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Army; but the cold Weather rendring the open- A. C.
During his Highness's Expedition, the Duke of Luxem-
This unexpected march of the French at first put the People into a great Confternation, particularly those of the Hague ; but nothing difheartned them
A. C. so much, as to hear, that while the State took all 1672. poflible Measures to cut off the Enemies Retreat,
Collonel Painvin had abandon'd his Poft at Niederburgh, and retir’d to Tergow. By this means the French had a free Passage to go home when they pleas’d, whereas otherwise they must either have perish'd in the Water, or else Surrendred themselves at Discretion, by reason of the Thaw which follow'd soon after. But all their Fears va. nish'd at the Prince's return, who having at Breda receiv'd advice of this Enterprize of the French, march'd with incredible speed to Alfen, and in a short time re-establish'd every thing as before by his Presence: All this while the Duke of Luxembrug ravag’d the Heart of the Country, where he had like to have lost his Life by a fall from his Horse into the Water ; but though he made a shift to escape, it fared no fo with 600 of his Soldiers who were drowned; which put an end to this bold and hazardous Expedition.
The French committed unheard of Barbarities at Swammerdam, and all other Places of which they
made themselves Masters; but there Losies were in Coever
some measure Recompensed by the taking of Coeden Recower'd.
verden, at that time one of the strongest Cities of the Low Countries, and the Key of Friezeland and Groningen. This Place fell into the Hands of the Bishop of Munster, in the fatal Year 1672. nor without suspicion of Treachery. But Fortune now declining to espouse the French Interest any longer, since his Highness's Restoration, it was re-taken by Aassult, by a Party of 1000 Men, Commanded by Mr. de Rabenhaupt, with as much Gallantry and Courage, as it had been lost with Dishonour and Cowardice. The Bishop of Munster had plentifully stor'd that place with a Prodigious Quantity of Provisions and Warlike Ammunitions, with design to make it a Magazine for those Parts, and therefore the loss of it extreamly mortified the Enemy, and put them into such a Confternation, that they immediately abandon'd several other places. All these Successes did not a little contribute to raise the Reputation of the Prince of Orange, for the
People observing how much all Affairs went for the A: C. berter, ever since the Management of them was 1673. lodged in his Highness's Hands, they easily enclin'd to ascribe this unexpected Prosperity to his Bravery and Conduct.
At this time the Disputes between the new and Divisions old Magistrates of Friezeland were maintain'd with in Frize. that Heat and Animolity, that they held their land made Assemblies apart, and thwarted each other by their wp by the opposite Resolutions. This Disorder, which might Prince of in time have proved Pernicious to the Publick Re-Orange. pose, could never be determin’d by the Government of that Province, nor by the Princess Dowager of Orange ; but no fooner did his Highness interpose in this Affair by his Commissioners, but all thele Breaches were repair'd, and the Country once more settled in order andUnion. After this hisHigla- And in nels went in Person to Zealand, where the same Di- Zealand. visions reign’d as in Friezeland; and at his first Appearance in the Assembly of the States of that Province at Middelburgh, all the Differences vanishid, to the great Satisfaction of the People and Magistrates, and to the Praise of our Illustrious Prince. From thence his Highness took occasion to go and view the Frontiers and Fortifications of Flushing, Sluys, Ardenburgh, Allendyk, Bergen-op-zoom, Breda, Boisleduc, and other Places; and then return'd tó
'The Spring was by this time well advanc'd, and the Hollanders had business enough on their Hands for on one side they were affaulted by the King of France in Person with a Powerful Army, and the Prince of Condé, with the Duke of Luxemburgh were at Utrecht with great Forces, watching an opportunity to throw themselves into the Heart of the Country, and on the other fide the King of Great Britain vigorously attack'd them at Sea, with his Fleet, in Conjunction with that of France. For these Reasons the Prince of Orange could not ftir abroad, being constrain'd to keep his Post, as well to have an Eye upon the Prince of Condé and the Duke of Luxemburgh, as to prevent the Landing of the English.
A. C. On the roth of June 1673. the King of France
1673. fac down before Maestricht with an Army of W 40000 Horfe and Foot; the Garrison of the Place Maestricht consisting of about 4000 Foot, and 8 or 900 Befregid? Horse, under the Command of Monsieur de Faro and taken jaux, a brave experienced Captain. The Siege by the King was carried on with all that Vigour and Ardour of France.
which a well Disciplin'd Army show when they Fight in the Presence of a great King, as Generous in Rewarding Courage, as Severe in Punishing Cowardise: On the other hand,che Resistance of the Besieged was answerable to the Attacks of the Beligers, till after a stout Defence, which lasted near three Weeks, the Garrison being reduc'd to one half, and the rest wanting Provisions and Ammunition, the Governour was forc'd at last to Capitulate, at the repeated Instances of the Magistrates, or, as some pretend, by the Treachery of some Ecclesiasticks of the Romifs Perfwafion. However, upon a Faithful Relation which the Governout gave the Prince of all thai had happen'd, his Highness was so well satisfied with his Conduct, that he made him Major General of his Army. The taking of this important Place cost the King of France 9000
of his belt Soldiers, all his Musqueteers except Seven, and an infinite number of brave Officers. Therefore his Majesty thinking he had done enough for this Campaign, having caus’d the Fortifications of Tongres to be Demolish'd, immediately divided his Army, part of which he sent to the Mareschal de Turenne; another Body was appointed to ravage the Country of Trier, because the Elector of that Name had taken the Emperor's side ; and three Brigades march'd to Reinforce the French in Holland.
During this Interval a Squadron of French Men The Eng.of War having * joyn’d the English Navy, Comlish and manded by Prince Rupert, the whole Fleet weigh'd French
Anchor on the 31th of May, and steer'd towards Fleet joyn, theCoast of Holland. On the 8th and 14th of June May 26. N. S.
there happen'd two Engagements between the Englife and the Dutch, wherein the first had some small Advantage, and forc'd the latter to Retreac among their Shallows. On the 26th of July Prince
Rupert set Sail again from the Buoy in the Nore in A. C.
Dutch lish Fleet after the last Engagement leaving the