Billeder på siden

Many statues were also povided in its having been a market for cora that behalf, and the history called time out of mind : and that at the “Eulogium, " proveth no less. The east end of the street there was a recommons (saith he) were besotted in servoir or cistern, supplied with excess of apparel, in wide surcoats, Thames water by an engine, from reaching to their loins—soine in a whence it was distributed by pipes to garment reaching to their heels, close neighbouring streets : that there was before, and strouting out on the sides, alsó a conduit in the middle of the so that on the back they make men street, which was first a prison for seem women, and this they call by night-walkers, called the Tunn, from the ridiculous name gown. Their its form, which resembled a tun set hoods are little, tied under the chin, upon its head ; and that on the west and buttoned like the womens, but side of it was a fine well of spring set with gold, silver, and precious water. Here, he says, the magistrates stones; their Lirripippes reach to used to imprison lewd people, and their heels, all jagged. They have afterwards, shave their heads and exanother weed of silk, which they pose them, sounding trumpets becall a Paltock ; their hose are of two fore them, and proclaiming their colours, or pied, with more, which, crimes: and that having served sevewith latchets, which they call Harlots, ral priests in this manner, the Bishop they tie to their Paltocks, without of London complained of it to King any breeches. Their girdles are of Edward I. as an encroachment on gold and silver, some worth twenty his spiritual authority. Whereupon marks; their shoes and pattens are that King ordered that no clerk snowted and piked more than a fin- should be imprisoned in the Tunn in ger long, crooking upwards, which future; and in the year 1401 this they call Crakows, resembling the prisov of the Tunn was converted indevil's claws, which were fastened to to a cistern for preserving water that the knees with chains of gold and sil- was bronght thither in pipes from

And thus were they garmented, Tyburn; but a cage was, however, what were lions in the ball and hares erected near it for the imprisonment in the field.

of night-walkers, and on the top of The “ Book of Worcester" re- it a pillory placed for bakers offendporteth that, in the year 1369, they ing in the assize of bread, and for began to use caps of divers colours, millers spoiling corn, and for bawds, especially red, with costly, linings; scolds,&c. Here Stow relates a merand in 1372 they first began to wan- ry story of a priest in his time, who, ton it in a new round curtal weed, having been too familiar with the wife which they called Cloak, and in Latin of one Atwood, a draper, in Cornhill

, Armilansa, as only covering the was taken in the fact by the husband, shoulders. Here you may see when and forced to jump out of the wingowns, cloaks, and caps, first came dow, and that he (Stow) afterwards into use, thongh doubtless they had saw the priest punished for bis inconsome such like attire in different tinency in the following manner : pames.

He was, on three market days, So far Camden upon this topic. conveyed thronghi the high streets ard (Resumed at p. 267.)

markets of the City, with a paper on his head declaring his offence : that the first day he rode in a cart, the

second, on a horse, with his face to CORNHILL

the tail, and the third, he was led on AND EXCHANGE ALLEY. foot between two people, and that

they rung basins before him, and As to the ancient state of this street made proclamation of the fact at the and ward, Stow informs us, that it turning of every street, and particu. obtained the name of Çornhill from larly before Atwood's stall, and at



the church door, where he lost his

SONG. chantry, and was banished for

BY THE SAME AUTHOR. ever. But 'tis observable, that this was about the time of the Reforma. Go, seek the world, whose smiles can tion, when the nation was incensed

bless thee, at them; for, I presume, when Popery

Mid its false pleasures wander free was triumphant, the Ecclesiastics

While beauty, fame, and power, caress would not suffer the Order to be thus

Ne'er waste one thought on Love or exposed.

me ! The fishmongers erected a monument to Sir William Walworth, with Go! seek the world !and mid its treathis epitaph, where Jack Straw is put sures, för Wat Tyler.

Of wealth and beauty feast thy soul,-Fly far from calm domestic pleasures,

And spurn at Hymen's soft controul! Here under. Iyeth a Man of Fame, William Walworth callyd by Name,

But should misfortune's clouds come Fishmonger he was in lyff-time bere,

o'er thee, And twice Lord Mayor, as in Books ap

And those look cold, who smil'd bepear,

fore, Who with courage stout, and manly This heart that beats but to adore thee, Might,

Will take thee home-to rove ao Slew Jack Straw in King Richard's

more! sight. For which act done, and trew entent, The King made him Knight-Incontinent, And gave him Arms, as here you see, Interesting Varieties. To declare his Fact and Chivalrie, He left this lyff, the yere of our God, Thirteen Hundred four score and three

COALS. odd. Compare Nic-Nac, vol. I, p. 193. SIR, ---As a contrast to the article

at page 43 of the present volume, shewing the consumption of this ar

ticle in London, during the years STANZAS TO .

1822-3-4, I beg leave to offer you the BY MRS. CORNWELL BARON Wilson. following statement of the proportion

consumed in the metropolis at four Though distant far the Fates ordain different periods, during an interval Our steps through life's dark maze to of twenty years, about a century rove,

since, which I have transcribed from Think not my heart can break the chain the “ Gentleman's Magazine" for

That earlier years around it wove. July 1735, p. 355. Though other friends have stept between,


CHALDRONS. And other ties encircle me,

1695 Yet, mem’ry still, in ev'ry scene,


1702 Looks back with fond regret to thee!

323,583 1709

324,645 Strong are the bonds of early love,


375,452 When mutual hope each heart endears:

There is no coal in Italy; and whe: Nor time nor distance can remove ther the Romans made use of, or uri

Th’ impressions of our early years. derstood its nature while in Ergland, And thus, Thou art remembered yet, is questionable. They who maintain Though other

encircle me; that they did not, support their Still, mem'ry turns with fond regret,


ment by the remark that the latin And casts a ling'ring look on THEE!

language contains no name for it,

J. H. B.

CARBO being always put for char- or other, was brought to the hammer. coal. It appears to have been used The generality of the books sold very by the Saxons, but probably in po high, particularly the well-known great quantity ; in fact, it never came “Il Decamerone di Boccaccio," first into common use before the decay of edition,printed by Valdarfer, in 1471. wood fuel ; the first charter licensing This book, more extraordinary for the digging of coal was granted by its history than for its merit, was Henry 3d. 1239, and in 1281 New- purchased in queen Anne's time by castle was famous for the trade in the the earl (afterwards duke) of Rox. :' article ; but in 1306 the use of it was burgh, from Vallant the bookseller, prohibited in London, from a belief for £100, and it remained in the Roxthat the smoke rendered the air burgh library till June 17, 1812, when pernicious.

it was sold to the marquis of Bland(Compare p. 22, of the present volume.); ford, now Duke of Marlbro' 'for

£2260. I shall add no epithet to this Love Apples are now to be seen in


-1 shall neither call it amazing great abundance at all our vegetable nor absurd ; this and many more the markets ; " but I do not find (observas reader may supply,

Seven years Phillips in his late work on fruits) seven short years had expired since it that they are used by the middle or was sold to the Duke of Marlborough, lower classes of English families, who and it was now contrived to put the have yet to learn the art of improving Boccaccio a little out of its order in their dishes with vegetables. . This the catalogue, in order to be disposed fruit has long been in use by the of on the anniversary of the former wealthy Jew families in this country; sale. It was brought to the hammer and within these last few years it has again on June 17, 1819, and put up come into great use with all our best at £378; from thence it rose racooks, as it possesses in itself an pidly, and was knocked down for agreeable acid, a very unusual quality 4918,15 to Messrs. Longman and Co. in ripe vegetables, and which makes fror whose hands it passed into the , it quite distinct from all gardén vege.. libratý of eart Spencer, where it will, tables that are used for .culinary, pur perhaps, repose for generations. poses in this country. When boiled in 'soups and sayces it imparts an acid of a' most agrecable flavour: it is also

TO CORRESPONDENTS. served at table boiled or roasted, and Romeo's observation is correct: a poem sometimes fried with

eggs. thor states the Spaniards, as Barham printed in our second volume (p. 296) observes, use thein in their sauces and 246 of the present, but as this, we be

has,by an oversight, been reinserted at p. gravies, because the juice, as they say, lieve,is the first time such a circumstance is as good as any gravy, and so, by has occurred, our readers, we trust, will its richness warms the blood. Parkin- overlook it.-6. Drago says, “ Give me son mentions the plant as being culti- leave to correct an error, in the article vated in this country so early as 1656 ; on Watches, inserted page 241, of the but it was then planted for ornament present volume, where it is stated that and curiosity only; and even at the

a, watch ticks, 18,000 times in an hour, present time they are grown in many

3,024,000 in a week, and 157,784,400 in gardens in England merely for the

a year; but here there is an error in singularity of their appearance. We

calculation : it should be 157,248,000 in learn tirat one gardener at Isleworth

a year."-G. D's last contributions shall gathered 133 bushels last summer

appear immediately. from 600 plants only.

BIBLIOMANIA.—In 1819 The library Street, Covent Garden, by whom Communestione of the White Knights for sonie reason

LONDON--Printed and Published by T. Wallis Camren 'lown's and alon Published by C. Hamme, to foor : , Wych Surcot Dráry Lane: au u Archer, Berwick &trset, Subu.


[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][graphic][ocr errors][merged small]

A DANCE of satyrs appears to have hair, to imitate satyrs. They began
commonly formed a part of the rude a wild dance, and in the midst of their
entertainments of the middle ages, merriment one of them went too near
and one occasion caused a most la. a candle, and set fire to his garb, the
mentable catastrophe. At a great , flame instantly ran over the loose
festival celebrated in Paris, in the tufts, and spread itself to the dresses
vear 1592, the king, Charles the 6th, of those who were next him,
in company with several of his nobles, great number of whom were cruelly
made their appearance attired in close scorched, being neither able to throw
habits tufted or shagged all over with off their coats, nor extinguish them.


[ocr errors]


The king was saved by the duchess lumination in a fine manuscript copy of Burgundy, who with great pre- of Froissart, preserved at the British sence of mind threw her robe over Museum, will serve to convey some him, and smothered the flames. idea, not only of the mavner in which

A particular account of this occur- these “hairy men': were habited, renee is given by Froissart, in his but also of the rude simplicity of an “ Chronicle,” book 4, chap. 52, which , ancient ball-room. The Duchess of is thus quaintly epitomised by the Burgundy, enveloping the King in puritavical John Beard, in his The- her robe, is seen in the centre. atre of God's Judgments, 1633 : Melvil's Memoirs, p. 152, edit.

" It happened in the raign of 1735, bear additional testimony to Charles the Sixt, to six that masked the prevalence of this species of mum

mery : it to a marriage at the Hostell of St. Paul's in Paris, being attired like embassadors who assembled to cou

“ During their abode, (that of the wild horses, couered with loose flaxe dangling downe like haire: albedauhed gratulate Mary Queen of Scots on

the birth of her son,) at Stirling,' with grease for the fitter hanging there was daily banqneting, dancing, thereof, and fast bound one to an

and triumph. And at the principal and in this guise entered the hall, dancing with torches before banquet there fell out a great grudge

among them: but behold sodainly their play

the Englishmen: for a French

man called Bastian devised a number turned to a tragedie, for a spark of of men formed like satyrs, with long one of their torches fell into the tails, and whips in their hands, rusigreasie flax of his neighbor, and set it immediately on fire, so that in the ing before the meat, which was turning of an hand they were all on

brought through the great hall upon

a machine or engine, marching as ap; flame, then gure they out a most horrible outcrie : one of them threw peared alone, with musicians clothed himselfe headlong into a tub of water all sorts of intruments. But the sa

like maids, singing, and playing upon prouided to rense their drinking cups tyrs were not content only to make and goblites, and upon that occasion standing not farre off; two were

way or room, but put their hands

behind to their tails, which they burat to death without stirring once from the place: the bastard Foix and wagged with their hands in such sort, the Earle of Jouy escaped indeed from been devised and done in derision of

as the Englishmen supposed it had present death, but being conveyed to them; weakly apprehending that their lodgings they survived not two

which they should not have appeared days; the King himselfe being out

to understand. For Mr. Hatton, of the six was saved by the Duchesse Mr. Lignish, and the most part of of Berry, that couering him with her the gentlemen, desired to sup beloose and wide garments quenched fore the queen and great banquet, the fire before it could scage upon that they might see the better the his flesh. Froysard the reporter of order, and ceremonies of the triumph ; this tragedie, saith, that the next but so soon as they perceived the sa. morrow every man could say that this was a wonderfull signe and ad- down upon the bare floor behind the

tyrs wagging their tails, they all sat uertisement sent by God to the King, back of the table, that they might to warn him to renounce all such not see theinselves derided, as they fond and foolish deuices which hee thought. Mr. Halton said unto me, delighted too much in, and inore than if it were not in the queen's presence, it became a King of France to do: he would put a dagger to the beart and this was the event of that gallant of that French knave, Bastian, who masque.”

lie alledged had done it out of deThe curious cut prefixed to this spight that the queen made more of article, which was copied from an il- them than of the Frenchman."

« ForrigeFortsæt »