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trils the breath of life ; and man became a living soul.”
Language of an analogous kind with this is used in the 20th chapter of St. John's Gospel, showing us the distinct person and same spiritual likeness of the Holy Ghost with the other persons of the Godhead of Jehovah; a part of which chapter I will insert.
“Then the same day, at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus, and stood in the midst, and said unto them, Peace be unto you.
“ And when he had so said, he showed unto them his hands and his side. Then were the disciples glad when they saw the Lord.
“ Then said Jesus unto them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father hath sent me, even so send I
you. “And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost.”
For a further example of the distinct personality and office of the Holy Ghost, as the giver of all human life, alike of the first Adam, who was of the earth earthly, and of the second Adam, who is the Lord from heaven, I will quote from the sacred text a part of the discourse of the angel to the Virgin Mother of our Lord, on his visit of annunciation. Luke i. verse 35.
“And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the highest shall overshadow thee, therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.”
In all these instances we see the distinct personality and the divinity of the Holy Spirit. When, therefore, the first created man received the gift of life, or a particle of the Spirit of Jehovah, he became a creature supremely distinguished above all others, as a being in possession of a reasonable soul and human flesh subsisting; and this reason it is which is the distinguishing pre-eminence of our race, and which qualified man for that dominion over all the inferior creatures, designed only for time, and directed in their wants and appetites by mere instinct; whereas the soul of man is eternal and indestructible, and reason points out with perfect clearness that a creature, made for the glory of God, and alone qualified and designed to hold communion with his Maker, must himself be both a subordinate and an accountable being, and that obedience to his Creator is his reasonable, bounden duty•*
Moses having shown us that man is possessed of the same spiritual likeness as Jehovah, pursues his detail of succeeding events, and at verse 8th speaks thus :
“And God planted a garden eastward in Eden, and there he put the man whom he had formed.
“ And out of the ground made the Lord God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also, in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
* In the 12th chapter of St. Matthew, it is thus written concerning the Holy Ghost:
Verse 31, “Wherefore I say unto you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men: but the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men.
32. “And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of Man, it shall be forgiven him, but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the world to come.”
Since the Holy Ghost proceedeth from the Father and the Son, and is consubstantial with them, to blaspheme the Holy Ghost, is to blaspheme Trinity in Unity, and Unity in Trinity, and therefore shall not be forgiven, neither in this world, neither in the world to come.
“And the Lord God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden, to dress it and to keep it.
And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat,
6 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.”
The Creator having planted the garden of Eden, and caused an immediate and most abundant production of every requisite for the sustenance of man, put Adam into this garden, to dress it and to keep it; hereby indicating that man was designed for a state of labourfor this act on the part of the Deity was intended as a preparatory step to man's earning his bread by the sweat of his brow; the Omniscient having the fall of our first parents before him. Moses then proceeds to inform
“ And the Lord God said, It is not good that man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.”
But as the husband is, by the ordinance of the Lord, the head of his wife, so Adam was called to exercise a proof of that universal dominion over all the other creatures, prior to the formation of the helpmeet for him, now about to be created.
Moses then tells us that the creatures previously made were brought unto Adam, to see what he would call them; and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.
“And Adam gave names to all cattle and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him.
“ And the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept; and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof;
“And the rib, which the Lord had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her. unto the man.
“And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of
“ Therefore shall a man leave his father, and his mother, and cleave unto his wife : and they shall be one flesh.