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had the Benefit of their Services in such a Time of 1685.
Need and Danger, I will neither expose them to Dis-

grace, nor my self to the Want of them, if there
should be another Rebellion, to make them necessary to
me. He concludes with telling them, Ibat be was
afraid. Some Men might be so wicked, to hope and ex-
pect that a Difference might happen between them and
him upon that Occasion. But, added he, I will not
apprehend that such a Misfortune can befal us as a
Division, or but a Coldness between you and us ; nor
that any thing can make you in your Steadiness and
Loyalty to me, who, by God's Blefling, will ever make
you Returns of Kindness and Protection, with a Refo-
lution to venture, even my own Life, in the Defence
of the true Interest of this Kingdom.

A great Weight has always been laid upon the The Par-
Words which a King of England delivers from liaments
the Throne, as being suppos’d to be the Result of Surprize.
mature Deliberation; so that it is no wonder that
this Speech surpriz'd a People, who upon so many
Occasions have ventur'd their All for the Prefer-
vation of their Laws and Liberties, and thought
themselves secure of them, both from the Constitu-
tion of the Government, and the folemn repeated
Promises of their Prince. They found too late,
that their Jealousies in the former Reign of a Popish
Succeffor, were too well grounded, and how in-
consistent a Roman Catholick King is with a Prote-
Stant Kingdom. The House of Lords debated,
whether they should give the King Thanks for his Debates ao
Speech or not? Some of that August Assembly bout the
were for it, others very warmly oppos'd it; but King's
the Marquis of Halifax, a Man of tart acute wit, Speech.
said by way of Irony, They had now more Reason than
ever to give Thanks to His Majesty, since he had dealt
So plainly with them, and discover'd what he would be
at. What he meant for a Jelt, was eagerly laid hold
on by the Courtiers for Earnest; so that the Affir.
mative carried it, and the King was thank'd ac-
cordingly. But this Speech occafion'd a longer and
warıner Debate in the House of Commons, where
the Earl of Middleton mov'd to have it con-
sider'd by Paragraphs. The laid Lord, and the
rest of the King's Creatures, represented, Hone

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1685 little the Militia was to be depended upon; tbst France

was formidable; that Holland's Forces were gratly incrias'd; and therefore that they must approve of His Majelties increasing his Forces in Proportion, and vote him a Supply to answer His pri fent Occafions. Those who tood up for the Liberties of their Country,

Vindicated the Militia, which in the late Rebellion bad Arguments kept Monmouth from Bristol and Exeter; and which against a might be of great vse, if new modelid. 'They exstanding prest their Jealoulies of Standing Forces, alie dging, Army. 'I but the Kingdom was guarded by Law; that they

were in perfect Peace, the King both feared and loved, an Army little needed, Min jutly afraid. That that which made the last Rebelion grow to a bright was, because the Man that beaded it was a Favourite of the Faciion ; and the be had got such a number, yet he wis beaten by 1800 Men only. That the Army tben consisted of 14 or 15000 Men, wherías the lajt Force, tho' not above half in number, preserv’d the Peace, and was sufficient to do it in the late King's time. That all the Profit and Security of this Nation is in nur Navy; and had there been the leaji Ship in the Channel, it would have disappointed Monmouth. That supporting an Army, was maintaining so many idle Persons to lord it over the rest of the Subje&is. That Standing Armies debaucb'd the Manners of all the People, their Wires, and Daughters; That Plowmen and Servants quit all Country Employments, to turn Soldiers ; and that a Court-Martial in time of Peace was most terri. ble. That they had rather pay double to the Militia, from whom they fear'd nothing, than half so much to thafe, of whom they must ever be afraid. That as for Oficers employ'd, not taking the Test, it was dispensing with all the Law's at once. That if those Men were good or kind, they knew not whether it proceeded from their Generosity of Principles. That they must remember 'tis Treason for any Man to be reconcild to the Church of Rome, since tbe Pope by Lap was declar'd an Enemy to this Kingdom. That a Supply given, as mov'd for, was a kind of establishing an Army by A& of Parliament; who when they had got the Power inta their Hands, they themselves must then derive it from sheir Courtefie. And therefore they urg'd to bave the

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Question be, That the Safety of the Kingdom does not 1685.
consist with a Standing Force. To this the King's
Creatures replied, That His Majesty in his Speech only
Said, That the Militia was not sufficient. That
the late long Parliament alwaps owned Some Force
necessary. That they were not to name the number;
that the King was the bufi fudge of thrt, being á
great Soldier, and a good Prince. That there was a
bitter Spirit in the I vree laft Parliaments, not yet well
allay'd, so that a considerable Force was needful, be-
fides the Militia. That the Principle of the Rebel
Party was never to repent ; that an island may be ata
tack'd, notwithstanding any Fleet; that new Irons
are not so good as old, and more Srbject to commit Dif-
orders, and so they infified upon a Supply. It was
answer'd, that there was already a Law, th.lt no
-Man Shall on any Occasion whatsoever rise against she
King; That Lords and Deputy-Lieutenants have Power
to difarm the Disaffected; That if they gave thu
Supply, it was for an Army; and then might not that
Army be made of those that would not take the zejta
Which Act was not designd a Punishment for the Pa-
pists, but a Protection for Protestants; That they were
for mending the Militia, and make it such as ibe
King and Kingdom might confide in it; Ibut to truji
to mercenary Force alone, was to give up all their
Liberties at once ; Ibat't was for Kings to come to that
House from time to time, on extraordinary Occasions,
which they would not do any more if that Army was pro-
vided far by Law;That Armies are useful when Occasion
is for them; but if they establish'd them, it would be no
more in their power to disband them: That there war
not a Company form’d till 1588. and as soon as Queen
Elizabeth had done with her Army, me disbanded it
Ibat Armies had often been fatal to Princes ; and that
the Army in the late King's time often turn'd out
their Leaders. As to the Supply, some were for
giving it for the extraordinary Charge past only;
others to reward the Officers not qualified, or to take
shem off some other way, others said that the King's
Revenue was sufficient to maintain the Force on Foot.
However the Question being put, That a Supply be
given to His Majesty, it was carried in the Affir-

mative;

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1685. mative ; but these Words, towards the Support of the

additional Forces, (which one of the Members moved might be added) were rejected, and instead of them it patt, That the House be moved to bring in a Bill to make the Militia usiful. The Sum demanded by the King's Agents was 1200000 l. which the rest thinking exorbitant, said, That the Measure of their Supply was their Sécurity; that the Use was to direct the Quantum; that therefore 400000 l. was enough to maintain the additional Forces Two Tears, till the Militia be made useful; that they ought to leave the Door open for coming thither another time :

Others said, That they had, that Seffion, already given Customs and Excises for His Majesties Life, which amounted to Six Milli.

that they ought to give little now, to have opportunity to give more another time; for if they gave fo much then, they should have nothing left to give ; and if they proceeded thus, what they had would be taken from them. But nevertheless, after a long Debate, the Queltion was put for 7000col. and no more, to be given to His Majesty, which pass'd in the Affirmative.

As to the Roman Catholicks in the Army, besides what I have already mention’d, it was represented by one of the Members, That His Majesty on bis first Accesion to the Crown told them, He had been misrepresented, and that he would preserve the Government in Church and State now eltablish'd by Law, and to maintain them in all their just Rights and Priviledges; That overjoy'd at this, they ran hastily to him, and were so forward to give, that the King's Ministers put their stop to it; that they ought not to forget that there was a Bill of Exclusión debated in that House; that the Arguments for it were, that they should, in case of a Popish Succesor, have a Popish Army; that they saw the A&t of the Tejt already broken; but pray'd them to remember what the late Lord Chancellor told them, when the late King past that Axt: By this Act (said the Chancellor) you are provided against Popery, that no Papist can poffibly creep into any Employment; that he was greatly afflicted at the Breach of their Liberties, and

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of seeing fo.great Difference between this last Speech, and 1685.

those heretofore made, could not but believe this was ink

made by some other Advice; that what the thing struck 1 pm at there, was their All; that he wonder'd there had

been any Men so desperate, as to take any Employment
not qualified for it; and concluded to have a Standing
Army voted destructive to the Country.

In the middle of these warm Debates an Address etahun

was mov'd by Sir Edward Jennings. Others inov'd
the Inconveniency of it, if not granted; others to
have the Catholicks, who had been so useful and
well known to His Majesty, nam'd and compensa-
ted; some scem'd to doubt His Majefties Compliance;
others said, that it was not to be doubted, when
addressed by such a House. At last it came to this
Conclusion, That Instructions be given to a Com-
inittee, to draw an humble Address to his Majesty,
which was accordingly done and was to thisPurpose:
That they return d His Majesty their molt humble and Toe House
hearty Thanks for his great Care and Conduct, in sup- of Commons
pressing the late Rebellion, which threatned the Over. Address.
throw of this Government both in Church and State,
to the Extirpation of their Religion, as by Law estas
blish’d, which was most dear to them, and which His
Majesty had been pleas'd to give them repeated Aluran-
cas he would always defind and maintain ; that they
bad with cu Duty and Readiness taken into Confide-

ration His Majesties gracious Speech ; and as to that G

part of it, relating to the Officers of the Army not
qualified for their Employments,, according to the Act
of Parliament made in the 25th Year of the Reign
of his Royal Brother; they, out of their bounden Du-

did bumbly represent to His Majesty, that these
Officers by Law could not be capable of their Employ-
ments, and that the Incapacities they bring upon them-
selves that way, could no way be taken off but by an
Act of Parliament. That therefore out of that great
Reverence and Dutythey owed to His Majesty, zoho had

been graciously pleased to take notice of their Services,

they were preparing a Bill to indemnifie them from the
Penalties they had now incurrid; and because the con-
tinuing them in tbeir Employments may be taken to be
dispensing with Law, without an Act of Parliament,

the

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