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of yam.

Toogoo. Hold! avast! Toongél A sign of the plural

To dye; toogoo coola, number of animated beings. to stain red.

Toonga mea. A number of peoToogooanga. The end, or ter

ple. mination (of happiness or mi- Toonga váë. The ankle-joint. sery). A place where any Toonoo. To broil. thing is kept, or suffered to Too-oo. To get up, get up. remain.

Too-ooloo. To decapitate. Toogooanga-gele. A quagmire. Toopa. A window, or small Toogoolok. For a long time. opening in a house ; a hole Toogoo-oota. Inland.

in the fencing of a fortified Toogoo-y-be. Be it so.

place to discharge arrows Tooboo. The forefinger, to through.

point with the finger. Tootanga. A block, a large Tooi. A chief, or tributary go

piece or slice of any thing. vernor of an island, or district. Tootanga-aców. A log of wood.

A kind of club. Tootanga-oofii. A large piece

The knee. Tooi nima. The elbow (the Tooto6. To cut, to cut off, to knee of the arm).

prune, Tooi. To string, to plait wreaths. Tootoo-ooloo. To behead.

Tootoo. A chisel. Tooianga. A seam (in sewing.) Toótoo. Heat, ignition ; to Toola. Bald, bald-headed. burn, kindle, boil. Tooli. To pursue. Tooli mohe, Tootoo. The bark of the Chinese to nod with sleep.

paper mulberry tree. Toolli. Deaf.

Tootorë. Thin, emaciated. Tooloo. To drop, like water. Tootooloo. Dropping off, or out Tooloo he matta. A tear. of (as a fluid): to be permeTooloo-tooloo. Instillation. able to water, as the roof of

Eaves of a house. a house when the rain drops Toolooi. To drop into ; any through.

fluid dropt into the eyes, &c. Too-ý. Dilatory, slow.

to abate inflammation. Totoca. Slow, softly, quietly. Toonga. A pile, or heap. Totoca-ange. Slowly, softly.

The core of fruits, a Totolo. To crawl, to grovel. knot in wood, a kernel, the Totonoo. Manifest, clear, seed of plants.

straight, in a row, upright. Toonga awta-awta. A heap of Totónooági. Minutely. filth.

Toty'. A sailor, a fisherman. Toonga-igoo. A joint of pork. To fish, Toonga gele. A mound of earth. Tow. War, an army, a battle Toonga. A ladder,

To sew.

by land, the enemy, to wage A row of plantain or war, to invade, in a state of banana troes.


Tow. The end of any thing. Tów-tów. To hang. Tow-mooli. The stern of a ves- Tow-tow-hifo. Dependent, sel.

hanging down. Tow-mooa. The stem of a ves

A religious ceremony sel.

so called, (an offering to the Tow. The year, a season, the god of weather.) prodnce of a season. Tow-tow. To wring as a sponge. Fit, to suit.

Tówtówoonga. A circular Hat To barter, to trade. piece of wood, surrounding To excern, or squeese out. the middle of the string, by To reach, or extend to. which the oil baskets hang, so

To meet one's expecta- as to prevent rats getting to tion of profit in the act of bar- the basket. tering, or trading (the same Twawfa. A heath, a common. as toia).

Twenga. Remainder (from toe The pronoun plural, we anga). (only used when the person Twinga. Awreath(as of flowers), spoken to is included).

a string (of beads). Tow-alla. To luff, to bring a vessel's head nearer to the wind,

V Towalo. To row, or to paddle. Va. A piece (applied to wood, Tówbé. Annual.

or trees). Towbotoo. Nearly adjoining, Va aców. A piece of wood. border, boundary,

Vaca. A ship, vessel, or canoe. Towbotoo gihena. On that side. Vaca foccatoo. A small canoé. Towbotoo giheni. On this side. Vaca-fawha. A boil. Towbotoo-my. Hithermost.

Vaca vaca.

The side of a man, Towhotoo-ange.


or any animal. Towfa. A squall of wind, a gale. Vacca-vacký. Careful, cautious. Tow-falle. A besom, a broom. Vacký. To heed, to inspect, to Towgete. The first born, either search, to be provident. Inmale or female.

terjection, look! behold ! lo! Tow-hifo. To hang over. Aloo vacky'. To proceed careTowla. An anchor, a cable. fully, to go circumspectly. Towlanga. An anchorage. Vacy-ange. With circumspecTówmátów. To fish.

tion. Towmova. The prow of a ship, Vacoo. To claw, to scratch. or canoe.

Váë. The foot, leg, paw, mark. Tow-mooli. The stern of a ves-Vahe. To parcel, to divide. sel, astern.

To separate, or be sepaTow-ooa. The dual number of rated, as two combatants. the pronoun tow.

Parted from Towtéä. To chide, reproof. Vaheanga. Division, separation. Tow-toloo. The plural number Vaky'. Gathers, to plait, or ga

(in contradistinction to the ther; also a double garment dual) of the pronoun tow. of plaited gnatoo.

Vala. Apparel, dress.

Vow-vow. To scrape. Vale. Mad, insane, foolish, Vy. Water, liquid, fluidity,

crazy, delirious; also igno- juice, a pond, any thing serous rant. Matta vale. Dull, with- or watery out thought.

Vy oota, vy tafe. A river, a Valea. Insane. See Vale. brook. Valoo. The numeral eight. Vy-hoo. Broth made of fish. Valoo-ongofooloo. Eighty. Vy-oofi, vy-hopa, vy-chi, vy-vi. Vange. A curse, malediction; a Are names of particular pre

string of abusive and impera- parations of food. For detive language. See vol. I. p. scription of which see the ar237, and vol. II. p.

ticle Cooking in this vol. 191. Vaoo. A bush, wood, thicket. Vy-mooa. The third lunar Váooa, or Alloo Vaoo. Uno month, (mooa, the first, it be

cultivated (as land), overrun ing the first vy, watery or with weeds. Fallow.

rainy month). Vasia. Flattery, false praise. Vy-mooi. The fourth lunar Vata. The semen of animals, month, or second rainy month, Vave or Vavea. Speed, velocity, (mooi, following).

quick, swift-footed, brisk. Vy.vy. Weak, debilitated, faint. Vave-ange. Quickly, speedily. Vy-vy motoos. Weak with age. Ve. Corruption of vae, the leg

or foot ; as, vevave, light-foot

ed; vebico, bandylegged. Wi. Interjection. Fiel for Vehaca. A sea-fight.

shame! Vela. Calid, hot, to scald. Wo. To go, to proceed, used Veli. Prurient, itching, to itch. in a plural sens, as gooa mow Velo. Jaculation, projection (as wa, we go.

of a spear , also to launch, or Wooi. Interjection. La! (of slide along

surprise.) Vete. To despoil, to divest, to Woi. See Wooi.

plunder, to dispossess of, to pillage, to unrol, booty, plun

Y. der.

Y. To put, to place, to deposit, To loosen, to untie. also a corruption of ai, there. Vesa. A bracelet of any kind. Y-anga. A case, a sheath. Vicoo. Wet, damp, rainy. Y-be. Notwithstanding, yet, Vicoofucca chi-chi. Moist, damp. still. Vili. A gimlet.

Y-toa! Serve you rightly! you Vilo. To twirl, to spin round. deserve it! I am glad of it! Vivicoo. See Vicoo.

Y-vala. To dress, to clothe.


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Having already given an account of the state of religion and morals in the Tonga Islands, we shall now proceed to develope their Surgical Skill, the next most important feature of useful knowledge to which they have arrived. The remedies to which generally they have recourse in order to effect cures, may very safely be ranked under these three heads, viz. invocation, sacrifice, and external operations. As to internal remedies, they sometimes use infusions of a few plants, which, however, produce no sensible effect, either upon the system or upon the disease, and we may readily conceive in how little esteem such remedies are held, when the king's daughter, whose life so great pains were taken to preserve, took none of them, nor did any one propose them. The idea of giving infusions was first taken from the natives of the Fiji Islands, who have the repute of being skilful in the management of internal remedies ; and though almost all the surgical operations known and practised at the Tonga Islands have arowedly been borrowed from the same source, and followed up with a considerable degree of skill and success, the Tonga people have generally failed in the former; and for the cure of constitutional ailments depend upon the mercy of the gods, without any interference on their own parts, except in the way of invocation and sacrifice. In such a state of things, it would be natural to suppose that they frequently make use of charms, amulets, &c. to assist in the cure; but this, how. eyer, is never done, for they have not the most distant idea of this sort of superstition, which prevails so much over almost all the world, even in the most civilized countries. The natives of the Sandwich Islands, however, appear to have a knowledge of some medicines, but whether from original discoveries of their own, or from the information of Europeans, Mr Mariner could not obtain any information from those natives who were with him at Vavaoo. One of these Sandwich Isl. anders (a petty chief) professed some knowledge of the healing art, and it so happened that Mr Mariner was once the subject of

his skill. Feeling himself much indisposed by a disordered state of the stomach and bowels, attended with headach and drowsiness, this Sandwich Islander proposed to give him some internal remedies, whilst a native of Tonga, on the other hand, very much wanted him to lose some blood, (by scarification with shells on the arms, legs, &c.) The remedies proposed by the former were an emetic and a cathartic. The cathartic consisted chiefly of the sweet potato grated, and the juice of the sugarcane; to this, however, was added the juice of some other vegetable substance, with which Mr Mariner was not acquainted. The emetic consisted of two infusions, one of certain leaves, and the other of a particular root, both unknown to him. The Sandwich Islander informed him that the root was necessary to counteract the effect of the leaves, which was very powerful, and might, in a large dose, and without such addition, kill him. Upon this discouraging information, the native of Tonga, with his scarifying shells, redoubled his persuasions, ridiculed the remedies of the other, and, on understanding what effect they would have, laughed most heartily at the idea of curing a sick man by means which would make a healthy man sick. The remedies of the surgeon, however, were not more agreeable than those of the physician, and the patient was at a loss to know to whose care he should entrust his health ; when the latter signi. fied his intention of taking some of his own physic, which was the best proof he could possibly give of his confidence in it. Two equal doses were accordingly prepared; the patient took one, and the doctor took the other. The cathartic was first given, and the emetic about an hour afterwards. The latter operated in about another hour, and the former, in conjunction with it, in about two hours and a half. They both evinced abundant evidence of their respective properties, and the following morning Mr Mariner found himself perfectly well ; which happy result the man who wanted to bleed him could by no means attribute to the remedies he had taken! The Sandwich Islander, notwithstanding he was much laughed at, particularly about his cathartics, obtained at length a considerable share of credit for his skill. Finow took his remedies twice with very good effect, which encouraged some others to try; but as these circumstances took place only a short time before Mr Mariner left, and consequently only a few trials had been made, we ought not to speak of them as constituting the medical knowledge of the Tonga people. As this Sandwich Island chief, however, was a man of considerable judgment, and, as Mr Mariner has every reason to think, a good observer, we indulge the hope that no ill success, at an early period, has destroyed confidence in the adoption of two such useful remedies.

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