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parison with the scene which I direct.” “ Truly! I is a vast amount of steam power, unequalled upon any them, and no person stung by them; he made them go should like to see this wonderful establishment of river in the world. There is never less at any one time on the table, and took them up by handfuls and tossed yours," said M. Florville.

than 5000 persons afloat in the steamers during the sum-them up and down like so many peas, handling them, “I shall with pleasure give you a ticket,” said the

mer season on the river Thames. Among the novelties however, very tenderly; then made them go into their stranger, “ because I think I owe you something for lately introduced in steam navigation, is a vessel with hive at the word of command. Near five o'clock in the the admirable counsels and lessons which you have locomotive engines similar to those on a railway, working afternoon, he exhibited again with the three swarms of

at high pressure; and the Waterman No. 7, with Stevens's bees, one on his head, one on his breast, and the other given me in the art of directing. I shall profit, citizen patent paddles, which enter the water at an angle of 35 on his arm ; and then went in to his lordship, who was Florville, by them; and I hope to have an opportu

degrees, produce very little swell, avoid the back water too much indisposed to see the former experiments ; the nity of testifying my gratitude to you. Come to see thrown up by the ordinary paddles, and produce little hives which the bees were taken from were carried by me to-morrow m morning."

vibration. With two or three exceptions, the steam-en one of the servants. He went into the room again, and “Where do you reside ?” said Florville.

gines in our river vessels are worked at a low pressure, came out with them all over his head, face, and eyes, “At the Luxembourg," was the reply.

hence explosions are never heard of.— Times newspaper. and was led blind before his lordship's window. He then “ Shall I ask for citizen Nicolas ?" said the Carcas

begged of his lordship that he would lend him one of his sone director.

horses, which was granted. He then mounted the horse,

LINES TO HER GRANDAUGHTER. “ Yes, for Nicolas-Nicolas Barras,” returned the

with the bees all over his head and face (except his eyes), stranger.


and breast, and left arm, with a whip in his right hand; * What !" cried M. Florville, “ you are"

Beautiful baby, where art thou ?

the groom then led the horse backwards and forwards by Barras, THE DIRECTOR !"

What is thy little pastime now?

his lordship’s window for some time. Mr Wildman then Who at this moment is caressing

took the reins in his hand, and rode round the house. He [This little feuilleton affords a curious exemplifica

The fondly-loved, the first-born blessing ?

then dismounted, and made the bees march upon a tion of the fact that the maxim, “ All the world's a

Is it papa, with vigorous dancing,

table, and commanded them to retire to their hive, which stage,” is not only directly but conversely true.]

Thine eyes with timid pleasure glancing,

they accordingly did ; and gave great satisfaction to the While added bloom adorns thy cheek,

earl, the countess, and the spectators. And seems of " fearful joy to speak ?"

Mr Barnes, a gentleman near Staines, in Middlesex,

Ah! soon with pain is pleasure bought,

having a nest of hornets at the top of the inside of a high And early is the lesson taught !

barn, sent to Mr Wildman, and desired his assistance to It seems to be a necessary condition of human science,

Or seated on thy mother's knee,

destroy them. Mr Wildman went upon the business, that we should learn many (apparently) useless things,

Dost thou some new discovery see

and took a hive with him up the ladder; and upon his in order to become acquainted with those which are of

Some sight thou'st never seen before,

approach to the nest, was stung by two of the insects. service; and as it is impossible, antecedently to expe

Some object glitt'ring on the floor,

But he soon qualified their resentment, and put them rience, to know the value of our acquisitions, the only

Some little scrap of gaudy hue,

into a hive, and afterwards drowned them." way in which mankind can secure all the advantages of

Some toy just placed within thy view ?

Or do sweet sounds attract thine ear, knowledge is to prosecute their inquiries in every pos

Some words of fondness whispered near, sible direction. There can be no greater impediment to


Some pretty song of ancient story, the progress of science than a perpetual and anxious re

Some tale of pussy and her glory,

About twenty-five years ago, when a certain western ference at every step to palpable utility. Assured that

While thou display'st thy little store

state (which we shall not name) was a territory, and with the general result will be beneficial, it is not wise to be

Of knowledge and of learned lore?

few inhabitants, a young lawyer from one of the old too solicitous as to the immediate value of every indivi

Or does some latent power within

states emigrated thither, and settled in the town of dual effort. Nor is it to be forgotten, that trivial and

Its influence now first begin,

K-. He succeeded admirably in his profession, and apparently useless acquisitions are often the necessary

Excite thee with a glad surprise,

rose rapidly in popular favour. He had been there nearly preparatives to important discoveries. The labours of the

And animate thy soft blue eyes,

two years, when he induced a printer to print a weekly antiquary, the verbal critic, the collator of mouldering

Urge thee to efforts strange and new,

paper, of which he was editor and proprietor. Squire manuscripts, the describer of microscopic objects (labours

And bring some fresh exploit to view ?

3. was much pleased for a while with editing a paper.

Gifts from on high bestow'd on thee, which may appear to many out of all proportion to the

Thou heir of immortality !

He was a man of very low stature, but he used the edivalue of the result), may be preparing the way for the

torial “ WE” as frequently as if there were a dozen of lim, achievements of some splendid genius, who may combine

Oh ye, to whom the task is given

and each as big as Daniel Lambert. their minute details into a magnificent system, or evolve

To guide the little feet to Heaven,

Strange to say, there were at that time men in office

Check the first step that goes astray, from a multitude of particulars collected with painful

who were not a particle more honest than they should be;

And early teach them virtue's way! toil, some general principle destined to illuminate the

Rugged sometimes may be the road

a thing which probably never happened before, and never career of future ages. To no one, perhaps, are the labours

That leads to her divine abode,

will again. Squire S. felt all the patriotism of a son of of his predecessors, even when they are apparently trifling

And sometimes clouds may intervene,

76, and poured out grape and canister against public or unsuccessful, of more service than to the metaphysi

And darken the surrounding scene,

abuses. This soon stirred a hornet's nest about his ears; cian; and he who is well acquainted with the science,

And for a moment hope may fail,

but as there was no other paper in the territory, there can scarcely fail to perceive that many of its inquiries are

And terrora may the soul assail :

was no reply, and he enjoyed his warlike propensities in

Fear not ! the haven kept in view, gradually converging to important results. Unallied as

And love divine will help us through;

security. they may appear to present utility, it is not hazarding

Help us when must we see to fear,

At length, he published an article more severe and cutmuch to assert, that the world must hereafter be indebted

When most we think that danger's near;

ting, against inalfeasance in office, than any that had preto them for the extirpation of many mischievous errors,

Help us when most we seem alone,

ceded it. In fact, though pointed at no one individual in and the correction of a great part of those loose and ill

Help us with power beyond our own!

particular, it was a "scorcher.” founded opinions by which society is now pervaded.--From a Collection of Pieces.

Some three or four days afterwards, he was sitting alone Essays on the Formation and Publication of Opinions.

in his editorial office, which was about a quarter of a

mile from the printing establishment ; his pen was busy LORD BROUGHAM ON “ GOOD BREEDING.”


with a paragraphi, when his door opened without much The same observations which were made on the arts

In the “ Scots Magazine” for November 1766, the fol- ceremony, and in stalked a man about six feet in his aro applicable to a certain refinement of manners, which lowing remarkable incidents are mentioned :

stockings. He asked, “ Are you S., the proprietor of this is common to all highly-civilised states, but which, per * One Mr Wildman, of Plymouth, has lately made him- paper ?", Thinking he had found a new patron, the little haps, arises in despotic countries at an earlier stage of self famous for his command over bees. Having come to

man, with one of his blandest smiles, answered in the society. This refinement is in itself of little merit or London in August last, he gave notice to Dr Templeman, number of the paper from his pocket, and pointing to the

affirmative. The stranger deliberately drew the last value, if, indeed, it is not rather to be accounted a defect. secretary to the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, article against rogues in office, told the affrighted editor Its chief characteristic is luxurious indulgences of various &c., that he would pay him a visit on Wednesday, that it was intended for him.” It was in vain that s. kinds, and a politeness which consists so much in sup

August 27, in the afternoon, in his bee-dress. Several pression of the natural feelings that it is nearly akin to ladies and gentlemen, who had heard of this intended protested he had never heard of him before. The wrath falsehood. Never to say any thing that may give pain, visit, were assembled at the doctor's. About five o'clock of the visiter rose to fever heat, and from being so long unless where our duty requires it, is a rule of sound morals Mr Wildman came, brought through the city in a chair, editor his choice, either to publish a humble, a very

restrained, boiled over with double fury. He gave the as well as good manners. But never to say any thing his head and face almost covered with bees, and a most which those present may dislike, nay, from which they venerable beard of them hanging down from his chin, alternative was wormwood ; but what could he do? The

humble recantation, or take a flogging on the spot. Either may dissent, is the rule of refined and courtly breeding. which rendered his appearance truly reverend. The gen, enraged office-holder was twice his size, and at one blow Absolate command of countenance and figure, calm, tlemen and ladies were soon convinced that they need would qualify him for an obituary notice. He agreed placid deportment, unbroken ease, sustained dignity, not be afraid of the bees, and therefore went up familiarly to retract ; and as the visiter insisted upon writing the habitual siniles, indiscriminate respect, nay, the sem to Mr Wildman, and conversed with him. After having retractation himself, he sat down to his task. Squire blance of esteem or even love for every thing that ap- stayed a considerable time, he gave orders to the bees to proaches, and the taking a ready interest in whatever retire to their hive that was brought for them, which S. made an excuse to walk to the printing office, with a concerns every one, but showing none at all in what re

they immediately obeyed with the greatest precipitation. promise that he would be back in season to sign it as gards ourselves merely-these are the constituents of

soon as it was finished.

One thing said of him is amazing, which is, that Mr highly-refined and courtly manners; and these imply Wildman, armed with his friendly bees, thinks himself

S. had hardly gone fifty rods, when he encountered a such an unnatural suppression of feelings, such an habi- defensible against the fiercest mastiffs ; and actually did, man who inquired where Squire S.'s office was, and if he tual restraint upon the emotions of every kind, such a at Salisbury, encounter three yard-dogs one after the

was at home. Suspecting that he, too, was on the same false position of the mind at all times, as is most easily other. The conditions of engagement were, that he errand as the other

visiter, he pointed to the office, and learnt under the sway and the dread of a despotic prince should have notice of the dog being set at him. Accord- told him he would find the editor within,

writing a most or his provincial representative. Accordingly, the man- ingly, the first mastiff was let loose ; and as he approached the eyes

of the new comer flashing

fire, he rushed into the ners of the orientals are known to be polite in an extravagant degree; while there is a want of polish in the him, the one on the nose, the other on the flank: upon office, and assailed the stranger with the epithets, “ liar, subjects of free states which has made the roughness of a receiving the wounds, the dog retired very much daunted. scoundrel, coward;" and told

him he would teach him republican almost proverbial.

After this, the second dog entered the lists, and was foiled how to write. The gentleman, supposing it was some STEAM NAVIGATION ON THE THAMES.

with the same expedition as the first

. The third dog bully sent there

by the editor, sprang to his feet, and a There are now sixteen steam-vessels working daily be mal, observing the ill success of his brethren, would not fire, wood, the contents of a large jug of ink stood in tween Gravesend and London; the same number to Wool attempt to sustain a combat ; so, in a cowardly manner, broken beyond the skill of surgery to cure them. This wich; twenty to Greenwich ; numerous small steamers, he retired with his tail between his legs. This extraorthe boats of the Waterman's Company, and of the Old dinary gentleman can tame wasps and hornets with almost fury. Blow followed blow with the rapidity of lightning.

seemed only to inspire the combatants with still greater Woolwich Company, between Greenwich and Black wall; the same ease as he does bees. there are eight steam-vessels constantly going up and down the river on their way to and from Dover, Rams lordship's seat at Wimbleton, in Surrey, September 17, found its way to their faces, till both of them cut the

On an invitation from Earl Spenser, he went to his First one was kicking on the floor, then the other, each

taking it in turn pretty equally. The ink on the floor gate, Margate, Herne Bay, Southend, and Sheerness. The where several persons of distinction were assembled. General Steam Navigation Company muster forty-nine The countess bad provided three stocks of bees. The

most ludicrous figure imaginable. The noise and uproar first-class steamers, all sailing from London, a fleet supe first of Mr Wildman's performances was with one hive of exclaimed with astonishment, that two negroes were

were tremendous. The neighbours ran to the door, and rior to the steam fleet of any of the continental powers, bees hanging on his hat, which he carried in his hand, fighting in Squire S.'s office. None dared separate them. and which carry merchandise and property to the amount and the hive which they came out of in the other hand; of a million sterling weekly, and whose consumption of which was to convince the earl and countess that he could The circumstances of the case became known, and the

At length, completely exhausted, they ceased fighting. coal exceeds in value L.50,000 per annum. There are take honey and wax without destroying the bees. Then next day, hardly able to sit on horseback, their heads not less than fifty other large steamers trading between he returned into the room, and came out again with them bound up, they started homeward, convinced that they London and various parts in Great Britain and Ireland; hanging on his chin, with a very venerable beard... After had attained very little satisfaction from their attempt. twenty-three steam-tugs, varying from 30 to 100 horse- showing them to the company, he took them out upon – Louisville Advertiser. power each, exclusively engaged in towing ships between the grass-walk facing his lordship's window, where a Gravesend and the Pool; twenty iron and wooden table and table-clotlı were immediately brought out, and steamers navigating the river above bridge between Lon- he set the hive upon the table, and made the bees hive

LONDON: Published, with permission of the proprietors, by don-bridge and Chelsea ; two constantly running between therein; then he made the bees come out again, and

W. S. Oar, Paternoster Row. the Adelphi pier and Putney; and five to Richmond. This warm in the air, the ladies and nobility standing amongst

Printed by Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars.



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PRICE 1 d.

told. * General St Clair, about forty years since, year 680, between Harald Hildetand and Ring, kings TIIE EASILY CONVINCED.

when governor of the North-Western Territory, re of certain portions of Sweden :- Hildetand received ALTHOUGH the present age is, to say the least, not ceived a present of a strange-looking copper coin, said the kingdom-Gard hewed out-Ole took the oathless remarkable than any preceding one for caution in to have been found in a spring near Cincinnati. Oden consecrate these runes,' &c. &c. Could any investigating truths, whether in science or matters General St Clair was not merely a man of the world, thing be more satisfactory, or better established, or of fact, there is nevertheless a class of men who but he was also a highly educated, accomplished gen more clearly explained? And now, to the dismay of are far more easily satisfied about evidence, and who tleman, and as little liable as any other we have the antiquarian world, out steps a man of acids and more readily take up with new ideas, than their known to be deceived under such circumstances. alkalies, a chemist, a philosopher-in short, the great neighbours. Not a newspaper do we read but there | But so it was; the copper coin became at once a Berzelius-coolly proving beyond all doubt, in a paper is in it some splendid discovery, in science itself or in precious medal, the work of an extinct people, and in the Transactions of the Royal Society of Sciences its applications ; the patent list shows how many its crooked-looking characters a key to unlock the of Stockholm, that our inscription is, after all, but a serious attempts are made to turn these to account: great secret of their origin and fate.

We saw

lusus natura, or natural marks or stains on the rock! all of them get patrons more or less numerous at first this treasure-trove in the possession of General St Is not this provoking ?” -but time passes on, and of the very small number of Clair at Marietta, and we were allowed, like some Archaiological inquirers often show their besetting such things which continue to engage attention, we others, to take an impression of it in pewter, never foible in the assigning of over-recondite origins for need scarcely speak. Most of these things look ex doubting, any more than our elders in knowledge things, and suggesting explanations that go far beyond tremely well when first hit upon. They show capi- and years, that, if it was a post-diluvian work, it the mark. The reading of a Rosetta stone, to the tally in model. The closest investigation fails to was at any rate contemporaneous with the renewal discovery of a new language and a thousand years of detect a source of fallacy or failure ; but somehow it or discovery of the arts immediately after the disper- heretofore unknown history, is a lucky hit, as rare as always turns out that, when the thing is brought to sion. But alas for the vanity of human expectation ! the adaptation of steam or carbureted hydrogen to practical experiment, there is some plaguy obstruction The original, or a copy, fell into the hands of the late common purposes. When we turn from the contemor difficulty, not formerly dreamt of, which upsets all, Colonel Duane, who had spent a portion of his life in plation of the one solitary prize to the multitude of and then we hear no more of the matter. The suc. India, and he detected at once that it was a Hindos. blanks, what a sad spectacle is presented! At precessful applications of science to economic purposes tanee coin, worth one cent. The buffalo was trans sent, it is the ancient tumuli and ruins of Central during the last age, thought to be so fertile in them, formed, without any magic wand, into a cow, and the America which form the favourite problem. Some can, after all, be enumerated in a breath-steam, gas, Manitous into Vishnu and Brahma.”* As another time ago, it was the round towers of Ireland. These Mackintosh, and the electrotype. We have also got example, take the following story from Mr Laing's last have been assigned to all sorts of strange, mysteone or two new sciences, as chemistry and geology ; | Tour in Sweden :-" The antiquarian world has suf- rious, and remote origins. A large octavo volume and great, no doubt, are these additions to our knowfered a severe shock on the subject of Runic lore the was written to prove them connected with Budhism. ledge. But even here we have our hasty theorisers other day. At a place called Hoby, between Car- Lately, it has been stated that they are of comparaalso—let the single doctrine of " scratches”* bear shamn and Runamo, in the province of Bleking, there tively modern date, and the accounts of the expense witness. There is, indeed, a class of minds so consti- is a Runic inscription on a rock, noticed by Saxo of building one of them have been discovered. Thus it tuted that every novelty calculated to excite wonder, Grammaticus, who tells us his contemporary, Waldi- is that the wonderers are now and then disappointed. or to raise hope, is sure to catch them. These minds mar I. of Denmark, who lived in 1160, had sent learned We have seen a serious speculation tracing the leek are not necessarily to be supposed of a weak kind, or people to decipher it in vain. It remained 500 years worn by Welshmen on St David's Day to the ancient to have a decided tendency to delusion. They are only unthought-of and undeciphered, when Olaus Wor Egyptian worship. Formerly, there was a practice disposed, from wishing a thing to be true, to allow it mius, and after him many zealous Runic antiquaries, of carrying a buck's head in procession at st Paul's to be so upon insufficient evidence. In many cases, it again attempted the task ; but time had not made it Cathedral, on the day of the commemoration of St would seem to them ungenerous to doubt, and there more intelligible, and nothing could be made of it. Paul. It was fixed on a pole, and carried in front of fore, being benevolent persons, they believe. Or it is At last, in 1805, a Danish antiquary, M. Arendt, made the cross, out at the west door. This was a very rethat they cannot bear to spoil a thing which tells so a pilgrimage on foot to this enigmatical inscription ;markable-looking ceremony, and suggested the idea of well, by meeting it with doubts. Or, perhaps, it and not being able to read it, he declared it was only an ancient Pagan custom continued by the Christian fulfils and makes good some vague notions long a lusus natura-accidental marks and scratches in the priesthood. It has been spoken of again and again in che rished by themselves. Or a good theory, or pro- rock. This was intolerable. For nearly thirty years books, as a relic of the customs which obtained on the ject, or new doctrine, may be a good deal like vice in the antiquarian body brooded in silence over this dic same spot, when a Roman temple stood there. The Pope's well-known couplet : we grow familiar, we tum of their recreant brother. At last, in July 1833, English editor of Dupré's work on the Conformity pity, we embrace. It was probably the same class of the Royal Society of Sciences at Copenhagen sent a

between Modern and Ancient Ceremonies, takes this minds which created and gave currency to all the solemn deputation of three of its members, Professors view with a great deal of gravity. Now, so old a wondrous monkish tales of the middle ages-easiness Molbech, Magnuson, and Forchammer, to the spot ; writer as Stow has clearly shown that the practice of conception and reception of strange things being the rock was carefully examined, was found to be a originated in no extraordinary way at a comparatively the common features of both.

mass of granite-gneiss, intersected by a vein of whin recent period. lle quotes the actual deed of 1274, The class of philosophic and scientific inquirers has stone (or black trap), in which the marks adverted to wherein the dean and chapter of St Paul's grant a only its credulous members ; but the whole race of occur; and, to the joy of all genuine antiquarian spirit, piece of land in Essex to a Sir William Baad, on the antiquaries seems marked, and to have been marked the inscription was declared to be an inscription, condition of having a doe and buck brought to them in all time, with the fatal facility of taking in new blended, indeed, here and there with accidental cracks annually, the latter to be produced at the time of and wonderful things. No class of investigators has and fissures, but an inscription of artificial characters; the procession, as above described. Thus, what was furnished so many warnings against rash conclusions and the artist who accompanied the commission made thought a curious vestige of British paganism, turns It was upon a real event that Scott founded the story an accurate drawing of the whole vein, and the cha out to have been only one of the quaint tenures of the of his Oldbuck. A worthy old gentleman, a Sir John racters traced upon it. Nothing was wanting to com- middle ages. Pennant, in his Tour in Scotland, has Clerk of Penicuik, was demonstrating the features plete the joy of all true antiquaries, but that these fallen into a mistake nearly similar. He there deli of a Roman camp, in the neighbourhood of Moffat, to characters should be deciphered. For ten long months neates on copper, and describes in his letter-press, what an admiring circle of friends, among whom was the no progress was made. Professor Magnuson, to whom he calls a small ivory image, which was found near the young novelist. "And this,” said he, pointing to a the task was intrusted, could bend them into no form castle of Dunstaffnage in the Highlands. As Dunmound in the centre, “ was of course the prætorium.” of intelligibility. At last, in bed, on the 22d of May, staffnage was a palace of the early kings of Scotland, " Prætorium here, prætorium there,” said

a shepherd | 1834, the idea struck him to try to read the inscrip- and this image represented a crowned and throned standing by, “ I made it wi' a flaughter spade.”+ An tion backwards, from right to left. The thing was

monarch, Pennant made out the latter to be a deporanecdote to much the same purpose has recently been done-the thing was clear—the inscription was de

traiture of some Caledonian prince of a thousand ciphered in two hours. It is in the old northern or

years ago, and a surprising specimen of early art. * It is our misfortune to be under the necessity of marring

Icelandic tongug, and in regular alliterative verse, Behold, however, about twenty years ago, there was much that we say,we will not call it wit-by explaining. We and must have been cut in the rock shortly previous found, near the ruins of an old nunnery in the Isle of bere allude to the striæ found upon the surfaces of rocks-of late to the battle of Braavalle, which took place in the Skye, a number of such images, some of which rea favourite subject of speculation amongst the geologists.

sembled that figured by Pennant, while others repreA spade used for digging turf.

* North American Review, li. 404.

sented knights, castles, and other objects ; in short,



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they were simply a set of chessmen, albeit of early necessarily throwing ridicule on either antiquarianism cautious alone, Would for certain perish of cold and
workmanship, and made, not of ivory, but of the tooth or these men in particular. Let me be candid, and hunger, before ever they had shown their first teeth.
of the sea-horse. There could therefore be no doubt state a case where I was myself, though with very | The credulous catch them and foster them, and look
that Pennant had set forth as the picture of a par- humble pretensions, the investigating archaiologist. out for their parishes, and get them comfortably
ticular king what was neither more nor less than a The subject was a three-fourths obliterated Latin in- brought on to their apprenticeships. By and by, they
chessman, and no more a particular portraiture than scription in the Gothic character, which had puzzled | begin to kick about for themselves, and settle into
the figures of kings and knaves on a pack of cards. every body. I made out a reading of it, which ap- respectable and useful members of society—but no

The happy inductions of Curier from a single fossil peared tolerably good sense, and appropriate to the thanks to the awful doctors who never have any thing
bone as to the general character of the animal to situation ; but on a second and more careful inspec- to do with the intellectual bantlings that don't come
which it belonged, may be said to rank with the steam- tion of the stone, it was found that some features of into the world properly stamped and labelled.
engine and the Rosetta stone - the one good hit the lettering were not rightly accounted for. Setting
amongst many misses. It would appear that even to the task again, I found reason to give up almost POPULAR ENGLISHI FESTIVALS.
this eminent man was not incapable of being led too every part of the first reading, and adopt a second
far by a wish to account for appearances. The writer quite different in its general sense, but in which
of the paper in the North American Reriew, which has scarcely a single feature of the legend was left with; Considering the part borne by the Baptist in the
already been quoted, tells the following anecdote : out a proper significance. Here were two conjectural transactions on which Christianity is founded, it is
A learned professor, well known some years since in readings, one extremely plausible, another nearly as

not wonderful that the day set apart for the obserNew York, “ devoted himself with great ardour to much so, but different, excogitated from one inscrip: vance of his nativity (June 24) should be, in all ages scientific pursuits, particularly to investigations into tion. This I cannot help thinking a curious mental and most parts of Europe

, one of the most popular the animal kingdom, and was singularly curious in his process, somewhat analogous, perhaps, to the more of religious festivals. It enjoys the greater distinction inquiries into all circumstances presenting any un dexterous and felicitous efforts at anagram-making. that it is considered as Midsummer Day, and thereusual features. This trait of character rendered him Of a similar character are the many various hypo- fore has inherited a number of observances from sometimes liable to be deceived ; but he filled his theses which have been formed as to who was Junius, heathen times. These are now curiously mixed with position worthily, and contributed to the progress of two or three of which have been so perfect in all re those springing from Christian feelings, insomuch his favourite sciences. In one of our western excur- spects when taken separately, that no one could well that it is not easy to distinguish them from the other. sions, we found ourselves in the country of the gophers, doubt-till he saw the second and the third. Some It is only clear, from their superstitious character, small animals which dwell principally in the earth, of the more mystic parts of Scripture have en a

that they have been originally Pagan. To use the and which are known to naturalists under the name like exercise to the ingenuity of commentators. There quaint phrase of an old translator of Scaliger, they

" form the foote steps of auncient gentility;"' that is, of pseudostoma bursarium. Their natural habits lead are passages in the Apocalypse which have been ex

gentilism, or heathenism. them to burrow in the ground, and they are furnished plained six or eight ways by different men, and all the

The observances connected with the Nativity of St with two pouches, formed by prolongation and inden- explanations equally plausible considered apart from John commenced on the previous evening, called, as tation of the skin of the cheek, by which the pouch, the rest. There are some minds which delight in usual, the eve or vigil of the festival, or Midsummer while it opens outwards, is contained within the jaws. such exercises. I have heard a learned and inge- Eve. On that evening the people were accustomed The object of this strange apparatus is said to be to nious person detail a theory which he had formed which they brought to their homes, and planted over

to go into the woods and break down branches of trees, enable the little animal to excavate his dwelling in from a number of far-detached texts, showing the their doors, amidst grent demonstrations of joy, to the sandy ground by filling his pouches with sand, most unexpected typical relations amongst them, make good the Scripture prophecy respecting the Bapand then carrying the burden to the entrance of his and the whole bearing most luminously upon human tist, that many should rejoice in his birth. This cushole, and there depositing it by pressing his fore-paws destiny; which yet one could not but feel to be tom was universal in England till the recent change

in manners. In Oxford there was a speciality in the upon his cheeks. * At this time the animal was merely a surprising product of human cogitation,

observance, of a curious nature. Within the first not much known, and we succeeded in procuring one, from data out of which another person would pro- court of Magdalen College, from a stone pulpit at one and gave directions that the skin should be carefully bably bave made as good and plausible a result, but

corner, a sermon was always preached on St John's prepared for preservation. It was in the month of totally different. The making up of such imaginative Day; at the same time, the court was embowered with July, and it became necessary to turn the skin of the textures, with the few clear points all so nicely pieced green boughs, “ that the preaching might resemble

that of the Baptis, in the wilderness.” pouches inside out, in order that it might be effectu- in, may not be a directly useful, yet neither is it a

Towards night, materials for a fire were collected ally dried. In this position, they presented the ap

mean exercise of intellect. Any where but in a paper in a public place and kindled. To this the name of pearance of two strange-looking projections, pushed on credulity, I might have been tempted to suggest it bonfire was given, a term of which the most rational out from the cheeks, and whose object it would have as a new and interesting kind of proof of the power explanation seems to be, that it was composed of conbeen difficult to divine. We saved these exuviæ of of mind over matter. How almost creative does mind tributions collected as boons, or gifts of social and

charitable feeling. Around this fire the people danced our gopher, and afterwards sent them to the naturalist appear in such a power of fashioning and accommo

with almost frantic mirth, the men and boys occasion. to whom we have already alluded. We did not re- dating dead things to its own notions !

ally jumping through it, not to show their agility, but place the inverted pouches in their proper position, This ductility of obscure matters, or plasticity of as a compliance with ancient custom. There can never supposing for a moment that any mistake could mind over them, shows two things—first, that the be no doubt that this leaping through the fire is one exist respecting their natural arrangement. But so hoaxing of men of learned investigation is far less of of the most ancient of all known superstitions, and is it was : the stuffed specimen was sent to Europe with a good joke than is generally supposed. Such hoaxes that, till a late period, the practice was followed in

identical with that followed by Manasseh. We learn the projecting appendages; and the animal formed the are thus shown to be easy matters, for there is evi- Ireland on St John's Eve. subject of a memoir, we think, of Cuvier himself, to dently no phenomenon so odd and irrelative but what It was customary in towns to keep a watch walkthe Academy of Natural Sciences, in which this zoolo- the vagueness of all knowledge will admit of its being ing about during the Midsummer Night, although gical stranger was described as belonging to a new brought by human ingenuity into some relation, and motives of precaution. This was done at Nottingham species of quadrupeds, and some speculations were in- explained accordingly. Hoaxing in such circum- till the reign of Charles I. Every citizen either went dulged upon his proper position and his habits of life. stances is like tempting a child into a criminal act. himself or sent a substitute; and an oath for the Soon after the journal of the scientific body, which It is no triumph, because it is so easy. The second preservation of peace was duly administered to the contained this memoir, reached the United States, we thing is, that investigators can scarcely be too cautious company at their first meeting at sunset. They met the same gentleman, who was the correspondent in yielding complete conviction where exact proof is paraded the town in parties during the night, every of Cuvier, and he informed us of the high rank which wanting. When we reflect on the great theories additionally embellished in some instances with ribbons

person wearing a garland of flowers upon his head, the new animal had attained, and favoured us with which have been formed respecting doubtful matters, and jewels. In London, during the middle ages, this an inspection of the memoir in which it was described. all self-consistent, all of them weaving in and account- watch, consisting of not less than two thousand men, We immediately saw and pointed out the mistake of ing for the stray facts, yet all ultimately proved to be paraded both on this night and on the eves of St which we had most unconsciously been the cause. groundless, we are almost led to doubt of every thing provided with cressets, or torches, carried in barred

Paul's and St Peter's days. The watchmen were The circumstances were subsequently explained, and not mathematical

. But this is not right. Belief upon pots on the tops of long poles, which, added to the the error corrected in the history of the proceedings the testimony readily to be had is essential to our bonfires on the streets, must have given the town a of the learned naturalists of Paris. But the incident condition here, since it is quite impossible for every striking appearance in an age when there was no rehas remained impressed upon our memory, warning one to investigate every thing for himself. Therefore, gular street-lighting. The great came to give their us that the highest acquirements may be at fault, and indeed, it is that there is belief.

countenance to this marching watch, and made it that we must not always surrender our confidence to Caution as to final approval is all that is really 1616, thus alludes to the scene :

quite a pageant. A London poet, looking back from the highest names."

required. “Try all things,” is, within certain limits, “ The goodly buildings that till then did hide Let us not, however, press the matter too severely a good maxim in the affairs of learning. And here it

Their rich array, open'd their windows wide,

Where kings, great peers, and many a noble dame, against the men who give their thoughts to scientific is that I think the present tone of the philosophical Whose bright pearl-glittering robes did mock the flame or even to archaiological inquiry. If we search deeply mind in our country and age is at fault. The constant

Of the night's burning lights, did sit to see

How every senator in his degree, into the philosophy of these mistakes, we shall find cry is, give us facts and leave hypotheses alone. But Adorn'd with shining gold and purple weeds, that they in many instances proceed from causes it is not possible for any human being to go on con

And stately mounted on rich-trapped steeds, rather reflecting credit than discredit on the human stantly collecting dry unconnected facts. We require

Their guard attending, through the streets did ride,

Before their foot-bands, graced with glittering pride mind. In all such cases, it must be observed, there to be allowed a little generalisation by way of bon-bons,

Of rich-gilt arms, whose glory did present is the vagueness inseparable from a want of clear to encourage us in our tasks. And is not imagination

A sunshine to the eye, as if it meant,

Among the cresset lights shot up on high, knowledge. From what is known, perhaps only a few often a means of leading on to fact? We conjecture,

To chase dark night for ever from the sky;

While in the streets the sticklers to and fro, fragmentary and disconnected particulars, it is amaz we seek evidence in support, and ultimately our guess To keep decorum, still did come and go, ing how plausible a hypothesis is sometimes formed- becomes a truth. Therefore, I say, the forming of Where tables set were plentifully spread, perfect in itself, tallying perfectly with every ascer- hypotheses is, to a certain extent, not only allowable

And at each door neighbour with neighbour fed." tained particular, every thing that could be wished - but laudable. And thus there is a utility and a final

King Henry VIII., hearing of the marching watch, except the truth. The case of the Swedish rock is at cause for even that mocked thing, credulity. The pleased with what he saw, that he came with Queen

came privately, in 1510, to see it; and was so much first sight ludicrous, but I, for my own part, can easily credulous are the nurses appointed for ideas in their Catherine and a noble train to attend openly that of understand how such a thing might occur, without | nonage—which, if left to the tender feelings of the St Peter's Eve a few nights after. But this king, in


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the latter part of his reign, thought proper to abolish come and take it out.” So also, in a poem entitled the face attracts, and every kind look is taken as an indi. the ancient custom, probably from a dread of so great “Cottage Girl," published in 1786 :

cation of especial favour, serious sorrows might more a muster of armed citizens.

* The moss-rose that, at fall of dew,

often flow, were it not that nature neutralises them Some of the superstitious notions connected with

Ere eve its duskier curtain drew,

in part by planting in the youthful breast such a love St John's Eve are of a highly fanciful nature. The

Was freshly gather'd from its stem,

of variety that our admiration of the beautiful is temIrish believe that the souls of all people on this night

She values as the ruby gem;

porary and transient, shifting from object to object

And, guarded from the piercing air, leave their bodies, and wander to the place, by land

with ease and rapidity. A lasting degree of love or

With all an anxious lover's care, or sea, where death shall finally separate them from

She bids it, for her shepherd's sake,

regard is commonly reserved for a more advanced seathe tenement of clay. It is not improbable that this

Await the new-year's frolio wake,

son of life, when the passions, subservient to the manotion was originally universal, and was the cause of

When, faded in its alter'd hue,

turer dictates of judgment, allow reason and prudence

She reads--the rustic is untrue! the wide-spread custom of watching or sitting up

to have a say in matters in which their interference

But, if it leaves the crimson paint, awake on St John's night, for we may well believe

Her sickening hopes no longer faint;

is of the utmost importance. This is a general truth, that there would be a general wish to prevent the

The rose upon her bosom worn,

though my own case in some measure ran counter soul from going upon that somewhat dismal rainble.

She meets him at the peep of morn,

to it. In England, and perhaps in other countries also, it

And lo! her lips with kisses prest,

I have said that Sunday was a bright day for us was believed that, if any one sat up fasting all night

He plucks it from her panting breast."

all. It was particularly so to me ; for besides enjoyin the church porch, he would see the spirits of those we may suppose, from the following version of a ing the happiness of accompanying my sister to who were to die in the parish during the ensuing German poem, entitled “ The St. John's Wort,” that church, I found then and there attractions of a more twelvemonths come and knock at the church door, in precisely the same notions prevail amongst the peasant thrilling kind ; and I well remember, in my youthful the order and succession in which they were to die. youth of that country :

ardour and enthusiasm, how I used to count the days We can easily perceive a possible connexion between “* The young maid stole through the cottage door,

of the week, and rejoice to think that every succeeding this dreary fancy and that of the soul's midnight And blush'd as she sought the plant of power:

day brought me nearer to the day which comes beramble. The civic vigils just described were no doubt

* Thou silver glow-worm, oh, lend me thy light,

twixt the Saturday and Monday." I loved the day a result, thongh a more remote one, of the same idea.

I must gather the mystic St. John's wort to-night

for good and grave reasons, but for other ones also, I

The wonderful herb, whose leaf will decide There is a Low Dutch proverb used by those who If the coming year shall make me a bride.'

confess. Immediately opposite to our pew in church have been kept awake all night by troubles of any

And the glow-worm came

sat the family of an eminent merchant, whose riches, kind—“ We have passed St John Baptist's night."

With its silvery flame,

in my estimation, consisted not so much in this world's In a book written in the seventeenth century for the

And sparkled and shone

wealth, as in the possession of two beautiful daughters,

Through the night of St. John, instruction of a young nobleman, the author warns

And soon has the young maid her love-knot tied.

distinguished, above all the other girls of the place, for his pupil against certain " fearful superstitions, as to

elegance of person and beauty of face. Besides these

With noiseless tread, watch upon St John's evening, and the first Tuesday

To her chamber she sped,

natural advantages, their father's circumstances enin the month of March, to conjure the moon, to lie Where the spectral moon her white beams sher :

abled them to enjoy all the aids of dress and ornament, upon your back, having your ears stopped with laurel * Bloom here, bloom here, thou plant of power,

and they were in all respects the belles of the town. leaves, and to fall asleep not thinking of God, and

To deck the young bride in her bridal hour!'

My sister was acquainted with these young ladies; such like follies, all forged by the infernal Cyclops and

But it droop'd its head, that plant of power,

and it might have been amusing to any one skilled in

And died the mute death of the voiceless flower; Pluto's servants." & circumstance mentioned by And a wither'd wreath on the ground it lay,

scrutinising causes and effects, to have watched the Grose supports our conjecture—that to sleep on St More meet for a burial than bridal day.

blush which always accompanied my recognition of John's Eve was thought to ensure a wandering of the And when a year was past away,

the youngest of these provincial beauties, who did not spirit, while watching was regarded as conferring the All pale on her bier the young maid lay;

seem altogether unconscious of the emotions she expower of seeing the vagrant spirits of those who slept.

And the glow-worm came

cited in her devoted but humble admirer. My sister Amongst a company who sat up in a church porch,

With its silvery flame,

tried often to rally me out of my partiality for Cecilia, one feil so deeply asleep that he could not be waked.

And sparkled and shone
Through the night of St. John,

saying that a boy like me had little to hope from the His companions afterwards averred that, whilst he

As they closed the cold grave o'er the maid's cold clay."

condescension of the rich merchant's daughter. But was in this state, they beheld his spirit go and knock Some years ago, there was exhibited before the of a first love? And though girls of seventeen choose

when did a boy ever reflect, while under the influence at the church door, The same notion of a temporary liberation of the in a ploughed field pear Cawood in Yorkshire, and I was, in reality, older than Cecilia. Besides, 1 fancied

Society of Antiquaries a ring which had been found to deem young men of eighteen or nineteen mere lads, soul is perhaps at the bottom of a number of supersti- which appeared, from the style of its inscriptions, to the fair object of my adoration looked encouragingly tions practices resembling those appropriate to Hal- be of the fifteenth century. It bore for a device two low-eve. It was supposed, for example, that if an un: orpine plants joined by a true love knot

, with this so ; and looking through the bright medium

of Hope,

on her admirer; at all events, I was willing to think married woman, fasting, laid a cloth at midnight with motto above, “ Ma fiancée relt,that is, My sweet- and Love, and faith (for I had dependance on all the bread and cheese, and sat down as if to eat, leaving heart wills

, or is desirous. The stalks of the plants graces), I saw nothing to disturb the happiness of the the street-door open, the person whom she was to marry would come into the room and drink to her by that the parties represented by thym were to come pations that partook not of the same bright hue.

were bent towards each other, in token, no doubt, blissful present, while, for the future, I had no anticibowing, after which, setting down the glass, with together in marriage. The metto under the ring was another bow he would retire. It was customary on

At this stage of my affairs, Valentine's Day occurred. this ere to gather certain plants which were supposed are these popular notions.

Joye l'amour feu. So universal, in time as in place, This was too favourable an opportunity to let slip, and to have a supernatural character. The fern is one of The observance of St John's Day seems to have Cecilia. After many efforts, and many a sleepless

I set myself down to compose a poetical address to those herbs which have their seed on the back of the been, by a practical bull

, corfined mainly to the pre-hour, I at length managed to compose a few verses, leaf, so small as to escape the sight. It was concluded, vious evening. On the day itself, we only find that expressive of my admiration. My sister, I well reaccording to the strange irrelative reasoning of former the people kept their doors and beds embowered in member, sat opposite to me at a small table while I times, that to possess this seed not easily visible, was the branches set up the night before, upon the under- wrote ; 'but although I knew that she guessed the a means of rendering one's self invisible. Young standing that these had a virtue in averting thunder, purport of my letter, I did not think fit to show it men would go out at midnight of St John's Eve, and tempest, and all kinds of noxious physical agencies. endeavour to catch some in a plate, but without

to her. I dispatched my epistle; and next morning touching the plant-an attempt rather trying to pa

I fancied, in the simplicity of my heart, that every ono tience, and which often failed. Our Elizabethan dra

knew what I had done, and my heart throbbed with matists and poets, including Shakspeare and Jonson,


an undefinable feeling of alarm when any one adhave many allusions to the invisibility-conferring. It is a sufficiently old saying, that the life of man dressed me. . Oh! the inexpressible anxiety ! expepowers of fern seed. The people also gathered on this rests largely on trifles, and that its serenity is more rienced as to the result of my letter! Would it elicit night the rose, St John's wort, vervain, trefoil, and frequently interrupted by slight causes than by things a reply?—and of what nature would this be? At Tue, all of which were thought to have magical pro- which, to appearance, possess a much greater degree of length, on the following day-an age to me--an perties. They set the orpine in clay upon pieces of importance. A look, a word, or a supposed tincture answer came ; but eager as I had been to possess myslate or potsherd in their houses, calling it a Midsum- of asperity even in the tone of utterance, will some- self of this important document, I could scarcely mer. Man. As the stalk was found next morning to times produce consequences alike painful and per- summon courage enough to break the seal. I stole incline to the right or left, the anxious maiden knew manent in their effects. The whole current of a life away to a place where I hoped I should be unobserved, whether her lover would prove true to her or not. may be altered by the misinterpretation or misrepre- and, rallying myself on my foolish

trepidation, I Young women likewise sought for what they called sentation of a sentence ; nay, the most serious results opened the precious billet. Who can imagine my pieces of coal, but in reality, certain hard, black, dead have followed from the misplacing of a letter or a feelings of disappointment, anguish, and shame, when roots, often found under the living mugwort, designing misspelt word. Of the truth of these reflections, the I read four lines to this effect :to place these under their pillows, that they might following little story may serve as an illustration :

“He who aspires at writing well dream of their lovers. Some of these foolish fancies I am now a man advanced in years; and although

Must learn beforehand how to spell. are pleasantly strung together in the “Connoisseur," the feelings are said to become deadened and blunted

Ere you again give rhymes to light,

Go, blundering goose, and learn to write." a periodical paper of the middle of the last century. by the tear and wear of the world and its cares, yet "I and my two sisters tried the dumb cake together : does my mind recall, with the freshness of yesterday, This severe reply came on me like a thunderbolt. you must know two must make it, two bake it, two events which occurred at the distance of more than a My misery was fearfully complete. The idea of being break it, and the third put it under each of their quarter of a century. In youth, I was endowed with told that I could not spell, and by Cecilia, was madpillows (but you must not speak a word all the time), a lively fancy and a peculiar sensitiveness of dispo- dening. I could have borne any reproach but that. I and then you will dream of the man you are to have. sition, which caused me to feel keenly alive to any imagined there was something inexpressibly humiliatThis we did ; and, to be sure, I did nothing all night thing in the shape of insult or ill usage ; but withal, ing in being told, and by her, that I could not spell the but dream of Mr Blossom. The same night, exactly unless I err greatly, I possessed a frank and good dis- words I had used to express my passion. But it is at twelve o'clock, I sowed hemp-seed in our back- position, which led me to forgive injuries as soon as needless to attempt to describe the overpowering yard, and said to myself - Ilemp-seed I sow, hemp- confessed.

weight of my affliction. I dragged myself home a seed hoe, and he that is my true love come after me My father was engaged in an extensive mercantile saddened and broken-spirited creature, with only and mow.' Will you believe me? I looked back and concern, requiring vigilant attention on the part of its one idea possessing my mind, namely, an utter absaw him as plain as eyes could see him. After that I conductor; and, in order that he might surround him- horrence of all womankind. My despair showed took a clean shift and wetted it, and turned it wrong self with assistants in whom he could place implicit how deeply, boy as I was, I had loved. As I stole side out, and hung it to the fire upon the back of a confidence, he took my brothers and myself, in early to my room, I caught a sight of my sister's face, chair; and very likely my sweetheart would have youth, into the counting-house. Here we did our wearing, as I fancied, an expression of intense roguishcome and turned it right again (for I heard his step), best to please, and agreed well together. We had but ness; but as I had some vague notion of every one but I was frightened, and could not help speaking, one sister, a gay warm-hearted girl, to whom we were being aware of the slight I had received, this did not which broke the charm. I likewise stuck up two all devotedly attached; and it was a pleasant thing for strike me as at all peculiar. I passed a miserable Midsummer Men, one for myself and one for him. us on Sundays to walk to church one on each side of sleepless night, and rose next morning full of strong Now, if his had died away, we should never have come her, while the rest acted as a sort of body-guard be resolves, which, on the first opportunity, I determined together; but I assure you his blowed and turned to hind.

to put in practice. 'Twas in vain I tried to recall mine. Our maid Betty tells me, if I go backwards, At the time to which I more immediately refer, I was every word I had written in my ill-fated valentine, without speaking a word, into the garden upon Mid between eighteen and nineteen-a most susceptible that I might satisfy myself where the error lay which summer Éve, and gather a rose, and keep it in a elean period of life, when the heart overflows with affee- had thus exposed me to the ridicule of Cecilia. I sheet of paper, without looking at it till Christmas- tionate impulses, attaching itself to every thing fair and could make nothing of it. I wrote and re-wrote my day, it will be as fresh as in June ; and if I then stick good, regardless or fearless of consequences. From the lines again and again, hoping that my eye would do it in my bosom, he that is to be my husband will tendencies of this most impressible age, when every new tect the appearance of every distinct word, but it

I en

would not do. The words, as words, were perfect; the something peculiarly interesting in her fair and even pale “ No," she replied; "it was never shown by me to a spelling was faultless ; so I had nothing for it but to countenance. She appeared a fragile being, formed to human being. My own sister did not even know that I smother my chagrin in the best way I could. cling to man for shelter and support. Her conversation had received it."

Then it occurred to me, all at once, that my sister might During the day, I mentioned to my father, as if it pleased me much, and her mind proved to be of superior had been long occupying my mind, that I thought it order. My friends had for some time pressed me to have been the person who sent it, for I recollected that would be for my advantage to go to London for a time, that the influence of a first love still affected me, I had and as my hand was round and large, and as I did not

she sat opposite to me at the little table while I wrote, in order that my knowledge of business might be ex

certainly felt very indifferent upon the subject. At the spare the ink, she inight have had no difficulty in de tended. This idea did not seem at first to meet with close of the evening party, however, I found myself inter- ciphering every word. Cecilia thought this not impromy father's approbation ; but he promised to give some nally concluding, that if a partner for life was to be taken, bable; but it was vain to say more about it then. I made consideration to the subject, and that was as much as the young lady in question would form a pleasing and some inquiries about her health and her views for her I had hoped for on a first application.

fitting one. It is unnecessary to dwell on this point. future support, and mentioned my generous wife's ideas Next day there were consultations amongst my Though far from being an ardent lover, I felt such an on the subject. She heard of this kindness with gratibrothers, and at last my father's consent was obtained. attachment spring up in a short time, as led me to offer tude and tears, but resolved to take some time to reflect Thus sanctioned, I made all haste to get my arrange- my hand to my friend's cousin. It was accepted, and we on her proceedings. On my way home, the valentine ments completed for departing from the scene of my were married.

affair, so unexpectedly started, recurred to my mind, and disgrace. In a few days I was on my way to London,

Several years of calm wedded happiness passed away I could not help musing on the deep influence which the accompanied by the regrets and affectionate adieus after this event. My wife brought me several children; harsh answer had exerted on my career in life. I had

been sent from home by it for a long period; it had cost of my relations, and stocked with recommendations but, at last, a change came over the placid course of our from my good father to a house in London with whom existence. By degrees my wife's health gave way. I tried me many bitter days, months, ay, even years ; I had lost

every possible means for restoring her, for she had proved by it, perhaps, the woman who had gained the ardent he had an extensive connexion.

wise, good, and affectionate ; but she continued still love of my youth; and, in short, it had been one of the I need not describe my feelings during my journey; slowly to decline in strength. It was at this time that I moving springs of my past course in life. Reflecting on but I remember I detected myself several times won had occasion to visit a manufacturing town at some dis- these things with mingled feelings, I reached home, and, dering why I was not more happy. Silly youth ! the tance, and, for their amusement, I took my two eldest to my inexpressible grief, found my dear wife much plague was in my own heart! But I flattered myself, children with me. Having gone and completed my busi- worse-dying. She was anxiously waiting for me. I I recollect, with the idea that my sudden departure ness, I prepared to return home, and was waiting for my went hurriedly to her side. " Dearest Henry," said she, would inflict a blow on the rain Cecilia ; and, under vehicle at the door of the town inn, when a poor-looking I have but a short time to speak to you, and I have one that impression, I thought I had so far triumphed.

woman passed, dressed in a faded cloak, and a miserable- important thing to say. I have thought of it long; and I was received with the most flattering attention looking silk bonnet. I got a glimpse of the face, and a circumstances have lately occurred which make me hopeby the gentleman to whose notice I had been con

thought struck me that it was in some way familiar to ful of seeing my wish in the way to fulfilment ere I die., signed. Ho.made arrangements without delay to re

me. The woman, too, had apparently had some similar For our sweet children's sake marry again, and marry one ceive me into his warehouse ; but, as he was a single idea regarding my features, as she turned to look again, who will be a mother to them. There is one who will be

when I was almost paralysed with horror on recognising so. Pardon me for making secret inquiries about that man, he apologised for not being able to accommodate me in his own house. I had, therefore, to look about | beautiful Cecilia!

in the faded dejected being before me the once gay and person ; she is gentle and good, and has known misfor

Our recognition was simultaneous ; tune too well not to pity the motherless child. You have me for a lodging, and, domestically speaking, was for and on my uttering her name, a deep blush passed over ever loved, her. Dear Henry, it is Cecilia. Make her the first time thrown upon my own resources. the sunken features, recalling something of the brilliancy your wife. It is the dying request of one whom you gaged a lodging at no great distance from my em- of former days. She held out her hand timidly, as if have striven to make happy, and who would, if possible, ployer's office ; and when, on the first evening after doubtful whether her advances would be received. I ensure your happiness till our final reunion takes place in my arrival, I found myself sitting in my little humble immediately tried to recover myself, lest she should another world.” Such, in broken language, was the wish parlour, and thought of home with all its delightful think that my astonishment arose more from her altered uttered by my noble and disinterested wife. She died associations, of its happy inmates, of the cheerful appearance than from simple surprise at meeting her; very soon afterwards. evening they would be enjoying, and of Cecilia, I and having asked her to walk into the inn with me, I doubted if ny triumph was as complete as I had allowed was soon put in possession of the particulars of her sad

Years have passed away since that period; and Cecilia history.

sits by my side, the mother of children of her own, yet a myself to iinagine. Strange to say, Cecilia was still the leading object of my thoughts. I had truly loved wise have kept her silent on this occasion. Sorrow and

Necessity overcame the delicacy which might other mother, also, to those that are motherless. When applied

to on the subject, my sister, now a grave matron, conwith all the ardour of a boy's first love,

fessed that she had been the writer of the severe letter, Next day, I was installed in my new office; and the fore me. I did not then think of my triumph, as I was want had subdued the once proud girl, and she wept be

having noticed my letter to be a valentine, and chanced overwhelming extent of the business in which I was

to catch the misspelt word. Guessing my removal to once ignorant enough to call my own pride; this was no soon immersed partly dissipated my own sorrow, It time for any feeling but that of sympathy, and this I London to be the result of her act, she had never dared was in the evenings, when, exhausted by the day's could fully bestow.

to confess it. It is needless to draw any moral at length exertions, I sat down to recruit in my dark parlour, Cecilia told me that, on the death of her father, she from this simple story. The gross impropriety of my

sister's conduct is rendered obvious by its consequences. that I had time to think. Sometimes I accused my- and her sister had left the town, in the hope of finding a

A wise over-ruling power, however, inodified all in the self of great folly in casting from me all those minor home with an old aunt; but they soon found that this

end for the happiness of those concerned. comforts which are never appreciated until withdrawn, lady could not provide for them both, as she had just and I longed for the fainiliar intercourse of my old enough to support herself. They therefore determined friends. Acquaintances I might have had by the hun

to do something for themselves. Her sister entered a dred in London, but there a stranger youth can seldom house of business ; but the close confinement to which she NOTES OF A RESIDENCE IN THE BUSH. boast of many disinterested friends. At other times, Cecilia obtained a situation as lady's maid in a family of

was subjected soon undermined her health, and she died. while musing bitterly on the valentine, I felt a revival rank, and continued to fill it for a time with comparative RETURN TO THE STATION — DAIRY MANAGEMENT — of all the feelings which had produced it. About a comfort. But her health, also, became unsettled. She year after my arrival in London, I learnt, by a letter had, for this cause, to leave in succession several places, from my sister, that Cecilia's father had died suddenly until matters grew worse and worse with her. At length During my absence at Melbourne, every thing had of apoplexy; and that, on examination, his affairs she was forced again to think of her old annt; and when gone on well at the station ; but I soon found that were found to be in a state of bankruptcy! It was I saw her, she was on her way thither, unwell, and almost Mary had been managing as she chose too long to like supposed that there would be nothing left available penniless. My heart bled to see her sad condition. It being again under my control. I found her almost for his daughters, who were thus brought all at once prevailed on her to take some little money, and parted totally changed ; no one

dared to find fault with her ; from a position of affluence to poverty and destitu with hier, resolving to do yet more in behalf of one once

and so far from being of any assistance to me, she betion. Deeply and sincerely did I regret this sudden

so dear.


came a great torment. The first act of rebellion was change of fortune on Cecilia's account; a change the rated to her all that had

occurred, on my return home, her refusal to wash my baby's clothes, on the plea more distressing, as she was ill calculated to bear up against such a calamity. I soon after heard that the telling her of the past as well as the present. She that she was not engaged to do it, so I had to do it

with her accustomed benevolence, revolved a thousand myself : the next was, she would not wash any one's two fatherless girls had left the town, and that plans in her mind for assisting “ my first love." I even clothes unless I cooked for two days. I wondered no one knew whither they had gone. Although my thought that my wife took a strange care in planning out what her next demand would be ; but what could I heart had ceased to throb so violently as it once did modes of help for Cecilia. I can now divine what were do ?-it would have been very difficult to get another at the mention of Cecilia's name, I often wished I her kind and pure-minded feelings in doing so. About a

woman-servant. I had so far to humour her, that I could discover her retreat, and add to her comforts in fortnight afterwards, my wife made me pay a visit to the cooked one day in the week when she had to wash. some way or other, without allowing her to discover aunt of Cecilia, who lived at no very distant spot, and to She never helped me at all with the children, although, from whom the relief Howed. But my secret inqui- see what could be done in the way of assistance. On ries were fruitless in this respect; and all that regarded being admitted to the poor lodging of the aunt and niece, as we had lately got a herd of cattle, I had taken the

management of the dairy upon myself-except, of my once gay and beautiful mistress remained å mys- I found the latter employed in sewing. tery.

In the course of conversation, she said she had been course, milking the cows, which is done by men; but I must now pass over a few years, during which I that very morning looking throngh some old papers my time was fully employed, and I often envied Mary continued, by steadily persevering in an honourable which she had preserved ; and, rising up as she spoke, sitting quietly in her own hut and sewing her own and upright course of conduct, to gain the esteem and coming forward, she said, smilingly,

she took from a drawer an old worn-looking letter, and work. I knew well why she behaved in this man

This was amongst ner ; she wanted me to retain her as a nursery-maid friendship of my, employer, who ultimately, offered them, do you remember it ?" opened the letter, and only, and a man as hut-keeper ; but wages were me a partnership in the concern. But I had the wish found it was the identical valentine that had at one time too high for us to do that at this time. We could to return home, that I might give my father's esta cost me so many bitter pangs. I replied, “ Yes, I not get a man under L.40 a-year and his rations beblishment the benefit of the increased knowledge and remember it;" and added, in a half jocular manner, sides ; and provisions were now exorbitant in price. experience resulting from my residence in London. " Ah! Cecilia, had it not been for the saucy answer you Flour could not be purchased under L.80 per ton London had had its usual salutary effect upon me. made to this very epistle, you might now have been very | (formerly we got it for L.25), and every other thing In the intense struggle in which every one is sure to differently placed.”

“ Answer? What answer? I never replied to this very hard upon the settlers, so that we determined

was in proportion. be involved who there applies himself to business, a

This advance of prices pressed vain self-esteem cannot exist. The circumstance of being letter,” she said. exposed to the rubs of hundreds of young fellows of have forgotten; you wrote me an answer, and a very times too much for me. If my baby would not sleep

* Ah! you must not tell me that," said I ; you must really liked managing the dairy, although it was some

to have no unnecessary expense at the station ; and I proved ability, as regarded all that appeared neces

severe one it was, too." sary for them to know, had brought me down in my

“ Never !” she exclaimed, with some energy. “I can when I wanted him, I sometimes laid him on the own estimation. I had found my stilts knocked from under me, and had made the desirable discovery, that good or bad, and it pain

assure you that I never in my life wrote to you either grass and let liim roll about while I was in the dairy ;

me to think that you doubt and when he tired of that, I put him in a basket and I formerly knew “nothing." I had applied myself what I now state as being strictly true.”

hung him at my side, as I had seen the native women diligently to remedy these defects, devoting my lei I now explained that my impression had been so strong do. sure hours to study; and the more information I ac that the reply to my unlucky valentine came from her, We were now milking twenty cows, and we sent a quired, I found I had yet the more to learn.

that she must pardon me for having felt disposed to look great deal both of butter and cheese to market; for I had heen some time at home, when a friend proposed incredulously upon her first denial; but of course I now one day that I should accompany him a little way into must acquit her of any share in the transaction, as her Our cheese was the best that had gone to market, but

the butter we got 23. 2d. per lb., and for cheese ls. 8d. the country to see a cousin of his, a young lady, wlio was on a visit to some relations, who were also his near friends. error. I repeated the biting lines about my inability to there was no great demand for it; but if so, a cheese When we arrived at the place, a charming country resi- spell; and I then, with some degree of confusion, looked dairy would pay very well, even at a shilling per pound; dence, we were met, in the garden in front of the house, over my boyish effusion, and discovered that, in spelling and I should suppose, that as the population increases by the young lady alluded to. Her appearance struck the word heart, I had left out the letter e, making it hurt. there will be a greater demand. We had a ready sale me, although my fine susceptibilities had been long gone, I then said, ** Yet who could know of this but you, or for butter, and contracted with a person to give him never, I thought, to return. She was extremely slender some one to whom you had shown it, and who took ad- butter all the year at 2s. 20. per lb. With much in forin, and seemed in delicate health, but there was vantage of the error to quiz me."

persuasion I got my brother to bring hoine some




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