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1688. clofe up in a Body. His Highness, withThree Men

of War to attend him, One at a diftance before his Ship, and One on each fide, fail'd forwards before the Navy, the Transport Ships, Victuallers and Tenders, failed next, with their Decks crowded with Officers and Soldiers, and the main Body of the Men of War brought up the Rear, ready to receive the Enemy, if, as 'twas expected, they had attempted to disturb their Courle. And here let the Reader carry his Fancy either to the French or English Shoar, to view with Crowds of amaz'd Spectators this glorious, but formidable Sight, and behold the Prince of Orange riding triunphantly in the Channel, whilft Lewu and James are in A larms; And after the Reader has recover'd his firft Aftonishment, let him confider another Wonder, and caft his Eyes on the immense Power of à Common-wealth, which at this time were able to controul the Two greatest Monarchs of Europe. But to proceed: On the 4th of November, being Sunday, and the Auspicious Birth-day of the Prince of Orange, most people were of Opinion that he would land either in the Isle of Wight, Portsmouth, or some other convenient Place therea bouts; but His Highness dedicated that Day to the use to which it is consecrated by the Church, that

is, to the Service of God Almighty. The Fleet The Prince bore but little Sail that Night, and on the 5th of of Orange November, (a Day already famous for the Gunlands at powder-Plot, and which Providence design'd to Torbay, render till more remarkable, by a second Delive.

rance from Popery) paffing by Dartmouth, it being hazy Weather, they over-shot Torbay, where His Highness design'd to land; but about Nine a Clock the Weather clear'd up, and the Wind, as it were by Miracle, suddenly chang'd W. S. W. to give them Entrance into the Bay ; and assoon as that was done, return'd to the same Quarter ie was in before they wanted it. By this time the People of Devonshire having discover'd the Fleet, they flockd in great Numbers to the Sea-shoar, not to oppose the Prince's Landing, but to welcome their

Deliverer

Nov. So

Deliverer with joyful Acclamations, and to furnich 1688.
him and his Followers with Provisions for their
Refreshment. The Prince's Army was in a very
ill Condition, especially his Cavalry, which for
the most part were dismounted and unserviceable :
And ’ris certain, that had he met with an Enemy
to disturb his Landing, he would have been very
much embarrass’d. But, as Providence order'd it,
he found no manner of Opposition, and having
safely landed all his harass'd Troops, he led them
by eafie Marches towards Exeter, and kept 'em
within so strict a Discipline, that all who saw 'em
were forc'd to own 'em for their Friends and for the
Restorers of the dying Liberties of England. In
the mean time His Highness took up his Quar-
ters at Sir William Courtney's House, within a Mile
of Newton- Abbot, where he was very kindly en-
tertain'd.

The King, who expected that the Prince of 0.
range would have landed at Burlington-Bay in the
North of England, and who had sent a strong De
tachment of his Army that way, was not a little
surpriz’d to hear by several Expresses that the
Dutch Fleet was seen off of Dover on the 3d of Na-
vember, steering their Course Westward, lo nume-
rous, that they were Six Hours in pailing by that
Harbour, being rang’d in a Line Seven Leagues long,
That on the 4th they were discover'd off of Porth-
mouth, and the Ile of Wight, and that on the sth
they landed at Torbay, Dartmouth, Exmouth, and
the neighbouring Roads in Devonshire. His
Majesty likewise expected that the Lord Dart..
mouth would have attack'd the Dutch Fleet ac-
cording to his Orders, but was much concern'd to
hear he did not ftir from the Gunfleet, a Road off
of Harwich, where he rode with 37. Men of War,
and 17 Fireships. Whether a Fog interpos'd be-
tween the English Admiral and the Prince's Navy,
or whether the former found his Officers and Sea
men, or whether he was himself unwilling to fight
in this Quarrel, and with unequal Force, History is
still at a Lols.. 'Tistrue, Dartmouth had a Pique againk

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1688. Admiral Herbert, and therefore 'twas presum'd he

would have attack'd him ; but 'tis more probable to imagine, that upon this Occasion that Lord facritic'd a private Relentment to the Love of his Country. Whatever it was, by a particular Providence the Prince of Orange found but Three little Veffels of all his prodigious Fleet milling; Two of which that carried Horses were taken by an English Frigat ; and the third, on Board whereof were Four Companies of an English Regiment, commanded by Colonel Babington, and amongst the rest, the Company of Captain Langham, who was itill in Cultody for bringing over the Prince's Declaration.

The Prince's entering the Channel unattack'd, and his landing in the West, put the Court into great Alarms. The Duke of Berwick was sent down to Portsmouth with most of the Troops that were in and about London, to secure that important Place, and to deter People from joining his Highness; All the rest of the Forces, just before encreas'd by the coming over of 4000 Irish, were order'd to march with all speed towards him, and to affemble on Salisbury-Plain, where the King design'd to command in Perfon, and where he reckond to have had an Army of 30000 Men, but afterwards it was thought fit to leave 7 or 8000 behind in London, under the Command of the Lord Craven, to guard the Queen and Prince of Wales, and principally to fuppress the Eruptions of the Mob. At the sáme time all Endeavours were us'd to render the Prince and his Army contemptible in the Sight of the People, by printing a List of them, and giving out, That but Nine of the Nobility, and Gentry only; and a few Rabble, appear'd for him. Nay, the King being inform'd that the City of London, and the Counties of Turk and Kent,delign'd to address him to encline him to an Accommodation with the Prince of Orange, His Majesty declar'd in Council, That he would look upon all those as his Enemies who fhould pretend to advise him to treat with the Invader of his Kingdoms ; and thereupon he

caus'd

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caus'd a Proclamation to be issued out against His 1688.
Highness, which contain'd, That it was but too
evident by a late Declaration, publisd by the Prince Proclama-

of Orange, that notwithstanding the many Specious tion against Funk and plansible Pretences it carries, bis Defigns in the the Prince Bottom did tend to nothing less than an absolute of Orange,

Nov, 6. 1o Ofurping of His Majesties Crown and Royal Authori

ty, as might fully appear by his assuming to himde self in the said Declaration the Regal Stile, requi.

ring the Peers of the Realm, both Spiritual and Temdi poral, and all other Persons of all Degrees, to obty

and 'afilt him in the Execution of his Designs, a
Prerogative inseparable from the Imperial Croren of
this Realm. Adding, That for a more undeniable

Proof of his immoderate Ambition, and which no-
Cx thing could satisfie but the immediate Pofesion of

the Crown it self, be cald in question the Legitima-
cy of the Prince of Wales, His Majesties Sun and Heir
apparent, tho' by the Providence of God there were
present at his Birth so many Witneses of unquestion-
able Credit, as if it seemd the particular 'Care of
Heaven, on purpose to disappoint so wicked and un-
parallelld an Attempt. That in order to the effect.
ing of bis Ambitious Defigns, he seem'd desirous to
submit all to the Determination of a free Parlia-
ment, hoping thereby to ingratiate himself with the Peo-
ple, tho nothing was more evident than that a Parlia-
ment could not be free so long as there was an Army
of Foreigners in the Heart of His Majesties Kingdoms,
so that in truth he was the sole Obstrucier of such a
free Parliament : His Majesty being fully refolu’d, as
he had already declar'd, so soon as by the Blessing of
God His Kingdoms pould be deliver'd from this In-
vasion, to call a Parliament, which could no longer be
liable to the least Objection of not being freely chosen;
fince His Majesty had acinally restor'd all the Boa
roughs and Corporations to their ancient Rights and

Priviledges. Upon which considerations, and the 0. th

bligations of their Duty and natural Obedience, His
Majesty could no ways doubt, but that all his faithful
and loving Subjeås would readily and heartily con
cur and join will him in the entire fuppreffing and tea

pelling

comes to

1688. pelling of bis Enemies and Rebellious Subjects. The

greatest part of the Nation were already so prepoffefs'd of the good Intentions of the Prince, that this harth Proclamation serv'd only to exasperate their minds against King James ; but His Majefty and his Counsellors were now giddy with Resentment, and incapable of following those wise Methods which are only suggested by cool and sober Thoughts.

The Prince of Orange having carried Two or Three Nights at Sir William Courtney's, and find ing the Clayie Ground thereabouts unfit for a Camp, rode with his Army to Exeter, where most people impatiently waited his coming, and whither Dr. Burnet was sent before to prepare Quarters for his Highness. The Bishop's Palace and Deanery be.

ing both view'd, the latter was thought to be the The Prince more convenient, and fo concluded upon. On of Orange Friday the 9th of November His Highness enter'd Exeter,

the City of Exeter in a glorious and triumphant !
Manner, the Warlike Harmony of his Trumpets
and Kettle-Drums being drown'd by the louder
Peals of ringing of Bells, Shoutings and Huzza's
of joyful Multitudes. The first thing His Highness
did, was to go and pay his grateful Acknowledge
ment to Almighty God, and to cause Te Deum to
be sung in the Cathedral Church for his safe Ar-
rival. After the Collects were ended, Dr. Bur-
net began to read His Highness's Declaration, at
which the Ministers of the Church there present
were so surpriz'd, that they immediately left their
Seats, and went out; however, the Doctor con-
tinued reading, and the Declaration being ended,
he said, God save the Prince of Orange, to which
the imajor part of the Congregation answer'd,
Amen. As for the Bishop of this Place, (Dr.
Lamplugh) he no sooner heard that the Prince

of Orange was landed at Torbay, but he took Coach, The Bishop and went up to London to inform theKing of it, for made Arch- which seasonable Demonstration of Loyalty he was bishop of immediately named to the vacantArchbishoprick of York. Tork. The main Body of the Prince's Army be

Nov. 9.

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