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A. C: Address, who was then going over upon private 1676. Aftairs, should carry and deliver both his Letters;

and during her stay should endeavour to inform her self, the most particularly she could, of all that concern’d the Person, Humour and Dispofitions of the Young Princess, in which he feed so much concernd. Within two or three Days his Highnels brought his Letters to Sir William's Lady, went immediately to the Army, and she suddenly after into England with those important Dispatches.

In the mean time the Successes of the Campaign, that were expected absolutely to govern the Progress of the Treaty, ran as high to the Advantage of the French, as to the Disadvantage of the Swedes their Allies. By force of great Treasures and good Management of them, the French Magazines were always fill'd in the Winter, and they able to take the field affoon as they pleas’d in the Spring. Whereas the Spaniards, for want of Money and

Order, were uncapable either to act by themselves Condé tao upon any sudden Attempt, or to supply with Proken by the visions in their March either the Dutch or Germans King of

that came to their Relief. Their Towns were ill ForFrance.

tified, and worse Defended; so that the Marechal April

de Cregui having block'd up Condé, the King of 1676.

France parted immediately from Paris, and in less than a Week forc'd the place to Surrender at Di. scretion, although the Prince of Orange was advanc'd as far as Granville to Relieve it. In May that Monarch sent the Duke of Orleans to Beliege Bouchain, being a small though strong Place, and very Considerable for its Situation between Cambray and Valenciennes, to the Defence of the Spanish Netherlands. The King with the strength of his Army Posted himself fo advantageously as to hinder the Prince of Orange from being able to relieve it, or to fight without disadvantage; and the Armies

continued facing one another till Bouchain was Sur Bouchain,

rendred the eight Day of the Siege. His Highness May 1676 retird to refreih his Forces, haraís’d with 10 hafty

a March, upon fo sudden Preparations; and the King of France return'd to Paris, leaving his

Troops

Troops under the Mareschal de Schomberg to ob. A. C. tte serve the Motions of the Confederates.

1676. The Prince of Orange being resolv'd to signalize of himself by some great Action this Summer, took the Prince

Measures with the Spaniards and German Princes of Omnge

near the lower Rhine, for the Siege of Maeftricht Besieges De which though the strongest of the Dutch Frontiers Maestriche

when it fell into the Hands of the French, had yet July 1676, !

receiv'd all the Advantages of Modern Fortificati-
on since they pofless'd it, and was defended by a
Garrison of Eight Thousand chosen Men, under
Calvo, a refolute Catalonian, who Commanded there
under Mareschal d'Estrades Governour of the Place;
but then at Nimeguen. About the end of July the
Trenches were open'd by the Prince, and the
Siege carried on with such Bravery, so many and
desperate Affaults for about three weeks, thar
molt People were Confident that it would be
taken. Among the rest of the Troops that lay
before the Town, the English under Colonel Fenwick,
Colonel VViddrington, and Colonel Afsley, to the
Number of Two Thousand Six Hundred Men
Petition’d his Highness to Afsign them a partica.
lar Quarter, and that they might be Command.
ed separately, that so if they behav'd themselves.
like Valiant Men, they might have all the Ho.
nour, and, if otherwise, all the shame to them-
selves. This Request his Highness readily grant-
ed, giving them a separate Poft; and they made?
it appear by their fierce Attacks, that they de-
fervd this Distinction. Either the Prince of O-
range, or the Rhinegrave (who was design'd for Go-
vernor of the Town, as his Father had been) were
ever Encouraging the Soldiers by their Presence;
many of the Out-Works were taken with great
Slaughter on both sides, but were supplied by new
Retrenchments, and by all the Art and Induftry of
an obftinate Commander and brave Soldiers with.
in. About the middle of August the Prince Ex-
poling himself upon all Occasions, receiv'd a
Musquet-shot in his Arm, at which perceiving
chose about him were daunted, he immediately
pulld off his Hat, with the Arm that was Hurt,

and

A. Ci and way'd it about his Head, to shew the Wound 1676. was but in the Flesh, at which they all reviv'd,

and his Highness went on without interruption in the Prosecution of the Siege. But a cruel Sickness falling into his Army, weakened it more than all the Affaults they had given the Town. The Forces he expected from the Bishop of Munster, and the Dukes of Lunenburgh, and upon which Aflurance the. Siege was undertaken, came not up to Reinforce him; and the Rhinegrave, who, next the Prince, was the Chief Spring of this Action, happening to be wounded soon after, was forc'd to retire to a Castle in the Neighbourhood, where he died, by all which the Army grew dispirited and the Siege faint. In the mean time, Maref

chal Sckomberg, who trusted to a Vigorous DeRaises the fence at Maestricht had besieg’d and taken Aire, a Sirge Place then of considerable Strength, and after the

Prince's Army was weaken'd by all the Accidents and Disappointments of the Siege, march'd with all the French Forces throughthe Heart of the Spanish Low-Countries, to the Relief of Mactricht; upon his Approach, and the Resolutions of a Council of War in his Highness's Camp, the Siege was rais'd, and with it the Campaign ended in Flanders.

From this time, the Prince of Orange began to Despair of any Success in this War, after such Trials of such Weakness in the Spanish Troops and Conduct, and uncertainty in the German Resolutions. 'Tis remarkable that tho? his Highness did afterwards make use of Mareschal Schomberg's Counsels and Experience in his Expedition into England, and in the Reduction of Ireland, yet he still had a secret Pique against that great General, for forcing him to rise from before Maestricht. 'Tis also reported, That at this Siege the Prince of Orange gave some hard Words to Colonel (afçerwards Sir John) Fenwick, which the Colonel stomach'd lo

much, that he ever after profest an Encity, to his Treaty car. Highness.

The Campaign being thus ended, the French Nime- made all the Advances they could towards the guen. Progress of the Treaty, and they were no douby

ried on at

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in Earnest being in a Pofture to infift upon their A. C.
present Possessions: And having made a great Hand 1676.
of this last Summer, were willing, like winning
Gamesters, to give over unless oblig'd to Play on * Sir. W.
by the Losers. * The Swedes were more in halt and Temple's
in earnest for the Peace than any; the Dutch were Memoirs.
grown Impatient for it, finding France would make p. 127.
no Difficulty of anything between them; but
Denmark and Brandenburgh were as violent against
it, having swallow'd up in their Hopes all that
Sweden had Possess’d in Germany; and the Emperor
szem’d to pretend little more after the taking of
Philipsburgh, besides the Restitution of Lorrain, and
the Towns of Alsatia, to the Posture they were
left in by the Munster-Treaty; yet they were so
fast link'd both with their German Allies as well as
Spain, that they resolv'd to make no step in the
Treaty but by common Confent; and Spain, tho'
Sensible of the ill Condition of their Affairs, both
in Flanders and in Sicily, yet upon a Delign then
hatching at Madrid, for removing the Queen Re-
gent and her Ministry, to place Don Folon at the
Head of the Government, had conceiv'd great
Hopes to recover those desperate Infirmities, that
their inveterate Diforders, both in Councils and
Conduct, had for a long time occasion’d; besides the
Assurances they had still given them from their Mi-
nisters in England, that His Britannick Majesty
would not, after all, be contented to see Flanders
lost, or would be forc'd into the War by the Hu-
mour of the Parliament. For these Reasons the
Allies seem'd to make no hast at all to the Con-
gress : But about the end of September the French
Ambassadors gave the English Mediators Notice,
That their Master was refolv'd to recall his Ambas
adors, unless those of the Chief Confederates should
repair to Nimeguen within the space of a Month.
This the Mediators communicated to the Dutch
Ambassadors, and they to the States, who after
fome Conference with the Ministers of the Allies,
came to a Resolution, that they would enter up-
on the Treaty themselves, if the Ministers of their
Confederates should not repair to Nimeguen, by

the

the 21.

A. C. the first of November, Old Stile. This Resolution 1676. had so good Effett, that the leveral Allies did

upon it begin to haften away one or other of their intended Ambassadors towards Nimeguen; (as Count Kinkski from Vienna, Don Pedro Ronquillo from England, where he then resided as Spanifis Envoy) but not the Persons principally intrufted, or at the Head of their Emballies, nor with Powers to proceed further than Preliminaries; and from Denmark, Monsieur Heug without any News of Count Antoine's Preparation, who was appointed Chief of that Embassie; any more than of the Bishop of Gurke, or Marquils de los Balbaces, the

Chiefest of those design'd from the Emperor and Full Poxers Spain. Upon the Delivery of the Respective full deliver'd, Powers of the several Ambassadors into the Hands Novemb. of the Mediators in November ; the Dutch Ambal

fadors made feveral Exceptions against fome Ex. 1676.

pressions in the French and Swedish Prefaces to their Powers. After much Debate, they all agreed in the Deliring the English Mediators to draw up a Form of Powers to be us’d by all the Parties, which was done and approv'd by them all, with some Reserve only from the French, whether it would be fit to mention any Mediation, since that of the Pope was left out, and some Overtures made to the English Ambassadors, whether they would be Content to leave out all Mention of His Majesties Mediation, as well as that of the Pope. This they excus'd themselves from doing, the whole Frame of the Congress having proceeded

from His Majesties Mediation, without any InDisputes tervention of the Pope's,

and the King's having about the been accepted by all the Parties which the Pope's Pope's Me- had not been, but on the contrary, the very mendiation, tion of it in the Powers, Declar'd against by fe

veral of them. And by Order they received from
His Britannick Majesty upon this Dispute, they
Declar'd to all the Parties, That tho' his Majesty
pretended not to Exclude any other Mediation
that the Parties should think fit to use, yet he
could not in any wife Aet jointly with that of the
Pope, nor suffer his Ministers to enter into any

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