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ces, Letters Patents, and Writings, as aforesaid, the same to Correct, Amend and Alter. And also where no Statutes are Extant in all or the aforesaid Cases, to devise and set down such good Orders and Statutes, as you, or any Five or more of you, as is aforesaid, whereof you the faid Lord Chancellor to be one, shall chink meet and convenient to be by us confirm'd, ratified, deliver'd, and set forth for the better Order and Rule of the said Univerlities, Cathedrals, and Collegiate Churches, Col. ledges, and Grammar Schools, Erections and Foundations, and the Poflestions and Revenues of the same, as may best tend to the Honour of Almighty God, Encrease of Virtue, Learning, and Unity in the faid Places, and the publick Weal and Tranquility of this our Realm. Moreover, our Will, Pleasure, and Commandment is, That our faid Commissioners, and every of you, shall diligently and faithfully Execute this our Commillion, and every Part and Branch thereof, in Manner and Form aforefaid, and according to the true meaning hereof, notwithstanding any Appellation, Provocation, Priviledge, or Exemption, in that behalf to be made, pretended or alledg’d by any Person or Perfons, Resident or Dwelling in any Place or Places, Exempt or not Exempt, within this our Realm, any Laws, Statutes, Proclamations, or Grants, Priviledges, or Ordinances, which be, or may seem to be contrary to the Premises, notwithstanding. And for the better Credit, and more manifest Notice of your doing in Execution of this our Commission, our Pleasure and Commandment is, That to your Letters Milive, Processes, Decrees, Orders and Judgments, for or by you, or any Three or more of you, as is aforesaid, to be awarded, fent forth, had, made, decreed, given, or pronounc'd, at such certain publick Places as shall be appointed by you, or any Three or more of you, as is aforesaid, for the due Execution of this our Commiflion, you, or some Three or more of you, as is aforesaid, whereof you the said Lord Chancellor to be one, shall cause to be put and fix a Seal, Engraven with a Rose and Crown, and the Letter J. and Figure 2. before, and the Letter R alter the fame, with a
Ring or Circumference about the fame Seal, con. taining as followeth, Sigillum Commissiariorum Regie Majestratis ad Causas Ecclesiasticas
. Finally, we Will and Command all and singular other our Minifters and Subjects, in all and every Place and Places, Exempt or not Exempt, within our Realmı of England, and Dominion (of Wales, upon any Knowledge or Request from you, or any Three or more of you, as is aforesaid, to them or any of them given or made, to be Aiding, Helping, and Aflifting unto you and to your Commandment, in and for the due executing your Precepts, Letters and other Processes requisite, in and for the due executing of this our Commiffion, as they and every of them Tender our Pleasure, and will Answer the contrary at their utmost Perils, &c.
ASPEECH Made by the Earl of ARRAN, to the Scorch Nobility
, and Gentry, Met together at the Council Chamber in White-Hall, the Eighth of January 1688, about an Address to His Highness the PRINCE of ORANGE, to take upon him the Government of the Kingdom of SCOTLAND.
of ORANGE imaginable. I think him a Brave Prince, and that we owe him great Obligations, in Contributing so much for our Delivery from Popery. But while I pay him those Praises, I cannot Violate my Duty to my Master. I must diftinguish betveen his Popery and his person. I diNike the one, but have Sworn and do Owe Allegiance to the other; which makes it impossible for me to Sign away that which I cannor forbear believing is the KING my Mafter's Right. For his present absence from us, by being in Franee, can no more affect our Duty, than his longer abfence from us in Scotland has done all this while.
My Lords, The Prince in his Paper desires our Advice, mine is, That we should move his Highness to desire His Majesty to Return and Call a Free Parliament, for the Securing our Religion and Property, according to the iknown Laws of that Kingdom; which, in my humble Opinion, will at last be found the best way to Heal all our Breaches.
A Speech made by a Member of the Conven
tion of the States in Scotland. WE E are now called together by his Highness the
Prince of Orange, to Consult and Deliberate, what Methods will be most proper to secure Our Religion, Laws and Liberties, in order to which, the firit thing that will fall under our Confideration, is the settling the Sovereign Power.
I take for granted, that you are fully convinced, that King James VII. by his many Violations of the Fundamental Laws, by his endeavouring to establish a Despotick and Arbitrary Power, and introduce Popery, (though he himself had confirmed all the Laws that were Enacted in Favour of the Protestant Religion ) has thereby subverted the Constitution, and (that our Miseries might have no Redress from him) has left us in a time, when we needed his Protection most. The Eyes of all Eu. rope are upon us, and it is in our Power to make our Selves, and our Posterity, either Happy or Miserable, by making a choice either to call back the said King James, and hazard once more all that Men account Dear, to his Mercy; or to settle the Government on some other, under whom we may
live Quiet and Peaceable Lives, whithout the perr petual Terror of being swallowed up by Popery and
Arbitary Government, which all good Men hoped were now banished, and yet behold a new Offspring is sprung up, which plead eagerly for both, tho’ under the mistaken Names of Duty and Allegiance. It's Atrange chat any Man can so far Degenerate, as to
bon prefer Slavery to Liberty, and that they should be fo
much in Love with Chains, that when they were
If we do but a little reflect on the Motives which
First, They will endeavour to perswade us, that Kings are eximed from Punishments here on Earth, and nothing they do can; be Quarrelled with by their Subjects, which indeed might with fome reason be urged among the Turks, who reserve nothing from the Power of their Sultans, and where it's Death to Dispute his Commands, thoʼnever fo Arbitrary and Tyrannical: But with what Impudence can such Stuff be imposed on us, who never admit our Kings to the Government, till they Swear to Rule us according to Law, and no otherwise? The Laws are the only Security we have for our Lives and Properties, which if our Sovereign subvert, Subjects cannot be
blamed, for making use of the ordinary means to
w preserve them, and fince that cannot be done without withdrawing Obedience from such a Magistrate as goes about to destroy them, such an Act cannot properly be laid to punish him, because we take nothing from him to which he has a just Claim, but only shun the occasion of making our selves Miserable. The Speculative Doctrine of Passive Obedience has done too much Mischief among us, and what has befallen the King may be justly imputed to it ; for the believing that without Opposition he might do what he pleased, encouraged him to take such Meafures as have drawn all these Misforunes on him,
Secondly, Others are so fond as to believe, that we may be secure in calling the King back, provided they lo Limit him, that it will not be in his Power to hurt us. These Men do not consider, how small a Complement this is to a Man of the King's Temper, from an Absolute Prince, as he was pleased
to fancy himself, to content himself with the bare Ti. tle of a King; and how insupportable the Change must be, if from being Master of all, he must force himself to comply with a Thousand Masters, and see his Throne become his Prison. But how airy is it to fancy,that any Restrictions of our Contrivance can bind the King? For, It's most certain they can never be Voluntary and what is constrained and done by Force, is by Law declared to be void and Null; to whose abistance the Pope's Dispencing Power being joyned, would quickly blow off these Sampson Cords, and the Royal Power would again 're. vive all its Vigor and Luftre.
Thirdly, The King is of a Religion that has in a Famous Council Decreed, That no Faith is to be kept with Hereticks, much less with Subjects whom he looks upon as fomany Rebels, and will not miss to treat them as such, whenever they give him the Opportunity of doing it ; for his greatest Admirers do no run to that height of Idolatry, to imagine him lo much Angel,as noc to take all methods to revenge so great an Affront, and secure himself at our Colt from such a Treatment for the Future ; the apprehensions of which Refentment will strike such Ter.