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he should take his Life, 'twould be his own Blood 1685.
168.5 which cost him his Life. As for the Lord G.-
who certainly deserv'd the same Treatment, his Treachery pleaded for him with King James, who
soon after lign'd his Pardon. Bloody AF
The relt of the Rebels did not meet with the fizes in the
same Favour ; for whereas wise and good Princes West.
content themselves upon such Occasions with punishing the Ring-leaders, and some few of their Adherents ; by a Barbarity not to be parallelld in the Reigns of Nero, Caligula, and the most Celebrated Tyrants, not only those who had been actually in Arms with the Duke of Monmouth, but even those who had any ways allifted, or so much as harbour'd them, were equally involv'd in the Crime of his Insurrection. Considering how the severity of Englijh Laws is generally mitigated by the Mildness of the Judges, Pofterity will hardly believe the Cruelties committed by the Lord Chief Justice Jeffreys; who with four other Judges his Alliliants, and a Body of Troops commanded by Kirk, was sent into the West of England, with a special Commillion to try the poor Wretches. I wish I could spare my Reader the Horror which the Account of these Bloody Asīzes will certainly create in any Human Brealt; but the fevere Laws of History will not suffer me to pass over in Silence the following Particulars. At Winchester, Mrs. Alicia Lille, a Woman of extream Age, was try'd for concealing Mr. Hick's, a Non-Conformit Minitter, and Richard Nelthrop, (the latter being a Stranger, and the former in no Proclamation) and cho' the jury brought her in three times Not Guilty ; yet Jeffreys's Threats so far prevail'd, that she was at lait found Guilty of High-Treason, and Beheaded for it. From Winchester Jeffreys posted to Dor. chester, where understanding, there were Thirty Persons that had been found by the Grand Inquest, to have been atlifting to the Duke of Monmouth, he contriv'd this Stratagem to dispatch them: When they came upon their Trials, and before they had pleaded, he told them, That whosoever pleaded Not Guilty, and was found otherwise, should have little Time to Live ; and if any expecta ed Favour, they must plead Guilty. But the Pri- 1685. foners would not trutt him, though it had, in a manner, been all one to them, for of the 30, 29 were found Guilty, and soon after executed'; as : were also 80 more out of 243, who were deluded to plead Guilty to their Indictments by a Promise of Pardon. The same was done at Exeter to near as many, who were entrapt by the fame Decoy; as also at Taunton and Wells, where f-----ys finish'd his Bloody Asizes, and in which two Places, (in pur
fuance of a Letter from King Jasnes, intimating,
That he was fain to be Chancellor binifélf, and therefore bad him dispatch the Business before him) he condemn'd above 508 Persons, whereof 239 were executed, and had their Quarters set up in the printcipal Places, and Roads of those Countries. However -----ys's Cruelty yielded often to the more prevailing Motives of his insatiable Avarice ; and he was not more hafty to hang up those that had no Money, than he was Zealous to procure Indempnity to those that were Rich. Pardons now were just as they are at Rome, not according to the Offences, but the Ability of the Person, from 10 Pounds to 14000 Guineas, which last Suin this Judge of Iniquity did not scruple to take from Mr. Sp--a-s, and with which he bought an Eliate, that may be juftly calld, Ile Field of Blood. Even the Taunton Virgins, whose only Crime was to have presented the Duke of Monmouth with Colours, were obligʻd to pay fome 50, 40, 30, 20, and others 10 Pounds, for their Pardons; in thort, if a great many lost their Lives, ’t was because few had Money enough to preserve them; and those poor Wretches, who could not purchase Pardons at Jeffreys's Rate, were fold for Slaves into the American Plantations. 'Tis said, that after this barbarous Expedition, Jeffreys; a Man of a Sarcastick Abufive Wit, was heard to boast with a sort of brutish Pleasure, That he had Hang’d more Men than all the Judges of England since William the Conqueror. A Boalt much like that of the Duke of Alva, whofe
Revolo Blood-thirstiness feem'd to be transfus'd into him. d'Angle Saine Roman Catholicks * affirm that King James serre.
1685. was no sooner inform’d of Jeffreys's Cruelties, bu mhe shew'd his Indignation at his unwarrantabı
Proceedings ; which however can hardly be recorThe Lord cild, with his making hiin soon after Lord Chan
: Jeffreys celor, in Confideration of the many Eminent and Fartemade Lord ful Services he had rendred the Crown, as well in the Chanceller, late King's Time, as since His Majesties Accesion te 16 Sept. 28. Crown.
'Tis true, Judge Jeffreys was not the only person that executed the King's Orders; for Colonel Kirt a Soldier of Fortune, and a Man of bold Spiri
: but loose Principles, did also act a considerable Par. in these horrid Tragedics. After the Duke's Defeat. he caus'd Ninety wounded Men at Taunton to be hang'd, not only without permitting their Relar: ons to speak to them, but with Pipes playin. Drums beating, Trumpets sounding, and all otha Military Rejoicings. At another Town he invited his Oificers to Dinner, near the Place where some of the condemn'd Rebels were to be Executed, ani ordered Ten of them to be turn'd off with a Heale to the King, Ten in a Health to the Queen, an Ten more in a Health to Jeffreys. These Crueltis he afterwards endeavour'd io palliate, by pretending he did nothing bilt by express Order from th King and his General ; But his decoying a fair Virgin to his Embraces, with the Promise of saving her Brother's Life, and nevertheless causing him to b hang'd on the Sign of the Houle where he had glutted his brutal Lufi, and prelenting the credulous abus'd Daniel with the barbarous Spectack,
this, I say, is such a piece of Treachery, as the Rc* Scipio.
man General, * fo tam'd in Story for his Continency, though a Heathen, would certainly have punilh'd wich immediate Death.
While things were thus carried on with a high
Hand in the West, by Virtue of this Extraordinary Danger
Commiition, they were not more moderate in the field try'd and sen
Administration of ordinary Justice in the Courts tenc'd, June
of Wiftminster. Thomus Danger field in his Depothe path fitions before the Parliament 1680, having reveal'd 1685.
that he was einploy'd by the Popish Party, and chiefly by the Lords in the Tower, and the Coun
tals of Powis, to kill the King, and was promis'd 1685 Impunity and a Reward, part of which he had receiv'd of the Duke of York;, was now prosecuted and try'd in Westminster-Hall, upon a Scandalum Magnatum, and as Juries went, found Guilty, and receiv'd judgment at the King's Bench-Bar, that he should stand twice in the Pillory, that he should be whipt from Åldgate to Newgate, and from Newgate to Tyburn ; and that he should pay a Fine of 500 Pounds. In his Return from Tyburn to. wards Newgate, after his whipping, being in a Coach, he had Reproachful Words given him, and was run into the Eye with a Tuck at the end of a Cane, by one Robert Francis, a virulent Papist, of which with the Pain of his whipping, he died
And killed soon after ; though it is still a Quellion whether he died of the Wound, or by the severity of his Punishment. However, Francis was justly executed for it, the Court thinking it would appear too plain a Partiality to pardon so foul an Ac. The Discovery that Dangerfield made, was that which was then calld the Meal-Tub-Plot, which was to have thrown the Popill, Plot upon the Presbyterians. His Narrative was order'd to be printed by the House of Commons on November ioth 1680, but not withitanding that Order, their Speaker, Mr. Williams, was afterwards find Ten Thousand Pounds for Licensing it to be printed, but came off with paying 8000 l. The same Term Dangerfield was try'd, Mr. Richard Baxter, a Worthy and Learned Divine among the Dissenters, was fined 500 Marks, and bound to his good Behaviour during Life, for Writing and Publishing some Annotations on the New-Teftament, which were by the Papists interpreted Seditious and Scandalous.
Towards the latter end of King Charles's Reigin, one Keeling made a lame Discovery of a Plot against the Government, only namning some mean Persons that were engag'd in the Delign, who being apprehended to save their own Lives, they threw the whole Weight of the Conspiracy upon the Duke of Monmouth, the Earl of Elexthe Earl of Shaftsbury, the Lord Rugel; Colonel Sid.