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A. C. Brandenburgh, and Munster gave in a Memorial, al: 1678. ledging, after a long train of Expostulations, That

fucb a bajty and precipitate Conduct in the Dutch Peace bea was unworthy of a State that had always govern'd it

Self with Reason and Justice; and that such an exFrance traordinary step would be an everlafling Blot upon the and Hol- Honour and Reputation of the States General. And land

concluding, That if, notwithstanding all, they were Sigued, Aug. 11.

resolu'd to proceed, and enter into 4 Neutrality to con. 1678.

trary to their folemn Engagements, they protested Though against that separate Treaty, in the best form they could, protested and not only so, but against all the Calamities that againft by Christendom in General, and the Princes their Mathe Allies. sters in particular, might suffer by that Separation. But

notwithstanding the Realonableness and Solemnity of this Protestation, and the Irresolution of Monsieur Van Haren, one of the Dutch Plenipotentiaries, who did not leem to be so clear in the Point of their Orders; yet Directions were presently given to have all fair writ over with the greatest hast imaginable, so that the Treaty might be Sign'd that Night, which was done accordingly between Eleven or Twelve, without the Intervention of the English Mediators, who refus’d to sign the fame, or to have their Names mention'd in it as Mediators, saying, Their Instructions were only to mediate a General Peace, and not a particular one.

The Day after the Signing of this Peace came over the Ratifications of the late Treaty between his Britannick Majesty and the States, with Orders for Sir William Temple to proceed forthwith to the Exchange of them, which he did accordingly; though after the Counter-Pace made by the Dir. parch sent by Du Cros, and the Consequences of it, the same appear'd now as unnecessary, as it had been at first unresolv'd at the English Court, and unexpected by the Dutch, who, many of them, now were unsatisfied with the Peace, and especially with the Precipitation of Monsieur Beverning in Signir g it, but the thing was done, and after some Debates, the City of Amsterdam declaring their Appiubation of it, the relt of the Provinces did foon acquiesce.


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Thus by the the Address and skill of the French A. C. Politicians, the English Negotiation ended in 1678. Smoke, which was near kindling so great a Fire; the Peace was gain'd with Holland, his Britannick Majesty was excluded from any fair Pretence of entering into the War, after a great Expectation of his People rais'd, and, as they thought, deluded;

Spain was necessitated to accept the Terms that - Holland had Negotiated for them; and this left the

Peace of the Empire wholly at the Discrétion of * France.

Immediately after these precipitate steps of the Dutch Ambassadors at Nimeguen, the Prince of 0. range

resolv'd to save the Honour of his Country, and to Signalize himself by a desperate Attempt ini the Field. Mons had been traitly block’dcup by the French Army, Commanded by Luxemburgh, who was so confident of the good Posture he was in, that he writ to the Mareschal ' Estrades, one of the French Plenipotentiaries, That he was so posted, that if he had but Icoco Men, and the Prince of O. range, 40000, yet he was sure be could not be forc'd, whereas he took his Army to be stronger than that of the Prince. But not withstanding the many Disadvantages from an Army drawn so suddenly together, so hafty a March as that of the Dutch, and Posts tal with so much Force, and Fortified with lo much Industry; his Highness; upon Sunday the 17th of August in the Morning, decamp'd with The Battle his own and the Confederate Armies from Soignes, of Mons, march'd towards Roches, and from thence advanc'dor S. Dentowards the Enemy, whose Right Wing was posted nis, Aug. at the Abbey of St. Dennis, and the Left at Mamoy the 176h. St. Pierre, with such advantage of Situation, that they were almost thought Inacceslible. About Twelve the Cannon began to play upon St. Dennis, and the Prince went to Dinner in the open Field, just as the Duke of Monmouth arriv'd in the Camp: At the fame time the Duke of Luxemburgh was carousing with his Officers, when the Princes's Dragoons, like rude intruding Guests, penetraced into the Abbey, and having forc'd the French General to

rise from Table in Confusion, leiz'd on his Plate, I


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A. C. and carried it away, before those about the Duke 1678. had recover'd their Surprize. About Three in the

Afternoon the Battalions under the Command of Count Waldeck began to Attack the Abbey, the Prince himself_encouraging the Soldiers by his Presence and Example, and all the Regiments of the Left Wing seconding them in very good Order. In the mean time the Spanish Troops, Commanded by the Duke de Villa Hermosa, acted on the ride of Chasteau, being supported by the Prince's Guards, who had the Van, and by the English and Scots Troops, led by the brave Earl of ofory. The Action lasted till Nine at Night, during which the Prince rid to Chasteau, to share with the Earl of of. Sory both the Danger and the Honour of the Dil pute, which prov'd here more obstinate than on the Gde of the Abbey. Upon this occasion his Highness engag'd so far among the foremost of the Enemies, that a French Captain was just ready to fire his Pistol at his Highness, but was fortunately prevented by Monsieur Overkirk, who shot the Frenchman dead. At last, after a great slaughter, the Night put an end to this iharp Encounter, and the Confederates remain'd Masters of Sr. Dennis's Abbey. The Duke of Luxemburgh having lost fo important a Post, retir’d in great Confusion, and the Prince next Morning took possession of the Camp the Enemy had abandon'd.' The same day his Highness receiv'd an Express from the States, with advice of the Peace having been Signed at Nimeguen, which hindred him from prosecuting che glorious Success of an Action, which an Officer in the French Army eftecm'd, the only He. roick one that had been done in the whole Course of this War. The Prince immediately Communicated the News of the Peace to the Duke of Luxemburgh, and after great. Compliments pafs’d on both sides, that Duke desir'd to see his Highness which was agreed to, and they met in the Field at the Head of their Chief Officers. This Interview was managed with the Civilities that became the occasion, and with great Curiosity of the French, to see and crowd about a Young Prince, who had made fo


much noise in the World; and who, the day be. A. C. fore, had given Life and Vigour to such a desperate 1678. Action, as all Men eftcem'd this Battle of St. Den- un nis. * Yet many Reflections were made upon it, * Sir W. both by the Princes's Friends and Enemies : Some Temple's saying, That it was too great a venture both to himself Memoirs. and the States, and too great a Sacrifice to his own pag. 355. Honour, since it could be to no other Advantage. Others laid the blame to the Marquis de Grana, who, they faid, had intercepted and conceal'd the States Packet to the Prince, which came into the Camp the Day before the Battle, (though after it was resolvid on)

and that he had hopes by such a Rupture of the Peace, even after it was Sign'd, that the Progress of it would have been defeated. Wheiher this Report were true or no, the Prince could not have ended the War with greater Glory, nor with greater Spite, to see such a favourable opportunity of making imprellion into France wrested out of Hands, by the sudden and unexpected Signing of the Peace, which he had affur'd himself the States would not have confented to without the Spaniards. But the occafion was not to be retriev?d, and therefore he left the Army, went first to the Hague, and then to Dieren to hunt,likea Person that had nothing else to do; leaving the States to purfue their own Measures, as to the finishing of the Treaty between France and Spain, wherein their Plenipotentiaries at Nimeguen employ'd themselves with great Zeal and Application, and no longer as Parties concern'd and Confederates, but rather as Mediators, the English declining that Function, as being a matter wherein the Court of England would take no part.

Whilft Men's Minds were bufied with various Conjectures about the present Affairs, Mr. Hide was "* suddenly dispatch'd over from England, to - August the surprize even of all in Holland, and more efpe- 1678. cially of Sir William Temple, who had not the le ist intimation given him either of his Journey or Errand. The design of this sudden Message was,

. To acquaint the States how much his s Britannick Majesty had been surpriz'd at the

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A. C: “News of theirAmbassadors having Signed a par1678. “ticular Treaty with France, even without the

“ inclusion of Spain, and without any Guaranty The King of “ given for the Evacuation of the Towns within England “ihe time requisite; to complain of this Precipicomplains “tation of the States, and, at the same time, of the of the states “ new Pretensions which France had advanc'd upon Signing a “the County of Beaumont, and the Town of BoSeparate

vignes, which had retarded the Peace of Spain, Peace, and or That for these Reasons he understood and bemake War "liev'd, that the late Treaty of July, between his

Majesty and the States, ought to take effect, the France. “ Cale being fallen out against which that was pro

“vided, and both Parties being thereby obligd to

enter joyntly into the War against France. That if “the States would hereupon refuse to Racifie the “Treaty their Ministers had Sign'd at Nimeguen, “his Majesty offer'd to declare War immediately “ against France, and carry it on in all Points ac“cording to the Articles of the said Treaty with “the States.

Mr. Hyde, who,with Sir William Temple, went on purpose to Hounsardyke to acquaint the Prince with his Meflage, was no sooner withdrawn, but his Highness lift up his Hands two or three times, and said, Was ever any thing to hot and so cold as this Court of yours? Will the King that is so often at Sea never learn a Word that I foall never forget fince my last Palage? When in a great Storm the Captain was all Night c ying out to the Man at the Helm, Sreddy, Steddy, Steddy. If this Dispatch had come twenty Days ago it had chang’d the Affairs in Christendom, and the War might have been carried on till France had yielded to the Treaty of the Pyrenees, and left the World in quiet for the rest of our Lives. As it comes now it will have no effect at all, at least, that is my Opinion, though I would not say so to Mr. Hyde. The Evene prov'd answerable to the Prince's Judgmenr, though for the present, all Appearances seem'd very different from the former Proceedings of the Durch and Spaniards, whereof many of the Deputies of the former shew'd an Inclination to comply with his Majesty's Proposals, and appear’d so ill satisfied

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