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1685. no Progress in it, under Pretence of gaining time to

find 'em out, but in reality, because he foresaw it was to niake room for Papilts. · Talbot having cashier'd a great part of the Officers, return'd for England, and carried along with him one Neagle, a cunning Irish Lawyer, and inveterate Papist, educated among the Jesuits. Upon their Arrival at London, 'twas some time before Neagle could gain Admittance to kiss the King's Hand, but was conftantly with Father Petre, and the rest of the Po. pilh Cabal. The Queen was altogether for their furious Counsels, but the King was not so violently inclin’d, being every Day advis’d by all his Popilo Peers, not to proceed too fast in the Revolution of Ireland, left thereby he should ruin the general Interest of the Catholicks : And the Lords Bellafis, Pobois, and some others of that Faction, understand ing that Neagle was come over, they were so transported with Rage, that they would have him immediately sent out of London. However, to compleat in private, what they durft not attempt upon the publick Stage, 'twas agreed in Council that he should set forth the great Oppression and Injustice of the late A& of Settlement, which he did by way of a Letter to a friend, wherein he ran so high in his Invectives against King Charles II.

that he durft not own it to be his. Talbot beTalbot ing made Earl of Tyrconnel, a Consult was held amade Earl bout the principal Delign of his coming over, and of Tyrcon. the Debate variously canvass’d as to a hit Person to nel.

send to Ireland, in Quality of Lord-Lieutenant. Tyrconnel, tho' recommended by Bishop Tyrrel, was nevertheless mention’d with some Reserve, as being a Person very obnoxious to the English, and therefore not proper to be brought upon the Stage, till Matters were come to a greater Matu. rity. The Lord Bellasis was propos'd, but he was

of infirm, at least to carry on their Design with SucClarendon cess, and not altogether to disgust the English, 'twas made Lord

resolv'd that Tyrconnel should return LieutenantLieutenant of Ireland, General of the Army, and the Earl of Clarendon Decemb. 'Lord-Lieutenant. In the mean time the Irish Papists 1685. in all parts of the Kingdom proceeded in their

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former Stratagems of impeaching the Proteftants 1686.
for traiterous Designs, but these were generally so
ridiculously contrivd, and made up of such palpable
Contradictions and Incongruities, that they serv'd
only to demonstrate the Protestants Innocency,
and the Perjuries and Inveteracy of the Informers.
But seeing that these Impeachments were so un-
skilfully manag’d, as to miss of their wicked In-
tents, then they apply'd themselves to other
Courses : Many went out Tories, and committed
so many Robberies and Outrages upon the English,
that Thousands deserted the Kingdom. Tyrconnel
now drives with greater Fury than before ; not
only displacing the Officers of the Army, but
also turning out the private Soldiers, and to both
prefers which of the Irish he thought fit ; his Will
was his Law, and his Actions purely Arbitrary,
none daring to question him; for he brought over
blank Commissions sign'd by the King, for such
as he was willing to put in. This Part he acted
in a molt insulting, barbarous manner; turning off
some Soldiers, stript to their Shirts ; seizing the
Horses of some Officers and Troopers, giving
them Notes that amounted not to a fourth Pro-
portion of their juft Values; and to others, giv-
ing nothing but ill Words, and vile Reproaches.
The most noted Officers, who were turn'd out of
their Commissions, were the Lord Shannon, Capt.
Robert Fitz-Gerald, Capt. Richard Coote, and Sir
George St. George ; in whose Places were put one
Kerney, an Alfaslin, that would have murderd
King Charles II. Anderson, an obscure Fellow 2
Sheldon, a virulent Papist ; Graham, and others of
the same Stamp. In short, 2 or 300 English Gen-
tlemen, who had laid out all, or at least great
part of their Portions, to purchase or follow their
Military Employments, were arbitrarily disbanded,
and 5 or 6000 private Soldiers sent a-begging.
However these Discouragements of the English
were, in some measure, alleviated, when perceiv-
ing the Lord Lieutenant, tho' a near Relation to the
King, acting as a Person of inviolable Integrity to
the Protestants, they look'd upon him as a Man

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1687. that would stem the impetuous Torrent of the

Popish Faction. And indeed his very first Action gave no small Proof of it, which was to revive the tainting Spirits of the Protestants, with those great Assurances his Master had given him of protecting their Religion. But the reltless Endeavours of the Papists made the Earl of Clarendon find things very uneafie: To which this remarkable Paslage not a little contributed. Upon a Sunday Morning, going to Church, he perceiv'd an Irish Officer he never saw before, commanding his Guard of Battle-Axes, which very much surpriz’d him; whereupon he made a Stop, demanding who 'he was, and who put him there? The Irishman, as much frighted, as the Lord Lieutenant was disturb’d, in broken Expreslions told his Excellency, he was a Captain put in by the Lord Tyrconnel.' His Excellency demanding of him, when ? he replied, that Morning : His Excellency bid 'em call the former Captain, and dismiss this of Tyrconnels. The next Day the Lord Lieutenant question'd Tyrconnel for this Action, who replied, he did nothing but by the King's Orders : To which the Earl of Clarendon return’d, That whilf His Majelty, entrusted him with the Government, he would not be dispos'd by his Lieutenant-General. Complaints on both sides were made to the King, and to ended.

Tyrconnel having compleated his Design in modelling the Army, went over for England, and there consulted with his Party to obtain the Government of Ireland : The Queen, Father Petre, and the Earl of S---...--, had by this time engag‘d the King, in his Favour, but the relt of the Popish Faction were against it, Itill urging how unacceptable he was to the English, others therefore were naind in Private by the Romißh Lords ; but all the while the Protestant fide were wholly Ignorant of any Design to remove the Earl of Clarendon, not questioning but that he ftood upon a firm Foundation ; namely, the King's late Affurance to the Earl of R-.--ter, who was seemingly prime Minister of State, but not thought fit to be confided

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in, as to those dark Secrets of the Popisho De 1687signs.

About this Time Father Petre held a Consulta- Consultatition in the Savoy with the Chief Romani'ts of on held in England, about the Methods that were fitteft to the Savey be pursued for the Promotion of the Catholick by the PaCause. The Pupifts were universally afraid of the pifts. King's Incapacity, or else unwillingness of expofing himself to the hazard of securing it in his Reign. They were senfible, that he was advanc'd in Years, nor were they ignorant of what almost insuperable Difficulties they had to contend with, before they could bring their Projects to any Ripeness. Wherefore upon these Confiderations, fome were for moving the King to procure an Act of Parliament for the Security of their Estates, and only Liberty for Priests in their own Private Houfes. This Father Petre Anathematiz'd as Ter. reftrial, and founded upon too fond a Sollicitude for their secular Interests; but if they would pursue his Measures, he doubted not to see the Holy Church Triumphant in England ; others of the Papists were for Addressing the King to have Liberty to sell their Estates, and that His Majesty would Intercede with the King of France to provide for them in his Dominions; after several Debates, it was at last agreed upon to lay both Proposals before the King, and some of the Assembly to attend His Majelty, which was accordingly done : to which the King's Answer was, That he had be fore their Defires came to him, often thought of them, and had provided a sure Sanctuary and Retreat for them in Ireland, if all those Endeavours pould be blasted in England, which he had made for their Security, and of nohose Success he had not yet Reason to Despair. This Encouragement to the Papists was attended with the most zealous Assurances of his ardent Love to the Holy Church, which, he said, he had been a Martyr for, and was still ready to lay down his Life to advance its Interest. Thus the Bigottry of this unhappy Prince transported him beyond all Bounds, and carried him to such Extravagancies in Government, as the moderate of


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1686. the English Pæpists themselves thought to be ex

treamly hazardous. They would all of them have been content with a Private Exercise of their Religion, as thinking it abundantly more safe, rather than endanger the bring their Estates and Fortunes, which they almost lookd upon as inevitable, if luch virulent extream Courles were pursued, but the King was too much a Creature of the Jesuits, to attend to any but their Counsels. He had enter'd himself into their Society, and was become a Lay-Brother of that Order, and so in Consequence to his Profession, must needs look upon it as a work of Supererrogation to extirpate Heresie, and reduce three Kingdoms to an entire Obedience to the Holy See. The Earl of Rochester having by accident been inform'd of what was then in Agitation, he immediately acquainted the King with it, who absolutely denied that there was any Intention of removing his brother from the Government of Ireland, but on the contrary, assur'd him of his great Satisfaction with his Conduct. Within some few Days, the Lord Treasurer receiv'd from the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland the same Intimations, which he had informd the King of; and upon which he again accolted His Majesty, who as positively disown'd the whole Matter as he had done defore, and to semove the Jealoufies of the Lord Lieutenant, wrote a Letter to him, as was said, with his own Hand, assuring him, there was yet no Thoughts, and he believ'd never would be in him, whilst both liv'd, to remove him from the Government of Ireland. Notwithstanding which the Papists in Ireland confidently affirm'd, that the Day before the King writ the Letter, he had given his Word to Father Petre, that Tyrconnel should be Lord Lieutenant: But 'tis certain, that no other Person but the Queen was privy to this, no, not Tyrconnel himself, for he could not keep a Secret.

'Twas at the same time resolv’d to put the Lord Treasurer, and the Earl of S-..------ to the Test, as to what they would do in Compliance to the Catholick Cause. The King undertook the Management of this Affair, and made his first onset


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