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Cannot, in all his course, behold
Such eyes of fire, such hair of gold!
Tell her, he comes, in blissful pride,
His lip yet sparkling with the tide,
That mantles in Olympian bowls,
The nectar of eternal souls ! “Who is the maid, with golden hair,
For her, for her he quits the skies, With eyes of fire and feet of air,
And to her kiss from nectar flies. Whose harp around my altar swells
Oh! he would hide his wreath of rays, The sweetest of a thousand shells ?"
And leave the world to pine for days, 'Twas thus the deity, who treads
Might he but pass the hours of shade, The arch of heaven, and grandly sheds
Imbosom'd by his Delphic maidDay from his eye-lids !—thus he spoke,
She, more than earthly woman blest, As through my cell his glories broke.
He, more than god on woman's breast !" “Who is the maid, with golden hair,
There is a cave beneath the steep,' With eyes of fire and feet of air,
Where living rills of crystal weep Whose harp around my altar swells,
O'er herbage of the loveliest hue The sweetest of a thousand shells ?"
That ever spring begem'd with dew:
There oft the green bank's glossy tint Aphelia is the Delphic fair,
Is brighten'd by the amorous print With eyes of fire and golden hair,
Of many a faun and naiad's form, Aphelia's are the airy feet,
That still upon the dew is warm, And hers the harp divinely sweet;
When virgins come, at peep of day, For foot so light has never trod
To kiss the sod where lovers lay! The laureld caverns of the god,
“ There, there,” the god, impassion'd, said, Nor harp so soft has ever given
“Soon as the twilight tinge is fled, A strain to earth or sigh to heaven:
And the dim orb of lunar souls? “Then tell the virgin to unfold,
Along its shadowy path-way rolls
There shall we find our bridal bed,
And ne'er did rosy rapture spread,
Not even in Jove, voluptuous bowers,
A bridal bed so blest as ours !"
“Tell the imperial God, who reigns, To where his sitting splendours burn
Sublime in oriental fanes, Upon the western sea-maid's urn
Whose towering turrets paint their pride
Upon Euphrates' pregnant tide;3 1 This poem requires a little explanation. It is well Tell him, when to his midnight loves known that, in the ancient temples, whenever a reverend priest, like the supposed author of the invitation before us,
In mystic majesty he moves, was inspired with a tender inclination towards any fair visitor of the shrine, and, at the same time, felt a diffidence 1 The Corycian Cave, which Pausanias mentions. The in his own powers of persuasion, he had but to proclaim inhabitants of Parnassus held it sacred to the Corycian that the God himself was enamoured of her, and had signi- nymphs, who were children of the river Plistus. fied his divine will that she should sleep in the interior of 2 See a preceding note, page 119. It should seem that the temple. Many a pious husband connived at this divine lunar spirits were of a purer order than spirits in general, as assignation, and even declared himself proud of the selec- Pythagoras was said by his followers to have descended from tion, with which his family had been distinguished by the the regions of the moon. The heresiarch Manes too imadeity. In the temple of Jupiter Belus, there was a splendid gined that the sun and moon are the residence of Christ, bed for these occasions. In Egyptian Thebes the same and that the ascension was nothing more than his flight to mockery was practised, and at the oracle of Patara in Ly- those orbs. cia, the priestess never could prophesy till an interview with 3 The temple of Jupiter Belus at Babylon, which conthe deity was allowed her. The story which we read in sisted of several chapels and towers. In the last tower Josephus (Lib. xviii. cap. 3.) of the Roman matron Paulina, (says Herodotus) is a large chapel, in which there lies a bed, whom the priests of Isis, for a bribe, betrayed in this manner very splendidly ornamented, and beside it a table of gold; to Mundus, is a singular instance of the impudent excess to but there is no statue in the place. No man is allowed to which credulity suffered these impostures to be carried. sleep here, but the apartment is appropriated to a female, This story has been put into the form of a little novel, under whom, if we believe the Chaldean priests, the deity selects the name of "La Pudicitia Schernita," by the licentious from the women of the country, as his favourite."--Lib. i. and unfortunate Pallavicino. See his Opere Scelte, tom. i. I have made my priest here prefer a cave to the temple. The poem now before the reader, and a few more in the
2 In the 9th Pythic of Pindar, where Apollo, in the same present collection, are taken from a work, which I rather manner, requires of Chiron some information respecting the prematurely announced to the public, and which, perhaps very fair Cyrene, the Centaur, in obeying, very gravely apolo-luckily for myself, was interrupted by my voyage to Amerigizes for telling the god what his omniscience must know so The following fragments from the same work describe perfectly already:
the effect of one of these invitations of Apollo upon the Ει δε γε κρη και παρ σοφον αντιφεριξαι
enthusiastic girl :-
Delphi heard her shrine proclaim, 3 Αλλ' εις δαφνωδη γυαλα βησομαι ταδε. Εuripid. In oracles, the guilty flame. Ion. v. 76.
Apollo lov'd my youthful charms, 4 Ne deve partorir ammiratione ch' egli si pregiasse di Apollo woo'd me to his arms !haver una Deità concorrente nel possesso della moglie; Sure, sure when man so oft allows mentre, anche, nei nostri secoli, non ostante così rigorose Religion's wreath to blind his brows, egge d'onore, trovasi chi s'ascrive à gloria il veder la mo Weak wondering woman must believe, glie honorata da gl'amplessi di un Principe. --Pallavicino. Where pride and zeal at once deceive,
Lighted by many an odorous fire,
In every kiss shall stamp on thee And hymn'd by all Chaldea's choir
A seal of immortality! Oh! tell the godhead to confess,
Fly to the cave, Aphelia, fly; The pompous joy delights him less,
There lose the world, and wed the sky! (Even though his mighty arms enfold
There all the boundless rapture steal
Which gods can give, or woman feel !
Away, away-you're all the same,
A fluttering, smiling, jilting throng! A mystery, more divinely warm’d
Oh! by my soul, I burn with shame, Than priesthood ever yet perform’d!”
To think I've been your slave so long ! Happy the maid, whom Heaven allows
Slow to be warm’d, and quick to rove, To break for Heaven her virgin vows !
From folly kind, from cunning loath, Happy the maid !-her robe of shame
Too cold for bliss, too weak for love, Is whiten'd by a heavenly flame,
Yet feigning all that's best in both. Whose glory, with a lingering trace,
Still panting o'er a crowd to reign, Shines through and deifies her race!
More joy it gives to woman's breast Oh, virgin! what a doom is thine!
To make ten frigid coxcombs vain,
Than one true, manly lover blest !
Away, away-your smile's a curse
Oh! blot me from the race of men,
Kind pitying Heaven! by death or worse,
Before I love such things again!
I KNEW by the smoke that so gracefully curl'd
Above the green elms, that a cottage was near,
And I said, “if there's peace to be found in the world,
A heart that was humble might hope for it here!"
It was noon, and on flowers that languish'd around
In silence repos’d the voluptuous bee;
But the wood-pecker tapping the hollow beech-tree.
And “Here in this lone little wood," I exclaim'd,
“ With a maid who was lovely to soul and to eye, And, as I felt its glow advance
Who would blush when I prais'd her, and weep if I
How blest could I live, and how calm could I die' No deity at midnight came
“By the shade of yon sumach, whose red berry dips The lamps, that witness'd all my shame, Reveal'd to these bewilder'd eyes
In the gush of the fountain, how sweet to recline,
And to know that I sigh'd upon innocent lips,
Which had never been sigh'd on by any but mine!"
ΝΟΣΕΙ ΤΑ ΦΙΛΤΑΤΑ. . Euripides.
COME, take the harp—'tis vain to muse
Upon the gathering ills we see;
Oh! take the harp, and let me lose 1 Fontenelle, in his playful rifacimento of the learned
All thoughts of ill in hearing thee! materials of Van-Dale, has related in his own inimitable manner an adventure of this kind, which was detected and of the Isle Jonquille, assert this privilege of spiritual beings exposed at Alexandria. See l’Historie des Oracles, se- in a manner very formidable to the husbands of the island, conde dissertat. chap. vii. Crebillon, too, in one of his most He says, however, “ Les maris ont le plaisir de rester touamusing little stories, has made the Génie Mange-Taupes, ljours dans le doute; en pareil cas, c'est une ressource."
Sing to me, love !-though death were near, Who mus'd amid the mighty cataclysm,
Thy song could make my soul forget O'er his rude tablets of primeval lore,' Nay, nay, in pity dry that tear,
Nor let the living star of science? sink All may be well, be happy yet!
Beneath the waters which ingulf'd the world!
Of visions, by Calliope reveal'd Let me but see that snowy arm
To him, who trac'd upon his typic lyre Once more upon the dear harp lie,
The diapason of man's mingled frame, And I will cease to dream of harm,
And the grand Doric heptachord of Heaven ! Will smile at fate, while thou art nigh!
With all of pure, of wondrous and arcane, Give me that strain of mournful touch,
Which the grave sons of Mochus, many a night, We us'd to love long, long ago,
Told to the young and bright-hair'd visitant Before our hearts had known as much
Of Carmel's sacred mount !4— Then, in a flow alas! they bleed to know !
1 Cham, the son of Noah, is supposed to have taken with
him into the ark the principal doctrines of magical, or rather Sweet notes! they tell of former peace,
of natural, science, which he had inscribed upon some very Of all that look'd so rapturous then:
durable substances, in order that they might resist the Now wither'd, lost-oh! pray thee, cease,
ravages of the deluge, and transmit the secrets of antedilu
vian knowledge to his posterity: -See the extracts made by I cannot bear those sounds again!
Bayle, in his article Cham. The identity of Cham and Zo
roaster depends upon the authority of Berosus, or the imArt thou too, wretched ? yes, thou art;
postor Annius, and a few more such respectable testimonies. I see thy tears flow fast with mine
See Naude's Apologie pour les Grands Hommes, etc.
Chap. 8, where he takes more trouble than is necessary in Come, come to this devoted heart,
refuting this gratuitous supposition. 'Tis breaking, but it still is thine !
2 Chamum à posteris hujus artis admiratoribus Zoroastrum, seu vivuni astrum, propterea fuisse dictum et pro Deo habitum.—Bochart. Geograph. Sacr. lib. iv. cap. i.
3 Orpheus.—Paulinus, in his Hebdomades, Cap. ii. Lib. A VISION OF PHILOSOPHY.
iii. has endeavoured to show, after the Platonists, that map
is a diapason, made up of a diatesseron, which is his soul, 'Twas on the Red Sea coast, at morn, we met
and a diapente, which is his body. Those frequent allusions
to music, by which the ancient philosophers illustrated their The venerable man:' a virgin bloom
sublime theories, must have tended very much to elevate Of softness mingled with the vigorous thought
the character of the art, and to enrich it with associations
of the grandest and most interesting nature. See a preThat tower'd upon his brow; as when we see
ceding note, page 107, for their ideas upon the harmony of The gentle moon and the full radiant sun
the spheres. Heraclitus compared the mixture of good and Shining in heaven together. When he spoke,
evil in this world to the blended varieties of harmony in a 'Twas language sweeten'd into song-such holy Euryphamus the Pythagorean, in a fragment preserved by
musical instrument: (Plutarch de Animæ Procreat.) and sounds
Stobæus, describes human life, in its perfection, as a sweet As oft the spirit of the good man hears,
and well-tuned lyre. Some of the ancients were so fanciful
as to suppose that the operations of the memory were reguPrelusive to the harmony of heaven,
lated by a kind of musical cadence, and that ideas occurred When death is nigh!? and still, as he unclos'd to it “per arsin et thesin ;" while others converted the whole His sacred lips, an odour, all as bland
man into a mere harmonized machine, whose motion de
pended upon a certain tension of the body, analogous to that As ocean-breezes gather from the flowers
of the strings in an instrument. Cicero indeed ridicules That blossom in elysium,3 breath'd around !
Aristoxenus for this fancy, and says, " let him teach singing, With silent awe we listen'd, while he told
and leave philosophy to Aristotle ;' but Aristotle himself,
though decidedly opposed to the harmonic speculations of Of the dark veil, which many an age had hung the Pythagoreans and Platonists, could sometimes condeO'er Nature's form, till by the touch of Time scend to enliven his doctrines by reference to the beauties The mystic shroud grew thin and luminous,
of musical science; as, in the treatise lepo xo opow, attriAnd half the goddess beam'd in glimpses through it! *.7.n.
buted to him, Καθαπερ δε εν χορω, κορυφαιου καταρξαντος. Of magic wonders, that were known and taught The Abbé Batteux, upon the doctrine of the Stoics, attriBy him (or Cham or Zoroaster nam'd)
butes to those philosophers the same mode of illustration. “L'ame était cause active, TOLEIVOT!os, le corps cause
passive nds TOU TROUE. L'une agissant dans l'autre; et 1 In Plutarch’s Essay on the Decline of the Oracles, y prenant, par son action même, un caractère, des formes, Cleombrotus, one of the interlocutors, describes an extra- des modifications, qu'elle n'avait pas par elle-même: à peu ordinary man whom he had met with, after long research, près comme l'air, qui, chassé dans un instrument de musique, upon the banks of the Red Sea. Once in every year this fait connaitre par les différens sons qu'il produit, les differsupernatural personage appeared to mortals, and conversed entes modifications qu'il y reçoit." See a fine simile of with them; the rest of his time he passed among the Genii this kind in Cardinal Polignac's Poem, Lib. 5. v. 734. and the Nymphs. Περι την ερυθραν θαλασσαν ευρoν, αν 4 Pythagoras is represented in Jamblichus as descending θρωποις ανα παν ετος απαξ εντυγχανοντα, ταλλα δε συν with great solemnity from Mount Carmel, for which reason ταις νυμφαις, νομασι και δαιμοσι, ως εφασκε. He spoke the Carmelites have claimed him as one of their fraternity. in a tone not far removed from singing, and whenever he This Mochus or Moschus, with the descendants of whom opened his lips, a fragrance filled the place: @hey you evou Pythagoras conversed in Phænicia, and from whom he deδε τον τοπον ευωδια κατείχε, του στοματος και διστον αποπνε- rived the doctrines of atomic philosophy, is supposed by OUTOS. From him Cleombrotus learned the doctrine of a some to be the same with Moses. Huett has adopted this plurality of worlds.
idea, Démonstration évangélique, Prop: iv. chap. 2. $7; 2 The celebrated Janus Dousa, a little before his death, and Le Clerc, amongst others, has refuted it. See Biblioth. imagined that he heard a strain of music in the air. See choisie, tom. i. p. 75. It is certain, however, that the docthe poem of Heinsius “in harmoniam quam paulo ante trine of atoms was known and promulgated long before Epiobitum audire sibi visus est Dousa." Page 501.
curus. " With the fountains of Democritus,” says Cicero, 3 Ev Jo Loxagov
" the gardens of Epicurus were watered;" and indeed the νασον ωκεανιδες
learned author of the Intellectual System has shown, that αυραι περιπνε8σιν' αν
all the early philosophers, till the time of Plato, were atomθεμα δε χρυσε φλεγει. .
ists. We find Epicurus, however, boasting that his tenets Pindar. Olymp. ii. were new and unborrowed, and perhaps few among the
Of calmer converse, he beguil'd us on
Through many a system, where the scatter'd light
ancients had a stronger claim to originality; for, in truth, very flattering analogy, that the Deity is as incapable of vir-
other: “Peripateticos et Academicos, nominibus differentes, The paradoxical notions of the Stoics, upon the beauty, re congruentes; a quibus Stoici ipsi verbis magis quam the riches, the dominion of their imaginary sage, are among sententiis dissenserunt." Academic. lib. ii. 5., and perhaps the most distinguishing characteristics of the school, and, what Reid has remarked upon one of their points of controaccording to their advocate Lipsius, were peculiar to that versy might be applied as effectually to the reconcilement
"Priora illa (decreta) quæ passim in philosophantium of all the rest: "The dispute between the Stoics and scholis fere obtinent, ista quæ peculiaria huic seciæ et ha- Peripatetics was probably all for want of definition. The bent contradictionem: i. e. paradoxa."-- Manuduct ad one said they were good under the control of reason, the Stoic. Philos. lib. iii. dissertat. 2. But it is evident (as other that they should be eradicated." Essays, vol. iii. the Abbé Garnier has remarked, Mémoires de l'Acad. tom. In short, from the little which I know upon the subject, it 35.) that even these absurdities of the stoics are burrowed, appears to me as difficult to establish the boundaries of and that Plato is the source of all their extravagant para- opinion between any two of the philosophical sects, as it doxes. We find their dogma, "dives qui sapiens," (which would be to fix thu land-marks of those estates in the moon, Clement of Alexandria has transferred from the Philosopher which Ricciolus so generously allotted to his brother asto the Christian, Pædagog. lib. iii. cap. 6.) expressed in the tronomers. Accordingly we observe some of the greatest prayer of Socrates at the end of the Phædrus. 20:18 II av men of antiquity passing without scruple from school to τε και αλλοι οσοι τη δε θεοι, δοιητε μοι καλω γένεσθαι ταν- school, according to the fancy or convenience of the modo 9:vo TxĘwhen Se 004 5%, TOUS EVTOS Envico Nos conozment. Cicero, the father of Roman philosophy, is some*9.80lov ds voreo soupe. TOV popov. And many other instances times an Academician, sometimes a Stoic; and, more than might be adduced from the Autsprot&o, the Monotoxos, etc. once, he acknowledges a conformity with Epicurus: to prove that these weeds of paradox, were gathered among sine causa igitur, Epicurus ausus est dicere semper in pluthe bowers of the Academy. Hence it is that Cicero, in the ribus bonis esse sapientem, quia semper sit in voluptatibus." preface to bis Paradoxes, calls them Socratica; and Lipsius, Tusculan. Quæst. lib. v.-Though often pure in bis theoexulting in the patronage of Socrates, says, “Ille totus esi logy, he sometimes smiles at futurity as a fiction; thus, in noster." This is indeed a coalition which evinces as much his Oration for Cluentius, speaking of punishments in iho as can be wished the confused similitude of ancient philo- life to come, he says, ' Quie si fulsa sunt, id quod omnes sophical opinions: the father of scepticism is here enrolled intelligunt, quid ei tandem aliud mors eripuit, præter sensum amongst the founders of the Portico; he, whose best know-doloris ?" though here perhaps we should do him justice by ledge was that of his own ignorance, is called in to authorize agreeing with his commentator Sylvius, who remarks upon the pretensions of the most obstinate dogmatists in all an- this passage, “ Hæc autem dixit
, ut causæ suæ subserviret.” tiquity.
Horace roves like a butterfly through the schools, and now Rutilius, in his Itinerarium, has ridiculed the sabbath of wings along the walls of the Porch, and now basks among the Jews, as “lassati mollis imago Dei;" but Epicurus gave the towers of the Garden; while Virgil, with a tone of mind an eternal holiday to his gods, and, rather than disturb the strongly philosophical
, has left us uncertain of the sect
Illic vel studiis animum emendare Platonis,
Incipiam, aut hortis, docle Epicure, tuis.
Lib. iii. Eleg. 21. 5. "OTE POLEVOU TWv av Jewtvwv. De Placit. Philosoph, lib. i. cap. 7.-Plato himself has attributed a degree of in Though Broukhusius here reads, "dux Epicure," which difference to the gods, which is not far removed from the seems to fix the poet under the banners of Epicurus. Even apathy of Epicurus's heaven; as thus, in his Philebus, where the Stoic Seneca, whose doctrines have been considered so Protarchus asks, Ouxxv eixos ge 875 %ropsuv 9885,5T8 TO orthodox, that St. Jerome has ranked him amongst the Ivartoov; and Socrates answers, IIxvu HLEV OUR $1x06, «0%*- ecclesiastical writers, and Boccaccio, in his commentary for your cuTWV SX & Tepov gogvon EVOV BOTIV: while Aristotle upon Dante, has doubted, (in consideration of the philososupposes a still more absurd neutrality, and concludes, by nol pher's supposed correspondence with St. Paul,) whether
From the pure sun, which, though refracted all
The world had just begun to steal
Each hope that led me lightly on, And of the soul's untraceable descent
I felt not, as I us’d to feel, From that high fount of spirit, through the grades
And life grew dark and love was gone! Of intellectual being, till it mix
No eye to mingle sorrow's tear, With atoms vague, corruptible, and dark ;
No lip to mingle pleasure's breath, Nor even then, though sunk in earthly dross,
No tongue to call me kind and dearCorrupted all, nor its ethereal touch
'Twas gloomy, and I wish'd for death!
But when I saw that gentle eye,
That I was yet too young to die,
And hope and bliss might bloom again! But keeps awhile the pure and golden tinge,
With every beamy smile, that cross'd The balmy freshness of the fields it left !3
Your kindling cheek, you lighted home And here the old man ceased—a winged train Some feeling which my heart had lost, Of nymphs and genii led him from our eyes.
And peace, which long had learn'd to roam The fair illusion fled; and, as I wak’d,
'Twas then indeed so sweet to live, I knew my visionary soul had been
Hope look'd so new,
and love so kind, Among that people of aerial dreams
That, though I weep, I still forgive Who live upon the burning galaxy !4
The ruin, which they've left behind! Dante should have placed him in Limbo with the rest of the I could have lov'd you—oh so well ;Pagans—the rigid Seneca has bestowed such commenda
The dream, that wishing boyhood knows, tions on Epicurus, that if only those passages of his works were preserved to us, we could not, I think, hesitate in pro
Is but a bright beguiling spell, nouncing him an Epicurean. In the same manner we find Which only lives, while passion glows : Porphyry, in his work upon abstinence, referring to Epicurus as an example of the most strict Pythagorean temperance; But when this early flush declines, and Lancelotti, the author of Farfalloni degli antichi
When the heart's vivid morning fleets, Istorici, has been seduced by this grave reputation of Epicurus into the absurd error of associating him with Chrysip
You know not then how close it twines pus, as a chief of the Stoic school. There is no doubt, Round the first kindred soul it meets ! indeed, that however the Epicurean sect might have relaxed from its original purity, the morals of its founder were as Yes, yes, I could have lov'd, as one correct as those of any among the ancient philosophers; and his doctrines upon pleasure, as explained in the letter to
Who, while his youth's enchantments fall, Menaceus, are rational, amiable, and consistent with our
Finds something dear to rest upon, M. de Sablons, in his Grands hommes vengés ex Which pays him for the loss of all! presses strong indignation against the Encyclopédistes for their just and animated praises of Epicurus, and discussing the question, “si ce philosophe était vertueux,” he denies it upon no other authority than the calumnies collected by Plutarch, who himself confesses that, on this particular subject, he consulted only opinion and report, without pausing
DREAMS. to investigate their truth. Αλλα την δοξανη ου την αλεθειαν σκοπουμην. To the factious Zeal of his illiberal rivals the
TO Stoics, Epicurus owed these gross misrepresentations of the life and opinions of himself and his associates, which, not- In slumber, I prithee how is it withstanding the learned exertions of Gassendi, have still That souls are oft taking the air, left an odium on the name of his philosophy; and we ought And paying each other a visit, to examine the ancient accounts of Epicurus with the same degree of cautious belief which, in reading ecclesiastical
While bodies are—Heaven knows where? history, we yield to the declamations of the fathers against Last night, 'tis in vain to deny it, the heretics; trusting as little to Plutarch upon a dogma of this philosopher, as we would to St. Cyril upon a tenet of
Your soul took a fancy to roam, Nestorius. (1801.)
For I heard her, on tiptoe so quiet, The preceding remarks, I wish the reader to observe, were written at a time when I thought the studies to which
Come ask, whether mine was at home. they refer much more important and much more amusing And mine let her in with delight, than, I freely confess, they appear to me at present.
1 Lactantius asserts that all the truths of Christianity may And they talk'd and they kiss'd the time through; be found dispersed through the ancient philosophical sects, For, when souls come together at night, and that any one who would collect these scattered fragments of orthodoxy, might form a code in no respect differ
There is no knowing what they may’nt do! ing from that of the Christian,
"Si extitisset aliquis, qui And your little soul, Heaven bless her! veritatem sparsam per singulos pe sectasque diffusam colligeret in unum, ac redigeret in corpus, is profecto non Had much to complain and to say, dissentiret a nobis." - Inst. lib. vi. c. 7.
Of how sadly you wrong and oppress her 2 To uovov X6 Eparov. 3 This fine Platonic image I have taken from a passage
By keeping her prison'd all day. in Father Bouchet's letter upon the Metempsychosis
, in- “ If I happen,” said she,“ but to steal serted in Picart's Cérém. Relig. tom. iv.
4 According to Pythagoras, the people of Dreams are For a peep now and then to her eye, souls collected together in the Galaxy. Angos d's oveopwv, Or to quiet the fever I feel, κατα Πυθαγοραν, αι ψυχαι ας συναγεσθαι φησιν εις την garazoav.- Porphyr. de Antro Nymph.
Just venture abroad on a sigh;