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arife or disturb the good Correspondence which hath been hitherto maintain'd; she cannot but obferve how your Majesty is United with the Crown of France, and this, at a time when the said Crown, as all Men do conclude, and by the abandoning so many of their late Conquerd Places, is demonstrable, are resolving to Unite and pour all their Forces on the Dominions of the King, my Master, making them the unhappy Seat of the War; so that if your Majesty partakes therein, it is impossible but many inlupportable Offences must arise. And therefore, her Majesty being excited by that true and sincere Desire which she hath always had, and which hath been still testified in Spain for the Confirmation of your Majesty's Friendship, and Augmenting the Felicity of your Reign; whereof what your Majesty owed in so many Occasions to the Love and Services of the late King Philip the Fourth, my Master, of blessed Memory, is sufficient Proof; and also what the Queen my Mistress hath laboured (in all things that have occurred) to ma. nifest : I am now further commanded to present unto your Majesty's Royal Consideration the great Union that is by Nature Establish'd in the Interests of this Crown with Spain, and also the great Conveniences chat will result to your Majesty, and your Kingdoms, in admitting a Peace with Holland. For your Subjects being freed from the Calamities of the War, and Enjoying the advantages of a free Trade, muft needs grow Rich in the same Proportion that others will Consume, till this Flame be extinguish'd. Wherefore I am in her Royal Name commanded to propose to your Majesty, That the States General will yield, in the matter of the Flag, to the Content and Satisfaction of your Majesty, that they will make restitution of all Countries, and Prizes which the Arms of the faid States General, during this War, have taken or may take out of Europe upon like reftitntion made to them. And lastly, That although their Expences have been exorbitant, they will give Eight Hundred Thouland Patacoons, to be paid as fol.. lowech, That is to say, One fourth Part in the Same çime that the Ratifications of the Treaty of



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Peace shall be deliver'd, and the relidue in Three Terms ; one of them to be in the First Year after the end of the War, one other the Second Year, and the last in the Third Year, by equal Proportions; and the said States General will give Cau tion fufficient, and to the Satisfaction of the Queer. my Mistress. These are the Propositions which the Queen, my Mistress, commands me to put in to your Majesties Royal Hands, from whole Mag. naminity, the hopeth, that at her interposition you will admit the fime, and thereby do an A

&tion as to the World, laudable ; (by inclining I the Minds of all to rellore Christendom to its

antient Repose) and to your Subjects most defira: ble, by their owing to your Majelty's Piety, ar Exemption from the Troubles, Milery, ar.d Ruin of War, and Enjoying the Bletting of Peace, and the Freedom and Advantages of their Trade. And I cannot but promise my self from Considerations of this Importance, a speedy, favourable, and Benign Answer to return to the Queen, my Mistrefs

, thereby to bind up in a closer Tye of Friend ship the Thoughts, and Inclinations of the Subject: of both Crowns for should a contrary Answer be given to the Adjustment that is proposed on such reasonable Terms, Spain must be oblig'd to take other Measures for its Security; it being in. compatible that sincere Friendship, or a Peace, can subast between the two Crowns, if your Majesty will Perfevere in the Engagements of this War. London, Dec. : 1673.

Marques del Fresne.

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His Majesty's

. Answer to the Spanish Ambasa. dor's Memorial.

. IS Majesty having seen and considered a Me.

morial deliver'd to him by his Excellency the Marquiss del Fresno, Extraordinary Ambassadour from the Catholick King, bearing Date the 1: Instant, Commands this Answer to be made there. unto : That he was not a little surprised to find the Contents of this Paper confirm to him the Report


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of a Treaty made berwixt the King his Master and the States General of the United Provinces (the Affisting of whom, in this War, was a manifest Breach of the Separate Article of the Treaty between the rwo Kings, binding them reciprocally not to anlift one another's Enemies in any open War,) and His Majesty's Wonder thereupon hath been the greater, in 'that this Treaty with the States General was never own'd to him by the Ambassador himself, or any of the Spanish Ministers, and, that his Excellency was pleas'd to look upon it, when the Rumour thercof came first abroad, as a malicious Invention of the Enemies of the Crown of Spain, difused only to create a Mifunderstanding betwixt His Majesty and that Crown, whereas now it seems to be a real thing, and doth no less, according to the Tenor of the said Memorial, chan Threaten a War to His Majesty, if he will not submit himself to Conditions imposed upon him by his declar'd Enemies, Notwithscanding which, His Majesty esteems himfelt in fome degree beholding to the Catholick Queen, for having imparted to him the Terms and Conditions upon

which the States General of the United Pro. vinces will be Content to make the Peace with His Majesty ; since in so many Months that the Plenipotentiaries have been at Cologn. their Deputies could never be brought to make a clear Declaration of any offers that they would stand to; but heid them still under such Ambiguities as they might aç all times recede from them as they should see Cause. Now altho the Conditions offer'd in the said Me. morial are very small in respect of the great Expence of Blood and Treasure the War hath Cost; yet, that the World may see, how desirous His Majesty is to contribute to the General Peace of Christendom, he declares he will be Content with any reasonable Conditions for a Peace suitable to his own Honour, and the Interests of his Subjects.

The Offers made in bis Excellency's Memorial, are,
1. The Point of the Flag promis’d to be adjusted to

Majesties Satisfaction.
II. A Reciprocal restitution of Places and Prizes

that are, or may have been taken by either Na-
tio n, out of Europe, during chis War.

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III. And lastly, The Summ of Eight Hundred

Thousand Patacoones.

Now if the States General will Extinguish their Pretension to the reftitution of the Prizes, as a thing impracticable, and never insisted on in any Treaty of Peace, and add to the abovemention'd Offers thele additional ones, which cannot well be denied; viz. 1. An Equal and Reciprocal Regulation of the

Trade in the East Indies, such as was often Promi

sed, and particularly in the late Treaty of Breda. II. Leave to his Subjects yer derain'd at Surinam, to

depart from thence with their Estates and Effects, pursuant to the said Treaty, and their own rei

terated Promises and Orders. III. And lastly, That the Subjects of the said States

General, fall, for the future, Abstain from Fish. ing upon the Coasts and Shoars of any of His Ma. jefe y's Dominions, without Leave, and Passports forre obtain'd.

His Majesty Declares, That as to himself he will be Content with these Conditions. But because the Wording of Articles thereupon is of egoal Moment to the things that shall be contained in them, and that this cannot be Effected but by Persons equally instructed and empower'd on both sides, His Majesty further Declares, that he will direct his Plenipotentiaries at Cologn, to apply themselves together with the Deputies of the States General without delay thereunto, by the help of the Mediation of the Crown of Sweden, which, having been accepted, and authoriz'd on both sides, and the City of Cologn having been insisted on by the Dutch to the Mediators for the Place of Treaty, His Majesty conceives, that neither the Place nor the Mediation can be now declin'd without a No. torious Offence to the Parties concern'd; and more particularly to the Honour of the Crown of Sweden.

And His Majesty affures himself, that this his proceeding will appear so fair and equal to the Catholick Queen, as not to leffen, in any degree, in her Royal Breaft, the Efteem The Professes to have of his Friendship, and Alliance, which His

Majesty has ever used his utmost endeavours to Cultivate and Improve ; particularly in making himself the


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Principal Instrument of the two late Peaces of Pora
tugal and Aix la Chapelle, so valuable to the Crown
of Spain in the Minority of their King, and in so
Cautioning the Peace between France and Spain
from any Violation or_Disturbance by this present
War, as he did in the Treaty made with the Most
Christian King, when he entered into the Union,
and Confederation with him against the States Ge-
neral of the United Provinces. Given at the Court at
Whitehall, the 16th Day of December, 1673.
By His Majesty's Command,


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Treaty of Alliance between England and Holland,

Concluded at the Hague, July 26. 1678.
AS the States of the

United Provinces, after ha-
having declared by their Letters to the Most
Christian King, That they consented to the Con.
ditions of Peace, as far as in them lay, which he
offer'd them; and that his Catholick Majesty, who
was also of the fame Sentiments, was willing on
his part, so far as it regarded him, to embrace the
Treaty, and having upon thar Head used all the
Facility that can be; and, to that end, ordered his
Ambassadors at Nimeguen to set their Hands to those
Conditions, so far as it related to them, as well as
the other Allies, who were also willing to compre-
hend therein, have nevertheless understood, with
much concern of Mind, that the Ministers of France
have oppos’d the fame, and refused the Restitution
of the Places which belong to Spain and the States,
without they would first, and for the Satisfaction
of Sweden, restore also those Places which had been
taken from them during the Course of the War:
'This so unexpected a Change having obliged the
States to believe, that Pretentions so ill grounded
were rather an effect ofthe Repugnancy that might

be in the Plenipotentiaries, than the real Intentions Pof his Majesty, who had otherwise explain’d him

self; and as the said States did besides inform his • Majesty of Great Britain of the Effential Points ghat obstructed that important Negotiation,


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