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1685. States-General of the United Provinces; the Execu

tion of many innocent Men, the Torture of Spence and Caritares, and the Forfeiture of the late Earl of Argile, &c. 'They declare against James Duke of York bis Ascension to the Throne, as being excluded from it by the Commons of England. They declare likewise against the present House of Commons, as packd, and cabaud, return’d by Fraud and Injustice. For all which Reasons they declare, that they totally throw off all Bonds of Subjection, and do take up Arms againft James Duke of York, and all his Accomplices, their most unnatural and wicked Enemies, for these Ends. First, The Restoring and Settling the Protestant Religion. Secondly, 1h Suppresion, and perpetual Exclusion of Popery, and its bitter Root and Spring, Prelacy. Thirdly, The Restoring of all wbó have been Sufferers upon the Account of Adherence to their Party, for the pulling down of this present Covernment, and setting up an. ther suitable to their Designs : And they declare, that they never will enter into any Capitulation or Treaty with the Duke of York, but on the contrary, Profecute the War with all Reality, Constancy and Vigour, unti they shall obtain their Ends; and that they will Afift and Maintain one another, especially their Brethren in England and Ireland, who shall pursue the same Ends. And Lastly, They promise Indemnity to those who bave been formerly their Enemies, upon their sincere Repentance, Joining with them, and vigorously, Alifting them. againsi a Persecuting Tyrant, and an Apoftate Party, &c.

The second Declaration regarded only the Earl

of Argile, and was as follows. The Earl of

A Declaration of Archibald Earl of Argile, Lord Argile's Declara

Kintyre, Cowal, Campbell and Lorn, Heritable Sheriff, and Lieutenant of the Shires of Argile and Turbette, and Heritable Justice-General of the Said Shires. “I Shall not publish my Case, publish'd already

in Print, in Latin, and in Dutch, and more largely in English; nor mean I to repeat the prin4.ted Declaration emitted by several Noblemen



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Geirtleinen, and others of both Nations now in 1689:
Arms, because the Sufferings of me and my Fa.

mily are therein mention'd. I have thought it
6 fit for me to declare for my felf; that as I take up
“Arms against thole who have appointed me to

conduct them, for no private and personal End,
only for those contain'd in the said Declarati.
on, which I have concerted with them, and
approv'd of; so I do claim no Interest, but what
I had before the pretended Forfeiture of my
Family, and have a sufficient Right to.
" And that I do freely (and as a Christian) for:
give all personal Injuries against my Persori

and Family, to all that shall not oppose, but
"join and conctir with us in our present Under:
taking, for the Ends mention'd in the said De-
claration ; and hereby I oblige my self never to

pursue them in Judgment, nor out of Judgment.
" And I do further declare, That obtaining the quiet
5 and peaceable Poffeffion of what belongd to my

Father, and my self, before our pretended For:
feitures, I thall satisfie all Debts due by my Fa-

ther, and my self, as any Heir or Debitor car
66 be oblig'd.

“* And as my Faithfulness to His late Majesty
* and His Government has sufficiently appear'a
" to all unbials Persons, void of Malice; fo I
* do with Grief acknowledge my Fault; in too
* much corriplying with, and conniving at the
cu Methods that have been taken to bring us to the

sad Condition we are now in, tho', God knows,
never concurring in the Design.
“ I have now, with God's Strength, suffer'd pati-
ently my unjust Sentence and Banishment 3 Years
and a half, and have never offer'd to make any Up-
roar or Defence by Arms to disturb the Peace upon
my private Concern; but the King being now
dead, and the Duke of York having taken off his

Mask, and abandon'd and invaded our Religion
and Liberties, resolving to enter into the Govern-

ment, and exercising it contrary to Law, I think

it not only just, but my Duty to God and my * Country, to use my utmott Endeavours to op






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1685. pose and repress his usurpations and Tyran


And therefore being assisted and furnish'd very nobly by several good Protestants, and invited " and accompanied by several of both Nations to lead them, I resolve, as God shall enable me, to use their Asistance of all kinds, towards the “ Ends express'd in the said Declaration.

And I do hereby earnestly invite and conjure all honelt Protestants, and particularly all my “ Friends and Blood-Relations, to concur with us " in the said Declaration; and as I have written

several Letters, so having no other way fully to “ intimate my Mind otherwise, I do hereby require all my Vaffals any where, and all within my several Jurisdictions, with their fenfible Men within their Command, to go to Arms, and to ! join and concur with us according to the faid " Declaration, as they shall be answerable at their “Peril; and that they obey the particular Orders “they shall receive from me from time to time.

To back this Declaration, the Earl of Argile sent Letters to several of his Friends and Acquaintance

, to desire their speedy Alliftance; and detach'd his Two Sons to make Excursions about the Neighbourhood, and oblige fome by Menaces, and others by Promises, to join with him ; but all this without any great Success: For all the Men he could raise did not amount to above Three or Four Thousand, with whom having march'd to the Town of Rofa, in the Ifle of Bont, and pitch'd there his Camp, he was soon after pursued, and almost surrounded by the Earl of Dumbarton, General of the King's Army, and by several other Bodies commanded by Duke Gordon, the Marquifs of Athol, the Earl of Arran, and other Lords, who hastned from all Parts to quench the Fire of Rebellion before it broke out into a Blaze.

The Malecontents being much inferiour both in Number and Strength, the Earl of Argile abandon'd a Post which he was not able to maintain, and march'd with his small Army into the Pro

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vince that bears his Name ; where having fortified 1685.
a Castle call'd Ellengreg, as well as the Hafte he
was in would let him, he lodgd there his Arms
and Ammunition, having caus'd his Ships to an-
chor under the Cannon of a little Fort, built for
that Purpose near the Castle. Here began his O-
verthrow: For having left the Castle, in order to
inake Inroads, one of his parties was defeated by
the Marquiss of Athol, with the Loss of about 200
Men; and at the same time Captain Hamilton,
who with a Squadron of the King's Ships was in
quest of those of the Earl, seiz'd first upon theses
and afterwards made himself Master of the Castle,
without any Opposition. Thereupon the Earl of
Dumbarton marching with all speed towards the
Malecontents, who endeavour'd to cover them-
selves by Rivers and Marlhes, overtook them at
the Passage of Clyde, in the Parish of Killerne, ma-
king towards Lenox. The Earl arriving late in the
Evening, did not think fit to attack the Enemy
before the next Day ; but they considering the
Superiority of the Royal Army, past the River in
great Hatte and Disorder by Night, and were no
fooner got over, but being seiz'd with Fear and
Confternation, they presently dispers’d themselves.
The Earl of Argile, with much ado, kept a small
Guard about his Person, which however foon
abandon'd him, the Earl of Dumbarton having by
that time past the River, and sent out several
Parties in Pursuit of the Fugitives. At Renfew Sir
John Cochran undertook to furnish the Head of the
Malecontents with Guides to conduct him fafe
to Galloway ; but being by them led into a boggy
Place, on Pretence, or with Intention to bring
him off from the King's Army, most of those who
ftill follow'd him were obligd to leave their
Horses, and every one shifted for himself. The
Earl of Argile was returning all alone towards
the River Clyde, when Two furdy Fellows, who
belong'd to Greynock, an Officer in the King's Army,
having met him, without knowing who he was,
bid him stand and surrender. He answer'd them
with a Shot, but miss'd them: They happen'd to be


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F 2

1685. better Marks-men, and wounded him with a Pistol

thot. Thereupon the Earl taking both his Piftols,
left his Horse, which could go no further for Wea-
riness, and making towards the River, begun to
Atep into the water. A Peasant who accompanied
the first Aggressors of the Earl, follow'd him close
with a Pistol in his Hand: The Earl would have
made a Shot at him, but his Pistol mif- ferved, and
the Country Fellow gave him a Wound in the
Head, which stunn'd him so as he fell, and by
reason of the Pain he felt at the Blow, cry'd out,
Oh! unfortunate Argile! By which, having disco-
verd himself, they presently took him, and deli-
ver'd him into the Hands of the King's Officers
Never was a Prisoner of that Character us'd with
more Iznomniny than this unhappy Earl ; who like
a common Malefactor, was first conducted to Glal-
cow, and then to Edinburgh, bareheaded, and the
Hangman walking before him with his Ax. A
few Days after he was beheaded, and his Head la
up on the Cattle of Edinburgh. 'Tis said that be-
fore he dy'd he complain'd of the Duke of Man
mouth, both for neglecting to send him timely
Succours, and for his assuming the Title of King 1
contrary to the Promise he had made him, of
concurring with him in setting up a Common-
wealth. "Richard Rumbold, the Malfter, at whole
House, as some pretend, the Conspirators were to
attempt the late King's Life, in his Return from
New-Market, and who landed with Argile

, was try'd, found guilty, and hang’d Four Days before the Earl was executed. But Sir John Cockram, who was likewise come over from Holland with Argile, and had made a Shew of gathering Forces for him, efcap'd with Impurity, which made People generally believe that he had betray'd his Leader, as did foon after the Lord G- However it was, thus fell the unfortunate Earl of Argile

, whose Father after having a long time stickled for a Republican Government against King Charles I. and vigorously oppos'd the Restauration of King Charles II. lost his Head upon a Scaffold in the Year 1661.


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