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A. C. Burghers dropt these Words among the People : 1672. Now the two Traitors are trgether, and it is our fault

if they escape us. From this ill Language they immediately advanc'd to Blows; upon which, Jobn De Witt foreseeing how the Tragedy would end, took his Brother by the Hand, and was at the same time knock'd down, with the But-end of a Mufquet. They were presently laid Dead upon the Ipot, then dragg'd about the Town by the Fury of the People, and torn in Pieces. Thus fell one of the greatest Polititians of that Age, after having serv'd or rather adminiftred the Commonwealth of Holland as Pensioner, for about Eighteen Years, with great Honour to his Country and himself. 'Tis commonly thought that he was the Author of these Resolutions, viz. The Exclusion of his Highness from all his Offices, of the perpetual

Edict, and of the Qualities requisite for a StadtNote that holder, * At the same time, Myn Heer Fagel was Sir W.

made Pensioner of Holland, whole Love to his Temple Country made him a Lover of the Prince, as beDeath of lieving it could not be saved by any other Hands; De Witts

and whose Zeal to his own Religion, made him before the an Enemy irreconcileable to France, whose Profelp. of O... fions as well as Designs were to destroy it.

This Revolution as it calm'd all at Home, ro Stadthol- it made the first Appearance of Defending what der.

was left in in the Country. The State grew United, the Army in Heart, and Foreign Princes be. gan to have Confidence in the Honour and Conftancy of the Young Prince, which they in a manner wholly loft upon-the Divisions and Misfortunes of the State. Among the rest the Elector of Brandenburg writ a Letter to the States in Favour of the Prince, telling them: “That Gince he "heard his Highness was restor’d to the Dignities of “his Ancestors, he did not doubt but Heaven would © Prosper a Resolution so advantagious to the Pub

lick, especially since he knew the Prince inherited the Virtues of his illustrious Predecessors; protesting besides, that he found himself obligd up

on his Elevation, to Contribute all char lay in “hia Power to Aslift his Highness, to Recover


was made

and Preserve what his Ancestors had acquired, A. C. " at the Expence of their own Blood, with fo 1672. “much Reputation to themselves. † The French themselves turn'd all their Applications towards t Sir W. the Prince, and made his Highness all the Offers Temple's that could be of Honour and Advantage to his Memoirs. Person and Family, provided he would be contented to depend upon them. The Bait they thought could not fail of being swallow'd, and about which the greatest Artifice was imployd, was the Proposal of making the Prince Sovereign of the Provinces under the Protection of England and France. And to lay Truth, at a time when so little of the Provinces was left, and what remain'd was under Water, and in fo eminent Danger upon the first Frosts of the Winter, this seem da Lure to which a meaner Soul than that of this Prince might very well stoop. But his was above it, and his Answers always firm, That he never would betray his Trust that was given him, nor ever fell the Li. berties of his Country, that bis Ancestors had so long defended. Yet the Game he play'd was then thought fo Desperate, that one of his nearest Servants asking him how he pretended to Live after Holland was Loft? The Prince told him, That he was resolv'd to Live upon the Lands he had in Germany; and that he had rather pass his Life in Hunting there, than Sell his Country or his Liberty to France at any Rate. About this time King Charles II. sent an Embassy to the King of France, then at Utrecht, where the Ambassadors, the Duke of Buckingham, the Lord Arlington, and the Lord Hallifax, found him in his highest Exaltation. 'Twas commonly believ'd in England and Holland, that the true End or Subject of this Embassy was the Jealousie the English had of the French Conquests going on fo fast, whilft their own went fo Lame; and great Hopes were rais'd in Holland, that it was to stop their Course or Extent ; but these were soon dash'd by the return of the Ambassadors, after having renewd and fasten'd the Mea. fures formerly taken between the Two Crowns. And the Amballadors were Content as they past


P. 26.

A. C. thro' Holland, that the first should be thought;
1672. which gave Occasion for a very good Repartee

of the Princefs Dowager to the Duke of Bucking-
ham, who paid her a Visit at the Hague, and talk-
ing much of their being good Hollanders, she told
him, That was more than they ask'd, which was
only, that they should be good Englifomen. He
affur'd her they were not only so, but good Dutch-
men too ; that indeed they did not ule Holland
like a Mistress, but they lov'd her like a Wife;
to which the Princess replied: Truly, I think you

love us, just as you do Yours,
Sir W. When France lost all Hopes of shaking the Prince
Temple's of Orange's Constancy, they bent all their Thoughts
Menoirs, upon subduing and running the remainder of the

Country. They had advanced as far as Worden,
and from thence they made their Ravages with
in two or three Leagues of Leyden, with more
Violences and Cruelties than would have been
prudent, if they had hop'd to reclaim the Prince
or the States from their Obstinacy of their Defence,
His Highness encamped his Army near Bodegrave,
between Leyden and Worden, and being resolv'd to
dillodge the advanc'd Guards of the French, made
a Detachment of Horse and Foor, and with them
gave an Alarm to the Enemy, whom he chas'd as far
as their Trenches before Utretcht, disheartned with
the loss of their own Men before Cronemburgh,
While both Armies were thus busied in the Field,
great Change was made in the Magistracy in mort
Cities to the general Satisfaction of the Inhabi-
tants; and his Highness not being any longer a-
ble to suffer the Corruption of Military Discipline,
which of late had been so Fatal to the Republick,
order'd several Officers to be punish'd for their Re-
miffness in their Duty. As for the French, the Win-
ter prov'd not favourable to their Designs, and
fome promises of Froit inveigled them into Mar-
ches that disappointed their Hopes by a sudden
Thaw. This frightned them into Cautions, perhaps
more than were necessary, and gave the Prince and
States leisure to take their Measures for a follow:
ing Campaign, with the Emperor, Spain, and the


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Dukes of Brandenburgh, and Lunenburg, which pro. A. C.
ved a Diversion to the Arms of France, and turn. 1672.
ed part of them upon Germany and Flanders, fo as
to give over the Progress any further in Holland.
Upon the approach of the Winter, the Prince of
Orange being sensibly touched to see the Season al-
mos past without any considerable Action, resol-
ved to Attack Narden. For this purpofe he Com-The P. of
mands Coll. Zuylestein, and Count Horn to Ad-


Besieges vance : the first to take his Quarters between U. Narden. trecht and Narden, and the other to Intrench himself at Polanen, on the Saw-Mill-side, whilst His Highnefs fat down with four Regiments on that side next Bodegrave. The Duke of Luxemburgh with all imaginable speed hasten'd to the Relief of the Besieg'd, and with about Eight or Nine Thousand Men, fell upon Collonel Zuylestein, but was repulsed with loss, and forc'd to retire. The Town was afterwards batter'd in a very furious manner, and reduc'd to such Extremities, that they sent to Catipulate. In this Interval, the Duke of Luxemburgh receiv'd a Reinforcement; march'd by a hollow Way full of Water, by the help of fome Guides ; attack'd once more at unawares,the very fame Quarters of Coll. Zuylestein, from whence he had been beaten the Night before, and after a Bloody Obstinate Dispure, wherein the Colonel was Slain, (having refused Quarter) the Duke, at last, threw à Relief of Three Thousand Men into the Town; but nevertheless he was Beaten back the Second time by Count Horn, and forc'd to leave his Prifoners behind him.' Of the French, there were Two Thousand kill'd, and Fifty Officers who died of their Wounds, after the Engagement; which caus’d a great Confternation among the French Raises the

Siege, that were at Utrecht; the Hollanders loft Six or Se. ven Hundred Men, besides Colonel Zuylestein, a Lieutenant Colonel, and some other Officers. His Highness seeing the Town had receiv'd so considerable a Reliet, retir'd to his own Quarters, and rais’d the Siege with the comfort however of having cut in Pieces almost Five entire Regiments of the Enemy, and of having twice repulsed an


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A. C. Old Experienc'd General, who had never succeed. 1672. ed in his Design, had it not been for the Trea. mchery of the Peasants.

After this unsuccetsful Attempt upon Naerden, the Prince having Commanded the Horse that were Quarter'd at Helden to hinder the English Merchandise from being Transported from Rotterdam and Brabant, march'd himself to Rosendael, which was the place of the General Rendezvous, from whence with an Army of 24000 Horse and Foot, he bent his March towards the Country of Liege. At his approach the Count de Duras, who encamped at Maseyk, retir’d with his Army to Vajem. burgh, and higher to the River Rocr. His Highness's chief Design was to drive the French from their Quarters near the Meuse, and to engage Count de Duras in a Battle, in Cafe he found a favourable Opportunity to do it. To Effect this, having paffed his Army upon a Bridge of Boats near Navagne, and join'd the Auxiliary Spaniards, he march'd directly to Tongres, and inveited it on all fides, with the Spanish Horse and his own. He had 'no sooner done this, but News was brought him that Count de Duras had decamp d,upon which repassing the Meuse, between Sittart and MaJeyk, he pitch'd his Camp near Ainsbergh, where he continued two Days, to see if he could draw the Count to a Battle, but the River which was swelld with the late Raias, not favouring his Defign, he return'd the same way to Maestricht; from whence he fent a Detatchment of Horse and Foor to make themselves Masters of the Castle of Vala cheren. This Castle was strongly Fortified, but afe ter fome Resistance surrender'd at Discretion. Af ter this his Highness march'd to Lowick, still in hopes of Engaging the Enemy; but the Count de Duras had retir'd with mighty speed, and was got at such a distance, that 'twas impossible for the Prince to come up to him.

At last perceiving that the Enemy had no mind to hazard a Battle, his Highness order'd the Count de Marcin to Invest Charleroy with the Van-Guard, whilst he himself follow'd with the mainBody of the

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