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168} Dominion and Obedience bad been introduc'd; so that w the Rights of Soveraignty and Subjection were now

only to be considerd; And that by virtue of these Kights, it had been the common Opinion in all times, that no natural Subject can withdraw himself from tbe Obedience be owes to his lawful Prince ; and therefore he insisted upon his Demand, as a Right the King would never depart from. But it seems few or none were willing to return, which justihed the Resolutions of the States. General, and rendred the Instances of His Majesties Envoy in

ettectual. Threatning As the Court was busie in increasing the Land Letters and Sea Forces, and corrupting Electors, the Je. fent 10 Per- suits were not wanting in putting all their crafty fons of Qua. Methods in Practice, in order to establish Popery; lity by the Papists.

and among the relt, they bethought themselves of those Scratagems which the Monks made use of in Times of Ignorance, and which they still employ at this very Day in Spain and America, to terrifie People out of their Senses. Several Persons of Quality, particularly the Marquis of Hallifax, and the Lords Dorset and Lumley, receiv'd Letters from an unknown Hand, by which they were threatned with sudden Death, unless they should make their Peace with God and the King, by reconciling

themselves to the Roman Catholick Church before * 1688. the beginning of February *.

But those illustrious Peers laugh'd at the Predictions of those unhallow'd Prophets, and turn'd into Ridicule their visionary Way of inaking Converts. A little while after the Papilts possess’d themselves entirely of Magdalon-Colledge in Oxford, the King having bestow'd the President's Place, vacant by the Death of Dr. Parker, Bishop of that City, on a Doctor of Di.

vinity of the Faculty of Paris. Differences Whilft the Papists were industriously contriving among the to eliablish their Religion, there arose some JeaPopith louties and Disputes amongst 'em, which went Party chief

near to break all their foriner Measures, and to ly between Tyrconnel render their whole Party ridiculous. Tyrconnel beand Sheri-gan to discover that Sheridon, Principal Secretary don. sof State in Ireland, and one of the Commiflioners



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of the Customs, fold Employments of all sorts, 1683. both Ecclefiaftical; Civil and Military; and that whenever he met with an Opportumty of making an advantageous Bargain for a Place in the Custom-house, he would pretend, that 'twas upon the Lord-Lieutenant's Recommendation that such a Person was employ’d. This by degrees encreas d so much upon the rest of the Commislioners, that Dickison, who was one of them, writ over to the Lords of the Treasury, that they were so clogg'd with Irish Officers, recommended by the Lord-Deputy, that he was afraid that the Revenue would link by ill Management. Upon this Tyrconnel was ordered not to recommend a Man, nor any Ways to interıneddle in the Revenue. The Commiftoners also issued forth their Orders, that all Persons who had petition’d for Places in the Customs or Revenue, should return to their respective Abodes, for that there would be no Employments dispos'd of. This Busle created various Quarrels betwixt Tyrconnel and Sheridon, and from this time forward Sheridon bent his Thoughts upon the Ruin of Tyrconnel. His first Stratagem to undermine, him was to prepossess the Romish Clergy againtt him; which to accomplish, he contracted an intimate Acquaintance with his Chaplain, who pick'd up what he had observ'd of Tyrconnel's Contempt of the Mass and Religion. Of this, Sheridon, a bigotted Papist, gave an Account to Father Petre, whose Niece he had married, by which Means he gain'd an Intereit not only with that Favourite Jesuit, but likewise with all the Irish Clergy, especially with the titular Primate of Armagh, who had no Kindness for Tyrconnel, and both together, with the before-mention'd Priest, form'd Articles of Impeachment against the LordLieutenant. This could not be transacted with that Secresie, but that Tyrconnel had some Intelligence of it ; to countermine his Enemies, he made use of a third Priest, a Confident of his own, by whose Means he intercepted à Pacquet which shea ridon was sending over to the Court of England, with his Accusation against Tyrconnel. Rice, and


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1687. Neagle, the Lord-Deputy's Two grand Counsellors,

advis d him to write to the Lord Sunderland, which he did accordingly, setting forth Sheridon's Briberies, and other finifter Practices, not taking notice of Sheridon's Contrivance against himself

. Afterwards he sent for Sheridon into his Closet, and in the Presence of several Persons, demanded of him, whether or no he had written any thing against him to London ? Sheridon confidently answer'd, He had not ; but that he had heard that his Excellency had writ against him; which fo enrag'd the Deputy, (who was a Man that could not contain his Pailion) that he call'd him Traitor, Cheat, andother abusive Names; and pulling out Sheridon's Letter, ask'd him it that was not his Hand? Which for the present put him into great Disorder ; but after some Recollection he began to justite himself, and to enter into a Capitulation with the Lord Deputy; at whichTyrconnel rifing in Excess of Fury to kick him, Sheridor was turn d out. Tyrconnel and his Party held a Jong Consultation how to proceed in his nice Affair: They dreaded not Sberidon's Intereft, or Accusation so much, as this Opportunity of awakening his Excellency's Enemies at Court; after various Debates 'twas at lalt agreed, That Daly should take Sberidon to task, and fo accommodate the Matter, as to ftifle any farther Noise of it, which Sheridon was ready enough to embrace; but at the same time both the Lord-Deputy and he firove who should firit entrap his envious Competitor; Tyrconnel to execute his Revenge upon the ricular Primate, for tiding with Sheridon, revived the Cuarrel that the Irish Clergy had with the Primate, especially the titular Archbishop of CaShell, which happen'd in this manner. Upon an Assembly of the titular Popish Bisliops of Ireland, great Debates arose concerning the Priority of their Jurisdictions, in reference to which, the Primate

usurp'd over them all, not distinguishing the Arch:'bishop, which he of Calhell, resenting as an Indig.

nity, inflam'd the Difference to a great height, and caus'd the Assembly to break up abruptly,


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and in great Discontent with one another. This 1687.
Quarrel had been dormant for fometime, nor did it
now continue long upon the Stage, for Tyrconnel
soon receiv'd a severe Reprimand from Father Pea
tre' for this rash Action, which tended to expose
and ruin their Party.

Sheridon to pursue his Designs against Tyrconnel,
sollicited an Order from the King for his going
over, which having obtain'd, and being arriv'd at
London, he soon found by the cold Reception he
had from Sd, that there was no Expectation
of removing Iyrconnel ; for he was fortified with
the French Interest, and was, in a manner, Deputy
to Lewis, not James ; it being said in Paris, when
News came there of Tyrconnel's being struck outgi
That there was none in England durit move him.
Sheridon wanted not those who were well-wishers
to his Delign against the Deputy, as Cafllemain,
Pompis, and some others; but they durst not truft
him with their Sentiments, but sent some of their
Confidents to animate him with general Promises,
without naming any Body. He had not continu-
ed Three Days in London, when he was follow'd
by the Lord Dongan, Son to the Earl of Lymerick,
who brought Letters to Sd and others, set-
ting forth Sheridon to great Disadvantage ; which
Negotiation so succeeded, that even Father Petre,
his Wife's Uncle, would admit him no longer to
his Presence; and soon after being reţurn'd to Ire-
land, by Sentence of the chief Judges he was dis-

Sheridon's miss d from all his Employments: A juft Reward Fall. for his former Apostacy from the Church of England

Another Blow came from Rome against Tyrconnel, Vain Enwhich requir'd the Allifance of his best friends to deavours to divert: The Earl of Cajtlemain had for some time supplant been returnd from his Emballie to the Pope, but Jefferies was advanc'd to noPreferment,which he complain'd and Tyr. of to his Holiness, and was feconded by Father connel. Petre. Upon the Receipt of their Letters the Pope writes over to his Nuncio, to address to the King in Castlemain's Behalf ; nor would his Holiness's Recommendation have prov'd ineffectual, had

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1687. there been a Vacancy. But to supply that, Father

Peters takes Opportunity to strike at Jefferies, the Lord Chancellor, for tampering in the Business of Magdalen-Colledge : Inorder to which, he acquaints the King, that the best course to accomplish his pious Design of establishing the Catholick Religi

. on, was to let his prime Ministers understand, that no Pretence of Service 'done should protect 'em, if they faild in the minutest Circumstance relating to the Catholick Cause. This Argument was fo

pursued with constant Vigour, that 'twas brought * Dec. 17. to the Cabinet, and it was resolvd * that Jefferies 1687.

fhould be put out, and that Three of the Lords of the Treasury should be made Lords Commiffioners of the Broad Seal, and that Castlemain should be Lord-Treasurer. This Resolve continued not Tet Days, but upon the sudden the Scene chang’d, and Jefferies was more fix'd than ever. The true Cause of this was never known, but 'twas ob serv'd that the Queen and S-dadhered to him. This gave fresh Cause of Disgust to Castlemain, and to the Church-Party; for now it began to appear that Affairs mov'd by the French Interest, in Opposition to that of Rome: Such insuperable Dificulties had the Eafiness and Bigottry of the unfor

, tunate King James expos'd him to His Zeal and Affection led him to adhere to Rome, but his Dependance was intirely built upon France.

The Church-Cabal'embrac'd the Opportunity of the Lord Deputies and Sheridon's Quarrelling to recommend Castlernain as a fit Person for the Government of Ireland, representing in lively Colours how injurious those scandalous Impeachments of Tyrconnel and Sheridon had been to the Catholick Cause, and how much they had retarded its Progress ; farther urging, That'Tyrconnel had proceeded' by too flow a Motion, and that he had effect. ed nothing but the turning out of a few Soldiers, and frightning away the induftrious English, who might by Indulgence and Encouragement be alfurd to turn Converts; and that Castlemain was a Man of great Parts, and of an insinuating Carri


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