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Army; but the cold Weather rendring the open- A. C.
ing of the Trenches impracticable, he abandon'd 1677.
the Delign of a Siege, and having made himself
Master of Bins, taken several Prisoners, pillag'd
and demolish'd the Town, he march'd back the
fame way, and dispos’d his Army into Winter
Quarters, with the glory of having penetrated in the
midst of a violent Winter, into the Enemies Coun-
try, hunted an Old General from Place to Place;
alarm’d the Count de Montal, who sometimes shut
himself in Tongres, fometimes in Charleroy, because
he was afraid of both thele Places; then to return
home with abundance of Prisoners, and the Booty
of two Fortified Places, and all this within the
compass of nine Days, without the loss of scarce
any of his Men. Not to mention the Terror he
put the Arch-bishop of Cologne in, who neither
thought himself fafe at Bonn, or any other Place
within his own Territories, whilst the Prince was
so near him.

During his Highness's Expedition, the Duke of Luxem-
Luxemburg assembled an Army of 14000 Horse and burgh's
Foot, with a Resolution to Conquer the Province unsuccessful
of Holland; and hoping to enrich himself and his Expedition.
Men with the Pillage of Leyden, and the Hague,
design'd to march upon the Ice with the Flower of
his Troops, towards the end of December, but be-
ing arrivd at Slinwetering he found the Waters fo
high, that only 3500 Foot could pass, the rest
being obligd to return to Naerden. This Party
first attack'd Newcrop, but were beaten off by the
Peasants, so that finding themselves repuls’d on that
side, they directed their March towards Swammer-
dam, where the Garrison were the first that Fled,
leaving the Inhabitants to the Mercy of the Ene-
my. Nevertheless Count Koningsmark, who Com.
manded at Bodegrave, upon Advice of the coming
of the French, marched with all imaginable halte
to Leyden, and posted a Regiment at Gourfluys to
hinder their Incursions on that side.

This unexpected march of the French at first put the People into a great Confternation, particularly those of the Hague ; but nothing difheartned them


A. C. so much, as to hear, that while the State took all 1672. poflible Measures to cut off the Enemies Retreat,

Collonel Painvin had abandon'd his Poft at Niederburgh, and retir’d to Tergow. By this means the French had a free Passage to go home when they pleas’d, whereas otherwise they must either have perish'd in the Water, or else Surrendred themselves at Discretion, by reason of the Thaw which follow'd soon after. But all their Fears va. nish'd at the Prince's return, who having at Breda receiv'd advice of this Enterprize of the French, march'd with incredible speed to Alfen, and in a short time re-establish'd every thing as before by his Presence: All this while the Duke of Luxembrug ravag’d the Heart of the Country, where he had like to have lost his Life by a fall from his Horse into the Water ; but though he made a shift to escape, it fared no fo with 600 of his Soldiers who were drowned; which put an end to this bold and hazardous Expedition.

The French committed unheard of Barbarities at Swammerdam, and all other Places of which they

made themselves Masters; but there Losies were in Coever

some measure Recompensed by the taking of Coeden Recower'd.

verden, at that time one of the strongest Cities of the Low Countries, and the Key of Friezeland and Groningen. This Place fell into the Hands of the Bishop of Munster, in the fatal Year 1672. nor without suspicion of Treachery. But Fortune now declining to espouse the French Interest any longer, since his Highness's Restoration, it was re-taken by Aassult, by a Party of 1000 Men, Commanded by Mr. de Rabenhaupt, with as much Gallantry and Courage, as it had been lost with Dishonour and Cowardice. The Bishop of Munster had plentifully stor'd that place with a Prodigious Quantity of Provisions and Warlike Ammunitions, with design to make it a Magazine for those Parts, and therefore the loss of it extreamly mortified the Enemy, and put them into such a Confternation, that they immediately abandon'd several other places. All these Successes did not a little contribute to raise the Reputation of the Prince of Orange, for the


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People observing how much all Affairs went for the A: C. berter, ever since the Management of them was 1673. lodged in his Highness's Hands, they easily enclin'd to ascribe this unexpected Prosperity to his Bravery and Conduct.

At this time the Disputes between the new and Divisions old Magistrates of Friezeland were maintain'd with in Frize. that Heat and Animolity, that they held their land made Assemblies apart, and thwarted each other by their wp by the opposite Resolutions. This Disorder, which might Prince of in time have proved Pernicious to the Publick Re-Orange. pose, could never be determin’d by the Government of that Province, nor by the Princess Dowager of Orange ; but no fooner did his Highness interpose in this Affair by his Commissioners, but all thele Breaches were repair'd, and the Country once more settled in order andUnion. After this hisHigla- And in nels went in Person to Zealand, where the same Di- Zealand. visions reign’d as in Friezeland; and at his first Appearance in the Assembly of the States of that Province at Middelburgh, all the Differences vanishid, to the great Satisfaction of the People and Magistrates, and to the Praise of our Illustrious Prince. From thence his Highness took occasion to go and view the Frontiers and Fortifications of Flushing, Sluys, Ardenburgh, Allendyk, Bergen-op-zoom, Breda, Boisleduc, and other Places; and then return'd tó

'The Spring was by this time well advanc'd, and the Hollanders had business enough on their Hands for on one side they were affaulted by the King of France in Person with a Powerful Army, and the Prince of Condé, with the Duke of Luxemburgh were at Utrecht with great Forces, watching an opportunity to throw themselves into the Heart of the Country, and on the other fide the King of Great Britain vigorously attack'd them at Sea, with his Fleet, in Conjunction with that of France. For these Reasons the Prince of Orange could not ftir abroad, being constrain'd to keep his Post, as well to have an Eye upon the Prince of Condé and the Duke of Luxemburgh, as to prevent the Landing of the English.


the Hague.

A. C. On the roth of June 1673. the King of France

1673. fac down before Maestricht with an Army of W 40000 Horfe and Foot; the Garrison of the Place Maestricht consisting of about 4000 Foot, and 8 or 900 Befregid? Horse, under the Command of Monsieur de Faro and taken jaux, a brave experienced Captain. The Siege by the King was carried on with all that Vigour and Ardour of France.

which a well Disciplin'd Army show when they Fight in the Presence of a great King, as Generous in Rewarding Courage, as Severe in Punishing Cowardise: On the other hand,che Resistance of the Besieged was answerable to the Attacks of the Beligers, till after a stout Defence, which lasted near three Weeks, the Garrison being reduc'd to one half, and the rest wanting Provisions and Ammunition, the Governour was forc'd at last to Capitulate, at the repeated Instances of the Magistrates, or, as some pretend, by the Treachery of some Ecclesiasticks of the Romifs Perfwafion. However, upon a Faithful Relation which the Governout gave the Prince of all thai had happen'd, his Highness was so well satisfied with his Conduct, that he made him Major General of his Army. The taking of this important Place cost the King of France 9000

of his belt Soldiers, all his Musqueteers except Seven, and an infinite number of brave Officers. Therefore his Majesty thinking he had done enough for this Campaign, having caus’d the Fortifications of Tongres to be Demolish'd, immediately divided his Army, part of which he sent to the Mareschal de Turenne; another Body was appointed to ravage the Country of Trier, because the Elector of that Name had taken the Emperor's side ; and three Brigades march'd to Reinforce the French in Holland.

During this Interval a Squadron of French Men The Eng.of War having * joyn’d the English Navy, Comlish and manded by Prince Rupert, the whole Fleet weigh'd French

Anchor on the 31th of May, and steer'd towards Fleet joyn, theCoast of Holland. On the 8th and 14th of June May 26. N. S.

there happen'd two Engagements between the Englife and the Dutch, wherein the first had some small Advantage, and forc'd the latter to Retreac among their Shallows. On the 26th of July Prince


gage three

Rupert set Sail again from the Buoy in the Nore in A. C.
quest of the Enemy, whom he Engaged a third 1673.
time, and after a ftout and valiant Contest obtain'd
a dear-bought Victory, and came to an Anchor near And En-
The French Army being dispers’d, and the Eng-

times the

Dutch lish Fleet after the last Engagement leaving the

Coast of Holland, the Prince of Orange found him.

The Prince
felf more at Liberty, and longing to be in Action, Orange
he recall'd all the Troops thar were in Zealand, Besieges
to come and joyn the rest of his Army, and march'd and takes
all on the sudden to Beliege Nacrden with 25000 Naerden.
Men. The Duke of Luxemburgh with a Body of
10000 Men, besides 4 Regiments of Munfterian
Horse, advanc'd as far as the Prince's Intrench-
ments, but not daring to relieve the Town, his
Highness pursued his Enterprize, took the Coun-
terscarp by Affault, and the Ravelin before the Huy-
serport after three hours Relistance, forc'd the Be-
siegʻd to retire into the Town in great Disorder, and
obliged them the Day following to Capitulate. In
short, after a Siege of four Days, the Town was
Surrendred, on Condition thé Garrison should
march out with Colours flying, Drums beating,
and with two pieces of Cannon; but notwith-
standing this honourable Capitulation, the French
Governour being tried at Virecht by a Court Mar-
tial, was Ignominously Degraded, and condemned
to perpetual Imprisonment. What ever was the
reason of the Garrison's defending themselves no
longer, his Highness who, to encourage the Soldiers
by his own Example, expos'd himself to all dan-
gers, both in the Trenches, and upon the Batteries,
carried the Town with the loss only of 109 Men
Kill'd, and 200 Wounded; whereas the Enemy
lost abundance more, which is quite contrary to
what happens in all other Sieges. The Prince
having given the necessary Orders to repair the
Forrifications, and lefr a fufficient Garrison in the
Place, under the Command of Count Koning/mark
a Brave Experienc'd Captain ; his Highness re-
turo'd to the Hague to prepare himself for some
greater Designs,



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