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Commerce either of Vifts or' Conferences, with A. C.
any of his, that might be employd at Nimeguen. 1676.
The Spanish Ambaslador agreed with the French in
this one Point, of desiring either the Pope's Me-
diation might be mention'd in their Powers, or
that His Britannick Majesty, in Consideration of
the Peace, would suffer his to be left out ; but the
Danes on t'other side agreed with the Dutch in re-
fusing to admit any Power with mention of the
Pope's Mediation. There arose likewife another
Difficulty from a seeming Expedient propos’d by
the Dutch, of having from each Party several
Powers granted for treating with the several Par-
ties they were in War with, which the French re-
fus’d, or to grant other Powers than for the Dutch
and their Allics; and in thefe Disputes the Year
1676 ended.

The Prince of Orange, about the latter end of
December, Writ very Earnestly to Sir William Tem-
ple to make a step for fome few Days to the Hague :
and Sir William finding all things without present
Motion at Nimeguen, went thither the last Day of
the Year. The first of the next having attended
his Highness, they fell into large Discourses of
the Progress of the Treaty, and coldness of the
Parties, the affected Delays of the Imperialists and
Spaniards, the Declar'd Aversions of the Danes and
Brandenburghers, and concluded how little was to
be expected from the formal steps of this Con-
grels. "Upon all which the Prince ask'd the English
Minister, Whether he had heard any more of
His Majesties Mind upon the Peace? Sir William
told him, that he remembred a saying of His Ma-
jesties last Letter to him upon that Subject, which
was, That he concluded from the Prince's Discourses to
Sir William, that he had then no Mind to a Peace;
that he was Sorry for it, because he tbought it was his
Interest to have it. That be bad tryd to know the
Mind of France upon it, but if they would not
open themselves further ef one side, nor his Highness
on the other, than they had yet done, he would con-
tent himself with performing his part

of a Mediator, and in the Commion Forms. The Prince told Sir

William

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A. C. William, " This look'd very cold, since his Ma- : 1677. jesty was alone able to make the Peace, and

“ knew very well what it would come to by the " Forms of the Congrels. That for his own Part “ he defir'd it, and had a great deal of Reason, “both because His Majesty seem'd to do so, and “ to think it his own Interest as well as the Prin

ce's, and because the States not only thought it “their Interest, but absolutely neceflary for them. “That he would, not say this to any but the King “by Sir VVillam, because if France should know “it, they would, he doubted, be harder upon the “ Terms. That both Spain and the Emperor had « less mind to it now, than they had at the end of " the last Campaign, fo that none of the Allies had

a mind to it belides the States. That for his 66

own Part, he should always be in the fame “ Mind with them; and that it His Majesty would " let him know freely the Conditions upon which “ either he defir'd or believ'd it might be made, he “ would endeavour to concert it the best he could “ with His Majesty, and that with all the Freedom “ and Sincereness' in the World, so it might be done with any Lafery to his own Honour and “the Interests of his Country. All which he defir'd Sir VVilliam Temple to write directly to His Majesty from him.

Two Days after, Sir William had a Conference The Dutch

with Pensioner Fagel, wherein the Pensioner told incline to & Separate

him, That the States not only desir’d the Peace from Peace.

their Hearts, but thought it alsolutely necessary for
them; nay, that they would not insist upon a Peace
according to their Allies Pretentions, nor could he An-
Swer that they would not make a Separate one. Sir
VVilliam Temple reply'd. That was a Matter of such
Moment, as he was sure they would think of it
another Year before they did it. With this the
Pensioner began a Discourse with more Heat and !
Earneftness, than agreed well with the Posture of
Health he was in, saying, That they had thought
enough of it already, and with thinking much began
to find it was without Remedy. Then he fell into
Expoftulations with their Allies, but principally

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the Spaniards, and concluded, That cho' he should A. C.
agree to a Separate Treaty with the greatest Regret that 1077.
could be, yet he did not see what else was to be done, u
and did not know one Man in Holland that was not
of the fams Mind. Sir VVilliam ask'd him, “What
"he reckon'd would become of Flanders, after the
Dutch had made their Separate Peace; because

the Fate of that Country was that whereon the
rest of their Neighbours were concern'd, as well

as they ? Monsieur Fagel, answer'd, That he be-
liev'd, Cambray, Valenciennes, Namur, and
Mons might be lost in one Summer; that after their
loss the great Towns within would not offer at defend-
ing themselves, excepting Antwerp and (itend, for
which, perhaps, they might take some Measures with
France, as he knew the French bad offer’d Monsieur
De-Witt, upon their first Invasion in 1667. Sir VVil-
liam Temple interrupting him, ask'd him, “How

he reckon'd their State was to live with France

after the lofs of Flanders? And if he thought it “ could be otherwise than at Discretion. The Pensioner desir'd him to believe, That if they could hope to save Flanders by the War, they would not think of a Separate Peace; but if it must be loft, they had rather it should be by the last, which would less exhauft their Country, and Dishonour the Prince ; that after Flanders was loft, they must live fo with France, as would make them find it their Interest, rather to preserve their State, than to destroy it; That the French could make better we of the Durch Flects, than of the few Poor Fisher-Towns, that they foould b: reduc'd to, if any Violations were made, either upon their Liberties or Religion ; That the King of France had seen their Country, and knew it, and said upon all Occasions, That he had rather have them for his Friends than his Subjects. That the Separate Treaty was not to be chosen, but to be Swallow'd like a despenate Remedy; That for his own Part be bad ever believ'd that England would cry Halt, at one stop or other that France was making, and that if the English would be Content to see half Flanders loft, yet they would not all, nor Sicily neither, for the Interest of their Trade in the Mediteranean; that the

King

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A. C. King of Great Britain had the Peace in his Hands for 1677. these two Tears past, and might have made it when he

pleas'd, and upon such Conditions as be pould think fit for Justice and Safety to the rest of his Neighbour's as well as himself. That all Men knew France was not in a Condition to refuse whatever Terms his Britannick Majesty resolu'd on, or to Venture a VVar with England in conjunction with the rest of the Allies. That they had long represented all

, this in England by Monsieur Van Beuninghen, and offer'd His Majesty to be the Arbiter of the Peace, but not a word in Answer, and all receiv’d with such coldness as ver was, tho other people thought the English had more Reason to be more concern'd: fince after a ser parate Peace, the Aims of France would be more upon Italy, or Germany, or perhaps upon England.

The next Morning Sir William Temple acquainted the Prince with his Conference with the Penci.

oner, and how amongst other things he said, That The p. of be save nothing else to be done, but to make a. Separate Orange Peace, and that he knew not a Man in Holland who declares ao

pas not of bis Mind. Thereupon the Prince intergainst it.

rupted him, saying, Yes, I am sure I know one, and that is my Self, and I will do it as long as I can. Sic VVilliam ask'd him, Whether he was of the Pensi. oner's Mind, as to what he thought likely to, happen the next Campaign? His Highnels an. fwerd, “The Appearances were ill, but Cam. $paigns did not always end as they began. That " Accidents might-happen which no Man could

forefee, and that if they came to one fair Bar“tle, none could answer for the Event, That the “King might make the Peace if he pleas d, before " it began; but if the English were so indifferent

to let this Season pass, for his Part he must go “ on and take his Fortune. That he had feen that “Morning a Poor Old Man, tugging alone in a « little Boat with his Oars, against the Eddy of a. “ Sluce upon a Canal; that when, with the last “ Endeavours, he was just got up to the place in,

tended, the force of the Eddy carried him quite. “ back again; but he turn'd his Boat afsoon as he.

could, and fell to his Oars again, and thus three

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or four times whilst he saw him ; concluding A. C. “this Old Man's Business and his were too like 1677.

one another, and that he ought however to do v
just as the Old Man did, without knowing what
would succeed, any more than what did in the
Poor Man's Cafe.

The Result of these Conferences Sir VVilliam
Temple very particularly represented to the Court
of England, that His Majesty might want no Lights
that were necessary upon fo Nice, and yet so
dangerous a Conjuncture. The King answer'd him
in a long Letter of his own hand, Complaining
“ much of the Confederate Ministers in London Ca-

balling with Parliament Men,and raising all Men's “Spirits as high against the Peace as they could;

and that they had done it to fuch a-Degree as

made it very Difficult for him to make any “ steps with France towards a General Treaty, 6 unless the Dutch Ambassador would first put in " a Memorial, prefsing His Majesty from the * States to do it, and declaring, that without it " they faw Flanders would be loft. The Prince and Pensioner were both willing that the King lhould be comply'd with in Relation to the steps and Language of the Durcb "Ambaffador at London ; projeof but his Highness prest Sir William to write once a general more to know His Majesty's Opinion upon the Peace made Terms of the Peace, or else, he faid, it would by the P. of be too late, while the Season advanc'd cowards Orange. the Campaign. Sir William Temple desir’d the Prince to Consider there would be three weeks time loft, and that His Majesty would take it kinder if his Higness explain'd himself first. The Prince pausd a while, and then said, " To shew the Con; *fidence he desir’d to live in with His Majesty, " he would make no further Difficulty of it, tho "he might have many Reasons for it. That if

the King had a Mind to make a sudden Peace, “ he thought he must do it upon the Foot of Aix

la-Chappelle; which he would have the more Grounds for, because it was a Peace he both “made and warranted. That for Exchanges he

thought there should be no others propos d up

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