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ness, and all manner of disease, among | for so persecuted they the prophets the people. which were before you.
24 And his fame went throughout all 13 Ye are the salt of the earth; Syria; and they brought unto him all but if the salt have lost his savour, sick people that were taken with di- wherewith shall it be salted? It is vers diseases and torments, and those thenceforth good for nothing but to which were possessed with devils, and be cast out, and to be trodden under those which were lunatic, and those foot of men. that had the palsy; and he healed them.
14 Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. 15 Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house.
16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.
25 And there followed him great multitudes of people from Galilee, and from Decap'olis," and from Jerusalem, and from Judea, and from beyond Jordan.
Questions. By what shall man live?
Describe the river Jordan.
What is a synagogue?
3 Who are blessed. 13 The Apostles are the salt of the earth, and light of the world.
AND seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain; and, when he was set, his disciples' came unto him: 2 And he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying,
3 Blessed are the poor in spirit ;2 for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.3
4 Blessed are they that mourn;4 for they shall be comforted.
5 Blessed are the meek ;5 for they shall inherit the earth.
6 Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness; for they shall be filled.
7 Blessed are the merciful; for they shall obtain mercy.
8 Blessed are the pure in heart; for they shall see God.
9 Blessed are the peace-makers; for they shall be called the children of God.
10 Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
11 Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake.
12 Rejoice, and be exceeding glad; for great is your reward in heaven;
17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law or the prophets; I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.6
18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.
19 Whosoever, therefore, shall break one of these least commandments,7 and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven; but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
20 For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven.
21 ¶ Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and, whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment.8
6 To destroy the law, &c. Our Lord came not to abolish the moral law, but to fulfil it; be a Saviour to all who believe in him and and thereby to glorify himself, that he might obey his precepts. He came to redeem man from sin, that is, to enable man to repent and live well; and thus to inherit eternal life: but he did not come to provide any means for our being happy in the world to come without living well in this world.
7 Commandments, the precepts of the moral law.
8 Judgment, &c. To understand verses 21 and 22, it may be observed, that the Jews had two courts; one common, called the judgment, this court on malefactors was strangling or which consisted of 23 men; the sentence of beheading; the other was called the council or sanhedrim. This was the supreme court of the Jews; it consisted of 72 judges, by whom the highest crimes were tried, which this court, and this alone, punished with stoning; this, in their opinion, was a more terrible death than the former. The phrase hell-fire, at the close of verse 22, is not here supposed to refer primarily to the future punishment of the wicked; but to a punishment by death
22 But I say unto you, That whoso- 31 It hath been said, Whosoever ever is angry with his brother without shall put away his wife, let him give a cause shall be in danger of the judg- her a writing of divorcement: ment; and whosoever shall say to his 32 But I say unto you, That whosobrother, Raca, shall be in danger of ever shall put away his wife, saving the council; but whosoever shall say, for the cause of fornication, causeth Thou fool,10 shall be in danger of hell- her to commit adultery; and whosofire. ever shall marry her that is divorced, committeth adultery.
23 Therefore, if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there rememberest 33 Again, ye have heard that it that thy brother hath ought against hath been said by them of old time, thee,11 Thou shalt not forswear thyself, but 24 Leave there thy gift before the shalt perform unto the Lord thine altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come 34 But I say unto you, Swear not at and offer thy gift. all; neither by heaven, for it is God's throne:
25 Agree with thine adversary quickly while thou art in the way with him; 35 Nor by the earth, for it is his lest at any time the adversary deliver footstool; neither by Jerusalem, for it thee to the judge, and the judge deli- is the city of the great king. ver thee to the officer, and thou be cast into prison.
36 Neither shalt thou swear by thy head; because thou canst not make one hair white or black:
26 Verily I say unto thee, Thou shalt by no means come out thence till thou hast paid the uttermost farthing.
37 But let your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay;13 for whatsoever is more than these, cometh of evil.14
27 ¶ Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery:
28 But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust af ter her, hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.
29 And if thy right eye offend thee,12 pluck it out, and cast it from thee; for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell.
the law, and take away thy coat, let 40 And if any man will sue thee at him have thy cloak also.
41 And whosoever shall compel thee to go a mile, go with him twain.
42 Give to him that asketh thee: and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away.
43 Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy:
enemies, bless them that curse you, do 44 But I say unto you, Love your good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you:
still more awful than the other two, i. e. being burnt alive in the valley of Hinnom. This valley of Hinnom, or Tophet, is where Moloch, the principal idol of the Ammonites was placed, in whose cruel worship children were burnt in sacrifice. Josiah destroyed this inhuman worship, or as it is said, 2 Kings xxiii. your Father which is in heaven; for 45 That ye may be the children of 10, he defiled Tophet, &c.; this he did by he maketh his sun to rise on the evil making it a receptacle for the filth of the city, to consume which, fires were kept continually burning. Hence it is a fit emblem to represent that future punishment of the wicked, mentioned in Mark ix. 43, &c.
and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.
46 For if ye love them which love
30 And if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off, and cast it from thee; for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell.
9 Raca. A silly, foolish fellow. 10 Fool. An impious, profane person. 11 Ought against thee, reason of complaint. 12 Offend thee, be the occasion of thy sinning. The word offend in this case means to cause to offend.
38 Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.
39 But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil; but whosoever shall smite the other also. thee on thy right cheek,15 turn to him
The general meaning of verses 29 and 30, is, that we ought immediately to abandon every thing, however dear it may be to us, which entices us to sin.
13 Yea, yea; Nay, nay. Let your words express simply the truth, without deception, without profane oaths, and without idle forms of assertion.
14 Cometh of evil, from an evil, wicked disposition.
15 Shall smite thee, &c. rather bear injuries and wrongs patiently, than retaliate and repay them with revenge.
you, what reward have ye? do not even ye; Our Father which art in heaven;
10 Thy kingdom come. Thy will
13 And lead us not into temptation;
14 T For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you:
15 But if ye forgive not men their
16 T Moreover, when ye fast, be
TAKE heed that ye do not your
18 That thou appear not unto men to fast, but unto thy Father which is in secret; and thy Father, which seeth in secret, shall reward thee openly.
19 Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal :
20 But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal.
47 And if ye salute your brethren only, what do ye more than others ? do not even the publicans so?
48 Be ye, therefore, perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.
Questions. Who are blessed?
Repeat the note on verse 17.
What is said of verses 21 and 22?
What is the meaning of Raca?
1 Of alms, 5 prayer, 14 forgiveness. 19 Our treasure. 24 God and mam
2 Therefore, when thou doest thine alms, do not sound a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues, and in the streets, that they may have glory of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.2
3 But when thou doest alms, let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doeth;
4 That thine alms may be in secret; and thy Father, which seeth in secret, himself shall reward thee openly.
21 For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.
22 The light of the body is the eye; if, therefore, thine eye be single, thy whole body shall be full of light.
23 But if thine eye be evil, thy whole body shall be full of darkness. If, therefore, the light that is in thee be darkness, how great is that darkness!
6 But thou, when thou prayest, enter into thy closet; and, when thou hast shut thy door, pray to thy Father which is in secret; and thy Father, 24 ¶ No man can serve two masters; which seeth in secret, shall reward for either he will hate the one, and thee openly. love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.3
7 But when ye pray, use not vain repetitions, as the heathen do; for they think that they shalt be heard for their much speaking.
25 Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink; nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on. Is not the life more than meat, and the body than raiment ?
5 T And when thou prayest, thou shalt not be as the hypocrites are; for they love to pray standing in the synagogues, and in the corners of the streets, that they may be seen of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.
8 Be not ye, therefore, like unto them; for your Father knoweth what things ye have need of before ye ask him.
9 After this manner, therefore pray
26 Behold the fowls of the air; for they sow not, neither do they reap, nor gather into barns; yet your hea
3 Mammon, earthly treasures.
4 Take no thought. The meaning of the
I original is-Be not anxious.
Are ye beam out of thine own eye; and then shalt thou see clearly to cast out the mote out of thy brother's eye.
6 T Give not that which is holy unto
venly Father feedeth them. not much better than they?
27 Which of you, by taking thought,5 can add one cubit unto his stature? 28 And why take ye thoughts for the dogs, neither cast ye your pearls raiment? Consider the lilies of the before swine, lest they trample them field, how they grow; they toil not, under their feet, and turn again and neither do they spin; rend you.
29 And yet I say unto you, That even Solomon, in all his glory, was not arrayed like one of these.
71 Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you:
30 Wherefore, if God so clothe the grass of the field, which to-day is and to-morrow is cast into the oven, shall he not much more clothe you, O'ye of little faith?
3 For every one that asketh, receiveth; and he that seeketh, findeth; and to him that knocketh, it shall be opened.
9 Or what man is there of you, whom, if his son ask bread, will he give him a stone?
10 Or if he ask a fish, will he give him a serpent?
31 Therefore take no thought,5 saying, What shall we eat? or, What shall we drink? or, Wherewithal shall we be clothed?
32 (For after all these things do the Gentiles seek ;) for your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all these things.
33 But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.
34 Take, therefore, no thoughts for the morrow; for the morrow shall take thought for the things of itself. Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof."
Questions. What instructions did our Lord
1 Jesus, ending his sermon on the mount, reproveth rash judgment, 6 forbiddeth to cast holy things to dogs, 7 exhorteth to prayer, 13 to enter in at the straight gate, 15 to beware of false prophets, 21 and not to be hearers only, but doers of the word. JUDGE not, that ye be not judged. 2 For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged; and with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again.
3 And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother's eye, but considerest not the beam that is in thine own eye?
4 Or how wilt thou say to thy brother, Let me pull out the mote out of thine eye; and, behold, a beam is in thine own eye?
5 Thou hypocrite, first cast out
11 If ye, then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children, how much more shall your Father which is in heaven give good things to them that ask him?
12 Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them; for this is the law and the prophets.
13 T Enter ye in at the strait gate; for wide is the gate, and broad is the way, that leadeth to destruction, and many there be which go in thereat:
14 Because strait3 is the gate, and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it."
15 ¶ Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves.
16 Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles?
17 Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit.
18 A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit; neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.
19 Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into
$20 Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them.
21 Not every one that saith unto
2 Give not, &c. Perform not your pious and religious duties before profane persons, lest they deride you, and make sport of religion to its injury.
This verse is translated according to the Greek construction. The true meaning is better expressed thus: Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, lest they turn and rend
5 See note 4th.
6 Is the evil thereof, are its own cares and you; neither cast ye your pearls before swine, troubles.
lest they trample them under their feet.
1 Mete. Measure or give.
3 Strait, close, narrow.
me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the 3 And Jesus put forth his hand, and
22 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works?
23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you; depart from me, ye that work iniquity.
24 T Therefore, whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will like him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock:
25 And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell not; for it was founded upon a rock.
26 And every one that heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be likened unto a foolish man, which built his house upon the sand: 27 And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell; and great was the fall of it.
4 And Jesus saith unto him, See thou tell no man; but go thy way, shew thyself to the priest, and offer the gift that Moses commanded, for a testimony unto them.1
5 T And when Jesus was entered into Caper'naum, there came unto him a centurion, beseeching him,
6 And saying, Lord, my servant lieth at home sick of the palsy, grievously tormented.
7 And Jesus saith unto him, I will come and heal him.
8 The centurion answered, and said,
9 For I am a man under authority,
29 For he taught them as one having authority, and not as the scribes. Questions. What caution is given against judging our neighbour?
28 And it came to pass, when 10 When Jesus heard it, he marvelJesus had ended these sayings, the led, and said to them that followed, people were astonished at his dcc- Verily I say unto you, I have not trine; found so great faith, no, not in Israel. 11 And I say unto you, That many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven:
What encouragement is given that we may become virtuous and happy by employing such means as are afforded us? See v. 8 and 11. What is the golden rule? v. 12.
12 But the children of the kingdom4 shall be cast out into outer darkness;
Who will be admitted into the kingdom of there shall be weeping and gnashing
13 And Jesus said unto the centu
2 Jesus cleanseth the leper, 5 healeth rion, Go thy way; and as thou hast bo-
2 And, behold, there came a leper; is
14 And when Jesus was come
15 And he touched her hand, and
1 Fo a testimony unto them, that the cure
2 Centurion, a Roman officer, who com
3 As the centurion had power to control
4 Not every one, &c. that calls himself a those who were under him, so he doubted not Christian shall be admitted to the joys of hea-that our Lord could control even the evil ven; but he only, who yields a sincere and spirits which caused diseases. cheerful obedience the will of God.
4 Children of the kingdom, the Jews, who
5 Here kingdom of heaven signifies the en-had hitherto been the favoured people of God; joyment of God in another life.
6 Never knew you, never acknowledged and approved as mine such negligent and slothful
jection of the Saviour, they themselves were
5 Ministered, waited upon or served.