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on S...--,whom he observ’d to be most docile,as ap: 1856. pear'd already by his submissive Bowing to the Popish Altar. What the Tenor of that Discourse was which the King had with him, was never known; but however, Father Petre extreamly magnify'd the Earl's Obedience at a meeting with the Jesuits ; adding that 'twas necessary for him as yet to appear a Protestant, for weighty Reasons of State. The King's Negotiation with the Earl of Rochester having miscarried in the manner I shall Relate in a properer Place, one of the Jesuits said ; He must be Anathematiz'd; and that the King could never Prosper whilst such an Heretick was near him.

It was now become the Publick Discourse, that the two Brothers must down; and then the King, tho' he was resolv'd before hand, ask'd his Council's Advice, who was fit to be plac'd in the Government of Ireland. Several Persons were propos'd, but none approv'd of : After that the Inclination of the Board had been sufficiently fifted, the King again brought on Tyrconnel, which was withftood by all but the Lord President, and in Opposition to which the Popish Party contended Vigorously. Powis (though they knew him to be both a C-.--d and a F-----l, as the King in a Pallion one Day told him he was, yet however) was consider'd as a Person whose moderate Carriage had Entitled him to a moderate good Character among the Protestants, and therefore the fittett to be plac'd in this Station, the better to amuse them. "Poris was Naturally Covetous, and the Government of Ireland, a Post of great Profit: Wherefore his Friends advis'd him to agree with the Earl of S.....----, and do as the L. B------ did with the Dutchess of Cleveland, become Tenant for Life; in order to which, Powis comes to Terins, and agrees for 4000 Pounds per Annum ; but whatever the bottom of the Delign was, S., forsook Tyrconnel at the Council-board, and carried

Tyrconnel it for him against all Opposition. Some con- Lieutenant

mide Lord jectur'd that he acquainted the King with his Bar- of Ireland. gain with Podis; and that the King made Tyrconnel agree to the same Terms ; for 'tis certain Tyrconnel,



1687. who feldom consider'd what he Spoke, would

Swear he got not so much by the Government as servd to maintain him, not withftanding that it was worth to him 18000 Pounds per Anniem.

The Confirmation of this dismal News reaching the Ears of the Protestants in Ireland, struck like a Thunder-bolt. Perhaps no Age or Story can Parallel so dreadful a Catatrophe among all Ages and Sexes, as if the Day of Doom was come; every one lamenting their Condition, and almoft all that could abandoning the Kingdom. This Gloomy and Melancholy Prospect of Things, seem'd to be attended with so many Discouragements, that many that had Patentee Employments, obtain'd License froin the Lord Lieutenant under the Broad Sual to come away. All that lay in his Excellency's Power for the AMiftance of the alarm'd Protestants, he zealoully perform'd; and it was Interpreted by many as a Signal Act of Providence, that the Winds continued for some time contrary, after that Tyrconnel was come to the Seatide; which Disappointment did not a little_Difcompose him, whole Furious Zeal for the Popish Cause, Envy and Ambition equally inspir'd him with Eagerness to Supplant his Predecessor, and former Corrival in the Government. But at last

Tyrconnel being Landed at Dublin, the Lord ClaFeb. 6.

rendon at the Arch-Bishop's Palace refign'd the 1685.

Sword of State to him with a Memorable Speech;

wherein he told him, " That the Misunderstand The Earl of <ings and Fewds of that Kingdom were things Clarendon's

“ much to be lamented, and he could with the Speech

“ Occasion of them were remov'd, which was this, to Tyrcon“ viz. That the English of that Kingdom had Acl. 12th “ been represented as a Company of Disaffected Feb. 1684.“ and Fanatical People ; that this was a hard

“ Charge if it were true, but from what he had “ learn'a, both by his own Observation, and the

Information of others, he believ'd them to be as Loyal Subjects, and generally as true Sons of " the Church of England as any it has. That it TM is a Church that can make it her Brags, that in

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" all the Conspiracies, Plots and Rebellions, that 1687.

ever have been against the King, not one Ortho66 dox Member of her Communion has been any

way in 'em; that he profess'd himself to be of " that Church, and counted it his greatest Happi"ness that he was so. That as for the Proteftants 66 of that Kingdom in Particular, he could say in “their Favour, that when the Restoration of the

King was oppos’d in England, they were the 6 Men that usd their Indefatigable Industry to 6. Effect it. That he design'd to tell this to the " King, and hop'd by his Lordship's Prudence these “ Calumnies and Alperfions that had lain upon

them, would be remov'd; and that as they and " the Roman Catholicks were the Subjects of ons

Prince, so they would Unanimously agree in their Love of one another, and in promoting his Honour and Happiness; He clos’d his Speech with

telling him, Ihat as ho receiv'd the Sword in Peace, Jo be deliver'd it in Peace. Tyrconnel's Answer was Tyrcon

to this Effect : That it was the King's Design, acl's AnC and consequently his Command to him, to Go-Swer

. "vern that Kingdom according to the Law, with

out any Partiality, and therefore he declar'd that all Men should enjoy the Exercise of their Religion and Properties according to Law. That he knew there were great Fears in the Kingdom,

some removing their Goods, fome their Plate, “ others their Money. What the Reason of it was "he could not imagine ; but for his own Part he Co would not have any distrust the King's Prote6 ction. That the Lord Clarendon had hinted, that

no Distinction of Names ought to be encourag'd, or any thing else that might breed Jealoulies among the King's Subjects, which he would

make his whole Business to bring about, for this “ was the Command of the King, who was both " the greatest and juftest Prince that ever ruld " these Kingdoms. Notwithstanding these fine Promises, it soon appear'd that the Fears men. tion'd in Tyrconnel's Answer, were but too well Grounded




Before Tyrconnel came to the Sword, forne of the Judges were turn'd out, (as Sir Standish Hartston, Bar. One of the Barons of the Exchequer, Sir Richard Reynolds, Bar. one of the Judges of the King's-Bench, both fince Dead, and Johnson, one of the Judges of the Common-Pleas) and a Consult was held in London, whether the rest should not be turn'd out before the Earl of Clarendon was remoy'd, 'to reprelent him Odious to the People, if he complied; or Disobedient to the King, if he teem'd unwilling in the Matter, as they believ'd he would. For they observ'd that he and the Lord Chancellor, Sir Charles-Purter began to Startle at the Commands from England, before they receiv’d: any Account of their Removal, and Porter publickly declar’d, That he came not over to serve a Iurn, nor would be act against his Conscience. For which Expreslions at his Return to London, he could not, without some Difficulty, obtain the Favour of Killing the King's Hand. "To come to the Debate: concerning the Judges, some were for making a clear Riddance, and to have the Refor-mation begin in the Courts of Judicature, urging that having the Military Part of the Government in their Hands, they might with greater Ease fecure the Civil but others did not think it safe to turn them all out, nor any more of them, till the Government was velted in a Roman Catholick. For some of the Cabal were afraid of proceeding too faft: in their Delign; elpecially the Earl of Popois, who for that. Reason was not entrusted with all their Secrets and blacker Projects; though in his Lady they repos'd an entire Confidence, as being thought the greatest Politician amongst 'em ;, and were not a little Proud, that the Earl of Shaftsbury in the Popish Plot had given her that Character. In short, the moderate Party prevailid, and 'twas agreed that one Judge in a Court should be left, to colour the Actions of the rest. But that which stuck with them was, that Sir William Da- vis, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench; must not be mov'd, because he had been of the Duke's Party in the Time of the Popish Plot, and because

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his Marriage with the Countess of Clancarty, whose 1689.
Son had married the Earl of Sunderland's Daugh-
ter. However, Sir Wiliam Davis, being a difeafed
infirm Man, given over for some Years, Judge
Nugent, (the firti Popish Judge that was put in,
and whole Father had loit his Honour and Eftate
for being a principal Actor in the Rebellion and
Massacre of 1641.) had a Patent for his Place of
Lord Chief justice in Reverfiolio. This being re-
foly'd, the reit were foon Chofen: Lord Chiet Ba-
ron Hen made way for Rice, a Profligate Fellow,
and in Rice's Room, Sir Linch Succeeded
in the Common-Pleas. Sir Alexander Fitton, a Man
notorious on Record, as convicted of Forgery both
in Westminster-Hall, and at Cbefter, and find for it
by the Lords in Parliament, was taken out of the
King's Bench-Prison to Discharge the Ofice of Lord
High Chancellor, tho' he had no other Merit to
Recommend him, but his being a Convert to the
Popish Religion ; and to him were added as Ma-
sters in Chancery, one Stafford, a Romi/h Priest, and
0-Neal, the Son of one of the most butie and noto-
rious Murderers in the Maffacre of 1641. But little
Regard was to be had to the Man, so long as he
was fitted to that Interest, which was then pro-
moting: It being Remarkable, that of what Persua,
fion soever they were, whom they Employd at
this Time, they chose Men of the most branded
Reputations, and whose Principles were such as
could over-rule the Dictates of their Consciences.
The Three Protestant Judges, (for Davis was De-
creed to Die, and did Toon after) had their several
Capacities and Inclinations for their Service. Kean
ting, Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, had
always been a Servant of the Duke of York's, was
a Native of the Place, and somewhat Popishly in-
elin'd; tho a Person of more Sense than to pur-
fue the Chace with greater Expedition than Safety.
Lynden, Judge of the King's Bench; though no
Friend to the Irish Government, yet lay under the
Temptation of getting Riches to Support his nu-
merous Family; and Worth, Baron of the Exchequera
was the Perfon the Papists' most depended upon

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