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pigs ; he seemed to have a great dislike to them, but I he got a good firm hold, and then sprung on the the grubs are to be found. It is a large white grub could not bear to pour out so much skim milk on the horse's back. James said he never saw a cleverer with a black head. I know a gentleman who was ground every day. Our pigs got on well, and fattened piece of agility in a circus. On their way home they tempted to taste them from seeing the natives enjoy on the milk and whey, and made an agreeable change killed an emu, but they could not carry it with them, them so much, and he said they were very good, and in our diet. In very hot weather I made cheese being already well loaded. When James and our shep- often ate them again. 'Manna falls vory abundantly when I could get rennet, as the milk did not keep herd Sandy came near our hut, they fired off their from the gum trees at certain seasons of the year ; I well; our dairy was too small, and not cool enough. pistols to let us know they had found the sheep ; but think it was in March I gathered some. It is very In thundery weather, I had occasionally to give all we did not understand the signal, and I was very good, and tastes like almond biscuits ; it is only to be to the pigs. I have seen, when a sheep was killed in much frightened. We at home had been living in procured early in the morning, as it disappears soon thundery weather, the whole carcass get quite black great anxiety while my brother was away. I was at after sunrise. We sometimes got some skins of the in a few hours, and become useless ; we found it very the station with only Mary and the children through opossum and flying-squirrel, or tuan, from the natives. difficult to keep meat in any way in summer. We the day, and our comfort was not much increased at It was a good excuse for them to come to the station. had it killed always after sunset, and then cut up and night by knowing that the two old shepherds were at I paid them with a piece of dress, and they were very salted early next morning, and put into a cask under-home ; we had seen, two days before, seven wild fond of getting a red pocket-handkerchief to tie round ground. I had made a good supply of mutton hams, natives run past our hut at a little distance, all naked, their necks. which were found useful in hot weather; and our which gave us a great fright ; I thought Mary was dairy was a great comfort and saving to us, as we going into a fit. I got my pistol, which I had hanging could use the milk, prepared in many ways, instead of in my room, loaded ; Mary then went for hers, and

OCCASIONAL NOTES. meat. The shepherds were also fond of it. We gave we walked up and dow before the hut for about an

THE PENNY POSTAGE. them no butter except on the churning day, on which hour. My husband was at the settlement during all When the plan of a universal penny postage was occasion I sent them some for tea, which was a great the anxious time we had liad at the station, and lie treat.

heard nothing of our loss of sheep until his return proposed, we hailed it as a great boon to the country, Bad servants were now our chief annoyance ; and home.

but were very doubtful if it could be carried conveit seemed of no use being at the expense of bringing Besides the occasional frights of this kind from niently into execution. The experience of a year and good ones from home, for they soon get corrupted; natives, with whom it was no easy matter to be on good a half has proved that it is perfectly suitable in every but I must make an exception in favour of Mrs Clerk, terms, we were at times troubled with wild dogs, respect, and it may now be said to be irrevocably fixed the servant of Messrs Donald and Hamilton, who was which proved a very serious annoyance. These anithe best servant I ever saw ; she was always neat her- mals generally discovered themselves when they came

in the affections of tlie people. Only on one point has self, and kept every thing neat and comfortable about by setting up a most piteous howl, which was the it failed : the increase in the number of letters is not the but, and never grudged hard work; she was in- signal for sallying out in pursuit of them; for, if let so great as was anticipated, and the revenue has mavaluable to her masters. We all went over one day alone, they would make no small havoc with the live terially suffered. But it may very properly be asked to dine at Messrs Donald and Hamilton's ; it was the stock. They seldom escaped. One of our sheep dogs only visit ! ever paid in the bush, although I had had a most inveterate hatred to thein, and he always -hare the Post-office authorities shown any thing many invitations. I of course took the children tracked them, and often killed one of them without like zeal in adopting those measures which would prowith me; we enjoyed ourselves very much, and re assistance, although they are very tenacious of life. mote a larger intercourse by letters? We decidedly mained all next day. Mrs Clerk joined her persua- They are more like a fox than a dog; are of a reddish- think not, and the public at large are of the same sions for us to do so, and told us we had not seen half brown, and have a very thick bushy tail. When one opinion. It seems to be a principle in Post-office ecothe good things she could make; she spared no pains is killed, the tail is cut off as a trophy, and hung up to make us comfortable, and went through her work in the hut ; the shepherds generally get five shillings nomy to send as few mail bags as possible-once a-day both quickly and well, besides nursing my little boy. from their master for every wild dog they kill. My to most places, and twice a-day to places of greater After this visit, I had many invitations to visit the husband saw a wild dog which was supposed to be importance, being the ordinary allowance. Now, neighbours round, which I should have liked very dead ; its tail was cut off, and in a few minutes it got who could expect a marked increase of epistolary well, but I had too much to detain me at home. up and began to fight again with the dogs, but it was correspondence under such circumstances ? The ar

At this time we had a very troublesome old shep- soon overcome. herd, who was continually letting his sheep go astray. Australia, as is well known, possesses many beauti- rangement is quite behind the age. Society in all One morning, when my brother was counting them ful birds, and of these we seldom wanted visiters, departments is shooting ahead ; while the Post-office over, ninety-two were missing ; the shepherd could particularly parrots and cockatoos ; but I never is in a complacent dream, as if such things as stagegive no account of them, but that the day before the heard any sweet-singing bird, such as the larks and coaches, steam-boats, and railways, were scarcely in Hock had divided, but he fancied he had collected them blackbirds of Scotland, and this I thought a great existence. A railway train leaves London for the all again. My brother James took a hurried break- drawback on their elegance of plumage. Some of the fast, and went with two of our men on horseback to birds uttered very strange sounds, as if speaking. I Liverpool side of the country half a dozen times a-day endeavour to track them ; they returned in the even heard one every morning say—“ Light o'clock," and how many of these carry mails ? Or, take the railing without having seen anything of them ; but James “Get up, get up ;” another used to call out—" All fat, way from Glasgow to Edinburgh. A train leares each determined to go off again early next morning, and, if all fat ;" and another was continually saying—" Po- end at 5, 6, 7, and 9, in the morning ; 11 in the forenecessary, remain out several days. One of the men tato, potato,” which always put us in mind of our loss returned in two days, and brought us intelligence that in having none, nor any other vegetables at all. Par

noon ; 3 and 5 afternoon ; and 7 evening. And how they had found the sheep-track beyond Mr Campbell's rots are very good eating ; many a parrot-pie we had ; often is the inail taken by these eight trains! Once, at station, which was fifteen miles distant; the man re the white parrots are, I think, the best ; next, the 11 forenoon ; and to carry out the farce, another mail turned to try and get a fresh horse from some of the white cockatoo.

is dispatched by a coach betwoen 9 and 10 at night. neighbours, but we could not get one for two days ; I now come to the year. 1840. Provisions at this Both these times are virtually no better than one, be brought home an emu across his horse, which he time became very high in price. Flour, as I have menhad run down. He told us that my brothier was out tioned, was L.80 a ton, and it was scarcely to be had for they are so widely asunder as nearly to meet : in with several gentlemen, and they had a native boy in a good condition ; tea L.16 a che:t; sugar 6d. a 1b.; point of fact, a letter cannot, without great inconvewith them who was famous for tracking, but who meat, butter, and cheese, were, unfortunately for the nience, be answered in any case sooner than next day. seemned sadly afraid of going among a hostile tribe of farmers, the only things which fell in price. We could this common sense, or what the country has a right natives, and therefore was of little use. Our own man now get only ls. 10d. for butter, and 1s. for cheese.

to expect? Is it at all reasonable that a letter should Sandy, whom we had brought from home, was a good Our station had now a great look of comfort about be of more difficult transmission than a human being tracker, and could see a mark when no one else could ; it. We had plastered the outside of our hut with he had tracked the sheep for nearly a mile on his mud, which made it quite close ; we had windows and

or a parcel of goods ? Yet such is actually the case. hands and knees, the marks being too faint to be seen good doors, and a little flower garden enclosed in You may send a parcel several times a-day to a diswhen walking or riding. Mr Alexander and Mr front; we had built a good hut for our servants, a tant town by means of coaches, steam-boats, or railColin Campbell were exceedingly kind in their assist new store, a large dairy under ground, a new wool ways, but seldom can you send a letter oftener than ance to my brother, and were out with him for shed, and had two large paddocks for wheat, potatoes,

once. This is not the place to go into the question of several days. At last, after fourteen days' riding, the &c., and we had now plenty of vegetables. We had shee p were found a hundred and forty miles from our also put up a larger stack yard, as our cattle were

Post-office management ; but we may be excused for station. My brother and his friends had almost given increasing, and a large covered shed for the calves at expressing a belief that the system in the particular reup thoughts of looking any longer for them ; but they night ; also to milk in. About five miles from the home ferred to is extremely defective, and that until it be rode on about a mile farther, when they saw them station, we had formed an out-station for the sheep, effectually remedied, it is needless to expect any dein a hollow, surrounded by about a hundred natives ; which secured to us a large tract of land, as no new the men had all hid themselves, having seen the party settler can come within three miles of a station. cided increase in the quantity of letters carried, or any coming, and left the women and children, who ran | Every one thought highly of our station ; and we

addition to the revenue of the country. about chattering and hiding behind the rocks. The were well off for water, having several large rater

LOSS OF SHIPS BY BURNING. party rode down among them, and a singular scene holes (as they are always called here, but at home met their view: the ground was strewed with heads we should call them lakes or large ponds); and when The frequent loss of valuable ships at sea by fire oriof sheep and bits of mutton, and some of the sheep the rains come on, these ponds are joined together in ginating in the hold, is deeply lamentable on the score were as well cut up as if done by an English butcher; a river, which comes down very rapidly. We often of humanity, and an evil of serious importance to genethe skins were pegged out on the ground, and the fat had a river running past our huts, where a few mi- ral commerce. The latest of these disasters was the collected in little twine bags, which the women make

nutes before I had walked over on dry land. An iintotal destruction of the fine ship Georgia, of Newcastle, of the bark of a tree. Fifty live sheep were enclosed mense number of ducks and geese came down with within a brush fence (James said it was the best the water; I have seen our man Sandy kill seven or

an Indiaman, Captain Mitchell, on her passage from brush fence he had seen in the country), but they eight at a shot just opposite the huts. We had had England to Calcutta. The unfortunate event took were very thin, the natives being too lazy to take a good many visits from the natives lately; they were place in the early part of last April, while the vessel them out to feed; they were killing and eating them much encouraged at Mr Baillie's station, and we be- was in the Indian Ocean. Early in the morning, the up as fast as they could. The gentlemen lighted a gan not to turn them away so quickly as we used to officer of the watch noticed something burning about good fire by which to watch the sheep all night ; but do ; but we never allowed them to sleep at the station, the ship, and supposed that one of the crew had left they durst not sit within the glare of it, for fear of except one big boy, “ Tom,” whom we had determined his candle burning, and had fallen asleep. The officer the natives taking aim at them, as they knew they to keep if he would remain, thinking he might be went into the forecastle to ascertain if such was the were among the rocks, and very likely watching them, useful in finding stray cattle or sheep. Tom was very case, but found the interior apparently safe, and the although they did not show themselves. The party lazy, but he was always obliged to chop wood or do lights all extinguished. On returning to the deck, he slept little that night; they cooked and ate some of some work, else he got nothing to eat ; which we found observed that the sténch increased, which excited his the mutton, and the little native boy they had to to be the only way to make the natives active. suspicions; and he ultimately aroused the commander, track for them, although in great fear of the other In some of the fresh-water ponds there are found Captain Mitchell

, and the rest of the ship’s crew, when natives, devoured nearly a whole leg. They started immenso quantities of mussels, which the native wo a strict search was determined upon. On the boats early next morning, driving the sheep before them, men dive for. We often saw numbers of shells lying being removed, and the main hatches taken off, the and loaded with spears, tomahawks, waddies, and bas- in heaps where the blacks had been eating them. They burning was found to proceed from the cargo, when kets, which they had taken from the natives. The are also fond of a large grub found generally in the orders were given to remove some portion of it, so as native boy mounted a horse, saying he would not cherry and honeysuckle tree; they can tell, by knock to get at the fire ; the crew, however, had not prowalk a step; but as he mounted, he slipped off again, ing the tree with a stick, if any grubs are in it. When ceeded far before a volume of smoke burst upon thiem, and the horse started on ; the little fellow caught hold they knock the tree, they put their ear close to listen, and shortly afterwards it became so intense, accomof the tail, and allowed himself to be dragged on till I and they open it with a tomahawk at the very spot | panied with excessive heat, that they were forced to

at play.

ance.

desist, and leave the hold, notwithstanding large quan- the family used to attend public worship twice, in a whole of his life he was a great distributor of little tities of water had been thrown down amongst the chapel of which Mr Bower, their uncle, was an elder, books amongst children. According to his biographer cargo. Captain Mitchell then had the hatches replaced, and to spend the remainder of the day in that strictly _" The exclamation, ' Now we shall have some more and blocked up every aperture in the ship, including pious manner which was customary in former times nice little books, for here is Mr Campbell at the the cabins, in the hope of stifling the fire ; but this in Scotland. In due time, our hero was apprenticed door !' is well remembered throughout all the circle of proved unavailing, for in about two hours the flames to a jeweller. His brothers, several years his seniors, his calls. It was often heard, too, in the streets and broke through the cabin windows, and likewise from were at that time in business for themselves--the lanes around this neighbourhood from the children the hatchiway over the forecastle, to the terror and one as a solicitor or writer, the other as an iron

He was not, however, an indiscriminate or dismay of all on board. Captain Mitchell, who was a monger. After the death of their uncle, they all lavish distributor any where, but required some acyoung man, acted with surprising fortitude. Perceir- continued to live together with Mrs Bower, and they count of the contents as well as the names of what ing that the destruction of the vessel was inevitable, constituted a very happy family. The simple piety he had last given to his greedy groups, whether within he directed the crew to prepare themselves to leave the of old Scottish life was the presiding spirit of the doors or without." ship, which they immediately commenced doing, by domestic scene. The two elder brothers died early, About 1798, Mr Campbell made up his mind to abanlowering the boats, two in number, over the vessels and John Campbell succeeded to the business of the don business, and devote himself entirely to the duty of side. It was a most trying moment, for the sea was ironmonger, which was carried on in a small shop a preacher. He had, before this time, given up a conextremely rough, with a heavy gale of wind, and with at the east end of the Grassmarket. For some years nexion with the established church, which for some the knowledge of their being s00 or 900 miles from he pursued this calling with diligence, devoting, how years must have been sustained with difficulty. His land; every soul expected to meet with a watery ever, much of his time to the perusal of pious trea- friend Mr Haldane, who possessed a fortune which he grave.

tises and to philanthropic objects. His religious sen was willing to spend in behalf of religion, had laid the About eight o'clock, the chief mate, with nine of timents all took the tendency of practical good, and foundation of an independent system, or what at first the crew, left the burning vessel in the jolly-boat, and therefore he engaged earnestly in the establishment seemed such ; and, for the training of young preachers they were directly followed by Captain Mitchell and of Sunday evening schools, and the communication, at to work out the scheme, a theological school had been the rest of the ship's company, four in number, in the all convenient opportunities, of religious instruction formed at Glasgow under the charge of Mr Greville small boat. In the course of a quarter of an hour to those who appeared to require it. Others united in Ewing: Here Mr Campbell went through a course afterwards, the work of devastation had reached the the cause; and about the year 1790, their effervescence of study, though, from his previous accomplishments, masts, and she appeared embodied in one mass of originated a system of itinerant preaching, which we should suppose this to have been little necessary. flame, forming a terrible though magnificent appear: greatly annoyed the established clergy, and even Mr Haldane wished to send him as a missionary to

At this critical period a vessel was observed alarmed politicians for the tranquillity of the public Bengal ; but he preferred labouring at home, where at a distance bearing towards the ill-fated ship, and mind. Mr Campbell took a part in the movement, he thought the need for his exertions was equally the chief mate turned round to make known the joy- though constitutionally a lover of quiet, and anxious great. He now began a system of itinerating over ful intelligence to Captain Mitchell and the rest of the to give his best attention to various religious and Scotland, sometimes by himself, and sometimes in crew. He was horror-struck on finding that the boat benevolent societies which he had originated or sup- company with Mr James Haldane or Mr Aikman. had foundered, and none of them were to be seen. ported in Edinburgh. One of these was a Magdalen The brethren were looked on with great jealousy by They rowed about in hopes of picking them up, but asylum, of which he was in a great measure the the fixed clergy, as well as by a large portion of the unfortunately none of the poor fellows ever rose after. author, and which he caused to be followed up by a public. It was a time when every novel and exciting The ship Thomas Sparks, which proved to be the ves similar institution in Glasgow. At the same time, thing was deprecated, for fear it should favour the sel they saw bearing down to their assistance, came up “ he was extending his business, and multiplying his views of anarchists, and not for years were the obalongside soon afterwards, and took the chief officer correspondence at home and abroad, and originating jects of these simply zealous preachers. properly apand the rest of the Georgia's crew on board, and they Sabbath schools, by letters and tracts, all over Scot- preciated. Mr Campbell

, in some of his excursions, remained within a short distance of the burning ship land. Soldiers and sailors wrote to him for advice ; encountered considerable personal risk, as when he until she went down, which event took place at a late the needy and greedy for money ; reclaimed outcasts crossed Loch-Fine in a disused boat, with a hole in its hour in the afternoon. According to the newspaper for prayers and counsel; dark villages for itinerants, bottom stuffed with straw, in order to get to Greenock accounts, the survivors were brought safely to Eng- and chapel builders for help; besides the hundreds in time to preach there on a Sunday, all the minisland in May.

who ordered their Missionary Magazines, books, and ters of the town being absent. The little drudging, We have noticed this very melancholy case of con- Scott's Commentary, and paid their accounts, through black-complexioned man, with so much shrewdness in flagration at sea, in order to suggest that men of him."

his head and such unction on his tongue, in time bepractical science should, if possible, invent some means “As may be supposed, Mr Campbell could not came known over the whole of Scotland, not excepting of averting such calamities. It is evident, in every thus take the lead in new schemes of doing good the Orkney Islands. His ready and fertile mind took case, that the

commander possesses no method of know- without incurring censure or suspicion from some advantago of every thing. Sailing once in a packet ing the condition of the hold without actual inspec- quarter. Calumny, however, never dared to breathe from London to Leith, he “ warned the crew against tion, which is either inconvenient or dangerous. Might upon him. Nothing but his preaching to prisoners the influence of bad example, by directing their ata means not be discovered for ascertaining daily the and the poor gave offence ; and that did shock some tention to a vessel in the Thames, from which a herd temperature of the hold of the vessel, by lowering a orderly Presbyterians not a little.” He was indefa- of young bulls were all following the example of one thermometer through a tube at different parts of its tigable in private efforts for the relief of distress which had leaped overboard, although it seemed area? Were some precaution of this nature adopted, of all kinds. As a visiter of the Destitute Sick drowning." "He did not,” says his biographer, the slightest tendency to overheating and conflagrat- Society, he became acquainted with a couple in re- quire much science whilst a student in Glasgow, but ing would certainly be discovered, and as speedily duced circumstances, who died nearly about the same he made a good use of what he got, and was for ever checked. We throw out this hint, however, for wiser time, leaving an orphan boy totally unprovided on the outlook for more. Indeed, next to the holy heads than ours, trusting that the subject will meet Mr Campbell took home the lad, and kept him for unction which rested upon his spirit, his habit of obthe attention it deserves.

& year, when at length he succeeded in procuring serving man and nature was the secret of his charm for him admission to the Orphan Hospital. Kenneth as a preacher. He had always something new to say

Duncan there proved so good a youth, that the go- in his own way, and fresh from the works of God. BIOGRAPHIC SKETCHES. vernors would have kept him a year longer than the There was also a witchery in his mode of telling old

usual time, for the sake of the example he set to his and familiar things which made them seem new. In

companions. Having served an apprenticeship to a fact, he was not comfortable in the pulpit unless someMr Thomas CAMPBELL sometimes relates the follow- clothier in Edinburgh, he was recommended into a thing hit his fancy, which he had looked at on all sides ing anecdote. He had bought a book from a stall in counting-house in London, and there conducted himself with his own eyes, and for himself. Accordingly, his one of the suburbs of London, and, on mentioning his so well, that in time he was sent out to take charge of preaching at Kingsland, if it never rose far above its address, that it might be sent home, the man repeated a branch of the business at the Cape of Good Hope. first standard, never sunk below it, long as he was the name, and then said, “ Are you the greut Mr Mr Campbell now lost sight of him ; but, many years there. It was full of vivacity and originality from Campbell ?” The poet took a cautious course, and after, when he himself went to South Africa as a first to last. Every sermon might not be interesting asked, “ Whom do you mean by the great Mr Camp- missionary, Mr Kenneth Duncan was the first person as a whole (and none were profound, except in unction bell ?” “Oh, to be sure, the Mr Campbell that tra that met his eyes in approaching Cape Town, having and experience), but each had something in it which velled in South Africa !" It is a good joke to those come out in a boat to meet the vessel, the cargo of could hardly be forgotten, and which all admired, and who know no Mr Campbell of much notoriety besides which was in reality assigned to his care. He was now yet no one ever felt that Mr Campbell was trying to the author of the “ Pleasures of Hope;" but the book- an eminent merchant, married to the daughter of the be ingenious, or that he had prepared to give etfect seller was nevertheless not far wrong in the estimate chief magistrate, and living in his house. He was to certain points. Indeed, no one felt that he was he put upon the South African missionary., Mr John delighted to meet his old benefactor, whom he invited conscious of his finest strokes, except so far as they Campbell was a man who never ceased to benefit his to stay with him during his residence in Cape Town. rebounded upon himself, and made him spring up into fellow-creatures throughout the whole of a long life ; Mr Campbell did so, and enjoyed very much the effects the third heaven' of devotional feeling. His oldest he was one of a few who contributed to give a good of the grateful feelings of the poor Edinburgh boy, and constant hearers just thought and spoke of him direction to a considerable portion of the public mind Many, besides Mr Duncan, had owed their support to the last as they had done at first, ard as all the at a very remarkable crisis; and his productions still for a time to Mr Campbell

. We are told that when, neighbourhood dix—that he was an original in the exert no small beneficial influence in society; What in 1797, Mr Newton advised him to marry," he pulpit. But this never meant oddity, extravagance, made all this the more remarkable, he possessed no high counted his orphans upon his fingers, till he proved or wit, in the sense of levity or rashness. It was imqualities of intellect, nor external advantages of any that his family was large enough already."

possible not to smile at times ; but it was equally im. kind-he only used uncommonly well the moderate When the Missionary Society was formed in Lon- possible to laugh at all. No one ever repeated, as a means which he did possess. In his life we have a don, a similar one arose in Edinburgh, of which Mr joke or a pun,

any of Mr Campbell's odd sayings. most encouraging proof of how much good may be done Campbell was one of the first directors. He projected, During fifteen years' residence in this district, I never with endowments of an ordinary kind, or little above and after many difficulties effected, the bringing of a heard a laugh raised at his expense as a preacher, nor ordinary, when these are entirely and conscientiously number of African boys and girls to be educated in of any one who went to be amused by his sermons. Not devoted to sound and right objects.

England, in order to go back as missionaries to their one of his strange sayings is proverbial in the neighMr Campbell was the son of a grocer in the Cow- own country. This led him several times to London, bourhood—they are either forgotten in, or associated gate of Edinburgh, where he was born in 1766. lis and his biographer gives some interesting anecdotes of with, the remembrance of his seriousness, spirituality, father, who was a native of Killin in Perthshire, died the conversations which he held with his fellow-pas- and prudence.” when he was a child, as did his mother soon after. sengers in the mail-coach, with a view to their spiri From January 1804, Mr Campbell was the pastor He and two elder brothers were left, with a moderate tual improvement-for he was one who never omitted of a fixed congregation at Kingsland, near London ; provision, under the care of a Mr Bower, who was a any opportunity of, as he thought, doing good. To but, unable to rest satisfied with such duty, he every manufacturer on a small scale, and the husband of his support the cause of missions, he originated the “Mis- year made a tour of a few weeks or months in the mother's sister. The young men received a classical sionary Magazine” in Edinburgh, and was only, pre-country, sometimes extending his travels to the very education at the High School. From his earliest vented from undertaking the editorship by finding a northern extremity of Scotland. We are told that boyhood, John Campbell was fond of travelling. In better substitute. It may now be mentioned, that he in Caithness, on one occasion, he preached once or the memoir of his life by Mr Philip, recently pub- was one of the first to give an impulse to the present twice every day, and three or four times on the Sablished, we are presented with some curious memoranda system of addressing books specially to children, and bath, his conveyances varying from a family chariot of his first rambles a little beyond the suburbs of of this class of books he was himself a successful to a Shetland pony, and his residences from a laird's Edinburgh, and the feelings which new scenes engen- writer. His “Worlds Displayed” is a small tome mansion to a hovel“ in which there were, in the same dered in lim-rambles which by and by were pro- which has gone through editions numberless, and apartment, three calves, one sow, some ducks, a hen longed into little tours with his brothers to towns at done a vast amount of good. Many similar books, and chickens, an old woman, and himself." Amongst the distance of forty miles, and to the Highland village written with a Franklin-like clearness and simplicity, his home duties was that of teaching a school which which had been his father's birth-place. On Sundays, I followed the “Worlds Displayed.” Throughout the was imposed upon him by necessity, his salary being

THE REV. JOHN CAMPBELL.

small, and all that he bad ever realised by trade hav- | cution is as good as ordered; for already, hear the trum- prisoner's counsel, Mr Mantrap, I see the finger of ing been spent in works of religion and charity. In pets! Hark! how they bray forth the dread approach heaven in this trial : the question you have so admirably, London, he took an active share in the business of the of Baron Sus-per-coll!

so pithily put to the witness, was at the very moment evangelical societies, and in the dissemination of re The Baron, unlike many men of worldly fame, deserved passing through my brain.' Still, the witness scratched

his head: when the judge, turning from him with someligious knowledge. He started a penny religious his reputation. To hang was with him not so much a monthly magazine for children, entitled tlie - Teach- duty as a passion. Early in life he had been possessed thing like a contemptuous glance, said to the jury, “Geners' Offering," of which, in a short time, between

with the solemn impulse : when at school, all his pocket- tlemen, the prisoner must be discharged: there is no forty and fifty thousand were sold.

6. This asto

money was expended to purchase dogs and cats, to be case. The late prisoner readily taking the judge at his

treated according to his early principles of justice; in word, was for running out of the dock, when he was nishing circulation the publisher rather boastingly familiar phrase, hanged. His tree of social liberty was solemnly addressed by Mr Baron Sus-per-coll. Christoannounced on the cover. On reading it,” says Mr the tree that grew at Tyburn; the Gordian knot of policy, pher Snub, you have had a most fortunate escape : Campbell, “ I went to him, and pointing to the ad- a nice new hempen halter. The black cap was the cap whether or not you stole this good man's ducks, is the vertisement, said, “There is a stick you have made to he would have always worn ; he never felt so easy, warm, inscrutable secret of your own breast. However this may break your own head (for he was proprietor-1 was and truly comfortable, as when it graced his head. He be, you owe the deepest debt of obligation to the wisdom, only editor); and notice what I say—-before six months could have gone to bed in it. Strange it was, that the the forethought, the admirable sagacity of your counsel. elapse there will be six new penny magazines for cap, like the hidden spring in some garden statues, no It might have gone far otherwise with you: and when I children.' Exactly that number started before the sooner touched the Baron, than it drew water down his consider the frequency of these attacks upon the sanctity six months expired. So many competitors coming cheeks: though seemingly only a piece of stone before, of private property--when I feel the imperative call of into the market, of course clipped our wings consider- Baron Sus-per-coll played from the bench on the pri- society for some example, it becomes my painful duty ably; but a very respectable number of subscribers hanged but he cried; and, as he never lost an opportu- of custom, began to weer- to implore you to make the

soner in the dock a very fountain of sympathy. He never and at these words Baron Sus-per-coll, by the mere force continued for years."

nity of hanging, we may conclude that, like ladies in most of the time allotted to you ; to intreat you to lay In 1812, the London Missionary Society found it hysterics, crying did him a world of good. The end of aside all earthly hope, and to trust only for-eh ?-oh! necessary to send a person of experience and high poor Baron Sus-per-coll—for he died (tor a judge) at the -ha ! bless me, I'd forgot!--and the baron hastily dried character to superintend their mission in South Africa, untimely age of eighty-four, and really in the full pos- his streaming eyes, remembering that Christopher was in place of Dr Vanderkemp, recently deceased. The session of all the faculties left him--was hastened by his not to be executed, but discharged. In an instant, all society pitched upon Mr Campbell, who was now ar aqueous feelings. He had passed sentence on a miscreant, the native terrors of the judge returned, and, in a voice of rived at a mature period of life, but still possessed of a famishing weaver, who had stolen a dish of giblets from thunder, Baron Sus-per-coll exclaimed to Snub, “ Fellow all his early activity. With the concurrence of his a poulterer's, and the Baron had wept exceedingly. you have had a narrow escape ; don't come here again! fleck, he proceeded to the Cape of Good Ilope, and Unfortunately, he had come on the circuit with a new Christopher, as the writer observes, was dismissed entered upon an arduous range of duties, in the course servant, and the domestic had failed to dry his lordship's “ with the bloom of the county jail on his name ;” and,

like other unhappy beings in like circumstances, was renof which he traversed vast and pathless regions, where ermine for the next day's business. The robe was, as no European had ever been before ; often in danger usual, drenched with tears; it was the winter circuit

, dered an outcast of society.

and the damp struck to the Baron's chest. It was plain from wild beasts, savages, and lack of physical ne

that he was about to depart for a world which he had done cessaries, yet never for a moment losing spirit, or all in his judicial power to render populous. Still, he

LITERARY FUND DINNER. slackening in his efforts to accomplish the ends of his rallied nobiy; but happening, in the same circuit, to have this festival, which, according to annual custom, took mission. It is impossible to read even an outline of a maiden assize, the unexpected blow concluded the place on the 11th of May, is described in an interesting the doings and sufferings of John Campbell in Africa, work. With a sickly, mortal smile, Baron Sus-per-coll manner in the following column from the Inverness Couwithout feeling, with great force, how wretched is all received the white gloves, and immediately took to his rier :-“ We had yesterday a great field day with nobles the greatness achieved in the ordinary ways of the bed. For an hour or two before his death, his senses and authors, poets and their patrons, and all that numeworld, compared with that which arises from pure wandered ; for he insisted upon having the black cap rous class of titled and illustrious personages who court well-doing towards God and man. Ilis exertions to brought to his bedside, then put it upon his head, sat distinction among the admirers of genius. Prince Albert extend the gospel in this region were attended with a

bolt upright, and commenced, in the most pathetic had consented to preside at the annual festival of the success which must be immediately traced to his terms, passing sentence upon himself

. He first began Literary Fund Society, and great was the stir in Freesingular sagacity and energy. After a stay of about by condemning himself as an old and hardened offender; mason's Tavern. The attendance was nearly four eighteen months, he returned home ; but in 1818, he congratulated himself that he had been tried by an in- hundred. The room in which the dinner took place is was sent a second time to the same country, on which hexible and enlightened jury; congratulated the country large and splendid, finely lighted with chandeliers, and occasion he was also absent about two years. The blot, an ulcer to society; and then conjured himself to

on this occasion its galleries were graced with a number volumes in which he afterwards detailed his proceed- make the most of the time that remained to him, forbid- taken their seats. Campbell, the poet, and Sergeant

of ladies. Before six o'clock, most of the company had ings in Africa made a deep impression on the public ding himself to hope for the least mercy in this world, Talfourd, were among the first of the stewards that joined mind ; and he was ever after, to use a common phrase, but to trust only to the mercy of the next. He then, the party, and they kept together during the evening. a lion at all public meetings for religious objects, and wiping his eyes very often with the sheet, said, that The former, though enjoying general good health, is eviwherever he pleased to preach. His biographer men nothing more remained to himself but to pass sentence dently much touched by time and infirmity: his eye retions, that the African sun had added considerably to upon himself; that the sentence was, that he should be tains traces of that keen sensibility and mental energy the natural darkness of his complexion. In the course taken to whence he came, and hanged by the neck until characteristic of the poet ; but his step and frame speak of a speech at Liverpool, “ he acted as well as told the he was dead. • And Mr Baron Sus-per-coll,' these were plainly of the ravages of threescore and four years. Talsurprise of the Hottentots when they first saw in him the Baron's last delirious words, may the Lord have fourd is an active bustling man. About half-past six, a white man! The joke was irresistible. We all mercy on your soul!' Saying this, the judge laid him- Prince Albert, accompanied by a party of friends, entered laughed outright, and he joined us heartily, turning it self upon his pillow, and, the black cap still upon his the room. The individual next in popularity to the Prince

.

seemed to be Tom Moore ; and the moment that his bald off by saying, 'I have long dwelt in tents of Kedar."

The stolen ducks, or rather the heads of some of them, and shining head and sparkling features were recognised, It was not till this latter part of his life that Mr had been found in the possession of Christopher Snub; the cheers burst forth from all parts of the hall. He is Campbell thought of taking to himself a wife: it is the owners of the birds could swear to the property ; an exceedingly little man, grey haired but fresli-coloured pleasant to record, that the step added to his happi- Baron Sus-per-coll was to try the prisoner; and the pro- and lively, enjoying, apparently, like Falstaff, a latter ness. As old age drew on, he itinerated less; but still, phecy of the good folks of Hempenfield was about to be spring. He has an appearance of restless and inexhauswherever he went, he was the delight of all who met fulfilled.

tible vivacity; and when, in the course of the evening, him in private, and an unfailing attraction to the The trial of the prisoner approached. Kit was placed one of his own beautiful melodies was sung, the followmultitude.

at the bar, and, confident of his innocence, looked, in the ing verse was so like the man, and might be applied to After a brief period of decline, Mr Campbell died opinion of his Hempenfield neighbours, a brazen, guilty him with such felicity and truth, that every person tranquilly on the 4th of April 1840, aged seventy-four, varlet. He ought to have been bent, weighed down, turned towards him with a glow of satisfaction and leaving behind him a name as free from reproach, and crushed by a sense of his iniquity, and he stood upright pleasure : as deserving of honour, as that of any man, we seriously case was opened, and very early in the trial, Mr Baron

• Though haply o'er some of your brows, as o'er mine, believe, who lived in his own time.* Sus-per-coll felt a certain moisture at the eyes, indicative

The snow-fall of time may be stealing, what thun?

Like Alps in the sunset, thus lighted by wine, of the coming torrent. The waters were rising-it was

We'll wear the gay tinge of youth's roses again.' CHRISTOPHER SNUB.

clear that Kit Snub was born to be hanged. The owner

of the ducks was examined, to quote the report in the Hallam, the historian, and Washington Irving, the [From Douglas Jerrold's “Cakes and Ale."]

county paper, at considerable length.' The bodies of American writer, were also greeted with a cordial welCHRISTOPHER was an unlucky varlet who got into all the ducks had been consumed; their fragmentary bones come. Both are simple unaffected-looking men, the acsorts of mischief, and at length was taken up on a false were found strewn on the green sward, but two heads complished American being not unlike a respectable charge of duck-stealing, the real perpetrator being a com were found entire. The witness had not the slightest farmer or a plain 'stout gentleman,' in a brown wig, panion, who had fled.

doubt that such heads were the property of his late averse to all parade and display. When the great busi“ It was particularly fortunate for Christopher that the ducks; he would no more hesitate at swearing to his ness of dining was over, the prince gave the health of the assizes were near at hand : we say fortunate, for he was

ducks than to his children. An outhouse had been forcibly queen, adding a few words as to the interest her majesty spared a dull, heavy season of doubt; and as he was entered, and four of the ducks carried off ; the heads pro- took in the institution. Then followed an appropriate charged with an atrocious offence, with a crime rendered duced in court belonged to two of them-one to the air from the band, after which was the national anthem. more iniquitous by the late frequency of its commission, drake, that he would swear. It was impossible for him The speechifying was on the whole but so-so. Many of Snub was in that post of danger occupied at times by a to be mistaken; he had reared the ducks from the shell, the orators were indifferently heard, and when they did culprit who is to be manufactured into an example. To had fed them every day, and would pick them out from reach the car, their observations were often common. steal a certain number of ducks is, it must be allowed, a a thousand ; witness was fully aware of the solemnity of place, and destitute of all appearance of preparation. wrong done to society ; but to commit the theft after an oath, and was perfectly ready to swear to all that. The following is a verbatim report of the terms in which many other like robberies by other folks, is, it would Mr Baron Sus-per-coll, among other antipathies, could Prince Albert gave the toast of the evening:seem, a still greater wrong: hence, when six pickers and not endure a pragmatic witness. As the owner of the • The toast I am now to propose is ‘prosperity to this stealers of ducks are merely transported, the seventh rob- ducks proceeded in his testimony, the judge felt more institution. It stands unrivalled in any country and ber of the like domestic fowl shall be hanged. If it be than ordinarily annoyed and twitted by the impudent ought to command our warmest sympathies in providing asked, wherefore, the philosophy of the law answers confidence of the vulgar fellow; hence, by a sudden rever- for the exigencies of those who, feeling only the prompt-Because the thief came late into the field: had he sion of feeling, the baron's sympathies were quickened for ings of genius, and forgetting every other consideration, been only the sixth robber, he had been a transported the prisoner at the bar. The witness continued to speak pursue the grand career of the cultivation of the human felon; being the seventh, he must be a throttled example. with indecorous glibness, Baron Sus-per-coll exclaiming mind, and the promotion of the arts and sciences. It Now, Christopher Snub was at least the seventh. to himself, and sufficiently loud to be heard all over the is surely proper gratefully to remember the benefits we clear that he was born to be hanged--that is, born for an court, pooh, pooh!''pshaw!'* tnt, tat!'.foolish fellow!' have derived from the disinterested exertions of these example.

how can he swear it ? One drake's head is like another great and good men, and cheerfully to contribute to their Still, Christopher had a chance of escape. The great drake's head, as one duck's egg is like another duck's want and aid their necessity. I conclude with a warm point of danger to be considered by himself and friends, egg.'

wish that the object, for the promotion of which we have was, not the wickedness of the culprit, but the judge who The counsel for the.prosecution had finished the task, met, may be answered in the most ample and generous was to try him. If Justice Butter, a short imprisonment when the prisoner's counsel, who sat immediately under manner. I propose, « Prosperity to the Literary Fund.' and whipping might be the worst; if, on the other hand, the bench, and had heard every syllable uttered by the (Cheers.) Mr Baron Sus-per-coll, then was Christopher Snub no judge, jumped to his feet with great alacrity. "Stay, my This little speech was well delivered: the prince had better than an example-that is, a dead thief.

good man,' said the counsel; 'let me put to you this plucked up courage ; his manner seems always calm and Luckless Christopher! To be sure thou wilt but fulfil simple question. Remember, you are upon your oath; and subdued, but his voice was now bold and clear, and sinthy destiny ; thou wert born to be hanged, and thy exe on your oath answer me-if one drake's head isn't like gularly harmonious. Campbell proposed the health of

another's drake's head, as one duck's egg is like another Henry Hallam and the historians in a liberal and manly duck's egg?

little speech, in which he said that Hallam stood at the * In the compilation of the above memoir, we have been chiefly indebted to the Rev. Mr Philip's “ Life, Times, and Missionary

The pen fell from the hand of Baron Sus-per-coll ; his head of English historical literature. In returning thanks, Enterprises of the Rev. Jolin Campbell" (Loudon : Snow-1841), a

face assumed the most solemn aspect; and the silent the historian was inaudible to all but about a dozen bouk of lively interest, far beyond what would be expected by ordi- witness, scratching his head the while, the baron slowly people around him. Moore was rather better heard : his bary readers.

rose from his seat, and leaning over his desk, said to the l health was proposed by Lord Mahon in a flowery yet

It was

NOBLE BANKERS.

FOSSIL PLANTS.

effective address. The poet's reply was short, and as his be some avaricious or some decayed nobleman, whose that he produces in the course of one year, by this moist back was tumed to the great body of the audience, it health, purse, or inclination, rendered him unwilling to process, such samples, and so admirably imitated, that lost much of its effect. There were traces of his brilliant climb even a single flight of stairs. Then came the gay, even a connoisseur, if not forewarned of the deception, fancy in the few observations he offered ; and the follow the luxurious, the fashionable, the man of the court and might mistake them for genuine fossils. Antiquaries, we ing passage is as completely Moore-ish as any of the Irish of society, inhabiting the wide and lofty rooms of the know, will sometimes manufacture fictitious medals; at Melodies:

first floor. The entresol above gave accommodation to Baixe, the poorest blacksmith sells his yesterday's pro• There is one reflection which cannot but arise on the smart young secretary of some public office, some ductions for Roman antiquities ; art may imitate art, but such an occasion, and that is, how few have been the in- foreign baron, or some of the numerous counts and imitation must have reached its utmost perfection when stances, in all times and climes, of that rara avis in terris, princes that swarm in Germany and Italian courts. The it can simulate antediluvian nature. In the cabinets of a rich poet. • Poet and rich ! 'tis solecism extreme!' second floor received the respectable merchant, or banker, the curious we often see flies and other insects enclosed So sung Shenstone, the bard of the Leasowes, who was who had his offices and business in another part of the in amber. M. Goeppert has examined the amber of yet himself more opulent than most of his fellows ; who city; the widow lady, possessing afHuence but not riches; various lands, and has detected not only animals, but could boast of his hills white over with sheep,' and his and all that numerous class, by no means the least happy mosses, fungi, hepaticæ, ferns, flowers, and fruit, im• banks all fumished with bees ;' while bards in general or the least estimable, who are known by the name of very bedded in it; and on these flowers the minutest organ is have quite as little to do with banks of bees as they respectable persons. Above that, again, on the third, preserved, as in a mummy balm; nay, he has actually have, God help them, with any sort of banks whatever. came the highest grade of men of letters, the academician, discerned those microscopic hairs which adorn the velOf course, under the head of poets' I rank all great the celebrated professor, the philosopher in vogue, thé vety substance of flowers similar to those of our heartsworkers in the world of imagination, whether the medium great artist. On the fourth, for there was a fourth, ay, ease.- French Newspaper. through which their wonders shine upon us be prose or reader, and a fifth and a sixth also—were people still at verse, and we have had, in our own time, one illus ease, and possessing all the necessaries of life, but pos

CITIZENS ENNOBLED, &c. trious instance, where wealth seemed to spring up under sessing them not only with the slight inconvenience of

The following notice of citizens who have been enthe steps of the enchanter as rapidly as the successive daily climbing up long flights of stairs, but often with nobled will probably be considered interesting at the miracles of his own matchless genius. But, alas! not serious anxiety of providing for children for whom for present moment. John Coventry was an opulent mercer even here has there been exemption from the common tune had assigned no fund but the labour of a parent. descended the present Earl of Coventry. Sir Stephen

of the city of London, and inayor in 1425. From him is lot. The works themselves are for all time; but that Above these, again, came the poor artist, struggling forstructure of wealth which they called up, and which ward with zeal and industry to make his merit known. Brown, inayor in 1438, and again in 1448, was a grocer, seemed to rise higher and higher at each new spell of the The deep-thinking man of science, the result of whose

and gave to us another peer, in the person of Sir Anthony magician, has even already, I fear, vanished; adding one investigations made or saved the fortunes of thousands, Brown, created Viscount Montague by Philip and Mary more to the many fulfilments of that beautiful but melan- without giving him a sous; the moralist, the teacher, the

in 1554. The Legges rose to be Earls of Dartmouth. choly presage, that • Where such fairies once have man of letters, who disdained to pander to the bad taste

The gallant sea officer George Legue was the first who danced, no grass will ever grow.'' of a licentious public, or to employ the arts of the quack

was nobilitated, created Earl of Dartmouth in 1689. He How true, and at the same time touching, is this allu- to gain fame, or wealth, or honours. Above these, again,

was descended from one who was Lord Mayor of Lonsion to the fate of Sir Walter Scott! Moore himself has was want, misery, and destitution, the never-ceasing toil don in 1347, and in 1354 having, by his industry as a been all his life a hard-working litterateur. Like Dog- of all the various artists and artisans, the productions of skinner, attained to great wealth. Sir Geoffrey Bullen, berry, he has had his losses' and his full share of the whose hands ornamented the palace, the church, and the mayor in 1458, was grandfather to Thomas, Earl of Wiltcares of the world; but his happy temperament has en- saloon--such men, in short, as our filigree-worker-who shire, father of Anne Bullen, and grandfather to Queen

were brought too closely in contact with the dwellings of Elizabeth, the highest genealogical honour the city ever poetical fancy still flows on in liglit and sunsliine. Ser- wealth, luxury, and vice, not to feel an additional pang | Campden ; he was a mercer. The Capels,

Earls of Essex,

Sir Baptist Hicks was created Viscount geant Talfourd spoke at some length on the subject amidst all the miseries of their own station, and to murof the drama; but it was so rapidly, and in so high mur at that social arrangement which allotted to them

are descended from Sir William Capel, draper; he was a tone, that few understood what he said, and the re the whole of the dark side of life, and gave to beings Lord Mayor in 1503, Edward Osborne, cloth-worker, porters, I see, have made no attempt to transfer his often less worthy all that was bright and sunshiny. The

was Lord Mayor in 1502 ; he gave origin to the Dukes golden thoughts' to their folio of four pages. The Mar- vices of the higher class of the Parisian people, their in- Mayor in 1661, sprung the Earl Craven. Lord Viscount

of Leeds. From Sir William Craven, merchant tailor, quis of Lansdowne was the most rhetorical and distinct temperance, their debauchery, their infidelity, their conof the speakers, and the feeling manner in which he temptible frivolity, were all indulged, enacted, and dis Dudley and Ward is descended from William Ward, a alluded to the distresses of authors and the calamities played under the very same roofs where dwelt misery, wealthy goldsmith of London, and jeweller to Henrietta incident to genius, was loudly applauded. Two of the penury, and labour ; and yet they wondered that there Maria, Queen of Charles I.- Newspaper paragraph. queerest speeches were delivered by Chevalier Bunsen, the came a revolution !-- The Ancient Regime, by G. P. R. Prussian ambassador, and Baron Brunow, the Russian James.

Apropos of Coutts and the Duchess of St Albans, it ambassador. The sentiments they delivered were just

should be added, that, a short time ago, two of the and liberal, but their broken English, their foreign man

richest bankers in London were peeresses; the Duchess, ner and gesticulation, were so different from those around Fossil wood, fossil leaves, fossil bones, and fossil infuthem, that it was scarcely possible not to feel ludicrous soria—all these things we have long beard about; Tut namely, and the Countess of Jersey, who, as the heiress

of Josiah, is still the principal partner at Child's. Both associations, or to preserve a becoming gravity. The M. Goeppert, who, being a botanist, naturally seeks for

ladies were at one time said to be in the habit of paying only other person to whom the anxiety of the meeting flowers, has had the rare good fortune to detect the blos- periodical visits to their respective establishments, and to was much turned was Washington Irving. So popular soms of the world before the flood. This is true to the have been distinguished by the affability and good sense

with which they sustained their positions, inspected the he drawn the traits of old English character and feelings than patriarchal flowers ; he has seen their buds, their books, and entered into general details. But this report in his Sketch-book, that he is regarded by most readers corollas, their propagation; nay, he has gone near to perwith a sort of affectionate attachment, as if he were per

was true, and that in part only, of the late Duchess of St ceive their perfumes. And much more than all this: Albans. Her grace was certainly fond of showing herself sonally identified with all that is amiable, interesting, and M. Goeppert has set himself to detect the

mode in which at the bank in the Strand, and peering questions at the venerable, in our national character and rural tastes. He

nature has so wrought as to turn these most delicate of partners and clerks, with whom she was no favourite, revived the style of Addison-its liigher graces, sportive all substances into stone; thus perpetuating that which being, in truth, somewhat of a bore. Lady Jersey, as the gaiety, and tenderness; but added a daskı of romantic feeling, derived from sympathy with the rude but elo- into a geological specimen what a finger's touch will fade. representative of Sir Josiah Child's interest, only attends

the bank once a-year, when the accounts are balanced quent tribes of Indians, the huge primeval forests, and So patient, so sagacious is he, that he has caught the

and the profits struck. On this occasion the partners wild traditions of his native country. When Mr Irving secret of this mechanism, and thus enables us to discern dine together at the bank, and the countess, as the prinrose, there was an immense clapping of hands and waving the transformation of the temporal to the eternal, and cipal partner, takes the head of the table.- Hardcastle's of handkerchiefs. He simply, in a few words, returned the metamorphosis of what is fragile into what is durable; Banks und Bankers. thanks. There is little else to record excepting that he has actually made fossil plants! This is the man who about eleven hundred pounds were subscribed to the might be expected to enter a drawing-room wearing a funds of the society, including a donation of a hundred fossil rose like a badge in his buttonhole; and if ever At Berlin and London, the longest day has sixteen and pounds each from Prince Albert and the King of Prussia. such an order of savans be instituted, M. Goeppert is the a half hours. At Stockholm and Upsal, the longest has The poor decayed authors may now rejoice in the eclut person to be made its president. Let us cast a glance on eighteen and a half hours, and the shortest five and awhich has attended the anniversary of the society, since the apartment where our Breslau professor passes many half. At Hamburg, Dantzic, and Stettin, the longest day it will tend to mitigate some of those numerous ills to hours in meditation. There are 236 fragments of transi has seventeen hours, and the shortest seven. At St which they are peculiarly subject from the caprice of tion rocks, such as we tread upon in the Ardennes and on Petersburg and Tobolsk, the longest has nineteen, and the public or the unavoidable reverses of fortune. The the banks of the Meuse ; 1548 pieces of coal, similar to the shortest five hours. At Torneo in Finland, the various subscriptions were read aloud by the secretary; what you would burn any day and perceive nothing re- longest day has twenty-one hours and a half, and the and there was a titter round the room when he announced markable in ; 35 blocks of variegated freestone, of the shortest two and a half. At Waudorbus, in Norway, that the Archbishop of Dublin had assigned to them a per same kind as served to build the cathedral of Strasburg, the day lasts from the 21st of May to the 22d of July, centage on the profits of his works. As the reverend and those churches in Mayence where M. Victor Hugo without interruption; and in Spitzbergen, the longest author's calculations of these anticipated profits might could see nothing but plaster-of-Paris monuments; 122 lasts three months and a half.-- Newspaper paragraph. be like Parson Adams's estimate of the value of his ser specimens of lias from the coasts of Britain, in which mons (of which he reckoned every parish in England English ladies have detected real antediluvian monsters ;

Notwithstanding the progress of Temperance Societies, would buy a copy), the bequest was considered a very 242 heaps of green sandstone and of chalk ; 742 portions doubtful one. The archbishop, however, is an able phi- of lignite and of turf; and 259 of those small flat slabs spirit drinking is not diminished, but on the increase in losophical writer, and luis works are of high value. He which, on the banks of the Rhine, are employed for the England. This painful fact is established by the Parliais a fine jolly-looking churchman, and on this occasion purpose, when put into the hogsheads, of giving fresh mentary Paper 238, May 6th, 1842, showing the number he returned thanks for the Church in a plain and sen- spirit to wine which is a century old. Such is M. Goep- for

home consumption, in the years respectively ending

of gallons of British and Irish spirits that have paid duty sible speech. About half-past eleven o'clock Prince pert's museum. Albert took his leave, and immediately the whole tries, M. Goeppert has discovered and obtained several October 10, 1840 and 1841. The return is as follows: party broke up, and a scrambling for hats, great-coats, plants still flexible, and which admitted of his dissecting

England. Scotland. Ireland. &c., took place in the ante-room, in the midst of which their epidermis and organs of evaporation; and he has 1810,

8,219,657 6,124,909 8,311,634 the bustling anxiety and slirill tone of Mr Moore thus been enabled to ascertain how subterranean com

8,267,81 6,000,562 6,537,364 -half bid among big crowding men, and faithfully at- bustion has destroyed the tissue in other plants found in It appears from this statement, that there is a slight detended by his friend, Washington Irving, who had no the same formation. He detected, in the Keuper forma

crease in Scotland, but still leaving at the rate of two American scruples as to the right of search – were tion, the branches of a tree analogous to the birch, on

gallons a-head for the whole population. We are glad ludicrously conspicuous. The poet was about the last which the flowers and pollen were still perfectly pre to observe that the decrease is considerable in Ireland. to quit the place; and then, to use his own words, the served ; and some fir-trees presented him with a similar The inference from such a document would be, that banquet hall was deserted.' The glittering pageant had phenomena. It is well known that in the north of Scotland was decidedly the most intemperate of the melted into thin air, but its effects will be felt not only, Europe there occasionally falls from the skies an enor three kingdoms; however, no just conclusion of this as Mr Campbell eloquently remarked, “as a token of mous quantity of a yellow powder, which was once sup nature could be drawn without taking into account the amity between the sceptre and the free press of England,' posed to be sulphur, but which savans have pronounced number of gallons of porter and

beer which was drunk but in soothing the distresses of those literary veterans to be the pollen of the fir-blossom. Now, in Westerwald, in England. who may he struggling with difficulty and distress." Finland, Bohemia, and even in New York, this floral sub

[We observe, from an advertisement, that the com stance has been discovered in such great quantities demittee of the Literary Fund Society has, up till the pre-posited between layers of earth, and mingled with fossil

TO THE READERS OF “CHAMBERS'S EDINBURGH sent time, distributed the sum of L:27,828 in 1985 grants infusoria, that M. Goeppert is enabled to pronounce that

JOURNAL." to distressed authors, their widows and orphans.]

the antediluvian world must have also possessed its enor To prevent misconception, Messrs Chambers think it necessary mous forests of gigantic pines, whose yellow dust could to state that they are no way connected with, or responsible for, not but obscure in its fall the light of day, since the masses

the matter of any JOURNAL except that which bears the word It was common in those times for many of the best and of it are so thick and close pressed as even to raise the EDINBURGH in the title. The possibility of some persons being most splendid mansions in Paris to be divided amongst soil many feet. We have already said that M. Goeppert imposed on by an imitation renders this notice necessary. all the classes of society, though the arrangement of the makes fossil plants; and to prove how fossilisation has tenants, indeed, was very diferent from that which ex- actually taken place, this ingenious man so works with isted in the social world. Lowest of all, we are told, clay, fire, and water, on a given plant (and chiefly with

LONDON: Published, with permission of the proprietors, by except the rats and bottles that occupied the cellars, the ferns, those vegetables of which the geological pro

W. S. ORR, Paternoster Row. generally lived the proprietor of the liousc. He might | ductions our globe present the most perfect specimens),

Printed by Bradbury and Evang, Wh us.

LENGTH OF DAYS.

SPIRIT DRINKING,

1841,

THE MANSIONS OF PARIS.

[graphic]

CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF " CHAMBERS'S INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,”

“ CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE," &c.

NUMBER 545.

SATURDAY, JULY 9, 1842.

PRICE 1}d.

APPROBATION.

obtain that flattering attention which was neces Others give a great deal too much : that may be some

sary to put him at ease with himself. He was mis- thing as bad. The characters of both the party who To obtain praise, distinction, eclat, in some of their taken by half of his fellow-townsmen for a proud is in the way of praising and the party who is in the many forms, is unquestionably one of the most pre- and distant man, when his misfortune was only the way of being praised, call for consideration before we valent motives of human action, although, in the want of a self-sustaining pride. There are profes- judge of either. The habit of never or rarely giving judgment of the moralist, a secondary one. Undoubt- sions peculiarly calculated to nourish this slavish praise, even where it is due, and might do good, may edly, while the value of higher motives may be fully dependence on praise and admiration, particularly proceed from a coldness of nature, and will then be ack nowledged, this one has not been created without those which may be called artistic, as that of the justly censurable ; but it may be only the result of a wise and good purpose. At least, we may see very painter, the literary man, and, more than all, of the reserved and diffident habits, in which case it is to be clearly that it daily and hourly acts beneficially, where, actor. Love of approbation is unquestionably a power- excused ; or it may be the effect of a deliberate convicapparently, no higher motive would operate at all

. ful prompter towards these professions, so that it tion that all praise does harm, when, of course, we It īs, besides, one of the strongest of the social im- may be presumed of most men who adopt them, that must set it down as only an error in judgment. The pulses, helping to make men mutually dependent, and they begin with a stock of the feeling above the aver opposite extreme of too much and too frequent praise to excite their affections towards each other. I am age. To this the actual dependence of their status -in short, flattery, detested as the word is—is also afraid it would be rather an unamiable world, albeit and bread on popular applause, and their constantly not to be at once and conclusively condemned. When a virtuous one, where no one courted or cared for the acting with a view to obtain it, give an unusual de- it arises from directly interested views, or aims only good opinion of his neighbour.

gree of exercise. It is thus brought to be the master- at playing on a weak point in the character of a felIt is necessary, however, to discriminate, by nice feeling of their character. They gloat upon laudatory low creature, there is not a word to be said in arrest and rigid limits, the legitimate sphere of praise in the criticisms, and sicken at a paragraph insinuating the of judgment; but flattery sometimes proceeds from social scene. To be animated in all doings and say. least censure. A hiss goes to the player's heart like a benevolent, although it may be injudicious, wish to ings, all outgoings and incomings, merely by a cal. a death-blow; and the poet's soul, that fiery particle, give pleasure ; sometimes it is the genuine result of a culation of the effect which each movement will have is, strange to say, “ snuffed out by an article.” Hence venerative over-estimation of its object, or an exaggein securing the approbation of mortal men, would be that irritability of poets which has become proverbial, rated notion of the merits to which it refers. Here deplorable. The conduct of any one so animated would but which might be extended to all kinds of men who there may be error, but there is not ill intention ; and be utter hollowness and imitation ; and in the gar- present fine intellectual productions to the public, fattery given under such circumstances is obviously den of his mind the hardy plants of sterling integrity with a view to obtaining praise. Worst of all, the a very different thing from the flattery which aims at and honour, to speak of nothing else, would find not one excessive keenness of each man for praise to himself betraying or turning into ridicule. There is also a particle of congenial soil. It is even necessary to be is very apt to raise a jealousy as to the praises bestowed flattery which persons of a social disposition, and who able to act, not only without any view to the praise on his brethren in art. Hence the dreadful wars themselves love praise, give to others, in order to be of men, but with the deliberate expectation of excit- which sometimes take place amongst musicians, the on good terms with them, and obtain a good opinion ing their suspicion and disapprobation-for many oc- quarrels of authors, and so forth. It is painful to and effusion of friendly sentiment in return. Here casions arise in life where we only can act well incur think of the bad feelings which have been called forth, the motive is not so good, but still it is far short of ring these disadvantages. The difficulty is to know first and last, amongst men of the highest intel- the depravity of a treacherous and derisive flattery. when, and how far, acting under the influence of love lectual attainments, through this cause. It is a cause When we are, then, the objects of flattery, or witness of approbation is allowable, and to distinguish the which may be received as some apology to the rest of its being administered to others, we would require to proper occasions when higher principle demands that mankind for the horrible contentions of the ingenious ; examine and consider well the character and circumthat object be thrown aside. We often see individuals but the ingenious should also be aware that talents stances of the person offering it, in order to judge if acting in such a way as to excite derision and blame, may be exerted for reasons superior even to a generous the act be an offence against good morals ; and if so, in matters perfectly indifferent — martyring them love of praise. The practice of the art itself—the how far it is so. If it appear to proceed from base selves, in short, for a caprice or a chimera. Or they high privilege of being able to excogitate fine thoughts motives, let it be treated with open contempt; if from are so anxious to avoid the appearance of caring for and beautiful forms that may hap to live for ever the wish for a return, pass it as a weakness ; if from the good opinion of their fellow-creatures, that they the sense of being able to contribute in some small good nature or excessive veneration, excuse it for the habitually, in all things, important and unimportant, degree to the improvement of mankind, or to the alle- sake of its amiable source. take some absurd way of their own, merely because viation of the sick and weary days which many are But to praise or not to praise, when praise is deit is their own. These are follies which the consi- destined to endure—may be montioned amongst these served, there is the great question. It has of late been derate man holds at a distance from him. On the reasons. Akenside has expressed the love of the the favourite doctrine not to praise, or to praise little, other hand, those who act too exclusively for praise artist (using this word in an extensive sense) for glory, as presuming that all, young and old, should be left are equally liable to both censure and ridicule. There in two stanzas shot like bolts straight from the heart, to the approving voices of their own consciences, or is, in the first place, the fawning and fussy manner, on hearing a sermon against that favourite object of the reward which good acts and performed duties are the too much bowing, and smiling, and wringing of human wishes :

to themselves. Good-breeding also forbids all approach the hands, the over-eagerness to give satisfaction—all

“ Come, then, tell me, sage divine,

to direct compliment, probably because it is so apt to conveying the impression of a want of manliness, na

That our feelings e'er incline

pass for flattery, which is so bad a thing. It is rather tural dignity, and independence. Then there is the

Toward immortal Glory's throne ?

startling that these maxims are not consistent with utter inability of such a person to face any matter of

For with me nor pomp nor pleasure,

much of the practice of the world. Every day we see

Bourbon's might, Braganza's treasure, principle that is unpopular, or perhaps that has popu

So can Fancy's dream rejoice,

knighthoods and peerages given for good state service. lar support only. The perfection of conduct in this

To conciliate Reason's choice,

Successful authors are treated to sheets of incense in

As one approving word of her delightful voice. respect would be to entertain a moderate wish to stand

the reviews, and to public dinners at which praises

If to spurn at noble praise well with the world, and to act generally with a re

Be the passport to thy heaven,

are poured on their meek heads like the oil on Aaron's gard to its opinion, particularly in all minor matters,

Follow thou those gloomy ways

beard. If a policeman shows unusual cleverness in

No such thought to me was given ; and where no important principle is concerned; but

Nor, I trust, shall I deplore me,

tracking out a culprit, or a preventive service boat to be ready, when any occasion arose, to act indepen

Faring like my friends before me,

in capturing a smuggler, or a post-captain in seizing

Nor a better place desire dently of a regard to the immediate approbation of

Than Timoleon's arms require,

a slaver, the virtue of the case is not left to be its own the world.

Or Tully's curule chair, or Milton's golden lyre!” reward. Medals, prizes, and terms of honour abound Some persons have, from nature or the conditions Here speaks the true poet. Such earnest and such in our schools ; and even divines are not unwilling to in which they live, so active a love of approbation natural feeling must everywhere meet sympathy. receive a title to certain mystic initials showing dethat it may almost be said to amount to a torment. It Yet if the divine only placed this said love of the grees of proficiency in their sacred science. When will scarcely be believed, yet I know it to be strictly“ approving word” below some higher motives, we all these things are so open and palpable, when, intrue, that a man high in function and public respect cannot but acknowledge, in sober reason, that he was deed, it is so clear that most public affairs are moved was liable to be disconcerted for a day, if by chance right.

by considerations of honour to individuals, it seems a any stranger whom he met cast what he thought a It is almost as nice a matter to know how, when, strange thing, little better, I fear, than a piece of discourteous or supercilious look at him. This indi and in what measure to give praise, as to act upon the affectation, to declare against all use of praise in prividual shrunk from society, for no other reason that just medium with respect to looking for and receiving vate life. There is always something calling for suscould be observed than that he did not in general | it. Some never ive any praise : that is unamiable. I picion in maxims or systems which altogether condemn

Is it an offence to own

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