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perceiving they remain'd firm in their Refusal, 1688. i His Majesty somewhat provok'd with Indignation, in left them abruptly, telling them, He would trust

ta his Army. From this Moment the Bishop of - Durham appeared no more at the Council-Board,

but told the Archbishop of Canterbury, that he
was forry for having so long concurr'd with
the Court, and defir'd to be reconcild with the
other Bishops.
To keep the Prince's Declaration from the

Nov. 28
Et Knowledge of the People, a * Proclamation was if-
Ilued out, warning and admonishing all His Majesties

Subjects, that they did not publishi, disperse, repeat,
or band about the said Treasonable Declaration, upon
Peril of being profecuted according to the utmost
severity of Law. But the Court finding that this
Prohibition was Ineffectual to suppress his High-
ress's Declaration, they suffer'd it to be printed,
with a Preface, and some frivolous Animadver
ions upon it. There was also printed about
the same Juncture this Letter of the Prince of
Orange to the Officers of the Army.

Gentlemen and Friends,
We have given you so full and so true an

The Prince
Account of our Intentions in this Expediti-

of Orange's on, in our Declaration, that as we can add

Letter to nothing to it, so we are sure you can desire the English

nothing more of us. We are come to Pre- Army. "serve your Religion, and to Restore and Elta"blish your Liberties and Properties; and there“ fore we cannot suffer our felves to 'doubt, but is that all true English Men will come and con

cur with us in our Desire to secure these Na6tions from Popery and Slavery. You muft all “plainly fee, that you are only made use of

as Instruments to enslave the Nation, and Gruin the Protestant Religion; and when that

is done, you may judge what you your
6 selves ought to expect, both from the cashier-

ing all the Protestant and English Officers
and Soldiers in Ireland , and by the Irish



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" Soldiers being brought over to be put in

in your Places, and of which you have seen fo

fresh an Instance, that we need not put you C* in Mind of it. You know how many of

your Fellow-Officers have been usd for their itanding firm to the Protestant Religion, and to the Laws of England: And you cannot

Alatter your felves so far as to expect to be 6 better us’d, if those who have broke their

Word so often, ihould by your Means be brought out of those Streights, to which they are at present reduc'd. We hope likewise that you will not fuffer your felves to be abusa by a false Notion of Honour ; but that you will in the first place consider what you owe to Almighty God, and next to your Country, "your Selves, and your Posterity; which you, as Men of Honour, ought to prefer to all private Considerations and Engagements whatsoever. We do therefore expect that you will consider the Honour that is now set before you, of being the Inftruments of serving your Country, and securing your Re ligion; And we shall ever remeinber the

Service you shall do us upon this Occasion, to and will promise you that we shall place fuch particular Marks of our Favour on every

one of you, as your Behaviour at this time thail " deferve of us and the Nation, in which we

will make a great Distinction of those tha 4: Ihall come seasonably to join their Arms with ours; And you shall find us to be,

Your Well-wishing,
And afzered Friend,

W. H. P. O,


This Letter was spread under-hand over the whole Kingdom, and the Suggestions of it being undeniable, and well couched, it had a wonder. ful Effect on the Spirits of the Soldiers; so that 1688. those who did not presently comply with it at the Prince's landing, yer resolv'd they would never draw their Swords in this Quarrel, till they had a free Parliament to fecure the Religion, Laws and Liberties of England. Nor had Admiral Herbert's Letter to His Majesties Fleet lefs Influence on the Seamen. Which Letter was as follows:



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Gentlemen, I have little to add to what His Highness has Admiral express d in general Terms, besides laying before Herbert's

you the dangerous Way you are at present in, Letter to 5 where Ruin or Infamy must inevitably attend His Majes

you, if you don't join with the Prince in the fies Fleet, common Caule, for the Defence of your Religi-board the

and Liberties; for should it please Leyden, in God, for the Sins of the English Nati-the Gooon, to suffer your Arms to prevail, to what rec. can your Victory serve you, but to enslave you deeper, and overthrow the true Religion in which you have liv'd, and your Fathers dy'd? Of which, I beg you, as a Friend, to consider the Consequences, and to reflect on the Blor and in famy it will bring on you, not only now, buf

in After-Ages; That by your Means the Prote“testant Religion was deffroy'd, and your Coun

try depriv'd of its ancient Liberties and if it pleases God to bless the Prince's Endeavours with Success, as I don't doubt but he will, confider then what their Condition will be that oppose him in this fo good Design,

where the grearest Favour they can hope for, is, their being c suffer'd to end their Days in Mifery and Want,

detested and despis'd by all good Men. It is. " therefore, and for many more Reafons, too long

to insert here, that I, as a true English Manr, and your Friend, exhort you to join your Arms to the Prince, for the Defence of the common Cause, the Protestant Religion, and the Liberties of your Country. It is what I am well af



sur'd the major and best part of the Army, as well

as the Nation, will do so soon as Convenience “offers. Prevent them in so good an Action, 6 whilft it is in your Power; and may it appear, 6. That as the Kingdom has always depended on " the Navy for its Defence, so you will yet go fur

ther, by making it, as much as in you lyes, the

Protection of Her Religion and Liberties, and " then you may assure your felves of all Marks 6 of Favour and Honour suitable to the Merits of “ so great and glorious an Action. After this,

I ought not to add so incontiderable a thing as
that it will for ever engage me to be in a molt
particular Mammer,

Your Faithful Friend,

And Humble. Servant,


To return to the Prince of Orange, the Storm

which caus'd so great a Confusion in his Fleet, did The Prince of Orange's

not so much as ruffle or disorder his Mind; for Composed

whilft most people about him had till their Fancies ness and haunted with the Horrors of the late tempestuous Intrepidity Night,his Highness with that Composedness of Soul, in the and Serenity of Countenance, which is peculiar to Storm. Heroes, was pursuing his fix'd Delign, and contri

ving how to repair his Losses. The first thing he did, was to fend out Coaft-Pilots (such as the Dutch call Lotesmen) to cruise up and down the Seas between Holland, England and France, to get Intelligence of his scatter'd Fleet, and to order all the Ships they met with to go into Helvoet-Sluys. By these Pilots His Highness was inform'd, that none of his Velsels were loft, except one Fly-boat, laden with Men and Horses, which was driven upon the Coast of England, and secur'd by one of King James's Frigats ; but that all the rest were safe in one Harbour or another, tho', most of them much shatter'd and damagà in their


Rigging. The stormy Weather continued for Eight 1688.
Days, during which, such Diligence was us’d in
refitting and victualling the Fleet, and supplying. He puts to
the Loss of about 500 Horses, that all things being Sea again,
now in a Readiness, and the Wind Easterly, His Novem. I.
Highness, accompanied as before, went aboard a
new Vessel of about 28 Guns, call'd the Briel, with
the Rotterdam's Admiral, the Trumpets founding,
the Hautboys playing, the Soldiers and Seamen,
fhouting, and a Crowd of Spectators on the Shoar
breathing forth their wishes after him. The ulus
al Signal being given, the whole Fleet weigh'd An-
chor with all pollible Expedition, being divided
into Three Squadrons;

on Board which were Troops
of several Nations: The Red Flag was for the
English and Scotch, commanded by Major-General
Mackay; the White for the Prince's Guards, and

the Brandenburghers, commanded by Count Solms; 5

and the Blue for the Dutch and French, command

ed by the Count of Nasau. The Winds were proI sperous, and withal a brisk Gale, and by the Com

pass the Fleet pointed towards the North, lo
that some concluded the Prince designd to land
somewhere there. It was also generally suppos’d,
that the Scouts which were sent out by the Lord
Dartmouth, seeing the Dutch Fleet niade North-
ward, haftend to acquaint him with it; after

some Hours failing in the Night, the whole Fleet 3 ftruck Sail, and drove before the Wind. The next

+ Morning they steer'd with all speed cowards the of Friday,
Coast of England, without meeting with any Novem. 2.
English Ship; but Night coming on, they all struck
Sail again, and were driven as before. On the
3d of November, being got up with the North-
Forelands, and the Easterly Wind continuing very
favourable, the Fleet made all the Sail each Ship
could bear, and now pointed towards the Chan-
nel. About Mid-day the Prince of Orange, who
led the Van, tack'd about to see the Rear well come
up, and between Dover and Calais call's a Council
of War, and afterwards order'd that his own Stan-
dard Thould be set up, and that the Fleet should


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