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A. C. Confederates with many such Hopes. After the

1678. taking of these two Places the King of France dis. inpos'd his Armies into Quarters of Refreshment,

whether he thought them fufficiently harast, or whether he was afraid of the English, who at the Dentre of the Spanish Ambassador, had sent over considerable Forces, under the Command of the Duke of Monmouth, to secure the Important Towa of Ostend, which the French scem'd to threaten.

Not long after the World was aftonishid to hear that the French King had entirely abandon'd Melfina, and all Sicily. Some ascribed it to meer Neceility, and others to a Delign of pursuing the Conquest of Flanders with redoubled Vigour and Application. However it was, the Parliament of England were of this last Opinion, and therefore to itop hij Career, they petition'd the King to De.. clare open War against him, and granted His Majelty a Poll-Bill, Prohibiting by the fame AQ the Importation of all French Commodities. King Charles who was now desirous to enter into a League with the Empire, Spain, and the United Provinces, would oblige them to make the same Prohibition in relation to French Goods ; but while the Hollanders were demurring upon the last Point, believing that such a Prohibition would ruin their. Trade, an unexpected Accident fell out, thaç

chang'd the whole Scene of Affairs. The Ring The King of France, after his return to Paris, feeof France'sing his Britannick Majesty so warmly prest by his Project of Parliament to enter inco the War, particularly since Peace. the Prince of Orange's Journey into England, and his Apr. 9th. Marriage with the King's Niece, made a publick 1678.

Declaration of the Terms upon which he was refolved to make the Peace, which be sent to his Ministers at Nimeguen, there to be distributed_amongst the other Ambassadors and Mediators. The Chief of these Proposals were, That the King of Sweden and the Duke of Gottorp fliould be entirely satisfied. That the Prince and Bishop of Stratfburg should be restor’d to all his Demesns, Goods, Honours and Prerogatives ; and that his Brother Prince William of Furfiemberg should be fet

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at Liberty. Thaç as for the Emperor he should A: C.
alter nothing in the Publick Declarations that were 3678.
made at the Treaty of Westphalia; only he ofter’d
either to keep Phillipsburg and give up Friburg, or
else to keep Friburg, and give up Philipsburgh. Ïhat
as for Spain, he would Restore Charleroy, Aeth, Ou-
denard, Courtray, Ghent, Limburgh, Binch and St.
Guillain, with their Dependencies; but in Recom-
pence, demanded all the Franche-Comté, Valencien..
nes, Bouchain, Condé, Cambray, Aire, St. Omers, Fpre,
Werwick and Werneton, Bavaj, Maubeuge, Poperin-
gue, Bailleul and Caffel, with all their Dependen-
cies; in a Word, all those Places he was in Pof-
session of, except thosc abovemention'd. Beldes,
he consented to Surrender Charlemont to the Con
cholick King, or in Lieu thereof Dinant and Boxe
vines, provided the Bishop of Liege and the Em.
peror agreed to it. By which means the Spanisla
Frontier in the Netherlands, would for the Future,
begin from the Sea to the Meuse,by Newport,

Dixmude
Courtray, Oudenard, Aeth, Mons, Charleroyand Namur..
That as for what concern'd the States General, be-
{ides theSatisfaction he gave them by what heyielded
up to Spain, he offder'd to restore Maestricht to them,
and to agree to the Treaty of Commerce in fuch
Form as it was fram'd at Nimeguen with Monsieur
Beverning. And as for the Interests of the Duke of
Lorrain, he was willing to Restore him according
to the Pyrenean Treaty; or to Surrender all his
Territories to him, except the City of Nancy, but
that by way of Recompence he would give the Im-
portant City of Toul, reserving nevertheless to him-
self a Passage from his Frontiers into Alsatia, and
the Roads that would be necessary to him from
France to Nang), and from Nancy to Mets, Brisas
and the Franche-Comté.

These Terms of Peace, tho' very different from those agreed between His Britannick Majesty and Holland,and more from the Pretensions of the Allies; yec having, as to what concern'd Spain and Hof land, been privately; agreed with some Leaders of the Principal Towns, prov'd indeed the Scheme

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A. C. of the Peace, both for the Dutch, and all the o1678. ther Confederates engag'd in the War. And here

the French began their Imperious way of Treating, which they afterwards pursued in the whole Negotiation of the ensuing Peace, Declaring, These were the lowest Conditions the King of France would admit, and upon which his Enemies might make Choice either of War or Peace; and to which he pretended to be tied no longer than to the roth of May, after which be would be at Liberty to Change or Restrain them, 4s be pould think fit.

The Imperialists, of all others, seem'd the least inclinable to accept the foregoing Conditions; and the Point of requiring full Satisfaction to Sweden, was insupportable to the Northern Princes; nay, the Spaniards and the Confederates look'd upon them to hard, that they said, They would Hazard all, rather than Submit to them. When the French Ambassador carried those Proposals to Sir Lionel Jenkins, then Sole Mediator, in Order to be Communicated by him to the Ministers of the Allies, he made Answer, He could not do it as a Mediator, but that he would acquaint the Parties with them in Discourse, as a Matter to which he promis'd no Answer. This he did because of the other Terms that had already been agreed on in Zanuary, between England and Holland, for forcing France and Spain to a Compliance; which tho they prov'd of little use in the Course of this War, yet they made the French apprehenfive, that His Britannick Majesty might at last fall into the War in good Earnest, and thereupon abandon'd Meflina and Sicily, to Reinforce their Armies on the Rhine, and in the Netherlands.

To prevent the formidable Conjunction of the K. Charles 11. tempted King of England with the rest of the Allies, the with Mo

French made use of an Argument which was most

likely to prevail with a Prince, whom his ExpenFrance. sive Mistresses, and parsimonious Parliament kept

in constant Want: For Monsieur de Louvois in a long Conversation he had with Mr. Montague, His Britannick Majesty's Ambassador at Paris, represented to his Excellency, “The Measures they

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s had already taken for a Peace in Holland upon A.'C." “the French Terms ; that since they were agreed 1678. “ there, they hoped the King of England would not

be against it; that however his Master had or.
“ derd him to make His Britannick Majesty the

offer of a great Sum of Money for his Consent,
tho' to-a thing already accepted by Holland,

and wherein His Majesty was consequently not
“concern'd. The violent Dispositions of the Dutch
to run into a Peace at this time, whatever came
of it, and such a fatal and mutual Distrust as there
was; both in Court and Parliament, seem'd to
justifie the King's accepting this profitable Propo-
fal, who said, Tbat since the Hollanders would
have a Peace upon the French Terms, and that
France offer'd him Money for his Approbation of
what he could not help, he knew no Reason why
he might not get the Money, and so required Sir
William Temple to treat with the French Amballa.
dor about it. But that Worthy Patriot, out of a
just Tenderness of the King's Honour declip'd to
enter into this opprobrious Negotiation with the
French Ambassador, who came to see him for that
purpose, and immediately retir’d into the Coun-
try.

The Tenth of May, being the time limited by The Dutch the French Project of Peace, for the Allies to ac-accept of cept of the Terms or no, Monsieur Beverning the the Arti Dutch Plenipotentionary,

fent secretly to acquaint by France. the French Ambassadors, That the States did accept of the King's Offer. However, that he might not by such a step alarm the Confederates, he gave the Count d'Avaux allo Notice, That he was very Defirous to speak with him in private, and for that end would take a Walk alone upon the Ramparts of Nimeguen, about Seven in the Morning, where they met accordingly, and, in a manner, fully concluded all Matters The Consequence of this interview was, the granting of Ten Days longer for the Dutch to endeavour to petswade their Allies to accept of the Terms proppsd as they them. selves had done. The King of France being in form'd of these Advances, His Majesty writ a Let

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Ą. C esr to the States, dated at his Camp at Deinse, May 1678. the 8th, wherein he assured them, That he should

always be ready for their Sake to Grane to Spain the the French Same Terms, with Reletion to Flanders, which shey King's Les- were now at Liberty to accept; and that in all that Per to the time he wauld not attack any one Place in all those ProSe stes, vinces. That tbus they should always find him readi. May 18.

ly inclind, not only to form that Barrier, which they V.S.

Lhought to necessary for their own safety, but to secure it ; and to let them enjoy, together with the Re-etabliffoment of Commerce, whatever osher Advantages tbey could expect from his Friendship. And if, for the Profecuting this Negotiation, they poould think it necessary fa fend Deputies to him, they would find bim near Ghent till the 27th of that Month, and in the

Same Disposition be had declar'd to them in this LerF's States ter. The States after four Days Consultation, re. Anwer,

turnid his most Christian Majesty an Answer, May 35. wherein, “ After having thankfully acknowledgʻd

the Honour he had done them, by Writing to “them, and rejoic'd at the fincere Desire they - conceiv'd to be in His Majesty for the Peace " of Europe ; they Pray'd he would be pleas'd to "give Credit to Monsieur Beverning, their Extra" Ordinary Ambassador, whom they would send “ to inform him, how desirous they were on their

6 Part to give him fresh Assurances of their fin. - Truce

cere Intentions also for the Peace. Monsieur

Beverning attended the King of France accordingly, Weekes and manag'd his Negotiation so well that he ob granted by tain d a Cellation of Arms for Six Weeks in Flame Else K. of dors, to the end the Dutch might now, 'as MediaFrance.

tors, endeavour to perswade the Spaniards to ento ter into the Peace upon the Terms propos'd by France; and upon his return, he told the States, That he found the French King as well inform’d of the Condition of his Enemies, and of the Places he might attack, as he was of his own A fairs.

Engiand, in the mean time, was grown pretty Tise Allies, indifferent in the Business of the Peace; and the 10. Durch.

Spania ds seem'd inclin'd to comply with the new ceility of their Affairs. But the Emperor, King of

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