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the march of Napoleon upon Paris, had solemnly promised the Bourbon monarch to bring his old master to Paris in an iron cage, and afterwards went over with his troops to the returned Emperor, obtained a passport of Fouché, Duc d'Otrante, in a feigned name, with the purpose of escaping from France. He might have succeeded; but foolishly dallying with opportunity, he was recognised, and arrested by one Locard at an obscure cabaret in the wildest part of old Auvergne, and brought back to Paris. He was tried by order of the restored government before the Chamber of Peers for high treason, and sentenced to death. During the trial nothing was heard with respect to Ney being protected by the 12th article of the capitulation of Paris, which set forth in substance that every person in the capital should continue in possession of their rights and liberties, and should not be pursued or disquieted for any political acts they might have committed, nor on account of any post they might have filled, nor for the political opinions they entertained; but as soon as sentence was pronounced, the condemned marshal appealed to Wellington for protection under the capitulation. The Duke replied that the Convention of Paris guaranteed the inhabitants of Paris only against being disquieted or injured by the military authority of those who signed it, and could not be considered as at all binding on the French government. He therefore refused to interfere.
The English field-marshal was appointed, by the unanimous consent and approbation of the powers, to command the Allied Army of Observation, a delicate and onerous duty, which he discharged in the most satisfactory and efficient manner; and on the final evacuation of France on the 1st of November 1818, he returned to England, and soon afterwards entered Lord Liverpool's cabinet as Master-General of the Ordnance. An extra grant of £200,000 was voted him in 1815, making in all £700,000 in money, besides the pension of £2000 a year, and many lucrative appointments bestowed upon him by the government-an amount of pecuniary reward as unexampled as the military services it recompensed.
The remainder of his Grace's career belongs to the civil history of the country, and we the less regret the want of space necessary for the briefest review of it, as it has been already written in that of Sir Robert Peel, by whose judgment his Grace, as minister, was constantly guided. Since that great man's death, the Duke has seldom spoken in parliament. One of the last speeches he delivered in the House of Peers was spoken in a voice broken with emotion. Yet he seemed to stand more erect than he had lately done, and his eyes kindled somewhat with their old fire as, looking round with a sort of defiance upon the assembly-many of whom he knew were in the bitterness of their political opposition almost personal enemies of his deceased friend—he pronounced the emphatic eulogium upon Sir Robert Peel, that he, above all men he ever knew, was governed in every action of his life by a love of TRUTH and JUSTICE.
The qualities, mental and moral, of the illustrious field-marshal, are written in such firm and vivid characters in his life, that none but the wilfully blind can fail to perceive their significance and appreciate their value. That he was a magnificent leader of armies, a general marvellously skilled in the art of handling troops in the field, and strong to encounter and overcome adverse fortune by indomitable courage and unswerving constancy,
is as undeniably true as that he is in no sense a great statesman. There is no breadth, no largeness in his notions and maxims of civil polity: he appears to have no faith in the progress of humanity, no feeling of the strength and majesty of moral power. It may serve to illustrate the routine habit of his mind, when employed on other than strictly professional questions, that he lays it down repeatedly over and over again in his voluminous correspondence, that the alliance of Portugal is before all others important to the interests and welfare of this country. But, with all this, the record of his life is a great epitaph. We have run it over brieflyfaithfully: we do not dip our pencil in fancy hues, in order to write fantastic panegyrics on his name ; but we not the less hold it to be certain, that the name of Arthur, Duke of Wellington, will, whenever uttered in ages yet to come, recall the memory of a great soldier, and an earnest-minded though not eminent statesman.
The Duke of Wellington's titles and offices are perhaps the most exalted and numerous ever conferred upon a single individual. We subjoin the list: Duke and Viscount Wellington; Baron Douro; Knight of the Garter, and Grand Cross of the Bath; Prince of Waterloo in the Netherlands; Duke of Ciudad Rodrigo, and Grandee of Spain; Duke of Vittoria; Marquis of Torres Vedras; Count Vimeira in Portugal; Knight of the foreign orders of the Guelph of Hanover, St Andrew of Russia, the Black Eagle of Prussia, the Golden Fleece of Spain, the Elephant of Denmark, St Ferdinand of Merit, and St Januarius of the Two Sicilies, Maximilian-Joseph of Bavaria, Maria-Theresa of Austria, the Sword of Sweden, of William of the Netherlands ; Field-Marshal in the armies of Austria, Russia, Prussia, Portugal, the Netherlands ; Captain-General of Spain; Commander-in-chief; Colonel of Grenadier Guards; Colonel-in-chief of Rifle Brigade; Constable of the Tower and Dover Castle; Warden of the Cinque Ports; Lord-Lieutenant of Hampshire and the Tower Hamlets; Chancellor of the University of Oxford; Master of Trinity House; VicePresident of the Scottish Naval and Military Academy; Governor of King's College ; and D.C.L.
END OF VOL. XII.