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5 Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God; and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ:
9 And having in a readiness to revenge all disobedience, when your obedience is fulfilled.
whatever is made use of in opposition;) Beating down human 5 reasonings, and all the towering and most elevated superstructures raised thereon, by the wit of men, against the knowledge of God, as held forth in the Gospel; captivating all their 6 notions, and bringing them into subjection to Christ: And having by me, in a readiness, power wherewithal to punish and chastise all disobedience, when you, who have been misled by your false apostle, withdrawing yourselves from him, shall return to a perfect obedience ".
6 & Those, whom he speaks to here, are the Corinthian converts, to whom this epistle is written. Some of these had been drawn into a faction against St. Paul; these he had been, and was endeavouring to bring back to that obedience and submission, which the rest had continued in to him, as an apostle of Jesus Christ. The Corinthians of these two sorts are those he means, when he says to them, chap. ii. 3, and chap. vii. 13, 15, "You all," i. e. all ye Christians of Corinth and Achaia. For he, that had raised the faction amongst them, and given so much trouble to St. Paul, was a stranger, and a Jew, vid. chap. xi. 22, crept in amongst them, after St. Paul had gathered and established that church, 1 Cor. iii. 6, 10; 2 Cor. x. 15, 16: of whom St. Paul seems to have no hopes, chap. xi. 13-15, and, therefore, he every where threatens, 2 Cor. iv. 19, and here particularly, ver. 6 and 11, to make an example of him and his adherents, if any were so obstinate to stick to him) when he had brought back again all the Corinthians that he could hope tà prevail on.
SECTION IV. NO. 2.
CHAPTER X. 7-18.
ST. Paul examines the false apostle's pretensions, and compares
his own with his performances.
7 Do ye look on things after the outward appearance? If any man trust to himself that he is Christ's, let him of himself think this again, that, as he is Christ's, even so are we Christ's.
8 For though I should boast somewhat more of our authority, (which the Lord has given us for edification, and not for your destruction) I should not be ashamed:
9 That I may not seem as if I would terrify you by letters.
10 "For his letters (says they) are weighty and powerful, but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech contemptible."
11 Let such an one think this, that such as we are in word by letters when we are absent, such will we be also in deed, when we are present. 12 For we dare not make ourselves of the number, or compare ourselves with some, that commend themselves: but they, measuring themselves by themselves, and comparing themselves amongst themselves, are not wise.
7 Do ye judge of men by the outward appearance of things? Is it by such measures you take an estimate of me and my adversaries? If he has confidence in himself, that he is Christ's, i. e. assumes to himself the authority of one employed and commissioned by Christ, let him, on the other side, count thus with himself, that, as he is Christ's, so I also 8 am Christ's. Nay, if I should boastingly say something more of the authority and power which the Lord has given me for your edification, and not for your destruction *, 9 I should not be put to shame: But that I may not seem to 10 terrify you by letters, as is objected to me by some, Who say,
that my letters are weighty and powerful, but my bodily pre11 sence weak, and my discourse contemptible. Let him, that says so, reckon upon this, that such as I am in word, by letters, when I am absent, such shall I be also in deed, when 12 present. For I dare not be so bold as to rank or compare myself with some, who vaunt themselves; but they, measuring themselves within themselves, and comparing themselves
7 a Vid. chap. xi. 23.
8 b" More," vid. chap. xi. 23.
*Another reason insinuated by the apostle for his forbearing severity to them. "I should not be put to shame," i. e. the truth would justify me in it. 12 This is spoken ironically: Ev EUTOS, amongst themselves," rather "within themselves." For, in all likelihood, the faction and opposition against St. Paul was made by one person, as we before observed. For though he speaks here in the plural number, which is the softer and decenter way in such cases; yet we see, in the foregoing verse, he speaks directly and expressly, as of one person; and therefore v autos may, most consonantly to the apostle's
13 But we will not boast of things without our measure, but according to the measure of the rule which God hath distributed to us, a measure to reach even unto you.
14 For we stretch not ourselves beyond our measure, as though we reached not unto you; for we are come as far as to you also, in preaching the Gospel of Christ.
15 Not boasting of things without our measure, that is, of other men's labours; but having hope, when your faith is increased, that we shall be enlarged by you, according to our rule, abundantly,
13 with themselves, do not understand. But I, for my part, will not boast of myself in what has not been measured out, or allotted to me; i. e. I will not go out of my own province to seek matter of commendation; but proceeding orderly in the province which God hath measured out, and allotted to me, I have reached even unto you; i. e. I preached the Gospel in every country, as I went, till I came as far as you. 14 For I do extend myself farther than I should, as if I had skipped over other countries in my way, without proceeding gradually to you; no, for I have reached even unto you, in preaching of the Gospel in all countries, as I passed along : 15 Not extending my boastingh, beyond my own bounds, into provinces not allotted to me, nor vaunting myself of any thing I have done in another's labouri, i. e. in a church
meaning here, be understood to signify, "within themselves," i. e. with what they find in themselves. The whole place showing, that this person made an estimate of himself only by what he found in himself; and thereupon preferred himself to St. Paul, without considering what St. Paul was, or had done.
"Do not understand," that they ought not to intrude themselves into a church planted by another man, and there vaunt themselves, and set themselves above him that planted it, which is the meaning of the four next
13 Aupa, here, and in ver. 15, doth not signify immense, or immoderate, but something that hath not been measured out, and allotted to him, something that is not committed to him, nor within his province.
14 This seems to charge the false, pretended apostle, who had caused all this disturbance in the church of Corinth, that without being appointed to it, without preaching the Gospel, in his way thither, as became an apostle, he had crept into the church at Corinth.
12 h "Boasting," i. e. intermeddling, or assuming to myself authority to meddle, or honour for meddling.
15, 16 Here St. Faul visibly taxes the false apostle for coming into a church, converted and gathered by another, and there pretending to be somebody, and to rule all. This is another thing, that makes it probable, that the opposition made to St. Paul was but by one man, that had made himself the head of an opposite faction. For it is plain it was a stranger who came thither, after St. Paul had planted this church, who, pretending to be more an apostle
16 To preach the Gospel in the regions beyond you, and not to boast, in another man's line, of things made ready to our hand.
17 But he that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord.
18 For not he that commendeth himself is approved, but whom the Lord commendeth.
planted by another man's pains: but having hope, that, your faith increasing, my province will be enlarged by you yet 16 farther: So that I may preach the Gospel to the yet unconverted countries beyond you, and not take glory to myself, from another man's province, where all things are made ready 17 to my hand. But he that will glory, let him glory, or seek
praise, from that which is committed to him by the Lord, or 18 in that which is acceptable to the Lord. For not he, who commends himself, does thereby give a proof of his authority, or mission; but he, whom the Lord commends by the gifts of the Holy Ghost. *
than St. Paul, with greater illumination and more power, set up against him, to govern that church, and withdraw the Corinthians from following St. Paul's rules and doctrine. Now this can never be supposed to be a combination of men, who came to Corinth with that design, nor that they were different men, that came thither separately, each setting up for himself; for then they would have fallen out one with another, as well as with St. Paul. And, in both cases, St. Paul must have spoken of them in a different way from what he does now. The same character and carriage is given to them all throughout both these epistles; and 1 Cor. iii. 10, he plainly speaks of one man; and that setting up thus to be a preacher of the Gospel, amongst those that were already Christians, was looked upon, by St. Paul, to be a fault, we may see, Rom. xv. 20.
18 k It is of these weapons of his warfare that St. Paul speaks in this chapter; and it is by them that he intends to try which is the true apostle, when he comes to them.
SECTION IV. NO. 3.
CHAPTER XI. 1.-6
He shows that their pretended apostle, bringing to them no other Saviour or Gospel, nor conferring greater power of miracles, than he [St. Paul] had done, was not to be preferred before him.
1 Would to God ye could bear with me a little in my folly; and, indeed, bear with me.
2 For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ.
3 But I fear, lest, by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.
4 For if he that cometh preacheth another Jesus, whom we have not
1 Would you could bear me a little in my folly ; and, indeed, 2 bear with me. For I am jealous over you, with a jealousy
that is for God: for I have fitted and prepared you for one alone to be your husband, viz. that I might deliver you up, a 3 pure virgin, to Christ. But I fear lest, some way or other, as the serpent beguiled Eve by his cunning, so your minds should be debauched from that singleness which is due to 4 Christ. For this intruder, who has been a leader among st
1 a" Folly;" so he modestly calls his speaking in his own defence.
3 D ATROTHĴOS TUS His Tov Xpisov. “The simplicity that is in," rather "towards Christ," answers to and Xpis, "to one husband, Christ," in the immediately foregoing verse. For evi, "one," is not put there for nothing, but makes the meaning plainly this: "I have formed and fitted you for one person alone, one husband, who is Christ: I am concerned, and in care, that you may not be drawn aside from that submission and obedience, that temper of mind, that is due singly to him; for I hope to put you into his hands, possessed with pure virgin thoughts, wholly fixed on him, not divided, nor roving after any other, that he may take you to wife, and marry you to himself for ever." It is plain their perverter, who opposed St. Paul, was a Jew, as we have seen. It was from the Jews, from whom, of all professing Christianity, St. Paul had most trouble and opposition. For they, having their hearts set upon their old religion, endeavoured to mix Judaism and Chris