appointments or execution of powers as he might make in her favour, if he were willing, decreed, whether he will or not, and notwithstanding any disposition of his to the contrary, have one third of his chattels real and personal.
RELIGION-CLERGY. 7, 9 W. 3. S. 1. c. 26. s. 1. All Popish archbishops, bishops, vicars general, deans, regular Popish clergy, exercising any ecclesiastical jurisdiction, to leave the kingdom in 'three months, or be transported, wherever the chief governor shall think fit. And if he return, be dragged and hanged, quartered and beheaded, blood-corrupted and attainted, entrails burned alive, and head and quarters at the king's disposal, to be piked or gibbetted, as was most for his royal pleasure and the honour of God, and forfeit all as in case of high treason.
$. 1. No such shall come into the kingdom, under pain of twelve months inprisonment, transportation, and in case of return, the same pains of high treason, hanging, dragging embowelling, &c.
2 Ann. c. 3. s. 1. Extends these pains to every clergyman of the Popish religion, secu Jar as well as regular; and for their easier conviction, gives a trial in any county at the option of the queen.
Ib. s. 4. Concealing any person so ordered to leave the kingdom, or forbid to enter it, to forfeit for the first offence 201. for the second, 401, and for the third, lands and goods, half of the goods to the king, and half to the informer, provided, that the informer's share shall not exceed 1001. however more the king's may be, the surplusage shall remain to the king; and shall be recoverable in any of his courts of record.
Ib. s. 3. The fines of 101. and 401. to be levied by a single justice, whio has power to summou parties and witnesses, and to couvict and commit to prison in default of payment. Ib. s. 8, 9, 10.. Justices are commanded to issue their warrants from time to time, for apprehending and comnitting archbishops, bishops, &c. remaining in the kingdom, and give an account in writing'of their proceedings on pain of 1001, to the king and the informer.
8 Ann. c. 3. s. 21. Two justices may summon any Popish person of sixteen years or upwards, to give testimony on dath where be last heard mass, who celebrated it, what persons were present, and also touching the being and residence of any Popish clergyman or secular priest resident in the country, and upon neglect or refusal to become informer, commit hin for twelve months, unless he pay xol.
8 Ann. c. 3. s. 16. & 20. Any person discovering against the clergy so as they may be prosecuted to conviction, to have for discovering an archbishop or vicar-general, 501. for a regular or secular not registered 201. and for a schoolmaster 101.
1 Geo. 1. c. 9. Every justice nay tender the oath of abjuration to every suspected person.
2 Ann. c. 7. 8. 9. Priests converted to have a maintenance till otherwise provided for, and to read the liturgy in the English or Irish language. This statute gives 201. by subsequent ones it is increased to 401. yearly.
2 Ann. 6. S. 1. Persuading any person to be reconciled to the see of Rome, the reconeiler and the party reconciled both subject to the pains of premunrie.
BURIAL OF THE DEAD. 7 & 9 W. 3. st. 1. c. 26. None to bury any dead in a suppressed monastery, abbey, or convent, if it be not used for divine service according to the liturgy of the established church, upon pain of 106. upon all that sball be present, one half to the informer, to be levied summarily by a single justice.
PARENTS AND CHILDREN. 2 Ann, s. 1. c. 6.5, 7. A child of a Popish parent professing a desire to become a Protestant, may institute a chancery suit against his parent, and be decreed a present maintenance, and a portion after the parent's descease.
8 Ann. c. 3. A child on conforming may also oblige his father to discover upon oath the full value of all his real or personal estate, and liave a new bill, toties quoties.
N.B. Though the parent should abandon all his property, yet if he afterwards acquired any thing, he might be vexed with a new bill as often as an undutiful child might think fit, to the end of his life.
2 Ayn, st. 1. c. 6. 3. The eldest son by conforming, may, by filing a bill against his father, divest him of his fee, rendering him bare tenant for life, and take the reversion, subject only to maintenance and portions for younger children, not exceeding one-third of the value.
Ib. 8. 5. No Papist to have the guardianship of an orphan child, and if there be no Protestant relation, the child to be committed to a stranger, who shall be bound to use his utmost endeavours to make the child a Protestant; and any Papist who takes upon himself such guardianship, to forfeit 500l. to the blue coat hospital.
6 Geo. 1. C. 6. Children of Popish parents bred Protestants from the age of twelve years, and receiving the sacrament of the established church, to be reputed Protestants, and enjoy their rights; but if, after eighteen, they are present either at matins or vespers, to suffer the penalties of converted Papists relapsing into Popery.
2 Ann. s. 1. c. 6. Disables priests from purchasing lands in their own name or in trust, or even any rents or profits issuing out of lands, or to take a lease for more than 31 years, and not that, unless two-thirds of the yearly value be reserved all other estates to be void.
Ib. s. 7. 8. & 9. No Papist who will not renounce his religion to take any estate, in fee simple, or in tail, by descent or purchase, but the next Protestant to take as if he were dead. The children of Papists to be taken as Papists, a Papist conforming may be heir to a Papist disabled; wife, if a Protestant, to have dower.
2 Ann. c. 6. s. 12. If the heir at law of a Papist be a Protestant, he must enrol a certificate of that matter in chancery; if a Papist, he has a year, withig which, if he renounce his religion, he may have his land.
English Stat. 1. Ann. S. 1. c. 32. s. 7. enacts, that the lands theretofore forfeited and vested in trustees, should be sold to Protestants only, and if any title in the same shall accrue to any Papist, he must renounce his religion, or as it was commonly expressed, the errors of the church of Rome, in order to enjoy the estate ; and if any make or assign a lease to a Papist, both grantor and grantee, to forfeit treble the yearly value ; with the exception of a cottage or cabin with two acres of land to a day labourer; and any Protestant might file a bill of discovery against any person supposed privy to any trust, to which neither plea nor demurrer was allowed, and on trial of any issue, none to be jurors but Protestants.
TRADE. 8 Ann. c. 3. s. 37. No Papist who is or shall be permitted to follow any trade, craft, or mystery (except hemp or flaxen manufactory) to have two apprentices, nor any for a less time than î years, on pain of 1001.
25 Geo. 3. c. 42. s. 11 and 14. The 40001. granted by this act, to be expended in apprentices fees, for apprentices taken from charter schools or hospitals, to Protestant tradesmen only.
No persons making locks or barrels for fire-arms, or swords, skeins, knives, or other weapons, shall instruct an apprentice of the Popish religion on pain of 201. one moiety to the king, and one to the informer, and the indentures of apprenticeship shall be poid, and such apprentice exercising, to suffer the like penalty, and refusing to take the oaths shall amount to a conviction.
The modern editors of the Book of Martyrs tell us that the foreign inquisitors “seldom shew mercy to a Protestant;" but what mercy, we should be glad to know, was shewn by these penal statutes to the Catholics, who formed the bulk of Ireland, while in Spain and Portugal scarce a Protestant was to be found? They also talk of scenes of perfidy and treachery—of distractions between husband and wife-of disobedient and wicked children—but could laws be invented better calculated to produce these horrible evils in society than those which have been just described? Observe too, these laws were not passed by Spanish inquisitors, but by a PROTESTANT LEGISLATURE, to prevent the further growth of Popery-by men who pretended to be enlightened by the spirit of the gospel, and influenced by the light of pure religion. What a perversion of the sublime principles of charity and justice ! Under pretence of promoting the pure light of the gospel, every principle of law was reversed and religion insulted; parental affection, private friendship, filial duty, and conjugal love violated;
family dissension promoted; education prevented; spies and informers encouraged; and industry proscribed ; in short, nothing left unattempted that the evil spirit could devise to torment and drive the Catholic from his faith; and all this while the credulous people of England were made to believe that Catholics, and Catholics only, were the most barbarous and brutalized of mankind. Surely it is time that our liberal Protestant fellow-countrymen should begin to open their eyes, and see through the base stratagems which have been practised to mislead and blind them,
We have before said that the tribunal of the inquisition forms no part of the system of the Catholic religion ; it is a civil tribunal, which may or may not be established in any country, either Catholic or Protestant, that consents to adopt it. In England it never existed while she remained Catholic, therefore it is baseness in the extreme to attempt to affix the abuses which may have existed in this tribunal in foreign Catholic countries on the Catholics of England and Ireland.
Catholics here to get the upper hand, there could be no danger of the inquisition being introduced, as it never did exist here, and is incompatible with the principles of the British constitution, founded by our Catholic ancestors. With these remarks we may take leave of this part of the Book of Martyrs, having, we flatter ourself, sufficiently shewn the falsehoods and misrepresentations of the editors on this head, and made it clearly appear, that their attention had better be directed to the excesses and cruelties committed by the minions of “ Protestantascendency" nearer home than the pretended enormities of the Spanish inquisition.
FARTHER HISTORICAL ACCOUNT OF THE PERSECUTIONS, SUFFERINGS,
AND CRUEL DEATHS OF PROTESTANT MARTYRS IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES, DURING THE SIXTEENTH AND SEVENTEENTH CENTURIES.
" SECTION I. BRIEF RELATION OF THE HORRIBLE MASSACRE IN FRANCE, ANNO 1572.
Such are the titles chosen to adorn the sixth book and first section of the work we are engaged to review. They are well calculated to strike the sensitive mind with horror, and excite abhorrence of the deeds perpetrated; but we must beg the reflecting reader to suspend his judgment until he has seen what we have to advance in palliation of the transactions which occupy this first section of the sixth division of John Fox's Book of Martyrs. Before however we commence our remarks, we will here give the martyrologist's brief relation of the massacre of 1572.-" After a long series of troubles in France, the Papists seeing no" thing could be done against the Protestants by open force, began to "devise how they could entrap them by subtlety, and that by two
ways : first by pretending that an army was to be sent into the lower “
country, under the command of the admiral, prince of Navarre and “Condé, not that the king had any intention of so doing, but only “ with a view to ascertain what force the admiral had under him, who
they were, and what were their names. The second was, a marriage “suborned between a prince of Navarre and the sister of the king of “ France; to which were to be invited all the chief Protestants. Ac“cordingly they first began with the queen of Navarre; she consented “ to come to Paris, where she was at length won over to the king's “mind. Shortly after she fell sick, and died within five days, not “ without suspicion of poison; but her body being opened, no sign " thereof appeared. A certain apothecary, however, made his boast, " that he had killed the queen by venomous odours and smells, pre
pared by himself. “Notwithstanding this, the marriage still proceeded. The admiral,
prince of Navarre and Condé, with divers other chief states of the " Protestants, induced by the king's letters and many fair promises, came to Paris, and were received with great solemnity.
The marriage at length took place on the 18th of August, 1572, and was so“ lemnized by the cardinal of Bourbon, upon an high stage set up on
purpose without the church walls : the prince of Navarre and Condé os
came down, waiting for the king's sister, who was then at mass. This
done, the company all went to the bishop's palace to dinner. In the "evening they were conducted to the king's palace to supper. Four
days after this, the admiral coming from the council table, on his way
was shot at with a pistol, charged with three bullets, and wounded "in both his arms. Notwithstanding which, he still remained in “ Paris, although the vidam advised him to flee.
“ Soldiers were appointed in various parts of the city to be ready at a watch-word, upon which they rushed out to the slaughter of the Protestants, beginning with the admiral, who being dreadfully “ wounded, was cast out of the window into the street, where his head
being struck off, was embalmed with spices to be sent to the pope. “ The savage people then cut off his arms and privy members, and " drew him in that state through the streets of Paris, after which, they “ took him to the place of execution, out of the city, and there hanged “ him up by the heels, exposing his mutilated body to the scorn of the “ populace.
“ The martyrdom of this virtuous man had no sooner taken place ~ than the armed soldiers ran about slaying all the Protestants they " could find within the city. This continued many days, but the “ greatest slaughter was in the three first days, in which were said to « be murdered above 10,000 men and women, old and young, of all e sorts and conditions. The bodies of the dead were carried in carts “ and thrown into the river, which was all stained therewith ; also « whole streams in various parts of the city ran with the blood of the « slain. In the number that were slain of the more learned sort, were " Petrus Ramus, Lambinus, Plateanus, Lomenius, Chapesius, and others.
“ These brutal deeds were not confined within the walls of Paris, * but extended into other cities and quarters of the realm, especially
by Lyons, Orleans, Toulouse, and Rouen, where the cruelties were “ unparalleled. Within the space of one month, 30,000 Protestants, at
least, are said to have been slain, as is credibly reported by them who testify of the matter. 6. When intelligence of the massacre was received at Rome, the greatest rejoicings were made. The pope and cardinals went in so“ lemn procession to the church of St. Mark to give thanks to God. A
jubilee was also published, and the ordnance fired from the castle of “ St. Angelo. To the person who brought the news, the cardinal of “ Lorraine gave 1,000 crowns. Like rejoicings were also made all over France for this imagined overthrow of the faithful.”
Before we enter into the historical transactions here detailed, we must be allowed to lay down the causes of those long series of troubles in France, which Fox admits preceded the horrible event of 1572. This is a most essential point to our coming to the truth, and unless we have a perfect knowledge of the whole case, how is it possible we can come to a just conclusion? The “pure light of the gospel," as it is called by this Book of Martyrs, began to be taught by Martin Luther about the year 1517, and among other doctrines preached by this pretended reformer of religion, though religion itself, if we are to believe the words of God, was never to be in want of reform, but was always to remain pure and inviolate, were the following :-“If," says Luther, in his book against Sylvester Prieras, "we dispatch thieves by the gallows,