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amounted to. But his is not a solitary case, for the from his chair, and with one blow laid the luckless | there can be no “ separate maintenance” without evil respect paid to the mute admonitions of these tablets offender, his serf, bleeding on the ground. A few arising. Let the servant have her money free of her is in form only, and that is most religiously observed. excuses followed, as readily accepted as they were maintenance; that is one step towards establishing a As it is the representative of the imperial power, no made, and the dinner proceeded as if nothing had better order of things. Remunerate her for her labour Russian enters the room without taking off his hat to taken place. Smoking is allowed in the most fashion honestly. Pay her enough to enable her to be always it; the serfs carry this feeling still farther, and I have able houses, the custom being somewhat qualified by clean and decent in appearance. observed many of them who had accidentally caught the use of cigaritos. This habit even the ladies

We hope these comments will not be considered dull, a glimpse of it from the adjoining room, bow as low sometimes indulge in; and I was not a little asto

and, still more earnestly, that they may not be taken as to it as they would have done to the altar. Foreign- nished to see that spitting-boxes formed part of the and in directing attention to it, we may be the means of

offensive. The subject is one of very vital importance; ers, ignorant of the sanctity of this emblem, not un. furniture of the drawing-rooms in the imperial villa doing essential good to both the employer and the dofrequently meet with sharp rebuffs for their unwitting at Moscow."

mestic. Unless truths are conveyed in plain and direct neglect in not saluting it. I was first awakened to Captain Jesse describes the people generally of terms, they have usually little weight. The unselfislı the necessity of so doivg by a threat of having my Russia as being bigoted and superstitious in the ex attachment, ready industry, willingness to labour, and hat knocked off.

treme, a condition from which their ignorant and fidelity, of the Irish servants, are appreciated even where But to return to my passport. The signature I had selfish priesthood have no desire to rescue them. The their careless, unformed, and uneducated habits, militate so long waited for was duly affixed, and I left the abasement of the serfs is likewise most distressing to against them; and it is unquestionable that a more careoffice, but not in possession of that document, for my contemplate. Hundreds them, we are toid, are

ful training, under a better order of things, would render three days of apparently, pas perdus' had merely pro- taken from the east and central parts of Russia to them infinitely more valuable auxiliaries to a household, cured me a certificate that I was not in debt, which the Crimea, and are there let out to hire for the either in Ireland or in England. happily I knew before. I had now to proceed to the benefit of their proprietors, much in the same way as

But this branch of our subject let us illustrate by an office of the military governor, where two or three hack-horses are let in England. They may also, anecdote. more bribes were administered, and another triangle though in an indirect manner, be sold; a sound, well

Mrs L. was a lady in London, who, when she adveror two propitiated, before I could obtain it. Then it formed man will bring a thousand roubles, but a

tised for a housemaid, added the very unamiable, but by was of no use to me as a final measure, for as I woman may be purchased for five hundred. They withstanding, a very decent, pretty, and respectable

no means unfrequent, - P.S. No Irish need apply." Nota intended to travel post, I had still to present it at are likewise sometimes staked at the gaming-table ; looking young Irishwoman did present herself in the another office to get a padaroshna, or order for post- the captain says he knew of a serf who was bartered. lady's drawing-room as an applicant for the situation. horses. There I was again obliged to show my cer for a pointer. When serfs are skilful in the arts,

* I told you,” said Mrs L. " that no Irish need apply." tificate from the police that I had no debts; and two they may realise large sums by their labour ; but " It was on the paper, I know, ma'am," answered the days more were consumed before I received the docu- their gains are at the mercy of their owners. Á serf girl ; * but I thought if I had a good character, and ment which at length set me at liberty to start." belonging to Count H. was a clever watchmaker, and could do my work well, that no lady would refuse me

We hear much of the far-sightedness and excellence offered a large sum for his emancipation : the request bread because of my country." Mrs L. was a young of character of Nicholas, but either he is unduly eulo was refused.

No,” said the count; “pay me tive housekeeper, and she had worded her advertisement by gised, or is kept in ignorance of the infamous treat- hundred roubles a-year, and I will not exercise my the advice of friends ; persons who cherish a prejudice as ment of travellers, of which the above is an example. power, but I will never part with it.” Outraged if it were a perfection, and, forgetting altogether how

The account of a dinner-party at St Petersburg humanity will one day exact a severe reckoning for frequently they have had idle, dirty, careless, and disis as follows :-“ My first introduction to Russian these accumulated atrocities.

honest English servants, pour out the vial of their wrath society was at a dinner-party, at the Countess T_'s.

upon the Irish, from wliom they withhold the power of We were invited for four o'clock, the usual hour, and,

exhibiting their advantages by contrast. Fortunately on our arrival, found the party already assembled

IRISH SERVANTS.

for Kitty Gallagher, however, Mrs L. was considerate as

well as just. She looked into the poor girl's open and in the drawing-room; the ladies were in morning (The very beautiful work of Mr and Mrs Hall, descriptive of honest countenance as she stood with the flush of humble dress. A tray was shortly after brought in, with Ireland, to which we have frequently referred in terms of comcaviare, herring, and other et ceteras-a perfect epi- mendation, appears to approach its completion, preserving to the indignation on her check, inquired carefully into her

character, and examined her three or four written distome of an Italian warehouse. This was followed by which distinguished the early numbers. This work, it will be charges, which of course “ went for nothing," but subanother, with 'votka' (rum) and liqueurs ; the ladies, observed, is the product of two gisted minds—the solid and useful sequently called on two persons who had known her; as well as the gentlemen, partook slightly of both being the work of Mr Hall, while the interweaving of charac. and the result was her engagement. Dinner was then announced, and on entering the

teristic sketches, aided by a lively fancy, is the appropriate pro Mrs L. was the wife of a highly-respectable mercantile dining-room, we found only the dessert on the table ; | tions of both an English and Irishwoman-in manner English, vinoe of Mrs Hall. This lady nay be said to unite the qualifica

man; one of a class who, of all others, entertain great there was nothing but the glass and plate on the side- but in heart truly, we should say warmly, Irish. This love of

mistrust of the Irish people; their methodical and busiboard. The fresh fruit and flowers had a much more her native country extends to all connected with it; and the

ness-like habits preventing them from making allowance pleasing effect than roast joints, fricandeaux, and good qualities of her countrymen and women are a constant

for the volatility and heedlessness of their mercurial curry. A slice of black bread, a white roll, and a

theme of praise, while, to do her justice, those of an opposite neighbours. Mrs L. had consequently to encounter the decanter of vin ordinaire, were placed for each guest. published number of the work on Ireland, we have a specimen

tendency are by no means passed over in silence. In the last * astonislıment” of her aquaintances, and the waruings The dinner was composed of the best French and of this national attachment, in her description of Irish domestic

of her husband. English dishes, which were handed round in rotation, servants, a portion of which we take tậe liberty of laying before tolerably clean and very active, Kitty found she had so

With every desire to do right, and habits that were with wines at intervals, by free servants out of livery, our readers.]

much to learn that she frequently cried herself to sleep; well dressed and well trained. This, however, is the The greater number of Irish servants employed by the as she told us herself, it was not the hard work that case only in the best houses ; the generality are serfs, middle classes are taken from the lowest and poorest overcame her-she could do ten times as much and think equipped in liveries made in the house by their fellows in the country. We repeat, they are not properly fed, nothing of it, but the particularity”-the necessity for slaves. These wait without either glove or napkin ; they are not properly lodged at night, and their wages spotless stairs and carpets, for stoves polished like mirand as the pump in the yard is their jug, and the are not in proportion to their labour--we mean even at rors, for a total absence of dust everywhere ; for a mantrough under it their only wash-hand basin, their hands the Irish rate of remuneration. Our hearts have ached ner, staid, silent, smileless, and of distant respect ; for a are not agreeable objects to the eye, and certainly not for these poor, ignorant, but warm-hearted and affec- noiseless step, and a voice never heard except in the most in keeping with the unnecessary quantity of plate and tionate creatures. We have seen the mistress of a house soft and brief reply; then the getting up tine things: glass which is frequently displayed, or the taper and -perhaps un opulent tradesman's wife--such a woman she could have washed, to make like snow, tablecloths, jewelled fingers of the ladies of the party. Quass was

as in London would give her maid-of-all-work ten or sheets, and dresses, but the difficulties of small-plaiting to be had if asked for ; but this is avoided in com

twelve pounds a-year, her tea, and either a pint of beer and clear-starching, the very clock-like regularity of the

daily, or beer-money, and her nurse-maid eight pounds, house, “ broke her heart"--there was a place for every pany, as beer is amongst some of the soi-disant select with the same allowance-employing a bright-faced but thing, and every thing must be in its place. Then her in England. I have, however, seen many exceptions half-clad girl, who had to do every thing as best she fellow-servants would set her wrong instead of right, and to this in Russia ; and sometimes sat next to a coun

could, for four pounds a-year-wash, iron, cook, clean, sneer at her afterwards; they ridiculed her country, and tess, who regularly emptied a decanter of this exe scour, scrub, and wait upon company ; and yet her mis- wondered she could eat any thing but potatoes, like all erable beverage. After dinner, it was exceedingly tress descanted long and londly on the impossibility of her people. Though loving to laugh, she did not relislı disagreeable-to make use of a mild term--to see obtaining “ good servants !" Now, in England, the being laughed at, and between her desire to do well in every one rinsing his mouth heartily, and expector- middle class (the class that stamps the character of a all things, and her national sensitiveness, poor Kitty had ating copiously into his finger-glass. This operation country) prepares, as it were, the servant for a higher enough to encounter during the first twelve months of over, the conversation suddenly ceased, apparently by step. The poor Irish lass has no hope of a higher step, her servitude. On the other hand, Mrs L. more than mutual consent; the company rose, crossed them because she has learned nothing where she has been. once fancied she had acted imprudently. Kitty was not selves, and having bowed to the noble hostess and to

She is constantly obliged to make one thing do duty in only blamed by the other servants for what she did, but each other, all round the room, returned to the salon half-a-dozen ways, where there is a total want of " sys for what she did not : her eagerness to please frequently in the same order as they left it. Coffee was then liness, comfort, and arrangement of a kitchen are at- perplexing; and her foot was not as light, nor her “man

tem;" and has no idea that, unless the furnishing, clean- occasioned blunders and mistakes; her phraseology was brought in; and in about half an hour, almost every tended to, there can be nothing well ordered throughout ner" as fully formed, as that of a London servant. one had retired. While musing on this circumstance, the house. Little or nothing is done to raise the poor then her habits were very inoffensive. She was ever and admiring the ingenuity with which the eight servant in the scale of moral or intellectual being; no cheerful-willing to assist in every one's work; no matdecorations of an acquaintance were arranged--for effort being made to improve her habits or her tastes, so ter how late or how carly her services were needed, she they were all suspended from a small gilt sword, simi- that she looks upon the brushing and cleaning up-stairs was always ready. By degrees she blundered less, and lar to those sold in London under the denomination in some degree as a work of supererogation. She does absolutely dusted both corners and skirtings without of Prince Albert's toothpicks’—he came up to me, not see the necessity for it-she does not reason as an " following.” Then she was so humble when reproved, and whispered in my ear, Captain, it is time English servant does—" I cannot sit down to my supper so happy when praised! At first, a sort of womanly to go. Where to ? "said 1. 'Ilome,' replied my till i have cleaned my kitchen.” And why? Because spirit prevented Mrs L. from confessing she was wrong friend. Home! why, I did not order the carriage there have been no pains taken to improve her knowledge in her judgment, and by degrees---slow, but sure degrees till ten!" "Ah, indeed, that is unfortunate ; but such of the decencies of life. We write of the habits of the - Catherine established herself in her mistress's good is our custom, and it will be thought very odd if you

middle class, and a step below them; and we say, that opinion. We have observed a great number of the Irish remain.' In less than a quarter of an hour after this, until they treat their servants better, and pay them in England, of all grades and classes. No instance has

ever occurred within our knowledge where they failed I found my wife and self trudging home on foot, our comfort, here and everywhere, depends on our servants; in attaining their object, except by being drawn off from evening costume attracting no little attention from and surely it is worth while to consider how we can best it to run after something else; when they really perthe promenaders on the boulevard ; and we regained obtain that comfort. If the money expended by careless severe, when they add to their native energy a singleness our hotel, much amused at being, according to our habits in Ireland were saved by prudence, the gentleman of purpose, we never knew them fuil. Kitty, in her humble habits, civilly turned out of doors. This was a good farmer, the town tradesman, the person of limited in way, was evidence of this ; she felt deeply grateful to her specimen of a Russian dinner, where, with the excep come, would be able to pay servants, so as to induce mistress for having made an exception in her favour; tion of the misuse of the finger-glasses, there was well brought-up respectable young men and women to she had good sense enough to understand that she had nothing to offend a person of the most fastidious go to service. A servant would consider herself well bettered her condition, and to feel that in England girls taste. In Russia, however, polished manners, nay, paid, and would be well paid, in Ireland, who received ** with two or three hundred a-piece" were not ashamed even the decencies of life, are often forgotten in the seven or eight pounds a-year. Let her have her break to go to service. She resolved to master the difficulties violence of temper fostered by the possession of irre- fast, her dinner at one (a servant's health and habits of with which she was surrounded, and to keep her place ; sponsible power; and scenes sometimes occur which order are strengthened by the system of early dining), gradually, her good humour and good nature became would not be met with at the tables or in the society and a third meal of plain wholesome food. Do not de- appreciated. Mrs L.'s two little ones caught scarlet

fever, and when the nurse declared she was afraid to of any other European country. At a large dinner animal. Do not treat her as a thief, or you will make remain with her charge, Kitty volunteered to take her party, at which a friend of mine was present, one of her one. Feed her entirely without reference to “ break- place. “ I am not afraid," she

said ; * and sure God can the servants, in handing a wine-glass, had the misfor- fast-money." There is something inexpressibly humi- keep the sickness from me by their bedside as well as by tune to let it fall. The master of the house, a gene- liating in' bread being locked up from fellow-creatures my own; and if I was to go, His will be done! but I am rel, totally oblivious of the presence of ladies, rose who are labouring for you. In service, as in matrimony, not afraid.” Night and day this girl watched with their

But

away!

mother over the children; at her request, no stranger

atlantic steam-vessels : When will they be ready to

THE BRITON'S FIRESIDE. smoothed their pillows or aided hier exertions; what

commence their voyages ? Are the great sacrifices she lacked in skill she made up in actual tenderness, Twbre vain to seek on foreign shores the comforts of a “home," offered by the government in promotion of this affair to be

That name is less familiar as farther on we roam ; and her quickness and attention never wearied ; in time,

for ever without result? It is scarcely credible, that the No other clime can boast the peace, the calm and tranquil pride, i gratuitous gift of steamers, and the formal promise of an the children recovered, but they had become so attached

A Briton feels when all is mirth around his fireside! to their Irish nurse that they intreated their mamma

allowance of more than a million of francs annually, has to let her remain with them, and the former nurse took 'Tis there the old forget their age, and gambol with the young, not yet induced the people of Havre, our first port, and Kitty's place. When Kitty was a girl, there were no To mingle in the merry dance, or join the social song ;

within fifty leagues of the capital, to form a company for National Schools, and at that time she was so ignorant

Oh! if from thought thou'd'st turn away, some rankling care the service of the line to New York.

thou'd'st hide, of " book learning" that she did not know her letters;

Go, imitate the Briton's lot, and learn his fireside. but she managed to learn them from the children, and concealed her deficiency so well, that Mrs L. told us it Yet not alone in gayer hours this social peace is known;

THE BAROMETER. was not until Catherine could read, that she confessed It lives and blooms when all the sweets of passing mirth have

flown;

We extract the following from “ Observations on a how entirely uninstructed she had been. During a period of five years, she continued in her place, unspoiled by And chains the feelings of his child to that dear fireside ! Yes! there the father mildly checks the faults he cannot chide, Meteorological Diary,” published by A. Abraham and

Co., Opticians, Glasgow:much kindness; and frequently did her mistress boast to her acquaintances of the treasure she possessed in an Say, who can view the happy few, in innocence and mirth

“ The barometer indicating the most minute variations Irish nurse; it was quite true that Catherine's accent Assembled round the very hearth which sparkled at their birth; of atmospherical pressure, when correctly observed in

Who, launched upon lise's troubled sea, have struggled with her was anything but correct, still her mistress declared it to

connexion with other meteorological phenomena, various

tide, be “her only fault," and one for which her fidelity and

changes of weather may be deduced; hence the instruAnd not proclaim the blessings of a Briton's fireside? good conduct amply atoned. Love now somewhat inter

ment derives its familiar appellation of the weather-glass, fered with her duties ; a master carpenter paid his ad

Long may the hand which guards our isle avert the luckless day, By ordinary observers, too much importance is attached dresses to the kind Hibernian; her mistress was too just

When from her shores such happy scenes must sade and pass to the words invariably engraved on the scales of baroto prevent her settling respectably, and as her intended

meters-fair, chunge, rain, &c., without paying the rehusband had formed an engagement to go to New York

Long still may Britons boast their peace, and feel an honest pride, quired attention to the actual cause of fluctuations in

That they alone of all the earth possess a fireside! the following spring, Kitty decided on remaining with

the mercurial column. The changes of weather are not

W. H. her - darlings” until within a week of his departure,

indicated by the actual height of the mercury, but by the when she was to exchange the guttural of “Gallagher"

change from a given point. If, for instance, the mercury for the more euphonious name of Miller. Hitherto, Mr

has rapidly fallen from 30 to 29 inches, or from the words and Mrs L. had enjoyed in life uninterrupted sunshine

THE STEAM NAVIGATION OF GREAT BRITAIN. fuir to rain, and the result, as indicated, has been a storm, every thing prospered which the merchant undertook ;

[From the Journal des Debats, December 1811.) probably, after a short interval, the mercury gradually but a few eventful months made a terrible change in

rises, accompanied by fine weather; by the casual obtheir circumstances; loss followed loss with fearful rapi- means of communication with every part of the world.

ENGLAND is increasing in an extraordinary manner her server the instrument would be deemed imperfect, bedity, until at last their house was advertised to be sold, On March 20, 1840, a contract was entered into between and the sun shining brilliantly--the farmer perhaps wait

cause the mercury stood one or two tenths above rain, and Mrs L., firm and patient in adversity as she had been cheerful and considerate in prosperity, placed Kitty's Company, by which the latter engaged to organise a line risk the loss of a favourable opportunity of reaping his

the government and the Royal Mail Steam Navigation ing anxiously for the mercury to rise to fair, would thus quarter's wages in her hand, and told her that, for the future, she must herself attend to her children ; her voice Mexico. In less than twenty months from the signing of gradually descending, and rain the result, the barometer

of steam-packets between England and the Gulf of produce. Again, if the mercury be at the word fair, and faltered as she thanked the poor Irish girl for the care

the contract the running of these vessels has commenced. and tenderness she had bestowed upon them; and she

is condemned as useless. To prognosticate changes in added a wish, that as the time had arrived when Kitty should build fourteen large steamers, each of 400 horse of the mercurial column should only be attended to.

The conditions imposed on the company were, that they the weather by the action of the barometer, the changes was to be married, she would inform her of her pro- power, and capable of carrying the heavy artillery now spects after she and her husband had been some time in

The barometer being an instrument for determining the in use. New York, and rely upon Mr L. to remember her faith

All these vessels were to be completely found in weight of the air, and influenced in its action by variafulness, if ever he had the power to serve them. We prepared to commence the running of these vessels, they able elevation, would stand proportionably lower than

every respect. From the time the company should be tions of atmospherical pressure, if placed at a considerquote Mrs L.'s own words. “ Catherine," she said, “stood without replying until I had done speaking. I was more were to dispatch, at equal intervals, twice in a month, a

one at the level of the sea ; the mercurial column falls agitated at parting with her than with all my other steamer, which should first carry the mail to the island one-tenth of an inch for every ninety feet of perpendicu

of Barbadoes, and from thence into the Gulf of Mexico; lar ascent-hence its value for determining altitudes; if, servants: she had evinced more affection towards me and and the company were bound to take measures for the then, the words on the scale are only referred to, corremine in an hour than the others had shown in a year." " Is it to leave you, ma'am, you want me, and to leave which they were to touch, in an interval of not exceeding the summit and base of a hill. In our climate, the fluc

landing and receiving mails at all the different points at sponding changes of the weather could seldom occur at the young master and miss! Ah, then, what have I done, twenty-two days (except in case of accident) from their to make you think I've no heart in my bosom? I'll be arrival at Barbadoes to their departure from Samana, in

tuations of the barometer are influenced in a great meano burden to you, but I'll never leave you. Leave you the island of Hayti, on their return to Europe.

sure by the direction or force of the winds. In serene in your trouble? Sure, it's neither peace nor rest I'd

and settled weather, the mercury generally ranges about have by day or night, to think it's my two hands you'd be

The government, on its part, engaged to pay to the 30 inches at the level of the sea, and previous to, or durwanting, and they not in it. And as to Robert Miller, company an annual sum of L.240,000, payable, in equal ing storms, it falls below 29. 'The following rules for it will be better for him to be by himself for the first proportions, every quarter.

predicting the changes of the weather, as indicated by

Not twenty months have elapsed since this contract the barometer, are from the best authorities :two or three years, and so I told him this morning when

was signed, and already eight of those stupendous vessels, we parted. I'll never leave the mistress in her trouble, ready for sea, have assembled at Southampton, which is cates the advance of fine weather in summer, and in

1. The gradual rising of the mercury generally indiRobert,' I said ; .and if it's any bar, why, I'll give you

to be their point of departure. These vessels are said to winter of continued frost, more particularly if accomback your promise ;' and would not hear of that, but took on a good deal at first; only it's all over-time and been submitted, have shown their amazing powers, none

be magnificent; and in the trial trips to which they have panied by a north or north-east wind. distance are nothing to true hearts, and if he does forget of them performing less than twelve knots an hour, and

2. A gradual descent of the mercury denotes rain in me, why I'm doing my duty still. I'll never leave you in

summer, and snow in winter; westerly winds most geneone of them, the Clyde, fifteen. The remaining six vesyour trouble.” " Her devotion, so simple, so perfectly sels will be at Southampton by the 15th of next month. wind indicating a longer continuance of rain. If the fall

rally prevail during the fall of the mercury, a south-west unaffected,” added Mrs L., “ drew more tears from my One of these fine vessels started last week for her voyage, has been very rapid, it invariably portends stormy eyes than my own sorrows. I had nerved myself for and will be the first vessel that has made the run between weather, the surface of the mercury presenting a very them, but this overpowered me; the children became wild with joy when they found Kitty was to remain with Europe and the Gulf of Mexico by steam power alone.

uneven and jagged appearance; after stormy weather, them; and she certainly was the good spirit of comfort Others will follow in regular succession.

the mercury generally rises very rapidly.

This activity does honour to the directors of the comin our humble cottage. But this was not all: she had pany; but it is not only to the continent of America that indicates thunder showers ; during frosty weather,

3. In sultry weather, the sudden fall of the mercury saved in my service about fifteen pounds, and every the English direct their attention. In the other hemi-thaw, and a sudden rise in winter, usually high winds farthing of this money she spent in buying in, at the sphere they evince no less efforts to unite their Indian and snow. auction which finished the desolation of our once happy possessions with England by means of rapid and regular home, such small things as believed me most

4. If, during summer, the mercury is low, with a beauticommunications. The port of Bombay has become one fully clear sky, the atmospheric appearance must yield tached to; these she had conveyed to our dwelling se

of the most important points of the globe for steam navicretly, and then, with a delicacy which must be innate, gation. Her steamers regularly ply to the mouths of the approach ; if the mercury has been low for two or three

to the barometer-rain and sudden changes will soon she intreated me to forgive the liberty she had taken, Indus, the Persian Gulf, the Red Sea, and Suez, where successive days, with the wind veering from north-west and endeavoured to persuade us she had but returned to they every month transport the correspondence from to south-west, heavy showers, with squalls of wind, are spirit would have been bowed even to breaking, but for India, China, and the Indian Archipelago, carrying back usually indicated. the true nobility of Catherine's heart; toiling as she was in exchange the correspondence of Europe with Asia.

5. Whatever change of weather suddenly follows any in all capacities for our sakes, I never saw a shadow on

The last courier which came by that route was the bearer change in the barometer, its continuance will be of short

of no less than 50,000 letters for Europe. This is not all. duration : thus, if fair weather immediately attend the her brow. She was an existing proof (amid much that the presidencies of Calcutta and Madras would also have rise of the mercury, or reverse, if rain, a fall of the merled us to believe the contrary) of the disinterested gene- their direct communication with the mother country, cury. rosity of human nature ; she taught us the value of usefulness-she made us ashamed of our prejudices, and line ; and have, therefore, established a separate line of which the mercury is gradually descending, a long suc

without being compelled to make use of the Bombay 6. If fair weather continue for several days, during never did she once make us feel that she had sacrificed a

steamers, which, from next month, will run to Suez, cession of foul weather will most probably ensue. pin's worth to our interests."

touching at Ceylon, Madras, and Calcutta, to take and This is no romance—it is simple and unvarnished carry passengers from and to those different ports. wheel form by the motion of the hand, or in the vertical

7. If no change in the barometer is indicated in the truth; both the mistress and the servant are intimately Four steamers of 500 horse power each are already ready by a visible change in the mercurial column, þy gently known to us; we have not added an iota to the story as for this service. In the mean time, every exertion is tapping the former, a slight movement of the hand wil the former told it to us. Kitty's generosity of character making at Bengal for the extension of steam navigation indicate its tendency to rise or fall; and by observing did not effervesce ; during a period of three years she on the magnificent river Ganges; in a short time the the surface of the mercury in the latter, if concave, fallremained firm to her purpose, because Mrs L. needed voyage from Calcutta to Benares, which cost the unfor- ing; conver, rising. her services. At length a distant relative of Mr L.'s died, tunate Jacquemont so much labour and time, will be perand as next of kin, Mr L. inherited a very comfortable formed as easy as the voyage from Paris to Havre.

8. If the mercury fluctuates considerably, alternately

rising and falling, the weather will prove generally very property; then, indeed, Mrs L. found Kitty more than

Steam navigation will shortly establish regular com

unsettled and changeable ; if the mercury falls gradually once weeping over the letters she could hardly read, but munications between the different points of the magnifi- very low from a given point, it portends a heavy and long which, nevertheless, she knew by heart. It was not, cent empire which the genius of England has founded in continuance of rain. however, until she had succeeded in training “a cousin the south sea. A steamer has already commenced runof her own,” whom her mistress not only consented, but

9. A sudden and extreme change in temperature, either ning between Sydney, Port Philip, and Van Diemen's from heat to cold, or reverse, rain generally follows within was bappy to receive, that Kitty performed her promise, Land. It is announced that other vessels will soon arrive twenty-four hours. and rewarded her lover for his constancy. to form a rapid communication with all those points by

Some of the preceding barometrical denotations occaHow many other examples of devoted and disinte which England has attached the great continents of sionally occur without the anticipated results visiting the rested attachment of Irish servants to their employers we Australia, Van Diemen's Land, Norfolk Island, and the immediate locality of observation, although experienced might add to this, and yet record only cases entirely island of New Zealand. It is talked of, and it is an idea

at a distance." within our own knowledge !

which will be eventually realised, of establishing a regular May we not hope that the prejudice against them in line of steam-packets between Sydney and Ceylon, or England, so rapidly diminishing, will be, ere long, alto Calcutta, that is to say, to place Australia at a dis London: Published, with permission of the proprietors, by gether gone ; and that when their advantages-of faith tance of from seventy or eighty days' run from Europe, W. S. ORR, Paternoster Row. fulness, industry, and willingness to labour, in all ways whilst hitherto the voyage from the coast of Europe to

Printed by Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars. and on all occasions—have been considered and appreci- that antipodean continent has seldom been less than

Complete sets of the Journal are always to be had from the ated, they will acquire those, perhaps, equally essential, from five to six months.

publishers or their agents; also, any odd numbers to complete habits of neatness and order, into which they have When we witness such marvellous results as these of sets. Persons requiring their volumes bound along with title hitherto not been properly disciplined, because kept far the genius of England, we cannot avoid making painful pages and contents, have only to give them into the hands of any too much away from opportunities of improvement ? reflections as to our own country. Where are our trans- | bookseller, with orders to that effect.

INBURG

JOURN

CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF " CHAMBERS'S INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,"

“ CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE,” &c.

NUMBER 531.

SATURDAY, APRIL 2, 1842.

PRICE 1.d.

highest officer of a department. It is calculated, that a superior being to one who is only right because he SELF-DOING AND BEING DONE FOR.

in all there are 138,000 paid functionaries in France, is kept in constant leading-strings. He will probably THERE are some principles of great force in human exclusive of the clergy, the police, the mayors of com do something distinguished, while the other only does affairs—as the energy evoked by habits of self-depen- munes, and the persons engaged in enforcing custom- not do any harm. For all the exigencies of life, he dence, the persevering constancy kept up by hope, and house laws. Government thus has every thing done will prove infinitely more serviceable than the other, the influence of property—to which too little atten- for the people. It is well done, but with a cost of eight and it will be his invariable tendency to become a tion, perhaps, is paid by the speculative thinkers of our millions sterling, and it keeps Frenchmen in pupilage. leader. Just so with nations. The people of a free age, when considering the circumstances which affect Much of the best young energy of the country is country may be rude and wrong at times ; but it the welfare of communities. We are not sure that diverted from the productive pursuits of industry to is only amongst them that any vivid energies will we have given these principles a proper degree of seek for posts under government. “All independence be found. They alone will make great and rapid adattention in some of our own speculations.

of mind is crushed,” says Mr Laing, “all independent vances. In any shock between the two, it can be no The effect upon a human being of bringing him up action and public spirit buried, under the mass of sub- difficult problem which will go to the wall. This and keeping him in a state of pupil-like dependence sistence, social influence, and honours, to be obtained analogy is useful for the argument in both cases. If on some stronger mind in his neighbourhood, is suffi- in the civil and military functions under government it is well for an individual to practise self-management ciently striking. The native powers of such a person on the continent.” With a show of political liberty, and self-dependence, it may be presumed also to be so are never fully developed. The soft appliances to the French people have as yet no real civil liberty." for a nation. If it is well for a nation, we may calwhich he is subjected, have rather the effect of re They cannot inove from one place to another, even to culate with the greater confidence that the more that pressing and weakening such energies as he possesses. exercise the elective franchise, without a passport from individuals are left to the exercise of their own enerHe acquires a tendril-like inclination to cling to the a government officer. “The spirit of subordination gies, the better. power by which he has been always protected, and to and implicit obedience, which we confine to military There is certainly at present a disposition to lessen which he has been accustomed to look for the gratifi- service, enters on the continent into civil life. Å the range of the self-doing principle. It springs from cation of all his desires. Treated always as a child, he Frenchman or a German would not think himself good motives, and there is perhaps need for it in continues to be, in short, a child. Nor is it merely the entitled to act upon his own judgment and sense of existing difficulties and peculiarities in our social connon-development of intellect that marks his sad case ; right, and refuse obedience to an order of a superior, dition ; but the evil is an evil for all that, and it is but, unable to think for himself, his very sense of if it were morally wrong ; nor would the public feel well to be fully aware of this, even wliile consenting right and wrong is languid, and he is content to take ing, as in England, go along with and justify the to partial breaches of the principle. A prevailing his morals, as well as his bodily aliment, from his pro- individual who, on his own sense of right and wrong, outcry of the day, for example, is that the humbler tector.

refused to be an instrument of, or party to, any act classes are neglected, and go to misery and error for In the case of one who has to plunge into the not approved of by his moral sense."

want of due tendence. It seems to be considered as struggle of the world at an early period of life, with How different the case in England! The bustle of a sort of duty in some people to do a vast deal more the consciousness of having only his own energies petty dignitaries, vestries, and local councils, is often than they do for some other people. But no class of to trust to, how different is the result ! There ludicrous ; the unpaid magistracy has been subject for men should be in such need of help. Men of all may be a danger of foundering at first ; but, that both jest and rancour ; road trusts are notoriously classes ought to be perfectly independent of each over, we quickly see the adventurer exerting his liable to abuse. Yet all these things are highly ser- other, in every thing but moral suasion and brotherly whole powers—a manly, vigorous, and determined | viceable, for they give individuals of an active turn love and charity. If the state of our working-classes being. He may do much that is amiss. He may go of mind throughout the country something to think be so deplorable (not temporarily, but statedly) as sadly wrong upon certain occasions, for want of a about. The necessity of considering and managing is represented, there must be causes for it which no prompter, or for lack of experience ; but every error public affairs, on however limited a scale, brings out such superficial remedies can be expected to reach. is a lesson to a mind so sharpened, and in time he energies in the people, particularly where there is We may—we must-take means to alleviate, if there attains to a far higher standard than he ever could also the stimulus of popular election. An unpaid is no immediate possibility of curing, the evil; but have done under the fostering hand of any kind of English magistrate is an independent being ; he will we should still keep in mind that constant preprotector whatever. This is very much, perhaps, put up with no ill usage or dragooning from high tendings from one class to be taking care of another, what enables friendless youths so often to make an quarters. The unpaid town-councillor, though he providing for it, flannel-petticoating it, cottage-andadvance towards fortune, while others possessed of may be pragmatical and officious, is generally honest gardening it, feeding it, and even educating it, must what are called advantages, such as the influence of and sincere. Mr Laing thinks that, down even amongst have a detrimental effect of its own, in reducing the paternal care and paternal fortune, come little speed. the rudest of the people, the active moral agency pro- independent tone of the assisted class, and rendering There seems to be an immense virtue in letting a duced by self-government may be traced. The indivi- those composing it altogether inferior as men and as youth, to use a common phrase, feel the weight of dual Englishman, the most uneducated and depraved, fellow-citizens. Those who give most largely of their himself, though it is not always convenient or agree- is superior, in the estimation of this traveller, to the means to stipendiarise the humbler classes are proable to do it.

educated continental man of a much higher class, in bably the most benevolent, but we question if they Mr Laing, in his late work, “ Notes of a Traveller," his discrimination of right and wrong in human ac are the most effective, of the friends of those classes. shows the same contrast to exist between nations tion ; “he is more decidedly aware of his civil rights In a well-directed effort so to improve their social cirwhose governments perform all the public business by as a member of society, and judges far more acutely cumstances as to enable them efficiently to help themmeans of functionaries, and nations which are allowed of what he terms fair play, or of what is due to him- selves, more real good is done to them. The industrial to do the greater part of the public business them- self and by himself, in all public or private relations or power of every well-constituted human being is suffi. selves. In some continental countries, administration actions. It is the total absence of government inter- cient, in fair circumstances, to provide for all needs, is nearly perfect as a piece of mechanism. From ference, by superintendence and functionaries, in the without man being beholden to mau, or class to class. the central government proceed chains of officers in stream of private activity and industry, that has de- | And we may be very sure that only when men are proper gradations, not only for the collection of the veloped in a remarkable degree the influence of the thus independent will they prove right moral beings, revenue as with us, but for the administration of moral sense on action among the English.” Even in or show the energies of men. justice, the management of the police, education, and the occasional outbreaks which disturb the peace in The world has never certainly seen so rich a country the general business of the country. Mr Laing shows, England and America, our traveller sees the symp as England. Its immense wealth is owing not to soil or that, while there are about thirty paid government toms of something good at bottom. They come, he climate ; it is not owing, like that of ancient Rome, to officials in a Scottish county of 145,000 inhabitants, thinks, from the same spirit which stands forward to the plunder of all other countries ; it is owing to the the department of the Indre and Loire, with only save nations on national emergencies. Germany and immense productiveness or industry of its inhabitants. twice the population, has 378 such functionaries. The Italy never have any mobs: they are better without But an unexpected effect attends immense indusmayor and his adjunct govern a commune, equivalent these express things, but they are the worse of want- trial productiveness in this and some other countries. to a parish with us; each canton, formed from a ing that national spirit, of which these things are pro- Society becomes polarised into a few with much, and number of communes, has an inferior court of civil bably manifestations, though of an irregular kind. a many with little or no wealth. It may be very and criminal law, with five paid officials ; each aron. It would thus appear as if there were a perfect true that only large capitalists can carry on either dissement, formed from a number of cantons, has a analogy between the effects of self-dependence in an manufactures or agriculture with the result of large higher court, with ten paid officials. An under-prefect individual and in a people. The man who thinks and production. But when political economy has carried takes charge of an arondissement, and a prefect is the acts for himself is often wrong, but he is in the main the case thus far, moral economy may come in and

rence.

seers do at length arise and speak, and that their voices anxious to come and tell you that he saw Miss Wil. celebrated for the strict seclusion and severe discipline

ask, if this result is not obtained at some sacrifice on high-spirited, very clever, and very disobedient, passion- dinner being over-cooked. His faint appeal was of no her ground. Large establishments for production, ate, and mischievous ; she had always shown great apti- use. whether in farms or factories, require that the great tude for teasing and laughing at her brother (for which majority of the people should be merely employés she invariably got punished), and for treating with

“Mr Aylmer, may I beg of you once more not

to interfere? I believe,” said she, casting on him under masters-persons in whom, necessarily, from

a glance of supreme contempt, your dinner is of their situation, many of the higher moral and intel-supreme contempt all existing authorities. Her cha

more consequence to you than all your family put lectual energies of human nature receive an imperfect racter was redeemed from its great faults and unfemi- together.” At this moment Harriet entered, her development. The principle of hope is universally nine love of mischief by deep and strong powers of brow firmly set, her mouth closed, and her whole apto how much good effort does it prompt, from how affection, which few had the power of calling forth, pearance showing she had made up her mind to bear

the storm hovering over her head with dogged indiffemuch error does it withhold !-nature's cheap stimulus and by great kindness and benevolence towards those

It is needless to repeat her mamma's address to all duty! But the bulk of those who commence a worse off than herself for the luxuries of life. She to her ; the specimen we have given of her eloquence life of labour have little to do with this great principle. was neither her mother's darling nor her father's heir ; will show the style of it. Harriet listened unmoved They only can look for a continuance of the advantages and as they had some floating ideas of the necessity

and unsoftened. “ Well,” said her mother, stopping which they enjoy, on the condition of their continuing of both rewards and punishments in the education of

at last for want of breath to go on,“ what have you to merit them. Again, the possession of even a little property is confessedly of vast efficacy in raising the children, they solved the difficulty by applying the got to say for yourself?, Speak-are you deaf !”

“No, I wish I were,” muttered Harriet, sullenly ; moral tone of human nature. It increases self-re- rewards to Charles and the punishments to Harriet. “I have not any thing to say; I know if I were to spect, stimulates to exertion, and creates an interest Poor Harriet, she was no one's pet! She teased her explain, it would do me no good-I should not get in the social fabric

of the world. This, also, is a prin: brother, disturbed her papa's naps, grumbled at her justice done to me.” ciple of well-doing and well-being which the bulk of mother's partiality, caricatured the tutor, disobeyed

“ Leave the room, Miss Aylmer."

Harriet obeyed ; in opening the door she passed the it not be these wants which mainly cause those hitherto | and disliked her governess, held Mrs Jones, her poor governess, wiping tears of mortification from her inexplicable exceptions from the high state of morality mamma's officious maid, in supreme contempt, and eyes. Harriet was touched ; she went up to her, and, and the high state of affluence which our country has was disliked by one half of her friends, and continually taking her hand, said, “Come, Miss Williamson, let attained-namely, its vast mass of intemperance, and

us be friends ; I will forgive you if you will me. I am its not less vast mass of pauperism? High and low reprored by the other ; the only persons who loved her wages are not here the question. It is conceivable undividedly were her little dog Fido, the gardener's sorry I tied you to a tree, but you put me into such a

passion, I could not restrain myself.” The governess that a small rural proprietor, in Switzerland or Tus- daughter, silly Jane, and most of the servants, who flung away her hand, and, with Hashing eyes, muttered cany, realises less of money's worth by his toils than pitied and excused her.

something about hypocrisy. Harriet turned as red as many of our working men; but then he has the dig

Now that we have introduced the Aylmers to our fire ; she looked round the room ; her brother Charles nifying and invigorating sense of property, and sees

was laughing at her disappointment. “Take that for every day's efforts tell in making things a little better. readers, we will continue our tale where we left it off,

your pains," said she, giving him a box on the ears, He is thus made to keep up and go forward, while the in the old library.

you cowardly tell-tale;" and, with flashing eyes, ran tendency of the English employé is quite the reverse.

“ Well,” continued Mrs Aylmer, “I must know out of the room. It is no new observation, that most of our enjoyments what keeps them so long. Ring the bell, Mr Aylmer; lie in prospect, and in the tone in which the mind is Miss Williamson should remember I don't approve their usual afternoon's walk. Harriet had brought

The simple version of this adventure was as fol

lows:-Miss Williamson and Harriet were taking preserved. If the smallest possible proprietor bas of a young lady of Harriet’s age being out so long. I with her in her arms her little pet Fido, who was most of this enjoyment, he is the best off, although oh, here they come !" she exclaimed, as the door seized with an unaccountable whim of keeping up a others may be able to show greater gains.

If these be principles affecting the bulk of the in- opened. It was not them; it was Charles and his constant barking. Miss Williamson, who was not in dustrious in this country, the philanthropic mind may tutor.

the best of humours, having had a brief interchange well despond ; for how can the social framework of a country be so completely changed as it would require with an excited look and heated face, “what do you

“Oh, mamma !” exclaimed the boy, bursting in of words with Mrs Aylmer, felt very much inclined

to vent her ill-humour upon the present company. In

no very gentle terms she insisted upon Harriet putcertain go on producing its enormity of wealth, with think Miss Harriet has been doing ?-she will get what ting the dog down. Harriet refused, and Miss Wilout much regard to the negative pole of the social she does not like, I expect, when you

know."

liamson seized hold of the dog, and threw him roughly magnet. It may only be expected that its humanity, “ What has she been doing ?” asked Mrs Aylmer; on the ground; poor Fido howled piteously, and ever a shining star in its forehead, will exercise a healing and restoring influence over much of the misery in such a hurry, my darling. Poor child ! you are “something wrong, I have no doubt; but don't be limped away. With sparkling eyes and raised colour,

Harriet took hold of her pet, and dared Miss William

son to do it again. The governess was so unmindful active moral agencies will go on improving in strength quite out of breath ; you will kill yourself with such of her position as to do it. Harriet said nothing, but and comprehensiveness. A nation under such cir- speed. I thought I had told you, Mr Ramsay,” said not many minutes after, she seized her opportunity, cumstances is a curious spectacle. Units make the she, turning round to the embarrassed tutor, “ that and, being a remarkably strong girl, tied her governess whole ; but units, like the separate members of a coral. I do not wish Mr Charles to exert himself in this to a tree; she then quietly left her, and going back to nothing of the

general result produced. A reef rises, way, to put him in such a state. It is very odd people up in her arms, and went to her own room, where she • before the multiform being at work knows what it is cannot attend to what is said to them.”

remained, with dogged firmness, till called upon to about. How difficult for any one out of the whole, “ I assure you, madam,” answered the unfortunate account for her conduct. then, to affect the case for either good or evil! Only tutor, seeing a storm brewing in Mrs Aylmer's The next day, Harriet was conveyed in a close it is sometimes found in the human coral, that wide-threatening brow_" I assure you, Mr Charles was so

chariot by her mamma to a school some fifty miles off, come in time to have power, and that new and

the young ladies were kept. Mrs , courses are accordingly taken for the general interest. liam”.

still burning with anger against her daughter, gave “Stop, stop!” interrupted Charles, “ I don't want such a character of her to Miss Lewis, the head of the you to tell mammam I shall tell her myself.”

establishment, that this lady looked upon the entrance FAMILY MANAGEMENT.

The obsequious tutor was silent, and the spoiled of Harriet into her house with almost the same fear

child proceeded to relate how his sister had in a frolic and trepidation as she would had an Ogre, a Jack “What can be the reason Harriet and Miss William- seized upon and bound her governess to a tree in the kind of reputation, been presented to her as a boarder.

Sheppard, or an officer of the Guards, with a Lovelace son are so late in returning from their walk ?” said adjoining wood. A servant was immediately sent to However, seeing Miss Aylmer was of rank and for. Mrs Aylmer to her husband, as they were sitting one release her, and a search instantly made for the delin- tune, and that much money, and, perchance, much November evening in the comfortable library. “What quent, far and near. Some one thought of going into credit (if she could succeed in changing, her into a can they be about?” continued the lady, an addi- her room, where she was found, sitting quietly by the propriety-loving young lady), was to be gained by her

admittance, she consented to receive her under certain tional shade of gloom passing over her face, as she window. By this time the unfortunate governess was

severe restrictions, to all which Mrs Aylmer consented, watched the approaching shadows of night darkening released from her situation, and had returned home, and came away perfectly satisfied that she had intromore and more the room in which they sat. “That with the determination of not staying another day duced her daughter to such discipline “ as would make girl Harriet keeps the house in a continual state of with such a pupil. Pale with anger, she rushed into her know herself,” as she expressed it," and regret the agitation ; I never know what it is to have a moment's Mrs Aylmer's presence.

home she now despised.” Miss Lewis was stiff, starched, peace with her mad-cap pranks.”

“ Madam-Mrs Aylmer”. she gasped, as soon as and a decorum worshipper. She had no idea of imshe found words.

buing her pupils with the genuine feeling of kindness Mr and Mrs Aylmer were people of rank and fortune, who resided in the south of England ; they had off with her hand. “Pray, do not repeat things so

“I know all,” interrupted Mrs Aylmer, waving her they ought to have for each other; but she did her

best to teach them never to behave ungenteelly to each married late in life, and the results of their union very unpleasant for a mother's ear; but I must say, other, and always to be polite and young-lady-like. were two children, a boy and girl. Mrs Aylmer was Miss Williamson, you must have your pupil under She expected from her young ladies that they should

know dancing, singing, piano, harp, drawing, French, chiefly remarkable for her capabilities of putting her. very indifferent command, for her to get to such a self into terrific fits of ill-temper, which alarmed and

Italian, all in a young-lady-like manner, and that they pitch.”

“Madam," again gasped the ill-treated governess. should have a certain elementary knowledge of all the subjugated all around her to fulfil all her behests, and

But it was in vain for her to speak; Mrs Aylmer other branches of education ; that they should make for ruling with strict and unflinching authority over would not listen to her.

a curtsy on entering a room, and another when they her respectable husband. Mr Aylmer's principal “Well, then, Mrs Aylmer,” she at last said, “ you went out, and call each other dear when they spoke to peculiarities were an excessive love of good English will perhaps have the kindness to hear me when I one another ; above all, that they should not know dinners, and long comfortable naps after them. Charles say that, sorry as I may be to leave a house where I the meaning of the word love, or, at all events, if they

were so unfortunate as to have this knowledge, they Aylmer

, the son and heir, was a sickly spoiled boy of ment, I am obliged to decline the honour of any longer should appear not to know it, and be particularly fourteen. He was ill-tempered, selfish, cowardly, and conducting the education of your daughter."

incensed at the mention of the institution of marriage. mischievous—the darling of his mother, who remitted “Spare yourself the trouble,” interrupted Mrs Such characteristics, she considered, made a perfect in his favour the uninterrupted severity she showed to Aylmer again, with a haughty glance, " for I have young lady.

The second act in this drama of family manageall else—the heir of the property, and the sovereign long thought of removing Miss Aylmer from your

ment now opens. of the household. He was chiefly remarkable for tell- care, and the events of this night have hastened my

determination.” She rung the bell. “ Robert, teil Mrs Medcalf was the widow of a naval officer, who ing tales of his sister ; eating a surprising quantity of Mrs Jones to bring Miss Aylmer here.”

on his deathbed had bequeathed to her a modest incakes and sweetmeats ; a great love of tyranny, united “My dear, shall we not dine first ?" interposed Mr come, and the guardianship of the orphan son of his to a strong sense of personal danger. He had a tutor, Aylmer, with a timid voice. (He had been sitting for dearest friend, whom, in the absence of any family of who, for L.100 per annum, with a considerable number some time looking on in great annoyance at the bustle his own, he had adopted as his son. Mrs Miedcalf was

and turmoil going on around him.)“ It is past seven the sister of Mr Aylmer, but owing to the great differof physical comforts, was willing to take charge of an

o'clock, and the dinner will be spoiled,” he continued, ence between her character and that of her sister-inunwilling pupil and a disagreeable boy. Harriet Ayl- fidgetting in his chair, from a mixture of fear of his law, and also to the disapprobation she continually mer was fifteen, a fine tall girl, very handsome, very I wife's anger at the interruption and dread of the l expressed of the manner in which her nephew and

A TALE,

wore

niece were brought up, she held very little intercourse to curb. She consoled herself for granting the request and pride ; she introduced her to the small but select with Aylmer House. She knew very little of the by remembering that her darling Charles would be society she was accustomed to see herself, and looked children, but had a general impression that they were only too happy to get rid of his sister for ever. After upon her as the greatest ornament of the circle. As very spoilt and disagreeable. "One dark and stormy making, therefore, as many objections as she could for Harriet, love is a faint term to express all she felt night in the month of January, she was sitting over muster together, she graciously acceded, and Mrs for her aunt ; she knew she owed not merely her preher tea, musing on the approaching college vacation Medcalf returned content with her mission.

sent happiness, but perhaps even her existence, to her of her ward, William Mansfield—whom she longed When her niece was sufficiently well to bear the kindness—I cannot more aptly express her feelings, to see as much as if he were her own son—when she news, she told her of her success. Harriet fell at her than to say she flourished in her presence and lanheard a voice at the hall door begging to see her. feet in an ecstacy of joy, and promised for herself guished in her absence, and never felt thoroughly There seemed to be some dispute upon the subject, much more than she was able to perform.

happy but in her company. Harriet had also been so she rung the bell to know who was there, when Time passed on. Mrs Medcalf knew she had taken | home several times; and though these visits had at first the drawing-room door opened, and there entered a heavy responsibility upon herself in thus adopting been hard to bear, no self-control now was too difficult with the servant the muffled-up figure of a young girl. her niece, and that the charge of so wayward and for her to undertake to gratify hor aunt. All the Mrs Medcalf started; she knew the face, but could passionate a girl could not be otherwise than a dis- energy she had once shown to commit mischief and folly not at once recollect it, as the stranger advanced and tressing one; and such she found it, for, strive as was now expended in obtaining control over herself, threw up her veil.

Harriet would, she could not correct the faults of six- and giving pleasure to this generous friend. She had " Aunt Margaret !” at last said our old friend, Har- teen years in a few months, and many were the bitter succeeded so well by her patience and gentleness, that riet Aylmer.

hours passed by her in repentance and regret for even her lady mother was softened in her favour, and “My niece Harriet !" said Mrs Medcalf, in utter having offended her aunt. But what will patience, graciously contemplated having her home again, now astonishment; 6 what has brought you here ?" — unwearied kindness, and charity, not effect ? Mrs that she was likely to do honour to the family name; and she motioned to the servant to leave the room. Medcalf laboured hard at her task, and before six but Charles expressed such decided disapprobation “ What is the matter ?—what brings you here ?" she inonths were passed, Harriet looked upon the dis- against this step, that, fortunately for the aunt and repeated, in an anxious voice.

pleasure of her aunt as her greatest misfortune. But piece, the scheme was abandoned ; as for her papa, he * I am come to ask you for a home and for a refuge all were not like her aunt; to others she often behaved loved her as much as he was capable of doing, and from those who persecute me,” said Harriet, with a ill. Her aunt suffered. Harriet was heart-broken, much more than he did either his lady or his heir. burning cheek and almost menacing tone ; " and if and firmly resolved to do so no more-which resolution Harriet's affectionate heart was often gratified by reyou refuse it me I go away, and no one will ever be she kept, till a temptation too strong to be overcome ceiving from him kind letters and numerous presents, troubled with me again."

came in her way. Fortunately this occurred more which showed he did not forget her; and when the Mrs Medcalf saw she was dreadfully excited. “Sit rarely every day, and Mrs Medcalf looked forward family paid Mrs Medcalf a visit, Harriet endeavoured down, my poor girl," said she, soothingly," and tell with sanguine hope to the reward of her benevolence. to make up, by her attentive solicitude, the trouble me what has happened to you—you look dreadfully About this time William Mansfield came to pass she had once given them. The absent traveller often fatigued and excited ; I will do any thing I can for his college vacations with his guardian, before setting wrote to them; gradually Harriet began to look upon you. Do not be frightened,” she continued, observing out on a three years' tour on the continent. He knew him with the sisterly affection and interest which she the sofa shake under the emotion of poor Harriet, Mrs Medcalf had the disagreeable Miss Aylmer stay: felt to be due to the adopted son of her benefactress, who at length burst into such heart-rending tears and ing with her, who was known in all the neighbourhood and which his amiable character really deserved; she sobs, that her aunt thought she would almost fall into as a mischievous vixen, and whose reputation had invariably called him cousin ; and he on his side did convulsions ; she untied her bonnet and cloak, gave been more than usually severely handled, as she had not forget her-he often enclosed a few kind words for her some cold water to drink, and, finally, had the no one to defend her. It was therefore with no her, and sometimes sent her different specimens of the pleasure of seeing her restored to more calmness. pleasurable feelings that he looked forward to having manufactures of the country he was passing through.

" These are the first tears I have shed since I left his tête-à-tête conversations with his second mother, It was impossible for Mrs Medcalf to write to him so my father's house,” said she at length, finding words whom he loved most affectionately, disturbed by her often and familiarly, and not introduce the subject of to utter; " and I was nearly desperate, when your presence. When he did see her, he was very much her niece's improvement; and though William suswords, the first words of kindness I have heard, quite surprised to see so tall and striking a looking girl; and pected the account to be slightly exaggerated, he still overcame me.” She at once began her story; she re could scarcely believe that one who seemed so likely felt there must be much good to call forth such ardent lated, in clear terms, the misconduct which had caused to grow up into a lovely and elegant woman, could praise. her dismissal from home, and her being sent with the really be so odious as she had been described. But, Aunt,"

,” said Ilarriet one morning, " I should like most disgraceful of reputations to school. There she alas! these first favourable impressions soon to thank my cousin William for his last present to had had to undergo every kind of disgrace and con- off. Harriet was very apt to take antipathies, and me; shall I write a few words to him in your letter?" tumely ; she was not allowed to associate with the she instantly disliked and felt affronted at the super- Her aunt consented; and thence sprung up a corregirls, nor were they permitted even to speak to her ; cilious and slim collegian, who seemed to wish to spondence between the two pretended cousins, which she was always kept apart from every one, and every keep her at such a distance, and to look with contempt did more to unfold their real character to each other night was sent for into Miss Lewis's room, where on all she did and said. She was, besides, very shy, than a year's fashionable acquaintance would have she was accused of every possible fault and misde- and consequently awkward, never being accustomed done. In happiness and content the time passed over, meanour, and exhorted to repent of them. Tales of to see strangers. She was at one moment silly and and now was the term of the traveller's absence nearly her misconduct at home were daily circulated among bashful, at another rudely familiar; and she was expired: they expected him from day to day. the girls, as warnings to avoid the like ; and, in fact, not at the slightest pains to conceal that she looked One bright summer evening that Mrs Medcalf every humiliation and mortification were showered upon his room as better than his company, to use her had gone out to visit a neighbouring cottage, and upon her." I was treated as a felon, and as if I had own more expressive than elegant phrase. As for Harriet was alone in the drawing-room, a ring was the feelings of a felon, and not those of a young girl William, he was disappointed to see his solitary inter- heard at the door, and a strange voice inquiring for like the others," said Harriet, with flushed cheeks ; views with Mrs Medcalf intruded on; and, we are Mrs Medcalf, Harriet advanced to meet the stranger, " so at last I could bear it no longer; I thought any afraid, looked upon Harriet as little better than a whom she believed to be some casual acquaintance. thing would be better; and I watched and watched till disagreeable interloper.

The door opened, and a tall young man of about fiveI made my escape, and came to see if you would take It was with these sentiments they parted, and Mrs and-twenty stood before her; his naturally pale comme in; and if you had refused, I would have gone and Medcalf felt William's disappointment as not the plexion embrowned by travel; a good-humoured smile killed myself,” said she with vehemence ; “I am sure least of her trials, for he had been accustomed to look played upon his lips, while his dark eyes gazed earI would. I had but a few pence in my pocket, as my upon her house as his undivided home. She was sorry nestly upon those of his wondering companion. money and jewels were taken from me, and I have also to see two persons, who were likely often to meet

" You don't know me, I see, Miss Aylmer,” he said. walked fifty miles, sometimes buying a pennyworth under her roof, and whom she felt would soon be After a moment's reflection, the truth flashed upon of bread.”

equally dear to her, show so little mutual good-will. her : that tall manly figure was that of the slim, pale Mrs Medcalf shuddered with horror at this rela The morning after he left, while Harriet and her collegian she had seen three years ago—it was Wiltion ; she thought with terror of all the dangers her aunt were sitting at work together, Harriet opened liam Mansfield. With a vivid blush, she placed her niece’s violent temper, and the injudicious treatment the conversation by observing, “ I am glad William hand in his. “Is that all the welcome you give your to which she had been subjected, might have brought Mansfield is gone ; he is a very disagreeable, proud, affectionate cousin and old friend?" said he, as he her. She was too sensible a woman to reason with conceited man. I wonder, aunt, you are so very fond kissed her blushing cheek; “ remember what a long her on her conduct that night, so with soothing words of him.”

time I have been absent, and how delighted I am to and kind promises she conducted her to her bed ; she “Even granting that all you say of my poor William see you all again.” Mrs Medcalf was sent for ; she could scarcely refrain from tears when she saw her is correct, which I should be deeply grieved to be could not sufficiently admire his manly appearance swollen and blistered feet, which she got bathed and lieve,” answered her aunt, smiling, “ I should perhaps and intelligent conversation ; and they separated that bandaged, and giving her a composing draught, left still love him. You know I love you, and many people night mutually pleased and happy. Harriet admired her to seek that repose of which she stood so much in say you are very disagreeable, proud, and conceited ; the liberal and enlightened sentiments expressed by need. It was a late hour that night before Mrs Med- but I do not think so," she continued more gravely, William, his benevolence, and gentle manners. Wilcalf retired to her room; Harriet's conduct occupied observing the colour mounting to Harriet's temples, liam thought Harriet the loveliest girl he had ever her most anxious thoughts. She was a very superior while the tears suffused her eyes—" I should be sorry seen; and when he fell asleep, visions of her open brow woman, both in feeling and intellect; and she resolved, to do so. As for William Mansfield, he is a most and laughing eye were mingled with the kind smile if possible, to take charge of her niece. She wrote an amiable, benevolent, and liberal-minded young man ; and loving kiss of her aunt. As for Mrs Medcalf, she earnest and solemn letter to the parents, stating that and let me tell you, Harriet, I did not think you admired them both, and thought within herself “ 'Twere Harriet was under her roof, and another to Miss Lewis, showed either delicacy of feeling or gratitude to me, a pity so pretty a pair should ever be parted.". acquainting her that her former pupil was in safety, in gratifying your own prejudiced opinions, instead The intimacy of the cousins every day became and that she need take no further measures for her of remembering all I had told you of his worth. You greater ; William, for worlds, would not give up the recapture.

behaved to him with great rudeness and unkindness, relationship, it afforded him so many opportunities of The next morning the aunt went into her nieces which I did not think you would have done towards showing love and friendship which pass current among room; she found her just awake, very feverish, and one whom you know I look upon as a dear and be- relations. One day, some months after his return, as evidently very unwell from fatigue and excitement. loved son, nor do you show generosity in speaking ill they were walking out together, Harriet was conversShe sent for medical assistance ; it was a week before of him to me when I am overwhelmed with sorrow ing upon a theme she never tired of–her beloved aunt. Harriet was able to leave her bed, and then she was at his departure.” Mrs Medcalf looked so seriously Gradually she began to relate the adventures of her very much paler and thinner. In the meanwhile, displeased that Harriet was miserable ; she burst into early youth ; William had never heard them before ; Mrs Medcalf left her to the attendance of her trusty a flood of tears.

he listened earnestly, and could not sufficiently admiré maid, and set out herself for Aylmer House. She “Ah! I behave ill to every one,” said she, as she the truthful ingenuousness with which she related her exerted all her eloquence in representing Harriet's hastily left the room. The lesson was severe, but youthful follies. “ Where should I now be !” said she, case to her parents, and her whole stock of patience necessary; it never was repeated, nor again called for. as she concluded her tale, looking up with enthusiasm in listening to Mrs Aylmer's animadversions in return. Two years have passed since this little scene. Har- in his face, " if my aunt had not taken pity upon me ?" By dint of prophecies of shame and disgrace to the riet is eighteen, a clever, accomplished, talented girl, “Certainly not in my arms,” said the daring lover, family, if Harriet, by unrelenting rigour, was driven exceedingly lovely and graceful; perhaps there is too clasping her to his breast with an insinuating smile. to extremity, and confident promises of amendment if much vivacity in her movements, too much fire in the “ Tell me, Harriet,” said he, in a voice which he meant kindness was shown to her

, she prevailed upon the rapid glance of her rich hazel eye, for the strict pro- to be irresistible, “ will you not make up for being so mother to give her up to her charge. This Mrs priety-chart of a fashionable young lady; but no one, naughty a child by being a good girl, and promise to Aylmer was the more readily induced to do, in de even Miss Lewis herself, could fail to admire her

open love a modest, well-disposed youth like myself for the spite of her jealousy of her sister-in-law's interference brow, beaming look, and the ingenuous smile of her rest of your days ?" in family affairs, as she felt that Harriet's high half-opened lips, showing the pearly teeth beneath : Harriet broke away from him, but it was in vain to spirit was too much for even her passionate temper she was Mrs Medcalf's greatest source of happiness feign displeasure ; she did not feel it. She again gave

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