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1685. the Consequence of wbich was of the greatest Concern

the Rights of all his Subjects, and to all the Law made for the Security of their Religion; therefore the did most humbly befeich His Majesty, that he would be graciously pleas'd' to give such' Directions therein

. that no Apprehensions of Jealousies might remain i the Hearts of His Mujesties Subjects.

Over and above what was contain'd in this Ad. dress, 'tis faid, the House of Commons were wi ling to capacitate by an Act of Parliament, fuch. à Number of the Roman Catholick Officers as His. Majelly thould give a List of ; nevertheless, th: King was lo oitended, that they should offer ty quellion his Demands, and controul his Affection to his Popish Subjects, that he could scarce forbear fhewing openly his Resentment: But Prudenc: taught him to cool his Temper ; and when th: House attended him with their Address, for fear

of provoking them too far, he was contented to The King's tell thein, That be did not expect such an Addres. Answers from a House of Commons; for having fo lately recom

mended to their Consideration the great Advantage a good Understanding butween him and them had po duc'd in a very short time, and given them warning e Fears and Jealousies, be had reason to hope that th Reputation God bad bless'd him with in the World would have seated and confirnid a good Confidence i tbem for bin, and of all that he said to them.

This Aniwer was read with all due Reverenc and Respect ; and after a profound Silence, which lasted for some time, one of the Members movd.

that a Day might be appointed to confider of it. Mr. Coke's Mr. Coke feconded this Motion, adding, He bopii bold Speechi they were all true Englishmen, and not to be frighted

out of their Duty by a few high Words. Thoothis Speech was no more than what was consistent with the Freedom of an English House of Cominons and such as became a true Patriot, yet the Lords Preston and Middleton, and some other Courtiers

took present Exceptions against it; urging, That the He is sent to Meaning of it seem'd

like an Incendiary, and procurd the Tower. an Order that Mr. Coke should be sent to the Tower.

However, this anjuft Proceeding did not deter

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the 20th,

the rest of the Country Party from insisting, upon a 1685.
Day to consider of His Majesties Answer, which seenid
not to them satisfactory. The King fearing the Con- The Parlia-
sequence of thefe Debates, and being made sensible ment Pro-
by his Popish Advisers that a Parliament was a Re-rogued No-
mora to his Deligns, he put a Stop to their Pro- vember
ceedings, firit by a Prorogation, and then by a Dis-
solution. The Politicians have reinark'd, That the

1685. and Revocation of the Edict of Nants, (the only Securi

Disolved ty of the French Protestants) happend at the same 22, 1687.

July the time in France, that King James laid aside the Parliament, the only Barrier of English Liberties.

To feel the Pulsé of his English Subjects, King Affairs of James began to raise the Superftructure of Scotland. Arbitrary Power in Scotland, upon the Foun

dation he had laid there by his Popularity and Podi litick Dillimulation, when he was Commissioner

for his Brother. Here he reap'd a full Harvelt of his Hopes, and scarce left the least Remains of an

cient Liberty in that Kingdom; for the Parliament ; he had call'd immediately

after his Accession to the - Crown, being opend at Edinburgb on the 23d of * May, 1685. the Duke of Queensberry His Majesties 2: High-Commisioner, the Earl of Perth Lord High

Chancellor, the Marquiss of Athol Lord Privy Seal,
the Earl of Kintore Lord Treasurer, the Viscount
Melfort Lord Secretary, the Duke of Hamilton, the
Earl of Tweeddale, and the relt of the King's Crea-
tures procur'd the passing of Two Acts, ** April 28.
the one for the Security of the Protestant Religion, that
is, for the Oppression of the Presbyterians; the o-
ther for settling the Excise of Inland and Foreign
Commodities upon His Majesty and His Heirs for

ever. In the Preamble of this lalt Act, they declare, I That they abhor all Principles and Positions which are

contrary or derogatory to the King's facred, Supream C Sovereign and absolute Power and Authority, which

none, whether private Persons or collegiate Bodies,, can participate of, any manner of way, but in Dependance

on bim; and therefore they take that Occasion to renew

their hearty and sincere Offer of their Lives and Foritunes, to asist, defend and maintain His Majesty, His Royal Authority, Rights and Prerogatives, against all


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1685. Mortals. The 8th of May the fame Parliamen:

pals'd two other Acts, the first to forbid Preaching and Resorting to House or Field Conventicles, up on Pain of Death and Confiscation of Goods; th: other making High-Treason the giving or taking the National Covenant, as explain’d in 1638. c: writing in Defence of it. And the better to tie up that Nation to a Despotick Yoke, they pass’d ano ther Act on the 24th of the said Month, ordainin: all the Subjects of that Kingdom, whensoever requir'd, to assert the Royal Prerogatives, and swed to defend, assist and maintain the King and his Succej. fors, in the Exercise of their absolute Power undir the pain of Banishment, Imprisonment, or such other Punishment, not reaching Life.

The King presuming from these Advances tha: the Scots would easily be fashion'd to his pleasure. 'twas amongst 'em that he first attempted to repeal the Penal Laws and Telts made against Papift; and therefore having fummond the Parliament of that Kingdom to reallemble on the 29th of April

, 1686. he wrote a Letter to them, wherein he recomKing's Leto mended to their special Care, his innocent Roman Cathoter to the lickSubjects,who had always been assistant to the Crows Scorch

in the worst of Rebellions and Vfurpations, tho they Isy Parliament

underDiscouragements hardly to be nam'd; these he heat

. 1686. in tily recommended to them, to the end, that as they had Favour of giyen good Experience of their true Loyalty and peace the Papists.

able Behaviour, So, by their Asistance, they might ba the Protection of his Laws, not suffering them toly under Obligations, which their Religion could not ad. mit of; by doing of which, they would give a Demon

. stration of the Duty and Affection they had to him, and do bim most acceptable Service : And this Love be ex. pected they would jew to their Brethren as they saw bers an indulgent Father. To engage the Parliament to comply with His Majesties Desire, the Earl of

Morray', who was appointed Lord High-Com The Earl of millioner upon this Occasion, made them a Speech, Morray's

the Substance of which was: “That to shew the great Speech to Sense His Majesty retain'd of their Loyalty, Duthe Parlia“ ty and Zeal for his Service, express'd in their ment, “ Proceedings of the latt Scffions, His Majelty



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would give them fresh Opportunity of doing 1686.

such things as might tend to the universal Good “ of the Nation, as a generous Return to their Af“ fections. That as all the States and Ranks of Men - in that Kingdom had been molt eminent in their

Loyalty, fo His Majesty was graciously resolv'd,

they should in their several Stations share of the “ Effects and Influences of his Royal Care, Ten“ derness and Protection. That pursuant to this, “ His Majesty endeavour'd to open a free Inter

course of Trade with His Kingdom of England,
" and by His Envoy at the Court of France, to re-
6 cover the Priviledges of the Scots Merchants

trading with that Kingdom. That he was in-
“ structed to give His Majefties Royal Consent to
“ such Regulations, concerning the Ceffe of the Na. ,

tion, as they should think jult and equitable likewise to redress the Inconveniencies and
" Trouble which Scots Merchants meet with in
" the Matter of the Staple with the Netherlands
“ and to prevent the Importation of Irish Cattel,

Horses and Victual, by which His Majesty was
- inform’d the Kingdom of Scotland suffer'd great
« Prejudice. That His Majelty had empower'd him
“ to grant 'em an open Mint, for the Advantage of
s the Traffick of that Kingdom. That as His Majesty

intended to promote the Trade, and encrease the
“ Wealth of that Nation by all possible and fit
6 Methods, he would not at that time demand

any more Supplies or Impositions of any kind;
notwithstanding of the great and necessary

Charge for the suppreiling of the late Re-
66 bellion. Also, That he was inttructed to give His
“ Majesties Affent to all such Eaws and Regulations
" as inight secure exact Payment to the Country
« from all his Officers and Soldiers in their Quar-

ters; and for easing the Commons of many Opa

pressions alledged to be committed by Commis6 lions. That that which would surprize them much

was, that as the King was follicitous to provide
“ for the Security of that Kingdom, and to en-

courage and cherilh his dutiful and loyal Subjects
as his obedient Children, fo as a tender-hearted



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Father, he was willing, and ready, and merci.

fully to pardon the unexcusable Faults and 5 Crimes of such as had behaved themselves

undutifully, and even rebelliously against him; " and therefore he had gracioully been pleas'd to “inttruct him to pass his full and ample Indem

nity, with some few necessary and reasonable "Exceptions, for all paft Crimes and Misdemea

nors whatsoever, which might convince the World e that His Majelty delighted by such sweet and

gentle Methods of Mercy, to reduce all to Duty “ and Obedience. And now, my Lords and Gen"tlemen, added be, after so great and excellent

Designs for promoting the Honour, the Ease and 61 Wealth of this Kingdom, after his Resolution “ to pardon so many Enemies, His Majelty be" lieves that none will wonder, if he defire, by " the Advice and Consent of this his great Council

, to give Ease and Security to some of his good “ Subjects of the Roman Catholick Religipina who

have in all Times been firm to the Monar

chy, and ready to facrifice their Lives and For“ tunes for the Service and Security of the Crown.

Afsoon as the High Commillioner had ended his Speech, the King's Creatures were for pafling an Act in Favour of the Papilts, without regarding farther than His Majetties Desire; but the relt prevaild to have a Coinmittee appointed to in pect the Statutes provided againf Roman Catholicks. After a full and exact Examination of those Laws, the Committee drew up a Bill, whereby Papilis were to be allow'd the Exercise of their Religion in private, without repealing those former Acts, which made them liable to Penalties, in case they Thould assemble publickly. This was al' that the King defir'd for the present, because he hop'd to gain his Ends by degrees. But however, this Bill being presented to the Parliament for their Approbation, the House divided upon it, and many warm Speeches were made for and against it; the King being informid of these Debates, and apprehending the Miscarriage of his Project, dispatch'd an Express to the Earl of Morray, with Orders either

to Prorogue


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