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damental conviction of reason is, that all truths agree together; that inconsistency is the mark of error. Its intensest,' most earnest effort, is to bring concord into the intellect, to reconcile what seem to be clasbing views. On the observation of a new fact, reason strives to incor, porate it with former knowledge. It can allow nothing to stand separate in the mind. It labours to bring together scattered truths, and to give them the strength and beauty of a vital order. Its end and delight is harmony. It is shocked by an inconsistency in belief, just as a fine ear is wounded by a discord. It carries within itself an instinctive consciousness, that all things which exist are intimately bound together, and it cannot rest until it has connected whatever we witness with the infinite whole. Reason, according to this view, is the most glorious form or exercise of the intellectual nature. It corresponds to the unity of God and the universe, and seeks to make the soul the image and mirror of this sublime unity.
I have thus given my views of reason; but to prevent all perversion, before I proceed to the main discussion, let me offer a word or two more of explanation. In this discourse, when I speak of the accordance of revelation with reason, I suppose this faculty to be used deliberately, conscientiously, and with the love of truth. Men often bapa tise with the name of reason their prejudices, unexamined notions, or opinions adopted through interest, pride, or other unworthy biasses. It is not uncommon to hear those who sacrifice the plainest dictates of the rational nature, to impulse and passion, setting themselves up as oracles of reason. Now, when I say revelation must accord with reason, I do not mean by the term, the core rupt and superficial opinions of men who have betrayed and debased their rational powers. I mean reason, calmly, honestly exercised, for the acquisition of truth, and the invigoration of virtue.
(To be continued.)
To the Editor of the Christian Pioneer. Dear Sir,- When I commenced my papers on “ The Moral Constitution and History of Man,” I had not formed any
distinct plan of their course and limits. It suited my convenience and yours, to have them written out, as I might have leisure, and in Chapters of commodious lengths. After a certain progress, however, I found it requisite to sketch a general outline, and to fill it up methodically, so as to make a Treatise, at once sufficiently extended to develope the doctrine, and at the same time concise enough to condense it into well connected proportions and perspicuous views. This required a more continuous labour and concentrated attention than I had be. stowed on the subject at first, and I have now finished all that I think requisite for my present purpose. It will occupy fully as much more space as what has been already taken up in your Pioneer, and as this would extend over an inconvenient period of time (to continue the publication in the same manner), and some of your readers are complaining that they lose sight of the thread of the argument in its present detached form, and wishing to contemplate it entire and at once, I have resolved to complete the publication. The remaining Chapter of Part II. will be occupied with a view of the favourable effects which Christianity produced on the world up to the period of the Reformation, in spite of the obstacles and opposition it met with during the middle ages. Part III. will contain an examination of the influence of the Reformation on the moral sentiments of mankind, and the institutions of society-first in the 16th century, and afterwards in the modification and progress of its principles, and of other collateral influences, down to the present time.
Such of your readers who wish to furnish themselves with copies, may be supplied at a lower price than what will be demanded by the booksellers from the public, if they will take the trouble to give their names and number of copies wanted, to Revds. B. T. Stannus, Edinburgh; W. Maccall, Greenock; H. Clarke, George Harris, and Messrs. Hedderwick & Son, Glasgow, by the middle, or at farthest, before the end of November, when the publication will take place.
W. B. SALTCOATS, Oct. 1833.
N. B. The price for copies delivered as above, will be from 3s. to 4s. The Volume containing fully 300 pages, printed like your late edition of Channing's Evidences.
THE CHRISTIAN PIONEER.
GLASGOW, November 1, 1833.
We have devoted all our usual space, and given twelve pages additional this month, in order to gratify our readers with as full and accurate a report as possible, of the proceedings at the recent Anniversary of the Scottish Unitarian Christian Association. After all, we have not had room for the whole, nor have we given any adequate idea of the enthusiasm that pervaded the meeting. It was truly beart-cheering and animating, and its benevolent effects will be as permanent, we hope, as the feelings of joy were intense.
On Friday, Sept. 27, died at Stapylton Grove, near Bristol, the Rajab RAMMOHUN Roy, after a few days? illness. Sincere and heartfelt have been the lamentations on his death. Mr. Harris delivered a discourse on the life, character, and writings of this extraordinary man, on Sunday afternoon, October 6, to a very crowded congregation, from the words “ Know ye not that there is a Prince, and a Great Man fallen this day in Israel?”—2 Samuel iii. 38. So great was the interest excited, that in compliance with the wishes of many individuals unconnected with the Unitarian congregation, Mr. Harris redelivered the sermon on Sunday evening, October 13. Many hundreds could not get into the chapel. The discourse was therefore again repeated on Sunday, Oct. 20, and even then there were more people outside of the chapel than there were within the building. On all the three occasions the discourse was listened to with deepest attention, and the sympathy of the audience strikingly evinced. It would probably have been again repeated, bad not Mr. Harris announced a discourse on the life, character, and writings of Michael Servetus, for Sunday, Oct. 27, that being the anniversary of the day on which, at the instigation of Calvin, the martyr to the belief in God's Unity was burned at Geneva. Repeated and earnest requests have been made for the publication of the discourse, and might probably have been complied with, had not the sermons preached before the Association been
in the press:
At Dunfermline, on Sunday, Oct. 13, to a crowded audience, and at Carluke Oct. 20, Rev. H. Clarke preached a funeral discourse on the same melancholy occurrence.
Rev. William Maccall of Greenock also delivered a sermon to the congregation of that town, on Sunday, Oct. 13, occasioned by the death of that illustrious individual.
Died, September 23, James Losh, Esq. Barrister at Law, and Recorder of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
« Thus has descended to the tomb, in the seventy-second year of his age, one of the worthiest men, and one of the brightest ornaments that Newcastle possessed, and whose place in society will long, we fear, remain unoccupied. High-minded, honourable, and independent in bis public conduct,- warm-hearted, affectionate, and benevolent in private life, ----and mild and unassuming in both, he was ardently beloved by his friends, and held in the bighest estimation by all who had any intercourse with him. In bim the poor and unfortunate were sure to find a liberal benefactor, not only with his purse, but what was frequently of infinitely more value, with his advice and professional assistance; and the grief which is now depicted in every countenance around his late abode, feelingly proclaims the loss of a kind master and indulgent landlord.Eminently qualified by his talents and his extensive information, to take a lead in public affairs, Mr. Losh bas long been looked up to as the head of the Whig party in this town, and has always shown himself the willing and the able advocate of every measure which had for its object the moral, political, or intellectual improvement of mankind. Accordingly, in almost every public meeting that has been held in this town during the last thirty years, whether of a local or a general character, whether to advance the cause of civil and religious liberty, to resist oppression, to reform the institutions of the country, to promote the spread of education and knowledge, to alleviate the sufferings of his fellow-creatures by acts of charity and benevolence, or to increase the prosperity and local advantages of the district in which he lived, Mr. Losb sustained a leading and an effective part. In early life he was an active member of the society of the Friends of the People," and in conjunction with the late Mr. Tierney, drew up the celebrated petition for Parliamentary Reform, which was presented by Mr. Grey in 1793.
Through the whole of his life he continued firmly attached to the same cause, and through good report and bad report, ever manfully and fearlessly maintained his principles, without regarding whom he might please or whom he might displease by so doing. He was also the author of several political publications of acknowledged merit, and bad the good fortune to enjoy the friendship of most of the leading political characters of his time, with many of whom he maintained a regular correspondence.
“Mr. Losh, from his first settling in this town, was connected with the Society of Unitarians, in Hanover-Square, with whom he was a constant fellow-worshipper and communicant. Consequently, before the repeal of the Corporation and Test Acts, he declined an invitation he received from the Corporation of Berwick to become their Recorder; but by the repeal of those Acts he was enabled to accept the same office in the Corporation of this town, on the lamented death of his friend, C. Cookson, Esq. in May, 1832."
On Sunday, Oct. 6, a most impressive sermon was preached on the melancholy occasion, by the Rev. W. Turner, in the Unitarian Chapel, Hanover-Square, to a very crowded and deeply affected congregation. The reverend gentleman chose for his text, the 9th verse of the 39th Psalm, “I was dumb, I opened not my mouth; because thou didst it.” He forcibly impressed upon his hearers the necessity of a patient resignation to the dispensations of Providence, as one of the principal duties of practical religion, and the propriety of making our earthly afflictions contribute to our eternal welfare, by weaning our affections from the allurements of this world, and fixing them upon eternity. In one part of the discourse, the rev. preacher adverted with much feeling to the excellent character of the deceased, and the many
obligations wbich that congregation in particular were indebted to him for. They, he was sure, duly appreciated his worth, and deeply lamented the loss they had sustained; while most of those he was addressing, probably knew him, and all must have heard of him, as the polished gentleman, the enlightened philanthropist, and the upright Christian. We are happy to hear that the Sermon will shortly be published, accompanied with a biographical sketch of the deceased.