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66 rests.

1688, utterly disproportioned in that wicked Design of

conquering the Nation, if we were capable of “intending it ; so the great Numbers of the Prin"cipal Nobility and Gentry, that are Men of Emi

nent Quality and Ettates, and Persons of known “ Integrity and Zeil, both for the Religion and " Government of England, many of them being " allo diftinguished by their constant Fidelity to the “ Crown, who do both accompany us in this “ Expedition, and have earnestly folicited us to it, " will cover us from all such malicious Infinuati

ons ; for it is not to be imagin'd, that either 46 those who have Invited us, or those who are

already come to Allitt us, can join in a wicked

Attempt of Conquest, to make void their own “ lawful Titles to their Honours, Eltates and Inte

We are also Confident, that all Men see how “ little weight there is to be laid on all Promises " and Engagements that can be now made, since “ there has been so little Regard had in the Time

past to the most folemn Promises. And as that

imperfect Redress that is now offered is a plain “ Confeilion of those Violences of the Govern

ment that we have set forth ; so the Defectiveness of it is no less apparent ; for they lay down

nothing which they may not take up at Pleasure ; 6 and they referve entire, and not so much as men6- tioned, their Claims and Pretences to an Arbi

trary and Despotick Power, which has been the “Root of all their Oppreslion, and of the “ total Subvertion of the Government. And it

is plain, that there can be no Redress, no Remedy “offered, but in Parliament, by a Declaration of the " Rights of the Subjects that have been invaded,

and not by any pretended Acts of Grace, to which “ the Extremity of their Affairs has driven them. “ Therefore it is that we have thought fit to declare, “that we will refer all to a free Assembly of this

« Nation in a lawful Parliament. The Prince of Orange

All things being ready to put to Sea, the Prince takes Leave

of Orange took his folemn Leave of the States, upof the

on which Occasion there paft fach ExpreÄions States,

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of Affectionate Tendetess; and Mutual Confi- 1688. dence between his Highness, and Pensioner Fagel, that the Hearts of the whole Assembly melted into that generous inexpressible Sorrow, which none but parting Lovers can conceive. On the Twentieth Day of O&tober, the Dutch Fleét, consisting of 52 Men of War, 25 Frigats, as many Fireships, with near four Hundred victuallers, and other Veffels, He puts to for the Transportation of 3660 Horse, and 10592 Sea, Octob, Foot, faild from the Flatts near the Briel, with a Wind at South-Welt and by South. The Prince of Orange embark'd on a Frigat of 28 or 30 Guns, and with him Count Nasau, General of the Horfe, Count de Solms, Colonel of his Foot: Guards, Count de Stirum, Monfieur Overkerke, Montieur Bentinck, and Monsieur Zuylesteyn. He was accompanied by those English and Scotch Lords and Gentlemen, who had already declar'd for him, the moft Remarkable of which were, the Earl of Shrews

bury, the Marquis of Winchester, the Earl of Mác. i clesfield, Viscount Mordant, Mr. Sidney, the Earl 2

of Argyle, Admiral Herbert, Mr. Herbert his & Cousin, Mr. Rusel, the Lord Wiltshire, che Lord

Pamlet, the Lord Coot; Sir Rowland Gwyn, Mr.
De Harbort, the Lord Elan, (Son to the Marquis of
by Halifax) and the Lord Dunblaine, together with
-P Dr. Burnet, Ferguson, Wildman, and some others,

that were suspected of being concern'd in the Mur-
der of the Bishop of St. Andrews, Mareschat
Schomberg, with his Son Count Charles Schomberg,
Monfieur la Caillemote. Son to the Marquis de RX
vigni, ard cwo or three Hundred French Officers,
who had left their Countrey upon the Score of
their Religion, had likewise a Share in this Pro-
tettant Expedition. Admiral Herbert led the Van,
Vice-Admiral Evertzen brought up the Rear, and
the Prince plac'd himself in the main Body, car-
rying a Flag with English Colours and their High-
neffes Arms, surrounded with this Motto, The Pro-

testant Religion, and Liberties of England ; and y underneath the Motto of the House of Nassau,

Fe Maintiendrai, (I will Maintain.) This numerous
Fleet were all under Sail, when the Wind coming Meets with

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more A Sforth

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1688. more Westerly, there arose a violent Storm in the

Night, which continu'd with so much Fury for
Twelve Hours, that they were forc'd either to re-
turn to Helvoit-Sluys, the Road from whence they
parted, or to put into the Neighbouring Harbours;
except fome few Veflels, which were driven to
wards the North, and were missing for seven or
eight Days.
Although this

Disaster ought not to have been surprising in that Sealon of the Year, which Nature ! seems to have allotted for Tempestuous Weather, yet did it caft the Protestants, both in Holland and

England, into a deep Confternation. On the conThe Pa- trary, the Roman Catholicks, whom this prodigipists Ree ous Armament had kept in Alarms, thinking the joice. Danger entirely over, gave everywhere free Scope

to their insulting Joy, and began to Sing their Triumph, boasting that God Almighty had now recompenced them for the Loss of the Spanish Armada, which a Hundred Years before was destin'd to Conquer the English Hereticks. The French especially, who foresaw how fatal the Prince's Expedition would prove to the towring Deligns of their Monarch, and who by the Levity of their Temper are as rashly elevated, as they are groundlesly caft down, made very severe Reflections on his Highness's Attempt : Among the rest, a Jesuit of that Nation vented his Eloquent Spleen in the following Latin Epigram.

In Britannicam Expeditionem Arauficani Principis

ventis ditiurbatam, Epigrainma.

Bella movet Socero Gener iirpius, inque Parentis

Germanum vertit perfidus arma Nepos,
Conditur innumeris subjtratum naribus Æquor,

Et denso Classis Milite presa gemit;
Jamque animo Exuvias, a opimi Prânia Regni,

Sceptraque cognato Sanguine tincia rapit.
Demens, qui Superos aufit Sperare Seciindos,

Ac tantum credit pore juvare Nefas !
Ecce Vltor sese adverso fert Cardine Ventus,

Sacrilegasque ferit justa Procella Rates.

Pars

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Pars tumidis hauritur aquis, pars herct arenis, 1688.

Aut mælto in Portus cum Duce fracta redit.
I nunc, Sociis confide, Superbe, Batavis :

Pugnant pro Socero Pontus @ Aura tuo.

The Fleet had not receiv'd so much Damage as
was industriously reported in the English Gazette,
but rather as it was manag’d, turn'd" to their Ads
vantage ; for immediately to make the English
Court more Remiss in their Preperations, the
Harlem and Amsterdam Gazettes were order'd to
make a lamentable Relation of the great Damages the
Dutch Fleet and the Army Aboard them, bad fustain'd.
Nine of the Men of War loft, besides others of
less Value, 1000 Horses casi Over-board, Dr. Bur.
net and several English Gentlemen dionu'd; wbat
an ill Opinion the States-General had of the Expedi-
tion; and that it was next to an Impossibility that the
Prince could be in a Condition to pursue bis Defign till
the next Spring.
· About the same Time Captain Langham, who Bishops ex-
belongid to one of the English Regiments in Hol- postulated
land, and was just arriv'd from thence, was with about
feiz'd upon Suspicion, and in his Portmant le were the Prince's
found a Parcel of the Prince of Orange's De Declaratie
clarations, which were the first that were brought
over. When that Expression came to be Read,
That the Prince was most earnestly invited biber by
divers of the Lords, both Spiritual and Temporal,
and by many Gentlemen and others, the King fent
for the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishops of
London, Winchester, and two or three more, that
happen'd to be then in Town, and ask'd them,
whether the Contents of the Prince's Declaration,
relating to their inviting him hither, were true?
The Bishops were put to a ftand, but at lalt an-
swer’d His Majesty, That they never would own
any other King as long as he livd. His Majesty
then requir'd a Paper under their Hands in Abs
horrence of the Prince's intended Invasion : Which
they promis'd to Subscribe after they had consulted
with their other Brethren, and therefore defird
Time to consider of it, which His Majesty al-

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low'd.

on.

1688. low'd. Some few Days after, upon the News of

the Prince being landed, several Peers were like. wile question'd about the fame Clause in the Prince's Manifesto, particularly the Marquis of Huilifax, and the Earls of Nottingham, Clarendon, Burlington, and Abingdon, who all

made great Proteltations of Loyalty ; As for the Bishops, though they leemid very much displeas'd with their being jnention'd in his Highnels's Declaration, yet being call d upon to perform their Promise, they alledyd, That the Prince of Orange giving it out, that he was invited by the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, They being but five or lix in Number, could not Sign a Paper, which concern'd not only the whols Episcopal Body, but also all the Peers of Englund, and therefore defir'd His Majesty to refer that Matter to a Free Parliament. The King was highly dissatisfied with this Answer, and the Lord" Preston, who was then with the King, told the Bishops, His Majeliy expected more froın

, their Loyalty, and from the Principles of their Church. The Archbiihop, of Canterbury, accompanied by the Bishops of London, Rochester and Piterborongh, seeing the Bishops of Chester and $t. Darids in the King's Chamber, told the Lord Preston, that if His Majesty would have him speak, he should be pleas'd to bid these two to withdraw, which being granted, the King ask'd them again if they had brought their Declaration of Abhorrence according to Promise ? They anfwerd, they had never promis d any such thing positively, but only to consider of it, which the Lord Preston confirmed. That it was contrary to their Peerage and their Profession to promote War against a Prince so nearly allied to the Crown; however they added, that if their verbal disown ing of the Allegations of the Prince of Orange, relatii to the Spiritual Lords, could be of any Service to His Majesty, they consented it should be printed, though they could not give it under their Hands for the Reasons abovementiond. The King replied, that People would never give Credit to any such printed Declaration without Names, but

perceiving

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