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1687. lign his Places of Gentleman of the Bed-Chamber,

and Collonel of Dragoons; the Duke obey'd the His Cha- very fame Day, without the least concern, as one rader. whose unlhaken Principle is, to serve his King

and Country as far as neither of them endeavour to encroach upon the Prerogatives of the other ; and to be contented with that Reward which Virtue brings along with it. The Duke of Graftort was more Complaisant, and made no scruple to Conduct the Nuncio to his Audience. Soon after Signior d'Adda appear'd publickly in London, and on the Lord Mayor's Day was received at TempleBar by Sir John Pafton, and Sir Bafil Firebrass, the two Sheriffs, and was one of those who Din'd with His Majesty at Guildhall. Some have been of Opinion that the Nuncio was an Instrument to push things to Extremities; yet 'tis certain that he had a greater share in the Intrigues of the Ruelle, than in those of the Cabinet; and had too much Sense to approve of all the Measures that were taken. And therefore he often defir'd to be recall'd, left he should be thought to have a hand

in them. Popish

To maintain the King's Declaration for Liberty Fudges, De- of Conscience, Sir Richard Allibone *, and some oputy Liew-ther Romanists, were made Judges in Westminstertenants,&c. Hall ; and Popish Justices of the Peace, and Deputy* April 28. Lieutenants eltablish'd all England over; the judga 1687 es in their Circuits had their private Instructi-

ons to know how Men stood affected towards the King's Dispensing Power, and to turn those who thew'd the least diflike of it out of their Offices and Employments. The Soldiers by this time were grown intollerably. Infolent: The Officers too, when they pleas'd, wou'd be exempe from the Civil Power; and thớ the King was in perfect Peace, yet he would make an absolute Act of Parliament, that made it Death for any Soldier, taking Pay in the King's Service; in his Wars beyond Sea, or upon the Seas or in Scotland; to Désert from his Colours, to extend to his new rais'd Army; and because the Worthy Recorder of London, Sir Folon Holt, would not expound that

LAW 1687.

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Law according to the King's Desire, he was put 1687.
out of his Place; and so was Sir Edward Herbert
from being Chief Justice of the King's, Bench * 60 * April 22,
make way for Sir Robert Wright to Hang a Sol.
dier upon the said Starute.

The Court and their Emissaries having hitherto parliament,
vainly endeavour'd to raise a prevailing Party in dissolu’da
the House of Coinmons, that would give Sanction July ad,
to the King's Difpenting Power, and Repeal the 1687.
Penal Laws, His Majesty was advis'd to Dif.
folve his Parliament, and to Maintain his Su-
pream Authority by his Land and Sea-Forces. Yet as
Men who follow. wrong Measures are always
Fluctuating in their Councils, it was not long before.
thty Confider'd that the Superstructure they were
erecting upon an illegal Foundation, would tumble
to the Ground alloon as the Legal Power should
take place; that the Army and Fleet encreafing
every Day, the King's: Necellities would at lait
inevitably oblige him to call a Parliament; and
that the longer the Meeting of that. August Affem-
bly was put off, and their Authority disregarded,
the more Fatal to the King's Designs their Resoluti-
ons would prove. These Reflections made the Popish
Party sensible of the Necessity of calling a Parlia-
ment, and therefore all the Methods and Artifices
imaginable, were usd to procure such a Lower-
House as would confirm all the King's Proceedo
ings; in Order to chat. Writs, of Quo Warranto were
again issued out against Corporations, and the Ma.
giftrates thereof terrified with His Majelty's Dif-
pleasure, if they dared to insist upon their. Legal
Right, and contend with him at Law. Belides
that, Judges were prepard to over-rule the Pleas
of all such Cities and Towns as would stand up.
on their Franchises and Priviledges ; Witness the
Cities of Oxford and Winchester, which were de
clar'd to be diffolv'd, at the King's Pleasure. In
short, by a Decree, of the Court of the King'san
Bench molt Cities, and Burroughs were order to
Surrender their Charters, which reduc'd them to
that Condition as to have no Magistrates or Off
eers but at His Majesty's Willo


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About this cime the King went on his Progress, in wOider, as 'twas given out, to view the Southern The King's and Weltern Parts of the Kingdom, particularly Western the Haven and Fortitications of Portsmouth, but Progress, chicfly with Delign to tamper with the Electors August 16. of the Corporations thro' which he pait. And as 1687. ' the Presence of a Soveraign ftrikes an awful and

coinmanding Veneration on the Minds of those who feldom approach Majesty, it can hardly be express'd with what joyful Acclamations he was receiv'd, and what dutiful Acknowledgments

were paid hiin at Portsmouth, Bath, Glocester, WorSept. s. cestir, 'Ludlow, Shrewsbury, Chester, Newport

, Litchfield, Coventry, Banbury, Bristol and Winchester, The University of Oxford distinguish'd themselves upon this Occasion, endeavouring by all possible demonftrations of Duty and Respect to Diffipate the King's Prepoffeßions against them; but all their Ponpous Entertainments, and Eloquent Speeches, were not able to attone for the Opposition the Popisi Cabal met with in Magdalen-Colledge ; fo that the King left Oxford very much dissatisfied, as has already been related. In almost all other. Places, belides Oxford, the King's Solicitations had a wonderful Success, the Electors promising to send such for their Representatives in Parliament, as would concur with His Majesty's Deligns. And indeed how could they refuse what the King desired of them, when he declar'd, at the same time, that to remove all Jealoulies, he would not suffer any Roman Catholick to be a Member of that Aflembly? The generality of People, who are apt to have an implicit Faith in any thing that is deliver'd by a King's Sacred Mouth, conceiv'd great Hopes of this His Majesties Declaration ; but the Politicians saw thro' the Artifice, which appear

ed most plainly when the King declar'd in CounDec. 11. cil: That having granted a Liberty of Conscience to 1687 all bis Subjects, and resolving not only to maintain

the same, but to use his utmost endeavours that it might pass into a Lan, and become an establish'd Security to After-Ages, be had thought fit to review the Lists of the Deputy Lieutenants, and Justices of the


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Peace, in the several Counties, that those might be 1687.
continued, who should be ready to Contribute, what
in them lay, tomards tbe Accomplishment of so good
and necessary á Work; and such others added to
them, from whom His Majesty might reasonably (x-
pect the like Concurrence and Alliance : For fince
the King in his Proclaination for Liberty of Con-
science claim'd; it as one of the Rights inseparably
annext to, and inherent in his Royal Person by
the Law of Nature, to have the Benefit of the Service
of all his Subjects, if by means of the Abrogation
of the Penal Laws, the Romanists were once made
capable of exerciling publick Offices, they might
also be call'd or elected to serve in Parliament.

To further the Deligns of the Court, the new-
modellid Lord-Lieutenants were order'd by the
King to Summon in his Name the Chief Officers
and Gentlemen in their Respective Counties, and
to lay the Case before them so, as to fatter or
territie 'em out of their Freedom in the Election
of Parliament-Men. Another fort of Men, called
Regulators, were Commission'd to the fame Pur-
pole, being sent all over England, to delude the
People, either by fair Promises or Menaces, into a
fatal compliance with the King. But notwith-
standing all these precautions, His Majesty found
himselt" disappointed in his hopes of having a
Parliament at his Devotion. In fome Counties al-
most all the Gentry disappear'd on the sudden ;
to avoid the Solicitations of the Lord-Lieutenantse
The Gentlemen of Dorjet hire being assembled by
the Earl of Bristol, were no sooner acquainted with
the King's Intentions, but they Antwerd, that
an Affair of so great Importance deserv'd to be
discuss d in the Grand Council of the Nation, to
which they would send their Deputies, when His
Majelty should think fit to call a free Parlia-
ment. The same Answer was made in the Ar
semblies of several other Counties; and in Che-
Shire, amongst about Seven Hundred Persons, there
were only Seventeen who gave their Consent to
the Repealing of the Tests and Penal Laws.



1687. Tho' there was little reason to believe that

King James should ever compass his Ends by a Parliament, considering the Averseness the chief Counties shew'd to his Designs the free Spirit, which is the distinguishing Character of a House of Commons, and the Difficulty of Bribing the Majority of that numerous Assembly, yet the Protestants were not without Fears: They consider'd that the Council was almost filled with Popish Lords,

that Father Petré, His Majesty's Confessor and * Nov. Ij. chief Almoner, was lately * made Clerk of the 1687.

Closet, and had the leading Vote in their Consultations; that the Church of England-Men were turn'd out of the higheft Employments to make room for Romanists, or such as under the Name of Disfenters promoted the Popish Deligns ; and that the King having the Power of England in his Hands, and that of France to support him, in Case of need, he might enter upon desperate Measures to eltablish Popery. However, the most moderate amongli them comforted themselves with the Thoughts that the King being advancd in Years, his Reign therefore could not be long; and that i Protestant Princess, who was the next Heir to the Crown, would foon inake 'ein forget the Hardships of a Popish Government, and restore the happy Days of Queen Elizabeth ; but they were ftruck with Conternation when they heard the

Whispers of the Queen bring with Child, loudly * Dec. 23. confirm'd by, a Proclamation, appointing a time The Queen of Publick i banksgiving for to Signal a Bleffing to is said to His Majesty and his Kingdoms. be with

The Papiits, who feem'd already to Triumph oChild.

ver the Protestants were still more elevated upon Discourses this News. Nay, some of them had the Impuabout it.

dence to afferr, that tho' the Child should prove a Daughter, yet it would cut off the Princelles of Orange and Denmark from the Succession, upon a foolish Porition, that a Daughter born since the King's Advancement to the Throne, ought to take place before Princesses born whilft he was but Duke of York. And because the Queen's Big-Belly was in a manner Miraculous, the Jesuits gave it out





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