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1688. Powerful Force both by Sea and Land, seem'd

so Extraordinary, not to lay Extravagant, to every Body, that not knowing how to give Credit to it, he did not think himself obligd to lay any weight upon Skelton's Informations ; And that upon the News of the Prince's coming, he advisd His Majelty to call a free Parliament, and to depend upon that, rather than upon any Foreign Alliftance,

which was not only Unnecessary, but also molt Design of dangerous. According to the E--- of S---calling a

Advice,the King declar'd in Council, * that in purParlia.

suance of his late Declaration, he intended to call ment,

a Parliament to meet the 27th of November next, August 24. and directed the Chancellor to issue out Writs up

on the Fifth of September following. Whereupon all imaginable Industry was us’d to compleat the Regulation of Corporations.

The King of France and the English Envoy at his Court, did so earnestly renew their informations of the Prince of Orange's certain Designs to Invade England, that Skelton was at latt Commanded to lend for Verace, and to return his mott Christian Majesty Thanks for his good Offices. Accordingly Skelton writ to Verace, who by this Time having chang'd his Mind, refus'd to comply with the King's Desire; or so much as to meet Skelton at Chambery, a City of Savoy, not above a Day's Journey from Geneva, through which that Envoy was to pass in his Way to Italy. As for the French King, he thought he could not meet with a fairer Opportunity to engage King James in an Offensive and Defensive League, than the present dangerous Condition of his Affairs, and therefore he immediately dispatch'd to himMonsieur De Bonrepos, to offer him Thirty Thousand of his Men.

Bonrepos's unexpected Arrival, and his frequent Bonrepos' Conferences with the Ministers of State, in Conarrives at junction with Monsieur Barillon the French AmbafLondon, fador, gave Jealousie to Don Pedro de Ronquillo, Anguft as. who thereupon frankly told the Lord S

that his Business must be either Publick or Private : That if it was the latter, he had nothing to say

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to it; but if the former, he desir'd to be made 1688.
acquainted with it, or else those whom it might
concern, would be at Liberty to think what they
thought fit about it, and take their_Measures aco
cordingly. The Reason of this Expoftulation
was this: Two Days before, Ronquillo being with
King James, His Majesty told him, that Bonrepos
had assured him that there was a Treaty very near
concluded betwixt his Master and the Duke of
Brandenburgh, whereby the Spanish Ambassador rea-
sonably conjectur'd that France, the better to draw
England into an Alliance, had made a few of
her Treaties with other Princes: His Conjecture His Negoti.
prov'd true: A Treaty was actually on Foot be- ation is
twixt France and England, and it was reported to croft by the
be so far advancd, that 't would be impossible to Spanish
prevent its Conclusion. 'Twas added, that the Ambassa-
Court of France, in order to facilitate this Negotia-

dor, &c.
tion, had industriously spread the Report of the
Prince of Orange's Designs, or at least exaggerated
the Greatness of his Armament, that King James
might not think himself safe without foreign Af-
sistance ; and indeed the Ministers of the House
of Austria were given to understand, that what
the King did was only to secure himself againft
the Hollanders. But Ronquillo not being satisfied
with this Declaration, demanded a private Audi-
ence, which was granted. He was two long
Hours in close Conference with the King, and
having assur'd him that the Dutch had no Design
upon England; he represented to him the fatal
Consequences of his entering into an Alliance with
Franee, and how ill it would found in the Nation,
that whilft he pretended to call a free Parliament,
he should introduce foreign Troops into the King-
dom.

The King own'd to the Spanish Ambassador, that the sending of Bonrepos, at that Juncture, was the most unfriendly Turn that the French King could have done him ; That he wilh'd it had been in his power to send him back the next Day after his Arrival; but since in good Manners, he could not do thát, however he would give

him

N 3

1688. him but small Encouragement to stay; and at the

same Time his Majelty assur’s Ronquillo, he had
much rather entertain a good Correspondence with
Holland, than be thought to have a strict Alliance
with France. Thereupon the Spanish Ambassador
took his Leave; hugging himielt with the Success
of his Audience, though 'cis certain that S-
contributed much more than he to the Refu-
fal of the Frich King's Offers, which soine of the
Popib Cabal were for accepting. Bonrepos finding
his Matter's Oficiousness ill receiv'd, fet out for
France on the 4th of September.
· Things being at this pals, the English Envoy
at the Haque was orderd to Dernund of the States.
General what they meant by th.ir great and sur-
prising Warlike Preparatims bath by Sea and Land,
at that Time of the Year, wben al Operations, especi-
ally those at Sed, use to cease? To which the States
made Answer, that they arm’d in Imitation of his
Britannick Majesty, and might with more Reason
Demand an Eclaircisment about the Alliances
he was lately enter'd into. This bold Answer,
which at another Tìne might have occafion'd a
Rupture, was now left without Reply: However
as it encreasd the Sufpicions of an Invasion, so
all imaginable Methods were taken to provide a-
gainst it. The Chief Ports, and particularly Portf-
mouih and Hul, the two Xeys of England, were
put into Popish Hands, and the Gariions so mo-
dell'd, that the Majority were Papiits.

The French Court was both surpriz'd and conçern'd at the Miscarriage of Monfieur Bonrepos's Negotiation: Skelton was over and over teaz'd by People, who expoftulated with him his Master's not following his Advice. It happen'd one Day that Monsieur de Croisly being in earnest Discourse with Mr. Skelton concerning the then State of Affairs ini England, Skelton answer'd, He had no further Orders, and durft not intermeddle any more ; but added withal, that he believ'd if the moft Chriftian King would direct his Ambaffador at the Eague, to declare to the States how nearly he inferelted himself in the Affairs of his Britannick

Ma. to the

Majesty, and threatned to Attack them, in Cafe 1688. they attempted any thing against him, that he would quickly put a Stop to their Preparations, and thereby break the Measures both of the Prince of Orange, and of the Protestant Cabals in England. Mr. de Croily took the Hint presently, and no sooner acquainted the King with it, but he sent Orders to the Count D'Avaux to declare to the States, Count " That the fincere Defire the King, his Master, D' Avaux “ had to maintain the Tranquility of Europe,

Memorial would not suffer His Majesty to see the great

States, Preparations for War, both by Sea and Land, " made by their Lordships, without taking the 1688.

Sept. 9. “ Measures, that Prudence, (the continual Com“panion of all his Actions) inspired him with,

to prevent the Mischiefs these Warlike Prepara-
tions would certainly draw after them. And
although the King, being persuaded of the Wir-
dom of their Counsels, could not imagine that
a free State should so easily resolve to take up
Arms, and to kindle a War, which at the pre-
fent Juncture could not but be fatal to all
Christendom; Nevertheless His Majesty could not

believe their Lordihips would engage themselves “in fo great Expences, both at Home and Abroad,

to entertain in Pay so many Foreign Troops, to
put to Sea so numerous á Fleet so late in 'the

Year, and to prepare so great Magazines, if they
“had not a Design form'd, answerable to the

greatness of these Preparations. That all these
Circumstances enclin d the King, his Mafter, to
believe with Reason, that this arming threatned

England, wherefore His Majesty had Command-
“ed him to declare to them, on his Part, that the
“ Ties of Friendship and Alliance between him

and the King of Great-Britain, would oblige
“him not only to Allt him, but also to look on
" the first Act of Hoftility that should be com-

mitted by their Troops, or their Fleet, a-
gainst His Majesty of Great Britain, to be
a manifest Rupture of the Peace with his
Crown.

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to the

1608. The States-General not only return'd no An.

swer to the French Memorial, but charg d the Heer In, ouni'd Van Citters, their Ambassador, to complain therecy' hing of to the Court of England; whereupon a Council 4incs, was held, wherein it was resolvd to Dilown Count

D Avaux's Proceedings. This Resolution the Earl of Middleton, Secretary of State, immediately communicated to Mr. Van Citters; the King's Mi. nilters at the Hague, Brussels, and Madrid, were orderd to D clare, that the French Memorial was presented without either His Majelties Knowledge or Apprehenfion; Skelton was recallid, and was

no sooner arrivd, but he was committed Prisoner Skelcon

to the lower for trespalling his Instructions, and committed discovering his Malter's Secrets. About this Time

the Dauphin of France began his Campaign in the Tower

Palatinate, and laid the Siege to Philipsburgh.

King James, that he might put the greater Confidence in his Troops, thought fit to fill them with as many Papists as could be procurd ; and accordingly several Irish Officers and Soldiers were put into the Duke of Berwick's Regiment. This was vigorously oppos’d by the Lieutenant Colonel Beaumont, and other Officers ; the former in the Name of the relt, declaring to the Duke, Ibat he was defir’d by those Gentlemen (with whose Sence he concurr'd) to inform his Grace, That they did not think it consistent with their Honours, to bave Foreigners imposed upon them, without being complain’d of, that their Companies were weak, or Orders had been sent to recruit them; not doubting but if such Orders had been given, they that first, in very ill. Times, rais'd them Hundreds, could easily now have made them according to the King's Complement. Therefore they bumbly petition d they might have Leave to fill up their Companies with such Men of this Nation they should judge most suitable for the King's Service, and to support their Honours; or otherwise that they might be permitted, with all imaginable Duty and Respect, to lay down their Commissions. An Account of this (as also of a Serjeant and Eighteen private Sentinels leaving their Colours upon the same Score ) was forthwith transmitted to His Majesty, then at Wind

for,

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