« ForrigeFortsæt »
the Jews first encamped (Exodus, chap. xiii. v. 37). the narrow strait of Babelmandeb. But before exit | the buildings are large, substantial, well-ventilated, It is still a place of rendezvous for the pilgrim cara is here made from the Red into the Arabian Sea, a and furnished with airy court-yards. vans from Cairo to Mecca. These caravans, or assem- good view of Mocha will have been obtained. This The clothing of the adult male inmates consists of blies of travellers upon camels and dromedaries, have place, the name of which is so often taken in vain by a coat and trousers of barragon, cap, shirt, shoes, and always travelled exactly in the same manner as when dealers in coffee, is rendered conspicuous from “ a tail stockings. The female adults are supplied with a the company of merchants” rescued Joseph from the minaret towering amidst the white houses of the town; striped jerkin, a petticoat of linsey-woolsey, and anpit into which his brothers had thrown him, and there date trees flourish to the southward; a white tomb and other of stout cotton, a cap, shift, shoes, and stockings. was no other mode of travelling till the adoption of the fort are in view to the northward ; while in the rear The male children have each a jacket and trousers of present method. The desert between Cairo and Suez of all, are ranges of hills of different elevations." fustian, a shirt, and woollen cap. The female children is eighty-four miles across, and is traversed in seven A half-way station is established at Aden, twelve have each a cotton frock and petticoat, a cap, and stages, where stables and resting-rooms have been hours' run eastward of Babelmandeb, on the Ara- linsey-woolsey petticoat. Each bed is supplied with built. Double that number have, however, lately been bian Sea. Here the vessel puts in and receives a a straw mattress, with blankets, bolsters, &c. The provided by means of a tent pitched between each of supply of coals. From this place its onward course is able-bodied women and children sleep in double beds ; the station-houses. These tents add a singular feature but seldom enlivened by the sight of land, and the the sick, the infirm, and the male persons, sleep in to the scene, being no other than those used at the voyager at last arrives at Bombay, having seen some single beds. It is an established rule (except in Eglintoun tournament. Thus a relic of a late mas- of the most remarkable places and antiquities in special cases), not to admit children without their querade in Scotland is presented in juxtaposition with Europe, Africa, and Asia.
parents, if dependent on them; nor a man without his the monumental remains of the Pharaohs and Ptole The second route finds, perhaps, more favour from wife, nor a wi without her husband. The sexes are mies! The sort of vehicles provided for the modern lovers of the picturesque. It commences by a voyage completely separated. traveller are thus enumerated in Waghorn and Com- to Ostend, in Belgium, and an embarkation on the The diet varies in particular unions, chiefly dependpany's pamphlet:-“For this part of the journey there Rhine to Basle. The south-western corner of Germany ing on the condition of the poor in the neighbourhood, are coaches drawn by four horses, each capable of is then crossed, and Switzerland is entered. Having the object being to give such diet to the inmates of taking eight passengers; ditto, carrying six passengers passed over the Alps, the traveller gains the shores of the workhouse as shall not be superior to that obtained each; two-wheeled vans, with a sort of tilt cover, car the celebrated Lake Como, and arrives at Venice. by the independent labourer. A common dietary for rying four persons each, and drawn by two horses; Here he will find steamers to Trieste, in Austria, adults is--for breakfast, 7 ounces of meal made into also donkey-chairs, a kind of light sedan, slung upon whence, on the 1st and 16th of every month, there are porridge, 1 pint of butter-milk, or half a pint of new poles, and carried by two donkeys to each, one before vessels to Syra, which effect a junction at that place milk ; for dinner, 34 lbs. of potatoes, and 1 quart of and the other behind. These are by far the easiest with the French steamers to Alexandria. The jour- butter-milk. Children five to fourteen-3} ounces of conveyances, and well-suited for ladies, children, and ney from Egypt to India is then completed as above. oatmeal for breakfast; dinner, 2 lbs. of potatoes ; invalids. Those who prefer riding, may be accom- Several other roads may be taken across the continent supper, 6 ounces of bread, and I pint of new milk, modated with either saddle-horses or donkeys, the to Trieste.
daily. Animal food, not being part of the regular latter most to be depended on, being of a much supe A third route takes the traveller to Constan- diet of the independent peasantry in Ireland, is not rior description to those of Europe, very easy in their tinople; a fourth through Greece ; in short, a per- given in the workhouses, and the want is not compaces, and capable of great fatigue, as one, if a good son bound for India, and not pressed for time, has plained of. The dietary has bitherto been found to one, will perform the whole journey from Cairo to only to consult his tastes, and he may have them give general satisfaction. Suez with but little nourishment. For carrying the gratified by visits to any of the interesting places The expense of maintenance is levied by rates on luggage, dromedaries are employed.”
on the continent of Europe. But in nearly all the country at large ; and now, for the first time, all Supposing the traveller to have entered the desert, cases, the grand gathering place is Alexandria. will be taxed alike. Formerly, the burden of supthe subjoined passages from Mr Parbury's pen will Beyrout is sometimes preferred, but in that case a porting the poor, as is the case, in a great measure, show him what kind of journey he may anticipate : tedious journey across Syria into the Persian Gulf till this day in Scotland, fell upon the generous, and
“ The route is almost level throughout, and two of must be encountered. By far the best, and therefore relieved the mercenary. “All who know Ireland, know the station-houses can at times be seen at the same most frequented route, is that we have described at that there was no district in which there did not exist moment. It is perfectly adapted for wheeled car- length. The most direct course is, however, to em two distinct classes—those who gave much to the riages, and nine-tenths of the distance may be termed a bark at Southampton by one of the Peninsular and poor, and those who never gave anything. In fact, capital gravelled road, the remainder being occasionally Oriental Company's packets, which leaves that place the gate or house of the hard man to the poor was sandy, and at parts rocky; a very trifling outlay might on the 1st of every month for Alexandria direct. familiar to all the wandering train,' and as much so make the whole line available for a rapid coach tran In reference to the books to which we are in to the respectable and generous collector of charitable sit, and, with relays of horses, the mails might be debted for some of the information here presented, gifts-it was avoided by both. We could easily name transported across in ten hours with the greatest we should say that both are almost necessary to individuals, of large properties, who did not bestow a ease, instead of occupying nearly forty-eight, as they those who contemplate taking the overland journey. shilling in the year, either by giving food or moneydid on this occasion. But very few hills, either to the Some suspicion may attach to the impartiality of the individuals who are now forced to pay, in many inright or left of the course, diversify the sameness of Messrs Waghorn's pamphlet, as being avowedly issued stances, one or two hundred pounds per annum. It the journey. There is only one large tree, situated by transit agents, who, of course, recommend their follows, as a matter of course, that the really charitabout two miles from the centre station ; but small own modes of conveyance ; but this, if any exists in able have experienced a corresponding relief; and it bushes are more frequent; and there is a moderate the reader's mind, may be set at rest by the clear and can scarcely be doubted, that, although the necessity sized specimen of the babul, or acacia, two miles from evidently unprejudiced statements of Mr Parbury. for occasional collections has by no means ceased, this the fifth station on the Cairo side.
It is, however, fair to state, that to Mr Waghorn the class, the really charitable, are now taxed less heavily Rats are the only animals that cross one's path ; public is mainly indebted for the opening up of this than they were before the introduction of the Poor they burrow in the sand everywhere, feeding upon new road to India, and we cheerfully reprint Mr Par- Law into Ireland. It should also be borne in mind, the camels which too often perish by the way; the bury's testimony on that point :
that, by this tax, the absentee is effectually reached. detached bones and perfect skeletons, indeed, of the “The incidental introduction of Mr Waghorn's We do not mean to say that the Poor Law has relatter, being of themselves almost sufficient to indicate name cannot fail to re nind the reader how much he moved, or that it ever will remove, entirely, the necesto a stranger the correct line of march. The delusive is indebted for the present successful prosecution of sity for private and voluntary charity; or that it has mirage may constantly be witnessed by travellers in steam navigation to India to that individual. The cleared, or ever will clear, the streets and roads of the desert.")
obstacles and difficulties which for a long series of beggars ; but most certainly it has already greatly The disagreeable romance of a robbery has often been years were thrown in his way, while so ardently and lessened the former, and diminished the latter, evil. added to the traveller's other annoyances. But lat- energetically carrying out his favourite project, are It has induced the charitable to institute more minute terly, the Bedouin Arabs have been kept in too effec- too well-known to need remark; and it is satisfactory inquiries before giving relief; it has justified greater tual dread of the awful pasha to venture on any such to notice, that the present government have, to a cer care in the distribution of charity; and it has removed
olestation, and the road is now deemed as free from tain extent, testified their appreciation of his services out of sight the disgusting objects, the idiotic, the gands as that between London and Richmond. by giving him his commission as lieutenant in her diseased, and the maimed, who have been in a manner Z need not be dwelt upon much, nor abided in one majesty's navy."
forced into the shelter of the workhouse. To those huar longer than necessary. " Its wretchedness has The expense of the most direct of these journeys who now visit Ireland for the first time, the amount often been described,” remarks Mr Parbury, “but falls very little short of L.100 each person, for the of misery will appear frightfully large ; but a vast never in terms too severe." Not far from this once mere transit of himself and a certain allowance of diminution of it will be perceptible—on the highways, flourishing, but now utterly decayed seaport, is the baggage.
that is to say-to those who were familiar with the village of Aljeroud, represented in the Bible by
country ten or twenty years ago. "Why do you not Etham, “on the edge of the wilderness" (Exodus,
WORKING OF THE POOR LAW IN
go to the workhouse ?' is now a common query to xiii. v. 20). At Suez, the voyager bids adieu to land
every beggar. Until very lately, the question could
IRELAND. travelling till arriving at his Indian destination, and
not be asked. boards one of the government steamers which is to con- We are happy to observe from a late number of Mr Not the least of the improvements which the law vey him the entire length of the Red Sea through the and Mrs Hall's work on Ireland, that these intelli- will induce, is the certainty that, when public symArabian ocean to Bombay. The first thing by which gent writers, after a careful and practical examination pathy is withdrawn from the profession of begging, his attention will most likely be attracted, will be the in various parts of the country, give their cordial ap- and the beggar finds that there are no 'wages' to be extreme clearness of the waters upon which he is now proval of the Irish Poor Law, whether as regards its obtained by pursuing an unprofitable trade, those who embarked. On looking over the sides of the vessel, he influence on the parties who receive relief, or its ac can work will work. There is no locality in Ireland will perceive, at a great depth, the bed of the sea, con- tual bearing upon the character and condition of the that could not furnish scores of strong and able hands sisting almost entirely of immense reefs of red coral, country. A few passages, condensed from the valuable unused to labour, only because labour has been less from which its name is derived. Once in motion, testimony which they offer on this important measure, agreeable than wandering from place to place subsistnew scenes of interest present themselves in quick including one or two of those agreeable anecdotes with ing by charity. succession. The Egyptian mountains, skirting the which they illustrate the subject, may not be unaccept A striking illustration of this fact was related to us whole of the western shores of his track, present a able to the friends of social improvement.
by a friend at Lurgan. A strong able-bodied woman, panorama of bold alpine scenery scarcely equalled The principle of the Irish Poor Law, it will be re- who was both the amusement and terror of the gentry, elsewhere. But it is the eastern side which, during collected, is to give relief only in workhouses; a work- from her ready wit and bitter tongue, and who levied the early part of the voyage, will occupy him more house being established in the centre of a union of contributions something after the manner of black fully. Mount Sinai, towering above the lesser Horeb, town-lands. The number of houses declared fit for mail, after abusing the new gaol,' as she termed the rises upon the promontory formed by the division of occupation is 100, out of 130, the total number in workhouso, from the laying of the first stone to its the sea into the gulf of Suez and that of Akaba. Ireland ; and these are variously capable of accom- completion, when it came to be occupied, presented
The steam-boat generally calls at the ancient port modating from 200 to 2000 inmates. Eighty-four her bronzed face, as usual, at every house, as if no of Kosseir in Egypt, to take up those passengers houses are already occupied, and the remaining sixteen asylum had been provided for the poor. The gentry, who have, instead of leaving Cairo by the route are receiving their stores. The number of individuals, however, had come to a resolution not to give her any. here described, preferred continuing up the Nile to old and young, in the eighty-four houses, is 27,537. thing whatever, but to afford her the means of emThebes, to view its stupendous remains of antiquity. The total amount of accommodation which the 130 ployment, if she desired it. Accordingly, Kitty was These travellers cross the desert between Thebes and houses, when finished, will be capable of affording, is told, that in future she must either work, or go into Kosseir in the ancient mode, upon camels' backs. for 92,560 persons ; and, in case of pressure, the capa- the poorhouse. In return for this inforınation, Kitty Continuing from the latter port, the mountains on bility of the houses may be considered to be from ten stormed at and rated, first one, and then another, each side recede from the coast, and neither the Ara- to twenty per cent. beyond this number : included of all her former friends, who stood out firmly; for bian nor Nubian scenery is so striking as that already among these there is accommodation for upwards of Kitty was the very queen of the beggars : and if passed. At length the Abyssinian shores are gained, 2000 idiots, or harmless lunatics--the buildings being they yielded to her, they must yield to all; whereas, and they, pressing closely upon those of Arabia, form provided with wards for persons of this class. Ai if Kitty was withstood, the others would know they
could have no chance whatever. Nothing could exceed sufficient to relieve the universal distress; but, as- rest upon it. That night he slept seven hours without the virago's indignation at being, as she termed it, suredly, if any such could exist, it would work incal- interruption. After constantly mesmerising him for ten
cast off' by the quality, after spending her time up culable mischief, by encouraging, instead of checking, or twelve days, a great change was observed in his apand down with them for a matter of thirty years, and the grand fault of the Irish character-want of fore- pearance. The hue of health returned; he became cheernever bringing shame to their door, but being as honest thought, the habit of never caring for the rainy day, ful; felt much stronger ; was easier both in mind and as Saint Bridget, or any other holy saint; and this but exhausting present means without thinking of the body; slept, well, and recovered his appetite. was her return; "she didn't know how they could morrow.
On the 22d of September, he was apprised of the look her in the face after it ! Kitty fared badly; she During our two latest tours in Ireland—the one in seemed almost unexpected, and affected him consider
necessity of an early amputation. The communication knew the dinner-hour of every family in the county ; 1841, the other in 1812-we had many opportunities ably. I this day tried the experiment of mesmerising but instead of the well-piled plate of pork and cab- of inspecting the workhouses in the northern, western, him against his will; proceeding by contact with the bage, the double handful of meal, and dish of pota- and, partially, the eastern, districts of the island. We hands, charging him, particularly, to exert his mind to toes, Kitty found the back doors locked, and the entered the greater number of them suddenly and prevent my affecting him. During the process, he ocfamilies remaining quite inattentive to her eloquence, unaccompanied, and not upon show-days,' when pre-casionally glanced at those near him, moving his eyes which certainly was more powerful than elegant. parations might have been made, so that disagreeable as he felt inclined, and in twelve minutes and a half After, according to her own account, 'going through' features were concealed, or rendered less than usually passed into mesmeric sleep. The two or three previous as much trouble as would break a heart of stone, she repulsive. We found them invariably clean, well- days, it had been effected in six minutes. He informed suddenly made hier appearance before one of the poor- ordered, and with evidence of good and steady disci- me, subsequently, he had repeatedly called to mind the law guardians, whom she had repeatedly offended, but pline ; the masters and matrons, as far as we could intelligence just received, and the torture which he must whom she still considered her friend. There she judge, intelligent, kindly, and considerate. The various endure; but he soon found the influence irresistible, and stood, her empty wallet slinging by her side, her bat- regulations appeared to have been framed with judg- his limb, however, that night destroyed his natural sleep. tered straw hat Happing over her face, and her brawny ment and a due regard to the comforts of the inmates; Next day, though found still fretting, restless, and in arms folded one within the other. Here I am, noble and the poor people domiciled therein, seemed, for the consequent pain, he was yet, by my touch, asleep in four colonel !' she exclaimed ; 'the supplies are stopped, most part, not only satisfied and contented, but grate minutes and a half. my lord, and poor Kitty must yield to the articles of ful, and sensible that they had been in reality relieved.' [Mr Topham proceeds to say, that he mesmerised the war!' 'I thought,' he replied, I should have been Of able-bodied paupers, such as we see far too often patient several times by way of trial, and was now conobliged to commit you as a - Don't spake the in the workhouses of England, we saw few or none- vinced that the operation might be safely performed word, yer honour ; there's no use in insulting a dead literally none of the male sex, and where we noticed while he was in the mesmeric sleep. When the day apsoldier ; it's only mee shadow that's in it. I'm pickt women capable of labour, we found that their children pointed for the operation arrived], we proceeded to Womto an atomy; the crows don't think me worth flying were generally inmates of another ward. Cleanliness bell's room to make the necessary arrangements. From the away from, and the dogs that I've known the last ten we saw not only inculcated as a duty, but rendered suffering inflicted by the slightest movement, it was found years, bark at me. cabin-keeper yet ; I'd scorn it! I'd not take from benefit, if not to the present, certainly to the after fore lifted upon a temporary platform. Ten minutes I never quartered meeself on a imperative ; and out of this must arise immense impossible, without needless torture, to place him upon
a table. The low bed, on which he then lay, was thereworse than meeself ; and now you see I'm driven generation. Ventilation is made to contribute to after being mesmerised, he was drawn, by means of the hard ; yet bad as they've used me, my heart's with health, and to give the valuable influence of example. bed-clothes beneath him, towards the end of the bed. the gentry of the county Armagh still
. We can't Decent beds, in place of miserable heaps of wet and The movement, however, excited that pain which had so forget the friends of our youth, noble colonel ; and it's filthy straw, not only contribute to existing comforts, often aroused him before ; and now it did so again. sorry I'd be to turn mee back on my ould friends ; but they become necessaries--necessaries that will be There was something quite excruciating in the suffering and it's lonesome the roads will be without me, and procured hereafter by those who have had experience which the state of the knee produced, for I had seen they used to me so long ; but, still, needs must when of their advantages. Wholesome food, poor as it would him, whilst in mesmeric sleep, pricked to some little the devil (saving your presence) drives. And so, if be considered by the English pauper, and in sufficient depth, in other parts of the diseased limb, without being yer honour will just answer a few questions, which quantities, instead of food insufficient in amount, and disturbed or conscious of it. To preclude the necessity P'll put ye, to my satisfaction, why, I'll be thinking of bad quality ; shelter from the weather ; warm and of any further movement, his leg was now placed in the about renouncing the pomps and vanities-taking the comfortable apartments, both by day and night; good afterwards, he declared that the pain had ceased ; and I veil, my dear! What else can I call it? Devoting and ample clothing ; habits of cleanliness, decency, meeself for the ase and pace of the counthry, inside and order ; such are, in brief, the advantages which again mesmerised him in four minutes. In a quarter of them four heart-breaking thick walls-putting the the workhouse presents; if they are advantages to be the operation. I then brought two fingers of each hand prime of mee valuable life into a stone jug? I sup: described and treated as the rights of the English gently in contact with Wombell's closed eyelids ; and pose,' said the colonel, you are going into the house” | poor, they are, in truth, 'novelties' with which the there kept them, still further to deepen the sleep. Mr at last. That's what I'm thinking of, she replied ; Irish poor have been ever utterly unacquainted. In Ward, after one earnest look at the man, slowly plunged
only my feelings war too tender to say it.' • Well,' Ireland, therefore, we consider these public establish- his knife into the centre of the outer side of the thigh, he answered, laughing, you know, Kitty, we have all ments not only as pregnant with immediate good to directly to the bone; and then made a clear incision, come to a determination that you must all either go the suffering, but as rich in promise of future improve- round the bone, to the opposite point, on the inside of into “ the house" or work—one or the other. We ment to the whole population of the country; not the thigh. The stillness at this moment was something offer you work and good wages, Kitty, or “the house." only as taking away a national reproach—as providing awful; the calm respiration of the sleeping man alone May the devil! shouted Kitty, but, recollecting an asylum for the destitute, as removing wretchedness
was heard, for all other seemed suspended. In making herself, she paused, and dropping her voice to a whine, from the highways and byeways—but as laying the
the second incision, the position of the leg was found she continued : Noble colonel, the little kwestions I foundation of a sound and wholesome state of society, operator could not procced with his former facility. Soon
more inconvenient than it bad appeared to be; and the was going to ask you, my dear gentleman, that's all
, in lieu of one that has been for centuries an anomaly after the second incision, a moaning wag heard from the before I'll devote myself-just-is it quite an unpossi- in civilisation.”
patient, which continued, at intervals, until the conclubility to get the drop of whisky in it ? Quite.'
sion. It gave me the idea of a troubled dream ; for his water, to oblege Father Mathew, so I know that it is Glory be to God! well, I've had a thrial at the could LAMPUTATION IN THE MESMERIC SLEEP. / sleep continued as profound as ever. The placid look of
his countenance never changed for an instant ; his whole possible to do without whisky, so I'll drop it; but Tue following account of a case of successful ampu- frame rested, uncontrolled, in perfect stillness and repose; the grain of tay, colonel-sure you'd manage to let tation of tlie thighi, during the mesmeric sleep, with not a muscle or nerve was seen to twitch. To the end of me have that on the sly, and me so ould, and broken out the knowledge of the patient, was read to the the operation, including the sawing of the bone, securing down? No, Kitty, no !' said the inexorable son of Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society of London, on
the arteries, and applying the bandages-occupying a Mars... No, no, Kitty; po favour to one more than Tuesday the 22d of November, 1842, by W. Topham, period of upwards of twenty minutes-he lay like a to another, that would be unjust. Sure, it's the Esq., the gentleman who induced the mesmeric state becoming low from the loss of blood, some brandy and strength of justice to favour friends. Not in my in the patient :
water was poured into his throat, which he swallowed opinion ; have you any other question to ask ? 'Be
“James Wombell, aged forty-two, a labouring man, of unconsciously. As the last bandage was applied, I dad I have, though your answers ain't no ways plasing a calm and quiet temperament, had suffered for a period pointed out to one of the surgeons, and another gentleto me. Sure, yer honour wouldn't deprive me of a of about five years, from a painful affection of the left
man present, that peculiar quivering of the closed eyeshock, or maybe a draw, of the pipe, a few times in knee. On the 21st day of June last, he was admitted lids already alluded to. Finally, when all was completed, the day? Not a single leaf of tobacco must enter into the District Hospital at Wellow, near Ollerton, and Wombell was about to be removed, his pulse being the gates. But they are light enough to fly over the Notts ; no longer able to work, and suffering much pain. still found very low, some sal volatile and water was adwalls,' persisted Kitty. No, not a drop of whisky, It was soon found that amputation of the leg, above the ministered to him it proved too strong and pungent, nor a grain of tea, nor a leaf of tobacco. And it's knee-joint, was inevitable; and it was eventually pro- ) and he gradually and calmly awoke. cruel enough to be in airnest you are, is it ? “Quite ; posed that it should be performed, if possible, during
At first he uttered no exclamation, and for some momesmeric sleep. will you go in ?' The gentleman and the woman
ments seemed lost and bewildered; but after looking looked at each other fixedly for a moment; Kitty tember. Ile was sitting upright upon a bed in the hos
I saw Wombell, for the first time, on the 9th of Sep-around, he exclaimed, • I bless the Lord to find it's all untied her empty wallet, grasped it in her hand, and pital; the only position which he could bear. He com- following immediately, I asked him, in the presence of
He was then removed to another room; and, then, as she flung it from her, exclaimed, 'Tatteration plained of great pain from his knee, and of much excita- those assembled, to describe all he felt or knew after he to me, colonel dear, but I'll work first! and for every bility and loss of strength from liis constant restlessness was mesmerised. His reply was, • I never knew anything sixpence any woman in the place airns, I'll airn two and deprivation of sleep ; for he had not, during the three more, and never felt any pain at all; I once felt as if I And so she does, and will continue to do-never idle ; previous weeks, slept more than two hours in seventy.. heard a kind of crunching.' I asked him if this were and not having time to be abusive, she is far more In the first attempt to mesmerise him, which occupied painful. He replied, “No pain at all! I never had any; popular than she had ever been before. We saw her, me thirty-five minutes, the only effect produced was a and knew nothing till I was awakened by that strong stuff ourselves, as busy as a bee.
closing of the eyelids, with that quivering appearance (the sal volatile). The crunching,' no doubt, was the A very limited acquairtance with Ireland will serve peculiar to mesmeric sleep; and, though awake and sawing his own thigh bone. He was left easy and comto prove that out-door relief would be attended with speaking, he could not raise them, until after the lapse fortable, and still found so at nine o'clock that night, incalculable evils. In Ireland the accepting eleemosy- of a minute and a half.
about which hour I again mesmerised him (in a minuto nary aid is scarcely considered derogatory; old custom twenty minutes he was asleep. I continued to mesmerise may further add, that, on the Monday following, the first
My attempt the next day was more successful, and in and three quarters), and he slept an hour and a half. I has made the taking of alms anything but a degrada- him every day, except the 18th, until the 24th of Sep- dressing of his wound was in mesmeric sleep. of this tion; it is assumed to be given as it is asked, 'for the tember ; his susceptibility gradually increasing, so that, dressing, usually accompanied by much soreness and love of God,' and a sense of shame seldom accompanies on the 23d, the sleep was produced in four minutes and smarting, lie felt nothing, slept long after it was comthe acceptance. Consequently, thousands, who would a half. The duration of this sleep varied ; continuing pleted ; was ignorant of Mr Ward's intention ; and, after as soon enter a jail as a workhouse, would have no sort generally for half an hour, sometimes for an hour, and awakening, remained unconscious of its having been of hesitation in asking and receiving from a state occasionally for an hour and a half. But, with two ex- done. Mr W. S. Ward's own statement, in accordcharity, donations of food or money. There can be ceptions (attempts to converse with him), I invariably ance with his personal observation and care, prior and little doubt, that if out-door relief were granted, the found him awakened, though without being startled, by subsequent to the operation, he has kindly permitted to whole population of Ireland, under a certain grade, the violent pain from his knee, which suddenly recurred be appended to my own ; and thus to render complete would be periodical applicants for it ; and at the at uncertain intervals.
the narrative of this case, which I leave without a syl
The third time I saw him, he was suffering great agony, lable of comment." starving seasons,' there would be substantial reasons for their being so. It is well-known, that during the and distressed even to tears. I commenced by making passes, longitudinally, over the diseased knee: in five above alluded to, was next read ; and besides corro
The statement of Mr W. S. Ward, the operator months of June, July, and August, of every year, a partial, sometimes indeed a general, famine exists in further to mesmerise him, he was sleeping like an infant. | borating, in every particular, the account of Mr TopIreland ; the store of old potatoes has been consumed, Not only liis arms were then violently pinched, but also bam, some other circumstances were added, bearing the new potatoes are not yet fit for food, and the con- the diseased leg itself, without his exhibiting any sensa
on the surgical part of the case. Mr Ward concludes dition of the peasantry, meanwhile, is in the highest tion; yet this limb was so sensitive to pain, in his natural in the following words :degree frightful. At such times no fund could be I state, that he could not bear even the lightest covering to " I need only add, that the extreme quivering, or rapid
action of the divided muscular fibres, was less than usual ; the bird of Washington, as he sits in his craggy home, far stead of proclaiming it in the ordinary manner. On the nor was there so much contraction of the muscles them- up the blue mountains, will scream it to the tempests first Ash Wednesday after the accession of the House of selves. I must also notice, that two or three times I and the stars. He was John James Audubon, the orni- Hanover, as the Prince of Wales, afterwards George II., touched the divided end of the sciatic nerve without any in. thologist.--- American paper.
was sitting down to supper, this officer suddenly entered crease of the low moaning described by Mr Topham; and
the apartment, and proclaimed, in a sound resembling which, to all present, gave the impression of a disturbed
"the cock's shrill clarion," that it was past ten o'clock. dream.
It would frighten any servant, but a real London Cin- | Taken thus by surprise, and very imperfectly acquainted The patient is doing remarkably well, and sat up on
derella, to go down into the kitchen in a morning, and see with the English language, the prince mistook the tremuSunday last to eat his dinner, just three weeks from the the work those little hands have to do. The rows of lation of the assumed crow as some mockery intended to operation ; and he has not had a single bad symptom, boots and shoes to clean--the candlesticks to rub briglit insult him, and instantly rose to resent the affront; nor none even of the nervous excitement so frequently ob
-the dishes to wash up-the pots and pans to scour-the was it without the utmost difficulty that his interpreter served in patients who have undergone painful opera- rugs to shake--the washing about of her own, all the could make him understand the nature of the custom, tions, and who have suffered much previous anxiety in week, although she is always adoing. Then the
number and assure him that a compliment was intended accordmaking up their minds.
of times she goes in and out in a day-now off for tea-ing to the court etiquette of the times. From that peAlthough the single experiment we have detailed to then butter-next time for a chop-then a bottle of soda riod, however, the custom has been discontinued.the society is scarcely sufficient to set the question com
water for the gentleman who had drank too much over Newspaper paragraph. pletely at rest, is it not of a sufficiently encouraging night-again for the newspaper--a letter to the post-office
VARIATIONS OF TIME. nature to demand an immediate repetition, by those of - a pair of shoes to mend-a bundle to be carried to the my professional brethren to whom the splendid institu- laundress-a quartern of gin for the landlady. As she is
Amongst the various matters introduced incidentally tions of the metropolis offer such frequent opportu- ever taking down her little bonnet, which she never ties, at the last meeting of the British Association, was the nities?"
and throwing on the half shawl she never pins—then with subject of the propriety of adopting a uniform scale of the latch-key in her hand, pointing her head twenty diffe- time along the different lines of railway in the kingdom,
rent ways-going-returning-then diving into the kit- by the adoption of the time of the Royal Observatory at CONDUCT WORTHY OF ŻMITATION.
chen for a few moments to do her work-then up again Greenwich. It was considered that this would probably During the disastrous retreat of General Moore's army of the lodgers' without being called into the parlour to
to answer the bell; and never executing a single command lead to the adoption of a uniform rate of time throughout from Spain, an officer of one of the British regiments, tell the landlady what it was.— Godfrey Malvern.
the United Kingdom. Some curious observations were overcome with fatigue and hunger, had dropped behind.
adduced by Mr Dent, from which it appeared, that the He espied a tuft of trees in a field adjoining the road, to
difference of longitude causes a very considerable deviawards which he crawled with the view of resting his
tion of time even in counties, being the results of ninetyTHE RHINE SONG.
one chronometrical measurements. The counties east of weary limbs, secure from the sabres of the pursuing enemy. On his coming near to the trees, he perceived a woman,
[The French, under a very convenient assumption, that the Greenwich, in which time is fast, are Cambridge, Essex, seemingly a soldier's wife, stretched upon the ground, and Rhine is the natural boundary of their country, have ever been Norfolk, Suffolk, and Sussex, whilst in all the other a little infant lying near her. He approached to admi eager to appropriate the Low Countries as far as the left bank of counties lying to the west, the time is of course slower. nister such assistance as was in his power. It was too that river. On the other hand, the Germans are inspired with In Middlesex, the variation from Greenwich time at late; the hand of death was upon her; and she was an enthusiastic attachinent to this famous stream, in all respects St Paul's is 23 seconds slower, and at Hampton Court,
1 minute 20 seconds. In Kent, the time at Dovet is scarcely able to utter these words, “ God bless you! it is their own. Last year, when the bellicose press of Paris was full all over !” when she expired. The officer sat down beside of threatenings on this subject, a young German composed a song,
5 minutes 16 seconds too fast; and at Tunbridge Wells, her; he felt her hand; it was clay cold; he had no- embodying the popular sentiments of his country, and with such
1 minute 1 second. In Lancashire, the time at Manthing to succour her with; a brook was near ; he filled success, that the verses were sung in every company, and the king chester is 9 minutes slow; at Liverpool, 11 minutes 30 his hat with water, and besprinkled her face and hands; of Bavaria sent the poet a letter of thanks in his own hand, and
seconds; and Lancaster, 11 minutes 20 seconds. In all was in vain, and he was convinced she was utterly gone. a present of a silver cup. The following is a translation of this
Lincolnshire, the time at Louth is the same as that of Having rested himself so as to be able again to go on, song.]
the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, being in the same he tied the little infant in the poor woman's handkerchief,
parallel of longitude; whilst at Lincoln, the clock is 2
No! France shall ne'er obtain thee, and having fastened it to his back, he pursued his march;
minutes 4 seconds too slow. Iu Hampshire, the time
Thou free and German Rhine! in this condition, procuring what sustenance he could for
at Southampton is 5 minutes 36 seconds slower than at
Though, thirsting to regain thee, himself and the little orphan, he at last, after a long and
Greenwich; and at Portsmouth, it is 4 minutes 24 se
Her eagles scream, “ Thou'rt mine!” wretched journey, reached the port of Vigo, which at
conds. At Brighton, it is 32 seconds too fast; and at
No! ne'er while gently gliding that time happened to be unoccupied by the French;
Hastings, 2 minutes 30 seconds. In Westmoreland, the
Between thy margins green, there he got on board of a transport, and reached at last
clock at Appleby is 10 minutes ; and at Kendal, 11 mi
Ne'er while one prow dividing England with his little charge. His regiment (or rather
nutes faster than the London time. At Chester, it is Thy placid waves is seen!
11 minutes 32 seconds; whilst the variation at Falmouth the remnant of it) had arrived before him, and he joined it, still accompanied by the infant. He has it (it is a boy)
No! she shall ne'er possess thee,
is 20 minutes 12 seconds; and at Truro, 20 minutes 6 always with him, and has one of the women of the regi
Thou fair and German Rhine!
seconds also too slow. At Northampton, the clock is 3 ment to nurse it; and he declares that this little orphan,
So long as free hearts bless thee,
minutes 36 seconds too slow; and at Peterborough, 58 whom heaven threw upon his protection, shall, let his
And quaff thy generous wine !
seconds; at Shrewsbury, 10 minutes 56 seconds; OsFortune through life be good or bad, share it with him.
Ne'er while thy murmuring waters
westry, 12 minutes 8 seconds; Warwick, 6 minutes 20 Flowers of Anecdote.
Yon rocks eternal lave,
seconds ; Birmingham, 7 minutes 23 seconds ; and Ne'er while proud scenes of slaughter
Coventry, 6 minutes 1 second. In Yorkshire, at BeJOHN JAMES AUDU BON.
Are mirror'd in thy wave!
verley, it is 1 minute 42 seconds ; York, 4 minutes 24 A few days ago, there arrived at the hotel erected near
No! she shall ne'er surround thee,
seconds; and Leeds, 6 minutes 4 seconds. In North the Niagara Falls an odd-looking man, whose appearance
Wales, at Holyhead, 16 minutes 36 seconds; and Ban
Thou free and German Rhine! and deportment were quite in contrast with the well
While warriors brave around thee
gor, 16 minutes 14 seconds; and in South Wales, at dressed and polished figures which adorned that cele
Cardigan, 18 minutes 40 seconds; and Carmarthen, 17
With beauteous maids entwine! brated spot. He seemed to have just sprung from the
minutes 16 seconds, While on thy banks still lover
At Edinburgh, the clock is 12 woods. His dress, which was made of leather, stood
Our bards' enchanted strains,
minutes 43 seconds; and Dublin, 25 minutes 31 seconds dreadfully in need of repair, apparently not having følt
too slow ; whilst at Paris, it is 9 minutes 21 seconds too
Ne'er till thy depths close over the touch of the needlewoman for many a long month. A
The last man's bleach'd remains !
fast.-Railway Times. worn-out blanket, that might have served for a bed, was
SIXGULAR PROPERTIES OF THE FIGURE NINE. buckled to his shoulders, a long knife hung on one side, balanced by a long rusty tin box on the other; and his
THE CAPTAIN'S PUDDING.
Multiply 9 by itself, or by any other single figure, and beard, uncropped, tangled, and coarse, fell down upon his
the two figures forming the product will, in each case, if bosom, as if to counterpoise the weight of the dark thick The following story is told of a Yankee captain and his added together, amount to 9; for example, 9 multiplied locks that supported themselves on his back and shoulders. mate:-“Whenever there was a plum pudding made, by by 9 is 81, and 8 and 1 added together make 9; so on This strange being, to the spectators seemingly half-civi- the captain's orders all of the plums were put into with the other figures. The figures forming the amount lised, half-savage, had a quick glancing, eye, an elastic,
one end of it, and that end placed next to the captain, of 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9, added together (viz. 45), will also, if firm movement, that would no doubt cut his way through who, after helping himself, passed it to the mate, who added together, make 9. The amount of the several prothe cane brakes both of the wilderness and of society. never found any plums in his part of it. Well, after this ducts, or multiples of 9 (9, 18, 27, 36, 45, 54, 63, 72, 81), He pushed his steps into the sitting room, unstrapped game had been played for some time, the mate prevailed namely 405, and the figures forming either the dividend uis little burden, quietly looked round for the landlord,
on the steward' to place the end which had no plums or the quotient, added together, make 9. Multiply any and then modestly asked for breakfast. The host at first | in it next to the captain. The captain no sooner saw the row of figures, either by 9, or by any one of the products drew back with evident repugnance at the apparition pudding than he discovered that he had the wrong end of 9, multiplied by a single figure, as by 18, 27, 36, 45, which thus proposed to intrude its uncouth form among of it. Picking up the dish, and turning it in his hands as 54, 63, 72, or 81, and the sum of the figures of the prothe genteel visitors; but a few words whispered in his if merely examining the china, he said, "This dish cost me
duct, added together, will be divisible by 9. Multiply the car speedily satisfied his doubts. The stranger took his two shillings in Liverpool,' and put it down again, as 9 digits in the following order-1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9, by 9, or place in the company, some staring, some shrugging, and though without design, with the plum end next to him by any one of the products of 9 mentioned in the last sen some laughing outright. Yet, reader, there was more in self. Is it possible?' said the mate, taking up the dish, tence, and the products will come out all in one figure, that single man than in all the rest of the throng. He •I shouldn't suppose it was worth more than a shilling,' except the place of tens, which will be a 0, and that Husam derican woodsman, as he called himself; he was and as if in perfect innocence, he put down the dish with figure will be the one which, multiplied into 9, supplies a trne, genuine son of nature, yet who had been enter the plain and next to himself. The captain looked at the the multiplier ; that is, if you select 9 as the multiplier, tined with distinction at the table of princes ; learned mate, the mate looked at the captain. The captain the product will be (except the place of tens) all ones ; societies, to which the like of Cuvier belonged, had bowed | laugned, the mate laughed. 'I tell you what, young one,' | if you select 18, all twos; if 27, all threes; and so on. down to welcome his entrance ; kings had been com said the captain, you've found me out, so we'll just cut
Omit the 8 in the multiplicands, and the O will also plimented when he spoke; in short, he was one whose the pudding lengthwise this time, and have the plums vanish in the product, leaving it all ones, twos, and fame will be growing brighter, when the fashionables who fairly distributed hereafter.'”- Newspaper paragraph.
threes, &c., as the case may be.- Newspaper purugraph. laughed at him, and many much greater even than they, shall have perished. From every hill-top, and every deep
THE KING'S COCK-CROWER. shady grove, the birds, those blossoms of the air, will Amongst the ancient customs of this country which
The present number of the Journal completes the eleventh sing his name. The little wren will pipe it with her have long sunk into disuse, was a very absurd one, and
volume of the work, for which a title-page and copious index are matin-hymn about our house; the oriole carol it from the which, however ridiculous, was continued so late as the prepared, and may be had on application to the Publishers or slender grasses of the meadows; the turtle dove roll it reign of George I. During the seasou of Lent, an officer, their Agents, at the usual price of a number. Any odd or past through the secret forests; the many-voiced mock- denominated the “ King's Cock-Crower,” crowed the numbers of the Journal can also be had for the purpose of coming bird pour it along the air; and the imperial eagle, 'liour every night within the precincts of the palace, in- ' pleting sets.
END OF THE ELEVENTII VOLUME.
LONDON: Published, with permission of the proprietors, by W. S. Orr, Amen Corner,
Printed by Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars.