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A C. Upon the Approach of the Winter his Highness 1673

* resolved, like another young Scipio, to five his Country by abandonning it, and avoid so

many *Sir. W. Sieges, as all the Towns they liad loft would cost Temple's to recover; therefore afrer the States had made a Memoirs. stricter Alliance with the King of Spain and the

Emperour, the Prince of Orange, to perform fomething Remarkable before the Season was over, ad. vanc'd to Refendael in Brabant with his Army, and joyn’d the Count de Monterey,who without the least Difficulty yielded to him the Command of all the Confederate Forces. But finding the Prince of Londé had chang'd his Post upon the News of the two Årmies being joyn'd, and that he had to well Intrench'd himself that it was impotlible to attack him, he advanc'd higher and joyn'd the Imperial Army, Commanded by Montecuculi, between Ana dernack and Bonn. In his March he Summon'd Rhinback to Surrender, which through the Perswafion of a Burgher, who encourag'dihe reitto make Resistance, being refus’d, he commanded the Sieur de Walkemiurg to Storn the Town, which was perform d with that Fury, that the Soldiers upon their first Entrance pur all to the Sword; and, a. mongst the rest, hang'd up the Burgher who had so ill advis'd them as to make an Opposition.

The Confederates being now joyn'd, it was reBonn Be- solv'd to Befiege Bonn, which had been put into fieged and the Hands of France at the beginning of the War, taken by wherein the Elector of Cologn, and the Bishop of The Prof Munster had enter'd joyntly with Francë. The Orange. Boldness of this Action 2mas’d all Men, but the

Success extoll'd the Prudence as well as the Bravery of it, for the Prince took Bonn, notwithstand: ing the Resistance of a numerous Garrifon, reinforc'd by Marefchal d'Humieres, and by it open'd a Passage for the German Forces over the Rhine, and fo into Flanders.

Bonn being taken, his Highness retir'd to Vesseling, and from thence marching lower with his Army, and that of the Imperialists, (which he also Commanded in the Absence of Montecuculi) he took: the Cities of Brevel and Schwich. All this while

Mareschal

Mareschal Turenne kept himself at a distance, for A. C
although he receiv'd the News that Bonn was Be- 1674.
lieg?d, and had a great desire to attempt the raisingum
of the Siege, yet knowing that the Duke of Lor-
rain lay upon the Banks of the Moselle to observe
him, he mov'd up and down in the Electorate of
Mentz, being very much concern'd that he was no
sooner inform’d of the Conjunction of the Con-
federates.

This successful Expedition of the Prince of 0. The French
range gave such a damp to the Deligns and Enter-leave their
prizes of France, that they immediately abandon’d Conquests
all their Conquests upon llolland, in less time than in Hola
they made them, retaining only Naestricht and the land.
Grave. Woerden was the first place they quitted, as
it was the first that suffer'd under their Tyranny,
the Governour having receiv'd Orders from the
Duke of Luxemburgh to dismanıle it, to carry away
with hin all the Ammunition and the heavy Can-
non, and to exact the Summ of 20000 Livers froin
the Inhabitants to save their Houses from Plunder:
Harderwick was also dismantled; yet for all that
the French had the good manners to demand 12000
Livers of the Inhabitants, but the richest Burghers
having long before quitted the Town, they were
forc'd to go without it. The Fort of Crevecoeur
was utterly Demolishd; neverthelets the French
made an offer to save the Church and the Gover-
nour's House for the Summ of zcoo Pistols, to be
paid by the Inhabitants of Boijleduc, but their Pros
pofal being rejected, they neither spar'd the
House nor the Church. Bommel, a Fortress of great
Importance, upon the Fortifications of which
Place the King of France had expended the Summi
of 20000 Livers, was also deserted, the Inhabirants
giving at the same time 12 Hostages for i ho Pays
ment of 60co Livers to face their Houtes from be.
ing Pillaged. Utrecht, where the French had al-
ways between 6 or .co Men in Garrison, was
likewise abandond, the Burghers having given
Hoftages for the Payment of icono. Crowns.
Upon the Retreat of the French from this Place
the Burghomaiters were Abfolv'd from the Oath

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A C. they had taken against the Restoration of the 1674. Prince of Orange, and sent their Deputies to his

Highness to acknowledge him for their Stadtholder in the Name of the Province. Elburgh upon the South Sea, Campen in Overysel, and Hattem were also quitted by the French, as was Steenwick and Weppel by the Munsterians.

In Consideration of this great and unexpected turn of Affairs, which was entirely owing to the Wisdom, Conduct and Valor of the Prince of Orange, the Srates General, to Testifie how fenfible they were of the Services he had done the Republick, not only Confirm'd the High-Office of Stadtholder of the Provinces of Holland and WestFrizeland, in the Person of his Highness during Life, but settled it likewise upon the Heirs Male of his Body, Born in Lawful Wedlock, by a Decree, dated Febr. 2. 1674. not to be left out in this Place, as being a Monument erected to his High

ness's Honour. Decrec

“Having raken into Deliberation, by way of of the States Ge

* Resumption, what the Lord's Deputies of the neral con- “ City of Hacrlem propos’d to the Assembly the Aituting 23d of January last palt, Whether it would not the Prince "be Expedient that the Charge of Stadtholder, and of Orange" Captain and Admiral General of the Provinces of Hereditary " Holland and West Frigeland, and Captain and AdStadtbol

“ miral General of the United Provinces, fhould de“ scend upon the Heirs Male of his Highness the “ Prince of Orange, Begotten in Lawful Marriage,

as by the Rolls of the fame Date, more amply

may appear. We, the Body and Nobility, and "the Deputies of the Cities, in the Name, and

on the Behalf of the Burghers and Communality 6 of the said Cities, have Declar'd, and do De. * clare by these Presents, That having deliberate“ ly conțidered the State and Constitution of the Government of these Countrys, as it was in for

mer times, by the Blessing, of God, under the moft Illustrious Princes of Orange, of Giorious Memory, his Highness's Predeceffors, and whatever has befallen this Republick, tor these Twenty Three or Twenty Four Years last past, till now,

der,

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we

we have obferv'd this Republick has been af- A. C. Aicted with several Calamities and Disasters, 1674: as well Domestick as Foreign, ever since the sad on " and unfortunate Year 1650. That as to our

Foreign Calamities, we have never been with

our Wars, or fears of Wars: More particularly
"one most dreadful War between the Kingdom

of England and these States, which shook the ve-
ry Foundations of the Government of these
Countries, so that hardly it has recover'd Wealth
ever since the said War ; and another against

the Crown of Portugal, in the Year 1656, and
“ 1658, and 1659, and another occasion'd by the
“ Interest of the Northern Crowns. That in the
Year 1664 they had another new War with the

King of Great Britain, and now this present War

more fad and fatal than all the rest. And that “ during the whole Course of the said War, this

Republick has been constrain'd to suffer many “Affronts from her Neighbours to whəm she " was before a Terror. That as to our Domestick

Affairs, we have been overwhel n'd with Inte

stine Divisions and Factions. That from the “ Year 1650, to the Year 1660, several Members

of thiş Republick have had a pærricular Aversi“on to the Person of the prefent Prince of Orange, “the only Son of that Illustrious Family, and

that others on the contrary have zealously main“tain'd, that the said Prince ought not to

gratefully abandon'd. That the King of Great
Britain being recalld to the Government of his
" Dominions, and pailing thro' these Countries, in
“ order to his Embarking for England, this Re-

publick Teftify'd, as well to His Majesty, as
to the Princess Royal and Dowager, that they

would take particular Care of the Interest and
"Education of his Highnefs, and to Restore him
"to the Dignities which his Illustrious Ancestors

of glorious Memory, had enjoy’d. But that after the Death of the laid Princefs Royal, all good Will, and Affection towards his Highness "was loft, and no farther Notice taken of him, Still of late, that some Care was taken of his E

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ducation, and that at length towards the end of “1671, or 1672, great Contests arose about the “ Election of his Highness to be Captain Gene“ral of the Militia of this Country. That we “have found by fad Experience, that the said

Intestine Divisions and Factions have given an “ Occasion to the Enemies of this Republick to Affront us every Moment, as knowing well that

they render us uncapable to rnind our own “Defence, by the Violation of the linion which 6 laid the Foundation of this Republick, and which “God has, fo miraculously Blessed. And that the “ differences which arose every Day about the E. i “lection of a Captain General of the Militia, and 66 the Discords which happen'd among the Prin.

cipal Members of this Republick were the Oc“casions that retarded and hindred the Delibera”tions and Resolutions, which of Necessity ought

to bave been taken, to repel Foreign Force, and

make us spend in idle Disputes, that precious time, “which ought to have been better Husbanded. “That the laid Divisions were the Reason, that ci toward the Year 1671, when the King of France

openly Declar'd that he would make a War aÇgainst this Country, we confum'd whole Months

together in Deliberating about the Election of

a Captain General, and whether to pitch upon
<the Person of his Highness, which time ought

to have been spent in providing for the Defence
of the State. And that for the fame Reason it
was, that the King of France invaded this Coun:

try by Force of Arms, in the Year 1672. and
“ reduc'd us to the last Extremities and Hazard of
" total Ruin. That therefore the Lords, the
“States of Holland, have deem'd is necessary; as
“the only Expedient that they can imagine or

hope for, absolutely to pluck up by the Roots

the Occasions of the said Factions and Divisi ac

ons, to prevent their falling any more into Mis“ fortunes and Miseries to which they have hi

therto been çxpos’d, and on the other side, to "acknowledge the great Services which the most Illustrious House of Orange has from time to

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