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CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF " CHAMBERS'S INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,”
“ CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE," &c.
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 1842.
conceive of some pachydermatous St Francis, who meat, are remarkably indulgent in respect of liquor ; MERITS.
could lay it well on with very little inconvenience to while others, who take little liquor, make up for it În Erasmus's Apothegms of the Ancients is the fol- himself, while whole monasteries were looking on with amply by additional dishes and extra helpings. Of lowing anecdote :-“A Lacedemonian, seeing Diogenes admiration. Some stomachs, moreover, require much the adherents of the tee-total cause itself, it is no scanthe Cynic naked, in a vehement cold morning, grasp-less food than others; and it is not impossible that dal—it is only supposing the weakness of human naing a brazen statue round, asked him, 'If he was not some canonisations have been mainly owing to what ture—to say that some compensate for the banished cold? Upon denying he was, “ Then,' said the Spar- Liebig might call an inferior oxygenability of consti- crystal by the more frequent crockery. On this point tan,' where is the great matter in it ?'” The Lace tution. There are instances of human beings, under we are tempted to introduce a very brief anecdote, demonian was right. If Diogenes did not feel the some derangement of the system, living for weeks which can do no harm to that good cjuse A distincold, he suffered nothing from his exposure, and he without food. How easy it would be for any such guished advocate of the abstinence principle, who therefore could not fairly be considered as exercising person to make himself out a paragon of the fasting snuffed very largely, called one day upon a member of that fortitude and disregard of earthly ills which it virtue ! Honest people, who have thick skins, or his own profession, with whom he was well acquainted, was a peculiarity of his sect to pretend to. The small powers of inhaling oxygen, make no fuss about and who lived in a different town from himself, to probability is, that Diogenes, although there might not the matter ; but marvellers and cunning dogs look as press upon him the duty of his joining the society. Ho be perfect sincerity in his answer to the Lacedemo- big about it as possible, and leave odorous memories met a rather obdurate listener, but nevertheless pernian, had either inherited from nature, or acquired of many centuries' duration. We thoroughly believe severed in his arguments for fully a quarter of an hour. from long residence in his well-known doorless man- that a great proportion of the cases of extraordinary At length, his friend said, “Why, now, it is very odd sion, a certain robustness or physical hardiness which negative virtue on record are explainable on this prin- that, while you are preaching to me about the promade him less sensible to cold than the generality of ciple. The school of Diogenes, who affected a supe- priety of altogether abandoning liguor, you are every men. Modern physiologists find this explanation for riority to all the elegancies and amenities of life, were half minute taking a large pinch of snuff. Is there several other notable cases of endurance. The North probably for the most part men who had no natural not as much of a bad indulgence in the one thing as American Indian, for example, who shows such con- relish of or feeling for such things. Barbarians of the the other ! The preacher was struck silent by the tempt for the tortures inflicted on him by his enemies same kind are found in all civilised communities : remark, the subject of which had never before ocat the stake, is now understood to be mainly indebted there must have been such men in Greece also : there curred to his mind. But it is to be related, to his for his apparent power of endurance to a nervous sys- it was the fashion to make any peculiar notions the credit so far, that when he next called, about six tem originally grosser than that of the Pale Faces, foundation of “ a school.” Hence, the haters of neat months after, he had given up the use of snuff, thus and since made still more dull by his barbarous course clothes and carpeted rooms, who, amongst us, are only proving his sincere anxiety to banish reprehensible of life. When we wonder at the calmness of one of regarded as detestable oddities, were exalted at Athens indulgences in his own case. On this point, it may be these sufferers, as Mrs Hunter does in her beautiful into the character of philosophers. There are also, in not impertinently asked, if the gentleman "who never poem, “ The Death Song of an Indian Chief,” we at all countries, men of dogged imperturbable natures, takes supper,” and looks on while others do, with tribute to him an European constitution ; we think who never cry out for any hurt or misfortune of their an air of affected superiority, really is entitled to take how we ourselves should feel under such trying cir- own, and are generally as remarkable for a want of any credit to himself on this score, if he alone of all cumstances ; and knowing that we should squall most feeling respecting the distresses and mishaps of their the company has dined late, or dined well. And to piteously, we imagine Alknomook to be a hero because neighbours. Here, these men are generally shunned pass from a small thing to a great, it may be questioned he bears all without allowing a groan or a whimper to as disagreeable, or laughed at as odd : in Greece, they if the well-off and comfortable are always quite right escape him. But all this is a mistake. Alknomook became the STOICAL School, teaching that the per in their blame of the poor for certain indulgences noprobably does not feel one-tenth of what we should fection of virtue is to disregard all the evils of life ! | toriously attributed to them. Let us hear once again do, and —“Where, then, is the great matter in it? It is easy to trace a feature of natural character what Maggie Mucklebacket said on this subject to the It is precisely an analogous explanation which is given through various successive social appearances, modi- Laird of Monkbarns, on his expressing a hope that of the power of the Australian savages to bear heavy fied only by the external pressure of the time. The the distilleries would never work again :-“Ay, ayblows with a club upon the back of the head - to Stoics reappear in the Anchorites of the fifth and sixth it's easy for your honour and the like o' you gentle which, it seems, they submit by way of a trial of centuries. The tub of Diogenes becomes converted, folks to say sae, that hae stouth and routh, and fire strength, and thus sustain, without injury, what would
in the middle ages, into an hermitage. Amongst us, and fending, and meat and claith, and sit dry and dash any Englishman's head to pieces. The Aus
many a worthy successor of that philosopher is known canny by the fireside ; but an ye wanted fire, and tralian has simply a thicker and harder skull than the as the growling old gentleman, who lives by himself in meat, and dry claise, and were deeing o'cauld, and had Englishman. When we consider these things, we are the three pair of stairs back, and never allows a female a sair heart into the bargain, which is warst ava, wi’ apt to challenge the philosophy of such moralisings as to enter his door.
just tippence in your pouch, wadna ye be glad to buy this of Byron
In these negative merits, there is often a double a dram wi't, to be eilding and claise, and a supper, and
deception. Not only is there an indifference to the heart's ease into the bargain, till the morn's morning?” The camel bears the heaviest load,
particular indulgence, for exemption from which the 'Twere to be wished that the specified comforts were And the wolf dies in silence-not bestow'd In vain should such example be; if they,
praise is given, but it is amply compensated by indul. to be obtained otherwise than in this representative Things of ignoble and of savage mood,
gences of a different kind, probably less liable to notice way, and Maggie's compeers should not be too ready to Endure and shrink not, we of nobler clay
or to condemnation. It is well, of course, to be supe make use of this flattering apology, which certainly May temper it to bear."
rior to any indulgence of a nocuous character, whether does not apply in that large proportion of instances Granted that the patient sufferings of animals are it be so absolutely, or in the way of excess, or too where the dram has been the cause of that want of the affecting to look upon, and may well suggest ideas of frequent repetition ; let it be fully understood that fire, clothing, meat, and heart's ease, which it is also resignation and fortitude ; but if, in point of fact, the all honour is due to every successful contest with such employed to supply. But there is not a little force in creatures here specified lack the mechanism or media inclinations. But the merit of freedom from any par the views of the poly-petticoated philosopher, as far of suffering, or possess a nervous system greatly less ticular error is rendered, to say the least of it, equivo as the right of the comfortable to arrogate to themsensible to suffering than ours, their endurance must, cal, if a great latitude be taken elsewhere, so as to leave, selves superior virtue is concerned, and considering on a rigid investigation, appear only a natural fact, upon the whole, not less indulgence of one kind and simply the comfortable against the uncomfortable. and not a moral example. A poet would, of course,
another. I received my first impressions on this sub A human being, in average conditions, requires a cernot inquire too curiously, but there is something to ject a good many years ago, in the course of acquaint- tain amount of comfort of some kind to make life pass be done in the world besides poetising.
ance with a young person of my own age, who at first tolerably. He may take it in various ways, but he It is no very new remark, that merit is often seemed superior to every foible whatever, and passed must have it, or life becomes insupportable. Now, claimed and often attributed where it is as little due with me, of course, as a paragon of self-denial ; until certainly, he who has all the comforts usually experias in the above instances. Men are every day seen, one evening, meeting him at supper, I found him eat enced in the houses of the middle and upper classes Diogenes-like, enduring, with an appearance of heroic ing and drinking so enormously, and that without be- in this country, must be considered as independent of fortitude, hardships and self-mortifications to which coming in the least affected by it, even to the limited drams. Were he to take these besides, he would be a they are insensible. Possibly not a few saintly repu- extent of an increased cheerfulness, that it was easy to remarkable monster indeed. There is not the most tations have been built upon no better foundation than see that aliment was a moral infirmity which in him distant shade of merit, circumstanced as he is, in abto voluntary exposures of this kind. There are skins had swallowed up or precluded all others. Thus, also, staining from the vicious indulgences to which the less alive to the lash than others, and we can easily some who are remarkably abstemious in respect of comfortless are tempted. llere, however, lies the merit
of the more comfortable classes, and would that it | American Indians were a remnant of the children of In addition to the former blunder respecting the could be impressed deeply on the hearts and minds of Israel, and that prophets and inspired men had once name. Christ,' we have the name . Jesus' in its Greek the poor !-their merit is in endeavouring to attain to, existed among them, by whom divine records had form, and not, as the Hebrews would have called it, and sustain themselves in, the circumstances which been deposited in a secure place, to save them from Joshua ; but we have, furthermore, the names of the tend to make man superior to low indulgences. In the hands of the wicked. A third communication, first and last letters of the Greek alphabet given as a as far as any of the comfortable portion of the com made on the morning of September 22, 1823, in- metaphorical description of continued existence to a munity can say, “ I have wrought for this house, this formed Smith that these relics were to be found in a nation that had never heard of the Greek language. good clothing, this fire, and this ease and peace of cavern, on a large hill to the east of the mail-road It is quite clear that the writer mistook Alpha and mind,” he is clearly meritorious. The poorest can in from Palmyra, Wayne county, state of New York. Omega for some sacred and mystic sounds, to which some degree, by a right direction of their energies, and Here, accordingly, Josephı made search, and, as he particular sanctity was attached—a blunder by no a prudential course of conduct, secure themselves in says, found a stone-chest containing plates like gold, means confined to the Mormonites—and wrote them like manner from that comfortlessness which, when it about seven by eight inches in width and length, and down without perceiving that they were an evidence does exist, forms the only shadow of a palliation which not quite so thick as common tin. On these plates of forgery, so palpable as to be manifest to schoolboys.” the case put by Maggie Mucklebacket admits of. As
was graven the book or bible of Mormon, so called The same authority which we have now quoted gives suredly, where any have brought on the comfortless from the name given to the party supposed to have a hint of the probable origin of this whole imposture, ness by their own imprudence, or by indulgences for written and concealed it. Smith was not allowed to for, as we shall show, Joseph Smith is a man scarcely which there was originally no apology of any kind, the take away these golden plates until he had learned capable of inventing or writing even the ravings of beautifully humane sentence of Scott would only be a the Egyptian language, in which tongue, or a modern the Book of Mormon. A clergyman named Solomon description of the punishment imposed by providence dialect of it, the graven book was composed. At Spaulding, had left his ministry, and entered into busifor the error, instead of an apology for the present in length, in September 1827, Smith was deemed quali- ness in Cherry Vale, New York, where he failed, in the dulgence.
fied to receive the golden plates, and he transcribed an year 1809. The sepulchral mounds of North America There is also such a thing as merit attributed for English version of the characters, which was published were then exciting some interest, and it struck Spauldthings done by accident, or without the design which in the year 1830. The work made a considerable im- | ing that he might relieve himself from his distresses they ultimately seemed to have. Everybody has read pression on the poorer classes of the United States, by composing a novel, connecting these mounds with in “ Joe Miller” of the English sailor, who, falling and a sect was formed soon afterwards, calling them the lost ten tribes of Ísrael, supposed by some to have from the top-mast upon deck, without hurting him- selves “ The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day peopled America. Intending to name his work “The self, instantly got up, and springing to the side of the Saints.” From their text-book, they were more fami- Manuscript Found,” he wrote it in the old style of the vessel, called out to the crew of a Dutch vessel near liarly called the “Mormonites."
Hebrew compositions. In 1812, the work was taken by, one of whom had performed some wonderful feats The Book of Mormon, which is nearly of the same to a printer named Lamdin, residing in Pittsburgh, in leaping, "Can any of you lubbers do anything extent as the Old Testament, contains, properly speak. Pennsylvania, but the author died ere any arrangement like that?” This is the type of many cases which ing, two distinct stories or histories. The history of could be made for its publication. Lamdin also died occur in life. Some one says a clever thing by chance; the Nephites, a portion of the tribe of Joseph, sup 1826. He had previously lent the manuscript to a it is applauded, and he quietly pockets the praise, as posed to have emigrated from Jerusalem under a person named Sidney Rigdon, and this person it seems if he had meant to say the thing. Some one is favoured prophet named Nephi, and to have been miraculously to have been who, in connexion with his friend Joseph by fortune in performing some feat, or transacting led to America, occupies the first part of the work. Smith, formed the idea of palming it on the world as a some piece of business very successfully ; his friends The Nephites founded, says the story, the Indian race. new revelation. The manuscript was well suited to their praise him for his skill, his address, or his courage, and Many years after their settlement, they are also stated purposes, and of course they would make such changes he coolly puts up with the imputation. Some years to have discovered the records of the Jaredites, an as appeared requisite. That this was the true source ago, this idea was made the basis of a series of papers extinct nation which came to America about the time of the Book of Mormon, is borne out by the testimony in a popular magazine, in which a young man, who was of the building of Babel. The revelations of various of the wife, brother, partner, and several friends of an absolute coward, is represented as advancing rapidly prophets to these Jaredites and Nephites, and direct Spaulding, who had heard him read portions of the in the army through the mere favour of a succession divine communications respecting “my servant Joseph manuscript, and who recognised many of the names of events in which he appeared to have conducted him. Smith," the apostle of the present day, compose the and incidents in the Book of Mormon to be the same self with boldness and spirit. First he is carried by an staple matter of the Book of Mormon.
with those occurring in Spaulding's novel. The diffiunruly horse into the midst of the enemy at the head From beginning to end, this work is filled with evi- culty of supposing paper of any kind to have been so of a charge which is successful, and, coming off unhurt, dences of forgery and imposture. The peculiar style long preserved, appears to have suggested the additional is held as having shown a wonderful example of bravery of holy writ is borrowed throughout, and, as regards and characteristic device of the “plates of gold" to the --then, attacked in travelling by a robber, he, in a words and names, many separate languages are drawn money-digger, Mr Joseph Smith. Sidney Rigdon is frenzy of terror, seizes the man's wrist convulsively, upon, proving the assumed writer of early ages to have now the “ prophet's” secretary. He, by the way, and and calls to the coachman to drive on ; the assailant all the information of our day before him. The diffi a few other persons, have alone been honoured with a is thus dragged on, a helpless prisoner, to quarters- culty arising from the red colour of the Indian skin, sight of the said plates. and so forth. Such circumstances may well be pre so different from that of the Jews, is overcome by It might be deemed superfluous to say so much on sumed to occur much more frequently than the world the arbitrary and easy medium of a miracle. Their this subject, were it not that the Mormon delusion has is aware of, for concealment is essential to them. colour is said to have been changed as a punishment spread widely in North America, and even in Great There is another class of merit-takers worthy of spe- for their sins. Things are spoken of, which, it is Britain. Joseph Smith and his colleagues settled in cial notice, namely, those who are always prophesying well known, were not invented till late times. For 1831 on the Missouri, whence they were soon after how ill things will turn out, merely for the pleasure example, it is said by the prophet Nephi, in allusion expelled on account their lawless conduct. They of damping the hopes or dashing the joy of their to a mutiny that took place on his voyage to Ame- then went to Illinois, and founded a town or city, neighbours. When things turn out well, these fore- rica, “ And it came to pass, after they had loosed me, called Nauvoo, near the Mississippi, said now to conbodings are of course forgotten ; when the case is behold, I took the compass, and it did work whither I | tain 1700 able-bodied men, exclusive of women and otherwise, the seer is enabled to take some praise to desired it.”. Besides antedating the discovery of the children. To this place too many emigrants are dihimself. “I told you how it would be-I always said needle's polarity by several centuries, the writer here recting their course even from Great Britain. What 80"—&c. I wish some statist would give us a return evidently misunderstands the use of the compass alto sort of people they will find in the persons of the of the number of persons of this kind who annually gether. A Mormonite elder, being pressed on the prophet and his associates, appears very clearly from disappear und are never more heard of. subject of this blunder, pointed to the account of St a little work by Mr Caswall
, who visited the city of Need I say how true merit is to be distinguished Paul's voyage, which has this sentence in the English the Mormons in the present year (1842). The followfrom all these false kinds ? by actual good designs and version : “ We fetched a compass
, and came to Řhe- ing is his picture of Joseph Smith good doings, by genuine self-denying and self-devotion gium.” The misapprehension of this sentence, the first “I met Joseph Smith at a short distance from for good ends, and all under the prompting of a prin- words of which mean merely, “ We made a circuit,” his dwelling, and was introduced to him. I had the ciple which does not limit its views to this nether had obviously led to the blunder of the composer of the honour of an interview with him who is a prophet, sphere.
Book of Mormon. According to the Athenæum: "The a seer, a merchant, a 'revelator,' a president, an elder,
history of the pretended Israelites is continued in the an editor, and the general of the Nauvoo legion.' He MORMONISM.
books of Enos, Jarom, Zeniff, &c., and through them is a coarse plebeian person in aspect, and his counte
all, we find one signal proof not merely of imposture, nance exhibits a curious mixture of the knave and the The sect of the Mormonites, or Latter-Day Saints, but of the ignorance of the impostor, repeated with clown. His hands are large and fat, and on one of his has of late years become familiar by these names in singular pertinacity. Every successive prophet pre- fingers he wears a massive gold ring, upon which I Great Britain. They derive their first and standing dicts to the Nephites the future coming of Christ saw an inscription. His dress was of coarse country appellation from a work called the Book of Mormon, the writer has fallen into the vulgar error of mistak- manufacture, and his white hat was enveloped by a assumed by them to be the fruit of inspiration and ing an epithet for a name ; the word 'Christ,' as all piece of black crape as a sign of mourning for his de revelation, and taken as the text-book and Bible of the educated persons know, is not a name, but a Greek ceased brother, Don Carlos Smith, the late editor of sect. The Book of Mormon, published two or three title of office, signifying' The anointed,' being in fact the Times and Seasons.' His age is about thirty-five. times in North America, and once in Britain in 1841, a translation of the Hebrew word Messiah ; it is true I had not an opportunity of observing his eyes, as he had the following origin
that in modern times, and by a corruption which is now appears deficient in that open straightforward look Some twenty and odd years since, a young man become inveterate, the term is used by western Chris- which characterises an honest man.
He led the way named Joseph Smith, the founder, apostle, and pro- tians as if it were a proper name, or at least an un to his house, accompanied by a host of elders, bishops, phet of the Mormonites, followed the profession of a translatable designation ; but this is a modern error, preachers, and common Mormons. On entering the money-digger in the United States. It is a common and it has been avoided by most of the oriental | house, chairs were provided for the prophet and myself, belief in some of the maritime districts of that repub- churches. Now, the use of a Greek term, in an age while the curious and gaping crowd remained standing lic, that large sums of money and masses of bullion when the Greek language was unformed, and by a 1 handed a book to the prophet, and begged him to were there buried in the earth by the buccaneers, as people with whom it was impossible for Greeks to have explain its contents. He asked me if I had any idea well as, more recently, by persons concerned in the intercourse, and, moreover, whose native language was of its meaning. I replied, that I believed it to be a Revolution. The pretence of discovering these trea of such peculiar construction as not to be susceptible Greek Psalter, but that I should like to hear his opisures by incantations was an artifice to which needy of foreign adınixture, is a mark of forgery so obvious nion. “No,' he said ; ‘it ain't Greek at all, except, and cunning, men frequently resorted, and Josephi and decisive, that it ought long since to have exposed perhaps, a few words. What ain't Greek is Egyptian, Smith, according to the best testimony, distinguished the delusion. Unhappily, however, we are forced to and what ain't Egyptian is Greek. This book is very himself peculiarly in this line. While he was en conclude, from the pamphlets before us, that the Ame- valuable. It is a dictionary of Egyptian hieroglyphics. gaged in these and similar pursuits, he received, as his rican Methodists, who first undertook to expose the Pointing to the capital letters at the commencement own story runs, several revelations from heaven, rela- Mormonites, were scarcely less ignorant than them- of each verse, he said, Them figures is Egyptian hietive to the religious sects of the day. On the first selves.
roglyphics, and them which follows is the interpretaoccasion when he was thus favoured, he had gone into A second Nephi takes up the history at a period tion of the hieroglyphics, written in the reformed a grove, and there besought divine aid to show bim contemporary with the events recorded in the New Egyptian. Them characters is like the letters that which, of all the denominations of the Christian church Testament. "It avers that our Lord exhibited himself was engraved on the golden plates.' Upon this the then existing, he ought to reverence and follow as the to the Nephites after his resurrection, and the words Mormons around began to congratulate me on the intrue one. A bright light, he said, appearea adove nis attributed to him bear still more conclusive evidence formation I was receiving. There, they said, ' we head ; he was received up into the midst of it; and he of the ignorance of the impostors :
told you so-we told you that our prophet would give there saw two angelic personages. who told him that • Behold I am Jesus Christ, the Son of God. Iyou satisfaction. None but our prophet can explain all his sins were forgiven, that the whole world was in created the heavens and the earth, and all things that these mysteries.?” The error of taking a Greek error on religious points, and that the truth should in the are.' And again, I am the light and the Pealter for a specimen of Egyptian hieroglyphics, sufbe made known to him in due time. A second revela- life of the world. I am Alpha and Omega, the be- ficiently proves the slender pretensions of Mr Joseph tion of a similar description informed Smith that the I ginning and the end.'
Smith to be a mystery-expounder.
In another part of the book, Mr Caswall relates a with his fair fellow-traveller. He wondered much if | door which appeared to lead into a counting-house, few personal anecdotes of this worthy, mentioned to her trouble arose from want of money. She was gen- which point being ascertained, and a probable means him by credible witnesses ; but they refer to such teelly dressed, and so was the child'; but how often of tracing them thus secured, Mr Cartwright hastened scenes of drunkenness and profanity, that we should the outside is maintained at the expense of the inside, on to the bank, in order that he might transact his not feel justified in transcribing them. Enough, and with how many is personal appearance the last business and return in the omnibus as before, in the we think, has been said to expose the character thing sacrificed! How frequently good clothes, the hope that they might do the same. They did so; of a dangerous impostor, and to prevent indivi- only remaining relics of better days, are accompanied and when they left the carriage in the Strand, he left duals amongst our working population from ex- by an empty pocket; and the decayed gentleman or it too, and once more followed them till they entered pending their little all on the faith of such a man's gentlewoman, whose air and attire in the street would the door of a shabby-looking house, and disappeared promises. We have before us a letter from an unfor- have repelled the suspicion of poverty, retires to a fire without his having found resolution or opportunity to tunate cotton-spinner of Lancashire, which shows how less hearth, and lies down with a supperless stomach ! address them. After walking up and down the street necessary such a caution is. The Mormon preachers " Perhaps," thought Mr Cartwright, “ she has been a little while, considering what he should do, he adin England had described Nauvoo to him as a land into the city to ask the assistance of some rich rela- vanced to the same door and knocked. “There is a overflowing with milk and honey, and a place where tion, who has refused to aid her;" and the good man lady and a little girl living here,” said he to a dirtythe divine Being had commanded a temple to be ardently wished he could discover if that was the looking woman, who answered his summons. built, that might be a refuge to all mankind. Joseph case. "Who knows but one of these five-pound notes “Them as I let in just now?" said she. Smith, at least, had certainly commanded this, as the I have in my pocket might be of the most eminent Yes, exactly,” replied Mr Cartwright. “What is following very unequirocal passages from his writings service to her, and how well I could spare it!” But their name !!! will show :-“ Verily, verily, I say unto you, let all how was such a delicate mystery to be discovered ? “ Sinclair," responded the woman. my saints come from afar, and send ye swift messen. Had Mr Cartwright been alone with her, he would “How long have they lived here ?" gers, yea, chosen messengers, and say unto them, have made a bold effort to penetrate the cause of her “ Almost two years; but they're going away next * Come ye with all your gold, and your silver, and your affliction ; but there were several other passengers in week.” precious stones, and with all your antiquities ; and all the vehicle, and it was therefore impossible to venture “ Has the lady a husband ?" inquired Mr Cartwho have knowledge of antiquities that will come may the slightest observation on her distress. All he could wright. come ; and bring the box tree, and the fir-tree, and the do was to renew his civilities to the child, whilst the un “I believe so, but I never saw him. I heard that pine-tree, together with all the precious trees of the happy mother sat with her head as much as possible he had turned out ill, and had left her." earth ; and with iron, and with copper, and with brass, averted from the company, every now and then lifting “Do you know what her situation is ? She does and with zinc, and with all your precious things of her handkerchief to her eyes to wipe away the starting not appear to be in very good circumstances.” the earth, and build a house to my name, for the tears as they began to steal over her cheek. “ Poor “ Not she. That's the reason she's going awayMost High to dwell therein : for there is not a place thing !" sighed Mr Cartwright, as they descended she can't afford to pay for her lodging, and I can't found upon earth, that he may come and restore again from the omnibus exactly at the spot where they had afford to stand out of my money." that which was lost unto you, or which he hath taken first joined it, and he looked out to observe which “ Has she any friends'?” asked Mr Cartwright. away, even the fullness of the priesthood.'”
way they went. They turned down a narrow street, “A few people used to call on her when tirst she By such blasphemous and deceitful stuff as this, the which led towards the river, and as Mr Cartwright came to live here," answered the woman ; " but they poor cotton-spinner, like too many others, was induced caught a glimpse of the water at its extremity, it have all dropped off, and you're the first person that to go to Nauvoo, where, like other victims of delusion, rather augmented the pain he felt at losing sight of has inquired for her for many a day. Do you know he was wretchedly used.
the interesting stranger without having been able to her ?" It is needless to carry our notice of this matter make any effort towards alleviating her distress. He “I believe I do; and I'll thank you to let her know further. Every shadow of evidence yet obtained tends remembered how often those dark waters had proved that a gentleman of the name of Cartwright wishes to to prove Mormonism to be a gross imposture, and one the last refuge of the destitute-the resting place of speak to her. Perhaps she may not recollect me, but unworthy of notice, save on account of the dangers the wretched who could find no other; and when he tell her I'll explain to her who I am, if she'll do me which have here been described and exposed.
sat down to his comfortable dinner at his hotel, his the honour to admit me.”
thoughts involuntarily reverted to the young mother After a short absence, the woman returned, and AN OMNIBUS ADVENTURE.
and her child, and he felt, if poverty were really the evil | desired him to follow her; and having led him up two
under which she was suffering, how happy he would pair of stairs, ushered him into the presence of Mrs One day an elderly gentleman, named Cartwright, have been to have seen them seated at his table, and Sinclair. Everything in the room bespoke poverty, stepped into an omnibus at the west end of the town, partaking of the abundant repast provided for himself. and the dresses which the mother and child had worn in order to pay a visit to the Bank to receive his divi- lent and kind-hearted man that Mr Cartwright felt something more homely and faded, clearly betokening
It was not only because he was really a benevo- half an hour before had already been changed for dends. In the Strand, the vehicle stopped, and took up thus, but also because he stood more alone in the world that those which had štruck him as being so shabby a lady and a little girl, who, having seated themselves than he liked. He had been married, but his wife and insufficient, were, nevertheless, the best their reexactly opposite to Mr Cartwright, afforded him full had died childless ; and he had neither brother nor duced circumstances had left them. leisure and opportunity to survey them. The first thing sister, nor any relation alive, except his mother, a “I must begin, madam," said Mr Cartwright, when he remarked of the lady was, that she was both young he reasonably expected to see fall before himself
. an intrusion which nothing could excuse but the mo
worthy old woman, who resided with him, but whom the woman had closed the door, “by apologising for and pretty, and the next, that she bore in her coun- Being rich, he did a great deal of good amongst the tive that occasions it.” To this exordium the lady tenance evident traces of sorrow and anxiety. The poor in his neighbourhood, and in his will he had made bowed, and a faint blush suffused her cheek; whilst little girl was very pretty too, and, whatever her a benevolent disposal of his property; but he neverthe- the little girl, who evidently recognised her fellowmother's cause of grief might be, was yet too young less often regretted that he had nobody to make traveller, crept to his side and laid her hand upon his to share it, for she did not look more than four years happy with it, to whom he could be attached, and knee, whereupon he lifted her up and asked her if she old. Interested by their appearance, Mr Cartwright when distress presented itself before him in so intewho could, in return, be attached to him ; and thus, remembered him.
“ Yes," said she. “ You were in the omnibus.” made one or two attempts to address the lady; but resting a form as that of the lady and her child, he “But did you ever see me before to-day ?” inquired although she answered him politely, she seemed too could not help earnestly desiring to make further he. much absorbed in her own reflections to be disposed acquaintance with it. “Still, however," as he said, “ No," said the child. for conversation. Some courtesies offered to the and many for which I can do nothing ; so I had better probably even you, madam, may not recollect that six
" there are many evils in the world besides poverty, " Ah! it is too long for you to remember; and child met with a more willing reception. Before think no more about it.” But he could not help months ago wo met under exactly the same circumthey reached the Bank, however, he lost sight of thinking more about it; and for the few following stances as those of this morning.” them; they descended and turned into a street that days that he remained in town, when his business was “ I fancied I had seen you before, sir," said Mrs led off at right angles, whilst the heavy omnibus over for the morning, he invariably found himself Sinclair, “ but I had quite forgotten where." rumbled on to its destination. lounging along the Strand, and taking a turn, by the " Well, madam,” continued Mr Cartwright, “ that
was not the case with me; I remembered the circumReceiving one's dividends is a very pleasant oc-way, down the street that led to the river, in the
vague hope of meeting the objects of his interest and stance very well, and was extremely glad of the accicupation, especially to a comfortable Leicestershire curiosity. However, his wishes were not realised; he dent that gave me an opportunity of discovering your farmer, who adds something to his principal every left London without seeing any more of them, and residence, which I often regretted I had neglected to year, which was the case with Mr Cartwright, who gradually the impression they had made faded from do the first time we met.”. was an extensive breeder of sheep in that county. his mind.
“Do you know me, sir ?" inquired Mrs Sinclair, surHe was a very good-natured kind-hearted man at Six months after this adventure, Mr Cartwright prised at this appearance of interest from a stranger. all times ; but in consequence of the soothing effect errand. He had before gone to receive his July saw you, to my knowledge, till we met in the omnibus
“No, madam," replied Mr Cartwright. “I never of his errand, when, having transacted his busi- dividends, now he went to receive his January divi- last July. But
as we may beat about the bush all day, ness, he buttoned up his pockets and stepped into dends. He put up at the same hotel, and stepped into and lose a great deal of time if I do not explain clearly the omnibus to return, he felt in a more than usually the same omnibus, at the same hour, for the purpose the motive of my visit, 1 shall beg leave to come dicomplacent mood, and very well disposed to chat with of being transported to the bank ; but what was his rectly to the point, first apologising for the liberty I his companions. Accordingly, he entered into an surprise when the omnibus was hailed at the very am going to take, and requesting a patient hearing.” amicable dispute regarding the badness of the times same spot in the Strand, and the same lady and child Mrs Sinclair having bowed her acquiescence, Mr with a passenger who sat opposite, and whose errand got into it ! " They are poor,” said he to himself, at Cartwright hemmed two or three times to clear away into the city had probably been of a less agreeable the first glance, for the difference of their attire the embarrassment he felt
on entering upon so delicate kind, seeing that he professed his belief that a period betrayed their secret. Their dresses were not only a subject as the lady's distresses. He then proceeded of universal ruin was approaching: Mr. Cartwright shabby, but insufficient for the season ; and the hollow to narrate how much he had been interested by the took the cheerful side of the question ; averring, that cheeks of the mother, and the faded roses of the child, appearance of herself and of her child, and moved by in all ages it had been the fashion to abuse the pre- told a tale of suffering and want that could not be the evident affliction under which she was labouring. sent and laud the past, but for his part he did not questioned. “Providence seems to throw them in my " Whether it be true, madam,” said he, “ that we are doubt that the times were as good as any that had way,” thought Mr Cartwright ; "and this time it occasionally drawn towards others by particular sympreceded them, if not better.
shall not be in vain." But the lady, apparently pathies, I know not, but certain it is, that I was more Whilst our happily-disposed friend was engaged in weighed down by her afflictions, never raised her eyes, than commonly affected by your unhappiness, and this argument, the omnibus suddenly stopped at ex and did not see him, or, if she did, did not recognise more than commonly anxious to contribute towards actly the same spot where the lady and the little girl him ; whilst his attempts to make friends with the its relief, if it were in my power. But having no had descended from it, and when the door opened, he child were less successful than on the former occasion. means of ascertaining your name, or anything respectperceived that it was to take them up again. "The lady The young spirit was nipped by penury; and cold and ing your situation, I was obliged to leave town without made him a slight acknowledgment of recognition, want had already clouded the smooth brow, and accomplishing my wishes ; but the singular coincithe little girl smiled in his face, but on looking at dimmed the
lustre of the laughing eyes. " I must not dence which has again brought us together, leads me the countenance of the former, he could not help lose sight of them,” thought”Mr Cartwright, as they to hope that I am destined on this occasion to be more concluding that her expedition had not terminated approached the place where they had before left the fortunate.” 80 agreeably as his own. There were traces of re- omnibus ; so when the vehicle stopped to put them As such instances of disinterested benevolence are cently-shed tears, and the expression of grief he had down, he descended also. They took the same road not common, though we believe they are not quite so first remarked seemed now almost deepened into de- they had done on the former occasion, and he followed rare as the world supposes, Mrs Sinclair raised her spair
. At this sight, MrCartwright left off praising the them, desiring to address them, but not knowing how eyes to the face of her visitor, as if she were seeking times, and set himself to think what could be the matter to set about it ; till after a little while they entered a l the key to his generosity. The open, honest, manly
countenance of the country gentleman was one that along." And they stole out of the room, softly closing confined for eighteen months to bed. While she was could well stand the test of scrutiny. “I mean no the door behind them.
in the magnetic trance, he applied his finger succesthing but what I say,” continued he.
“I am a plain Mrs Sinclair looked at her child, who fortunately sively to various organs, and willed that they should man, and make straight to the object of my discourse. still slept soundly ; then she slipped out of bed, and, be excited; in the majority of cases, the result immeThere are many afflictions for which human aid can gently opening the door, listened to discover which diately followed. “Thus," he says, "the finger apdo little, but there are others which it can alleviate, way the men were gone. She knew nothing of the plied to Imitation produced the most splendid mimicry and one of these is, not being altogether well off — house, neither where the servants slept, nor where her it is possible to conceive. The words and gestures of in short, poverty. If I am not wrong in supposing host or hostess slept, for she had seen nothing but the friends were copied in the most exact manner.
Anecthat pecuniary embarrassments form some part of rooms below, and her own bed.chamber; but presently dotes which had been forgotten by all the members your distress, pray, contide in me, and give me an a slight creaking of a stair satisfied her that there of the family were repeated in a way that brought opportunity of doing what will confer on myself the were footsteps ascending to the floor above; so she the circumstances instantaneously to their recollecgreatest satisfaction."
crept after them. The thieves entered a room to the tion, notwithstanding many years had elapsed.” The The tears started into Mrs Sinclair's eyes ; she right ; şhe approached the door, hesitating what to excitation was banished in each case by a wave of the blushed, and turned pale, and hesitated. " However do, uncertain whether any one slept there, and afraid hand over the organ. “ The organs," he adds, "repainful it may be, sir," she said, “it would be folly to of uselessly sacrificing her own life if she discovered mained active even after the patient had resumed her attempt to deny that I am poor ; everything you see herself too soon ; but in a moment more the voice of natural state. This was so marked, that the attendaround me attests the meagreness of my resources ; Mr Cartwright saying, “Who's there?” satisfied her ants have frequently requested me not to demagnetise and although I have other and great troubles, yet I there was no time to lose, and she pushed open the the organ of Benevolence, because, when this was alwill own that the most pressing at this moment is door. At the sound of this unexpected disturbance, lowed to continue active, she was so much more kind poverty. But what reason have I, sir, to hope that a both the men turned suddenly towards her, whilst Mr and affectionate.” stranger will afford me the assistance that my own Cartwright jumped out of bed, and seized the one In December, similar experiments were for the first connexions deny me? Why should I intrude my nearest to him by the arms. The other, on seeing time made in America by Dr Buchanan of Louisville. distresses on you? What claim have I on your bene- this attack made upon his companion, lifted up his Since then, they have been tried by others in different volence ?”
knife with the intention of plunging it into the breast parts of the United States, particularly in New York “Every claim, madam,” replied Mr Cartwright; of the man they came to murder, when Mrs Sinclair and Philadelphia. The Journal gives an extract from s at least so my feelings tell me ; and of this I am darted forwards, and seizing the robber by the arm, a letter dated from the last mentioned city in May of certain, that your declining my assistance would give exclaimed, “Oh, James ! for mercy's sake spare the this year, relating an experiment to which the writer me more pain than, I think, you would be willing to friend and benefactor of your child ?"
was witness, and in which all the parties were of such inflict on a person who desires to serve you ;” and in “ Charlotte !" ejaculated the man, confounded at so character as yielded assurance of the most perfect order to invite her confidence, he next proceeded to unexpected a meeting ; “ what has brought you here?” good faith on their parts. A Mr N. being thrown inform her who he was, and how he was situated ; “We were starving, James,” replied Mrs Sinclair, into the somnambulistic state, the experimenter put and, in return, she told him that she had married a " I and your child, and the charity of this good man his finger in succession on parts of the head of the young man who was a clerk in a public office, but that has saved us. Oh, spare him for our sakes, as well as former, corresponding with some of the phrenological he had forfeited his situation through misconduct; for your own !”
organs. The same results as those above detailed that for sometime she had lost sight of him altogether, "Come along, Bob !" said the man, whom the followed. " It was not a little amusing," says the and that, with him, her means of subsistence had reader will by this time have discovered to be the un writer of the letter, "to see the lofty air of Selfceased, except what she had been able to earn by fortunate woman's husband ; " this affair won't do ;" | Esteem and expression of contempt for others quickly needlework,
and a very small half yearly allowance and pushing his companion before him, he moved to succeeded by the deferential manner and language of which was paid her by a relation in the city. “It wards the door. There he stopped, and turning round Vanity, the endearing expressions and gestures of was on my way to receive that money,” she said, to Mr Cartwright, who stood an amazed spectator of Love of Children, the animation of Adhesiveness, the " that I had the good fortune to meet you in the om- this scene, he said, “Sir, she has saved your life ! rude boisterousness and preparation for fight of Com. nibus." Take care of her and the child.”
bativeness, the mimic drawing of the bowie knife and “ And you do not know where your husband is ?" "I will,” said Mr Cartwright, with an earnest reckless disregard of life of Destructiveness. In like said Mr Cartwright.
expression, and the robbers descended the stairs, and manner were developed, and with great vivacity of "No," replied she, “ I do not; and I fear he has too in a moment more left the house as they had entered expression and manner, the manifestations of the famuch reason to keep out of sight. On the day I first it, with their hands unstained by blood, and without culties of Tune, Colour, Order, Weight, Form, and met you, last July, I heard very afflicting intelligence the booty they had been induced to come in search of, Locality. Mr N., who is very fond of music, imitated with respect to him, when I went into the city ;" a from knowing the object of Mr Cartwright's journey various sounds as of the horn, and the movements of communication which recalled to Mr Cartwright the to London.
rapid and emphatic fingering of, and as if sweeping remarkable augmentation of grief lie had observed in Mrs Sinclair never saw her unhappy husband again. over, the piano-forte ; and at last, so great was his her countenance when she stepped into the omnibus Some time afterwards she learned from her relation delight, that he exhibited it by sundry odd gestures, the second time.
in the city, that he had been convicted of a burglary, one might say contortions, with accompanying vocal As space cannot be afforded here to detail the pro- and was transported for life ; but as his real name did sounds.
But most extraordinary was the gress of the intiniacy and confidence that grew up not transpire, she was spared the infamy that would simultaneous manifestation of two faculties of very between Mr Cartwright and Mrs Sinclair, we must have recoiled upon herself and her child from the dis- different natures, such as Covetousness and Consciencontent ourselves with saying, that, having satisfied closure of his crimes. We need scarcely add that Mr tiousness, or Combativeness and Conscientiousness. himself that she was well-worthy of the interest he Cartwright fulfilled his promise to the uttermost. Under the impulse of Combatireness, he was raised was disposed to feel in her fortunes, he not only re Mrs Sinclair ended her days in peace and content on the ground, had, in idea, a dagger drawn, and threw lieved her immediate distresses, but invited her and her ment at Uphill, which, at the death of Mr Cartwright, himself into a most menacing attitude; when, on child to accompany him into Leicestershire on a visit, became the property of her daughter, who has been conscientiousness being touched, his whole manner intending to keep them there as long as it should be many years herself a happy wife and mother, having underwent a change ; he drew his before extended and found agreeable to both parties. His mother, therefore, married a young clergyman of elegant accomplish- uplifted hand quickly to his breast, thrust away then having been duly prepared for the arrival of these new ments and exemplary piety.
rapidly his supposed weapon, and buttoned up quickly inmates, the three started from London by the mail,
his coat. The gradual unfolding of the feeling of Acand without accident reached Uphill, the comfortable
quisitiveness, from the moment when he first saw residence of Mr Cartwright, where they met with a
SOME RECENT EXPERIMENTS IN
something in view -- bags with strings twisted round glad reception from his aged relative. The contrast
them, and his knowledge then of their contents, with : between the luxury and abundance to which they were THE Phrenological Journal for October presents, desire of possession, up to an appeal to his companion, now introduced, and the privations their indigence without any opinion of its own, some accounts of whom he supposed to be present, whether they could strangers, as they seated themselves at the well-served recent experiments in mesmerism, which seem capable own use, was a natural and fine piece of acting, if we dinner tabl on the day of their arrival ; whilst the of interesting a wider circle of readers. It appears were to regard it in that light. so, also, was his quickly benevolent host and hostess were intensely. gratified that, towards the end of last year, mesmerists in Eng- dropping the money, and his expressions of misgiving hospitality. Thus, in friendly discourse over the themselves to have made the discovery, that, while a by so favourable an opportunity of exercising their land and America made the discovery, or believed at the act when Conscientiousness was touched,
Mr N. said that he remembered much that had transcheerful fire, and with much enjoyment to all parties,
pired in his magnetic state. His manners and dethe first evening passed rapidly away, and at an early patient is in the sleep-walking state, or magnetic portment are reserved, and he is quite diffident and hour, being somewhat fatigued with their journey, the trance, it is possible for the practitioner to operate averse to exhibition, and to practical jokes or rough travellers retired to their beds.
upon the various organs of the brain as these are dis- mirth of any kind." The writer adds, that experiIt was not known to Mrs Sinclair; but the room to tinguished in the system of Dr Gall-thus producing ments have been performed upon thirteen persons at journey to London, had been occupied by the master special mental manifestations according
to the special lady who was quite unacquainted with the presumed of the house. As it had a particularly warm and organ which may be operated upon. We shall here locality of the cerebral organs. pleasant aspect, he had directed in his letter that it endeavour to give a condensed view of the doings of
In the course of the spring and summer of the preshould be appropriated to the visitors, and another these gentlemen, merely as something which may sent year, various gentlemen in England have pursued prepared for himself; and this was accordingly done. gratify immediate curiosity.
this line of investigation. Mr Brookes of Birmingham After returning thanks to providence for having It was on the 7th of October that the first excita- has made several private exhibitions in London, the raised them up such a friend in the hour of need, and tion of a cerebral organ in a magnetic patient was con- patient being a young female servant of his own, who having invoked blessings on their benefactor's house, sidered to have taken place. J. W. Gardiner, Esq., is said to have been cured of epileptic fits and insanity the mother and her child stretched themselves to sleep then having a female patient in the sleep-walking by what is called a course of mesmerism. The Journal in the good man's bed.
state, played a few notes on a small musical instru- contains a letter of a correspondent giving an account It was a sound sleep they fell into; the journey, ment, which caused her to wave her head from side to of a series of exhibitions of this girl, to which he was the change of air, the well-appointed couch, and the side in the time of the music. He then sounded the witness. “She appeared,” he says, “to be about peace of mind resulting from the change in their for- instrument without attention to harmony, when the twenty years of age, of a nervous and rather unhealthy tunes, naturally disposed them to rest, and Mrs Sin patient was observed to shudder and appear distressed. appearance, and extremely modest and timid demean. clair's anxious thoughts had reposed in deep slumber Interrogated as to the cause of this, she said she was our.” Mr Brookes was morally certain that she knew for some hours, when she was suddenly aroused by a in pain ; and, asked where the pain was, she placed a nothing whatever of the system of Gall. It was the sound as of something falling in the room, and, on finger of each hand on the organ of Tune on one side practice of this experimenter only to hold his fingers opening her eyes, she beheld two men, one of whom of the head. C. B. Mansfield, Esq., practising at Cam- within about an inch of the head, instead of touching was standing with his back towards lier at an old bridge, in December, upon a gentleman unusually sus- it. It was arranged, says the letter-writer, that the bureau, the lid of which he had just let fall, whilst ceptible of the magnetic influence, found that he could organs to be mesmerised should not be mentioned in the other, who had a knife in his hand, was in the act operate in like manner upon a special organ. The hearing of the patient, but that he should write them of turning away from the bed, over which, a moment patient was taking his dinner, and indulging in a on slips of paper, and hand these to Mr Brookes. It before, he had been bending. “Come along,” said the strain of comicality, to the great amusement of those was also agreed that no leading questions should be latter, in a low hurried voice to his companion ; “ the around him, when Mr Mansfield touched the organ of put to the girl, but only these two," How do you feel !" old man's not here--we must look further—there's a the Ludicrous, with the intention of arresting his flow and “What are you thinking of ?". At the exhibition woman and a child in the bed-come along, lest they of humour; instantly his conversation became grave. now to be detailed, one other gentleman was present. should wake;" and he drew his companion away. Other organs are stated to have been acted upon in The girl was, in about ten minutes, thrown into mes“ Are you sure they're asleep ?” asked the other.
Another mesmerist, the friend of these meric sleep, or coma, from which she was brought by “Quite sure," answered the first. “Quick !-come / gentlemen, had a patient, a young lady, who had been pattings and shakings into the state in which a con
versation can be carried on, when there could be no when Alimentiveness was excited, the girl sponta-racteristic subjects for his pencil. His main field was doubt of her condition being peculiar, as the pupils of neously called for beans and bacon, and, when Edinburgh, and its environs ; and there he was indeher eyes were expanded so as to occupy the whole awakened, so urgent did she continue to be for this fatigable in picking up all kinds of oddities. His space of the iris-a state in which, it may be remarked, dish, that Mr Brookes was obliged to procure it for execution was surprisingly rapid ; and, indeed,” says there can be no vision.
“ He resolved never to awaken beans and bacon his biographer, “ so great was the facility and rapidity “Wishing to witness the effect on the small convo: again.”] “This, the most troublesome organ yet with which he used his crayon, that it was by no lutions of the knowing organs, I wrote down ‘Form,' | tried, was for the time qnieted by much waving over means an uncommon thing for him to catch the conshowed it to the other stranger, and handed it to Mr and blowing upon it. Imitation being then written tour of odd figures, or of remarkable features, together Brookes. He incidentally stated-as an answer to down-Mr B., What are you thinking of ? Answer, with all the raciness of character which they exhibited, one objection, namely, that the mesmeriser's willing a : My mother. If I were at home, she would give me whilst he was walking by the side of the originals in particular manifestation, may, from what is known of beans and bacon--that tow would, mother' (imitating the streets. mesmerism, produce it by mesmeric sympathy—that the provincial language of her mother). She then An anecdote regarding one individual, who makes a manifestations sometimes came out which he did not spoke like Tommy Addison' of her village, and next very conspicuous appearance among the characters to will, in consequence of a neighbouring organ being ex- like the minister, when he preached. As she laughed be found in his etchings, is worth relating, as an excited. This happened in the present mesmerisation when she did all this, we concluded that Wit or ample of the difficulties he encountered, and the risks of Form, for Size was put into activity. I placed Laughter had been influenced at the same time to which he was sometimes exposed in his attempts to myself so as to see, with the strictest watchfulness, all with Imitation. Sarah was then awakened, looked gratify the ardent desire he had to collect the portraits that Mr Brookes did, and to hear all that he said to bewildered, and then abashed ; and said, when asked, of such people whom he saw in the street, whose figures, his patient, or she answered to him. She sat, and he that she had no recollection of anything that had features, or general appearance, were of a description stood without in any way touching her. Mr Brookes's passed during her mesmeric state.”
calculated to strike his humorous fancy. The man to fingers
were, for about a minute, held half an inch Here, for the present, we leave this curious sub- whom we now allude, was a porter in the Grassmarket, from Form, being very silently brought near. To ject. To many, we are sensible, it must appear somewhat pot-bellied, and with that projection and the question, 'What are you thinking about ?' she an foolishness; but why to such persons should it not hang of the nether lip, and elevation of nose, that swered, 'I am in the Park; I see many people and appear equally absurd to suppose that a small bit of gives to the human countenance a certain air of vulpretty things... I see such a handsome face ; but opium will produce gorgeous dreams, or a supper of gar importance. In this subject it seemed to say, everything is big (Size excited). I am big myself ; pork griskins the night-mare? The brain is un- ' though I'm a porter, I'm no fool.' Geikie had made my hand is so large. Here I wrote Weight,' feeling doubtedly the organ of the mind, and a most wonder- various attempts to get sufficiently near this man to a peculiar interest to observe, from the manifestation, ful instrument it is. Its action appears to be con sketch his figure and physiognomy. Day after day whether that much-disputed organ was rightly located nected with that subtle agent which takes the various he haunted his intended victim, without obtaining the and named. Mr Brookes's fingers shifted silently names of galvanism, magnetism, &c., but is proved to least chance of him. At length, however, he thought onwards over it, and alınost instantly the patient of be fundamentally one thing. Why, therefore, may he had caught a favourable opportunity. But he had herself repeated, 'I am so big; and oh! so heavy.' it not be supposed liable to be operated upon in the hardly taken out his sketch-book from his pocket, and She now showed considerable agitation and alarm, way described! It is easy to meet such subjects with sharpened his pencil, when the porter perceiving him, and seized hold of Mr B., saying, "Oh, my weight will scepticism and scoffing ; but a genuine lover of natural and suspecting his intention, immediately moved away, break the floor! I shall fall; I am falling!" The investigation, and one who is at the same time candid and plunged into the crowded market. Like a young next organ, Colour, having been influenced without and honest, would be more likely to see in them traces Highland sportsman, who wishes to get a shot at an Mr B.'s intention, nosegays, or, as she called them, of some important though unascertained natural laws, old fox, who may have dodged into cover, Geikie, posies, appeared to her - beautiful flowers, but so large and disposed, for that reason, to give them the benefit with his pencil and paper in hand, prowled about, and so heavy-oh, they will fall upon and crush me ; of a careful inquiry.
now worming his way through the crowd after his they are so big and so heavy, they will hurt me; they
prey, and now stealing around the outskirts of it, are flying over me ; a cat or a dog is flying over me,
watching for a glimpse of him. The porter all this and will fall and hurt me!' Mr B. diminished the
time was on his guard, and took especial care to keep mesmeric influence by a rapid movement of his hand The etchings of the late unfortunate Mr Geikie are behind some knot of farmers or corn-dealers, so as to over the organs, as if brushing flies from the face ; and at length issued in a complete form, along with the defy the attempts of his young persecutor, until at last Form, Size, Weight, and colour, with Individuality, illustrative letter-press, and a biographical introduc. when the
market began to thin, and his hopes of dewhich seemed to have been mesmerised when Form tion by Sir Thomas Dick Lauder, Bart.* Geikie was
feating the foul intention against him ebbed away and Size were approached, all at last acting toa true child of genius, and to what height his industry abused and threatened his tormentor with great fury
with the lessening crowd, he lost all patience, and gether, became tranquil, and ceased to manifest themselves
. As the patient had hitherto been in per- would have carried him, if blessed with hearing and both of words and of action. The first were of course fectly good humour, I wrote Destructiveness for speaking, may be inferred from his wonderful efforts lost upon the poor deaf lad, although there was no misthe next experiment. Mr B.'s fingers were for under the melancholy deprivation of these faculties. taking the meaning shake of the porter's mutton fist. a minute or two held to the organ. A cross ex Geikie_we write more particularly for the informa- But as this only threw
his subject into a more tempting pression came over the patient's countenance. To tion of southern readers—was a native of Edinburgh, attitude, the artist's fervour
for his art rendered him the usual question, she answered, with considerable his father being a respectable perfumer in that city, utterly regardless of consequences, and he proceeded temper, · Don't bother me; I could stamp my foot; I and he was born in Charles's Street (1795), in the This so enraged the porter, that, roaring like an infufeel very angry,' showing at the same time the quick midst of the suburban scene in which Sir Walter riated bull, he rushed at him to give him immediate movements of anger, clenching the hands, &c. As a contrast, Benevolence was influenced, when the coun
Scott spent the earliest years of his life. When chastisement, and before Geikie had time to apply the tenance relaxed into good humour and gentleness, and nearly two years of age, a nervous fever destroyed point of the pencil to the paper, he was obliged to tly all the natural language of irritation was gone. "How his organs of hearing, and consequently he was to save his bones from being beaten to mummy. do you feel ?'. *Very well; very happy; I would doomed to the calamity of being ever afterwards Though well built for carrying weight, the porter was wish all to be happy.' Another contrast was suddenly deaf and dumb. Thrown thus very much on his of a mould that rendered him anything but fit for tried in Self-Esteem; the change was striking. The own powers of amusement, a natural taste for draw- racing; and as Geikie had by much the heels of him, expression assumed was proud and repulsive. To the ing was eagerly practised. While yet a child, as
he stopped every now and then as he fled, like a Parquestion, What are you thinking of the answer his biographer informs us, his turn for this delight. thian, up the Grassmarket, to have a shot behind him was, “Why do you speak to me! You insult me.' ful recreation was manifested in " attempts to cut with his pencil at his pursuer, who was puffing, and When asked how, she answered, 'Speaking to me in- out in paper representations of the objects which came blowing, and labouring after him. But this only the sults me.' Explain yourself.' I won't explain ; within his observation. He began also from his ear more excited the fury of the porter, and made him that would be making myself less than you. I am liest youth to sketch figures with chalk on floors and strain every nerve to catch him, so that not only above you ; I will not condescend to explain ; it is walls, and from these attempts he gradually advanced could Geikie make no use of the drawing implements not worth my while. Naturally, the girl is remark to the employment of pencils and paper. Having once which
he carried in his hand, but the porpus in purably humble and respectful to her master. Venera- acquired the use of these implements, he made fre- suit of him so pressed upon him, that he in his turn tion was suddenly mesmerised, as if another note of quent sallies from the city into the outskirts, where, was compelled to look out for some place into which the instrument had been struck — and she became with the fullest enjoyment, he would fill his sketch- he could escape for temporary shelter. Fortunately silent, and no longer haughty in her expression and book with picturesque subjects of every description, an open stair, common to the doors of all the various attitude. What are you thinking of ? was repeatedly animate as well as inanimate. Often has our infor- inhabitants who occupied its respective flats, most asked before she answered, her manner being that of mant accompanied him whilst on such rambles, and opportunely presented itself. Into this he rushed, some absorbing meditation. At last she replied, I frequently has he stood beside the young artist, where, and the porter conceiving that he had retreated into am thinking of another world. Well,' said Mr B., perched upon a wall, or some other elevated place out some of the dwellings it contained, balted in the street
no one is proud or conceited there.? "No! God views of reach of danger from wheeled vehicles, he would opposite to it, and putting his arms behind him, under us all alike. We should bow to him, but we don't.' busy himself with his pencil in catching, with all that the tails of his coat, he stood panting and heaving till Mr B., What made you fancy that you were above truth and accuracy so uniformly displayed by his he recovered his breath, with a full resolution of waitme? I suppose you think yourself as good as the sketches, those traits of feature and of character, with ing till his enemy should venture forth from that queen?' Answer, The queen and the beggar are the the union and combination of which his genius after which he believed might be merely a temporary place same in the sight of God.'
Tun merised as she was talking. For a considerable time whole life. Observing that his bias was thus so unewards so luxuriantly recreated itself throughout his of concealment in the house of some acquaintance.
Now was the time for Geikie, and he was not the man no result followed; but at last the patient began to quivocally manifested, his father was desirous to give to lose it. Fortunately there was a window in the sing; we recognised one of Watt's hymns, with a hymn tune. The voice was musical and sweet, but
it every encouragement; and, accordingly, when Geikie first fat of the common stair, through which he had subdued, as of one singing in sleep. She continued to
was about the age of fourteen, he was sent to study a most perfect view of his subject, though its dirtsing much longer than we wished, and was with diffi- 1812, he was admitted into the drawing academy estaunder Mr Patrick Gibson, and in May of the year begrimmed panes of glass completely concealed his
own figure from view. With a few touches of his culty stopped. Alimentiveness was next called forth, blished by the Honourable the Commissioners of the powerful crayon, he very quickly made the man his and soon every feeling and thought was gone but this Board of Trustees for the encouragement of Scottish own property. This was all very well, but how was one., Mr Brookes afterwards told me that voracity Manufactures, a school which has been the nursery he to escape from the porter, who still continued to had been a feature of the girl's insanity, and that, for so many artists who have done honour to Scotland, stand doggedly, like a sentry on his post, surveying when excited, the organ always acted morbidly, and through whose works the taste displayed in the all the windows of the huge tenement long after and continued to act long after she waked. It did industrial arts has been so much improved."
Geikie would have most willingly seen him relieved 80 on this occasion. It first showed itself by an angry inquiry — for its neighbour, Destructiveness, let, Geikie became a painter by profession ; but a
Being in time initiated in the mysteries of the pal- from it. There was no alternative for the poor artist
but to remain a prisoner in the common stair until was roused by sympathy.—- Why, she did not get radical deficiency as to colouring, and likewise as to
the porter should give up his watch, and this he did her dinner?' Mr B.
, ' Dinner! why, you have just taste, or more properly a want of any great percep- not do for some hours, until his patience being at last had your breakfast.' 'I am very hungry-I have tion of the truly elegant in art, and for which his exhausted, or some job occurring to his mind that two štomachs. Mr B., “Will you have some po- physical disabilities sufficiently account, limited the called him away, he slowly and unwillingly retired, tatoes ? 'Yes, yes! (earnestly) I could eat a whole scope of his pencil, and, following the bent of his broad grumbling as he we went, cursing the object of his peck, and more when that is done. I suggested beans humour, be addressed himself to the etching of pieces wrath, and vowing vengeance, and then, Geikie stealand bacon, which, without my knowledge, is
, it seems, such as have now appeared. In thus following a line ing forth from his hiding place, hurried homewards a very favourite food with Sarah. Instantly her de- of art not unlike that pursued so successfully by as fast as he could run, and without once looking over mand for beans and bacon was vehement; other Cruikshank, he was continually on the watch for cha- his shoulder.” things were suggested, but nothing but beans and
The career of this ingenious and amiable being was bacon was listened to." [On a subsequent occasion,
* Edinburgh: J. Stewart. 1842.
soon to be brought to a close. Failing to make known