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so unknown was the existence of such four years before, and being grown remarkable documents, that Horace out again very bushy and thick, could Walpole was wholly unacquainted not be seen through; and here we with them, otherwise he would have staid all the day. I having, in the introduced Charles 11. into his list of mean time, sent Penderill's brother Royal and Noble authors. The nar- to Mr. Pitchcroft's* to know whether rative contains a detail of interesting my Lord Wilmot was there or no ; particulars; it is truly declared to be and had word brought me by him at distinct and full without being tedious: night that my Lord was there, that and it has also an air of perfect vera- there was a very secure hiding hole eity throughout. The following is in Mr. Pitclcroft's house, and that the King's own occount of his escape, he deired me to come thither to him. and of his memorable concealment in -MemoRANDUM. While we were the “ Royal Oak :"-" which being in this tree, we see soldiers going up done (the King is speaking of the and down, in the thickest of the wood, period after his escape], we went on searching for the persons escaped, we our way to one of Penderill's bro- seeing them now and then peeping out thers (his house being not far from of the wood. That night Richard White Ladies), who had been guide Peuderill and I went to Mr. Pitchto my Lord Wilmot, and, we believed, croft's, about six or seven miles off," might by that time be come back &c. again ; for my Lord Wilmot intended The desire to give a high colouring to go to London upon his own horse. to the hair-breadth 'scapes of the When I came to this house, I inquired Stuarts, which sometimes rather inwhere my Lord Wilmot was. It be- fluenced the pen of Hume, may be ing now towards morning, and hav- seen by consulting his account of the ing travelled these two nights on foot. transaction, and comparing it with Penderill's brother told me he had the King's own straig lit-forward conducted him to a very honest gen. Narrative. According to this Narratleman's, &c. I asked him what tive, the King did not " lie sonie news? He told me that there was nights on straw;"—the Royal oak one Major Careless in the house, that scene happened after two nights only; was a countryman; whoin I know- his taking to work in the wood is aping, he having been a Major in our parently a fiction, as the King makes army, and made his escape hither, a no mention of it. In the oak he reRoman Catholic also, I sent for him mained not twenty-four hours, but into the room where I was, and con- during one day, leaving it at night; sulting with him what we should do and he was not alone in the Tree. the next day, he told me that it would Hume states further, that the King be very dangerous for me either to heard the soldiers all intent in their stay in that house, or to go into the search for himself, and many expresswood, there being a great wood barding thei earnest wishes of seizing by Boscobel; that he knew but one him-matters wholly unknown to his way how to pass the next day, and Majesty, who only says that he saw that was to get up into a greai oak, the soldiers searching for the fugiin a pretty plain place, where we tives. might see about us; for the enemy The King's Narrative also contains would certainly search at the wood, the following characteristic anecdote : for people that had made their escape. -“ As I was holding my horse's Of which proposition of his, I approving, we (that is to say, Careless

* His majesty has here committed and I) went and carried up with us

a small mistake. PitchCROFT is the some victuals for the whole day, viz.

name of a place near Worcester, but bread, cheese, and small beer, and Lord Wilmot was concealed in the nothing else, and got up into a great house of a Mr. WHITGREAVES, at oak, that had been lopt some three or Mosely, in Staffordshire. ED.

foot, I asked the smith what news? kers still give the name of Dog-days. He told me that there was no news to the period from the 3d of July to that he knew of, since the good news the 11th of August; but it is remarkof the beating of the rogues the able that the heliacal rising of Sirius, Scots I asked him whether there or its emersion from the sun's rays, was none of the English taken that does not now take place till the latter joined the Scots ? He answered that end of August. Dr. Darwin calls he did not hear that that rogue this star, the fierce dog of Nile,' Charles Stuart was taken, but some because its rising was, in Egypt, a of the of hers, he said, were taken, but time of singular note, as falling on pot Charles Stuart. I told him that the greatest augmentation of that sie if the rogue were taken he deserved to ver; whence it was worshipped by be banged for bringing in the Scots. the Egyptians as Anubis, under the Upon which he said, that I spoke form of a man with a dog's head. like an honest man, and so we parts In Milton, it is intitled the swart star, ed."

from its burning and parching property, making every thing it looks

on (according to the poets) black, or JULY.


The insect tribe, light and full of The sun's influence is felt more in soul,' are almost the only living creaJuly, than when at its greatest nor

tures that seern to enjoy the blaze of thern declination in the summer sols- a July sun. There is one, the Hemetice: for the same reason that it is robius-perla, a fly of exceeding beauwarmer between two and three in the ty; it is slender-bodied, of a grass. afternoon, than when the sun is on the green colour,with bright gold-coloured meridian, the earth and air being then eyes and four large transparent wings, more thoroughly heated by the sun's finely articulated with pale green veins, rays. This sultry month, and its ef. Its life, as the perfect insect, is of fect on man, beast, and vegetation, short duration, and it may be found are no where described with inore about this time, and towards the de. truth and beauty than in Thomson's cline of summer, on vines or limeSummer. The parched heath-cleft trees : we discovered it last year in fields-slippery Tawns-cattle star- great profusion on the mulberry, ding it the water-dumb meals, were though this, of all the trees in the scarce a chirping grasshopper is heard, garden, is the one least frequented nor echo answers to the cheerful sound by insects, or infested by blight ; and, of sharpening scythes; and the mower except, the silk-worm, we know of no overpowereu, sinking to the earth, insect that feeds on its leaves. About and heaping over him humid hav, the beginning of July a species of fly, with flowers perfumed-are simple supposed to be the Estrus nasalis of imayes, but skilfully selected, and wo)- Linnæus, proves very tormenting to ven together with all the art of gin horses, trying to enter their nostrils nious

and ears, and actually laying their Tasso's description, in his 13th eggs in these organs. Sheep are of Canto, is more powerful, (perliaps ten seen crowding to dry and dusty distressingly so—we pant whilst we places, where they hold their noses read it,) but it belongs exclusively to close to the ground to escape the the summer of another climate. "The Estrus ovis, another species of this ancients believed that the excessive tormenting race of insects. In AfHeat of this season was occsioned by the rica, as Brace informs us, speaking of joint influnce of the Sun, and Si- a similar fly, the only resource of the rius, the most brilliant of the fixed shepherd is to leave his rich plains for stars, and nearest

earth, the sands of Atbara, where he remains though distant, from it 2, 200, 000, with his flocks till the rains are over 000,000, miles Our almanack-ma- --this cruel enemy not daring to púr

to 0111

sue then farther. The Arabs call goats, on which it subsists; indeed this fly Zimh, and it is supposed to be its feet are so constituted, and its legs the same inentioned in Isaiah, ch. vii, so short, that nothing can be more vs 13 and 19, where it is described awkward than this bird's motions on as tiking poiessio's of the disolate the ground. Buffon observes, that valleys, and lriving them from thence, the boys in the island of Zante will as the passage is understood, the cat- take five or six dozen swifts in a day, tle who have takın re uge there. At by getting on an elevated place, and this season, flying ants quit their cells throwing up a hook baited with a in search of new colonies An ant's feather. nest is composed of male, female, and The flowers of July are Narthecium neuter insects; and it is remarkable ossifragum, or Lancashire asphodel; that the neuters, who are the la- Anagallis tenella, or Bog pimpernel; bourers, are the only part of the Orchis maculata, or spotted orchis : cominunity destitute of wings. What the three Droseræ, or Sun-dews, with we erroneously call ant's eggs, are their curious leaves fringed with hair, the larvæ of the ant, which, when supporting small drops of a pellucid they have attained their full growth, liquor like dew, which continue even inclose themselves in smooth, oval, in the hottest part of the day, anil. yellow, silken webs, from whence shine in the eye of a meridian sun they emerge a perfect insect. Solo- like clustered diamonds. A dead man's description of the ant, ‘that insect is generally found in the folded provideth meat in the summer, and leaves of this plant; whence it is supgathereth her store in the harvest,' is posed that it possesses the wonderful not applicable to these insects in our property of the Dionæa muscipula, a climate: modern naturalists have dis- native of the boys of Carolina, which, covered that they Jay up no kind of by means of its irritable valves,crushes food, but continue dormant the whole to death any insect that chances to of the winter—a kind provision of alight on them. Providence towards animals, who Ponltry moult in July, frogs wauld otherwise perish with hunger migrate from their breeding ponds, during the cold season, when the and flax and hemp are pulled. Bees earth no longer produces the food on destroy their drones towards the latwhich they subsist. The Scarabeus ter end of the month, though this sasolstitialis, Fern-chaffer, also makes

vage massacre never takes place in a its appearance during this month of hive deprived of its queen. Fairrthe Caprimulgus or Fern-owl, which rings, as they are called, so common feeds on this insect, an accurate ob- at this season, yet so difficult to be server has remarked, that so punctual accounted for,' are a phenomenon is this bird in beginning its song ex- supposed to be electric. Dr. Darwin actly at the close of day, that he has has a learned note on this subject in known it more than once or twice his Botanic Garden. In a passage of strike up just at the report of the the Tempest, full of poetry and exPortsmonth evening gun. Swifts quisite fancy, Shakspeare attributes bring out their young in July ; this them to his fairy clves, that bird is the largest of the swallow

By moonshine on the green sour ringtribe and leaves us the earliest. It

lets make, is remarkable for its length, and con- Whereof the ewe not bites. sequent strength of wing, seldom alighting on the ground, except by accident. The Swedes call it Ring

STANZAS, swala, from the perpetual rings or circles it makes round the scene of its

Yes ! once, I own, the festive dance nidification. It has been known to

And midnight ball had charms for me ; remain 16 hours continually on the But, 'twas the magic of thy glance wing, in pusuit of flying beetles and That brighten'd all the revelry.


For, then I press’d thy yielding hand, But happiness fled when my fond mother And gaily led thy steps along,

died; The loveliest of the lovely band,

When from her embrace I was torn: The envy of the glitt'ring throng. “ Oh! let me expire, with mother," I

cry'd, But now, in scenes like these, I mourn; In the cottage in which I was born.

They but remind my throbbing brain, And aching heart, by anguish torn, And, ah! my poor father no longer looks Of hopes that cannot bloom again.

gay, Mem'ry may bring, where'er 1 rove, He constantly wept o'er her urn;

Traces of joys that once have been; Till grief and affliction had worn bim But, 'tis the smile of those we love,

away, That breathes a magic o'er each scene. In the cottage in which I was born. Indiffrent now I seek the spot

On his widow'd couch he reclined his Where beauty woos at ev'ry gaze ;

head, It but reminds me of the lot

With sadness and sorrow outworn; That has been mine in happier days. Howl begg'd for his life as I hung round So the gay sun-beams pour their light

his bed! Upon the hopeless mourner's head, In the cottage in which I was born. Whom Fortune has deprived of sight, And curse him with the warmth they But all was in vain, for his moments shed.

had fled,

And he saw me an orphan forlorn; Then, ask no more, when, 'mid the “ Heaven bless my lov'd child !" cry'd dance,

my dear dying dad, With careless step and vacant eye, In the cottage in which I was born. Thou see'st me heedlessly advance, And hear'st my bosom's half-hushid My trouble increased with erery day, sigh,

My distress could no longer be born ; Where all seem blest, why thus I move

When the fiends of oppression, seiz'd Regardless of each form I see :

fast on their prey, Thipe eyes, that warm'd my heart to

On the cottage in which I was born. love,

Those wicked usurpers now No longer beam with hope for me.

look cold,

But I treat their contumely with THE COTTAGE


Yet, my breast bleeds afresh, when I IN WHICH I WAS BORN.

sighing behold

The cottage in which I was born. On the green shady banks by the Trent's silver side,

Then farewell,sweet Isis! ye meadows, Where the nightingale sings on the

adieu ! thorn,

I left them, no more to return; Encircl'd by willows that droop o'er the Bat guess what I felt, when I took a tide,

last view Stands the cottage in which I was born.

Of the cottage in which I was born.

A.D. How oft in my childhood I wander'd as

tray, Where the cowslips the meadows adorn,

STANZAS TO # # And with garlands return'd at the close of the day,

Oh, Lady! when mid fashion's glare. To the cottage in which I was born. Thou minglest with the joyous

throng; With transport I then ev'ry blessing be

Think'st thou of one who once was

there, For plenty was there with her horn;

And loved thee hopelessly and long? And peace, and contentment continually dwellid,

Who loved-and who adores three still, In the collage which I was barn.

With all the warmth of early feeling;

on me


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ness :

W hoge swelling heart endures but ill Hezekiah, he speaks of the “ saints

The pang his bosom is concealing! and angels” as Oh, Lady! when thou tread'st the

His fellow citizens immortality;

tells him to Where first his eyes thy glances met, Does no remembrance intervene,

Live blest above,almost invok'd below; To shade they pleasures with regret ? and in fine, calls him Say, does no lingering thought remain

The best and best-belov'd of kings. To check thy bosom's throb of glad- To this extremity of adulation he

seems so entirely to have subjected And as thou join’st the smiling train,

his habits and even his conscience, that Does thy heart feel no pang of sadness ?

in the latter part of his life, when he Yes, Lady!

-oft in scenes like these, publicly repents, in that noble Ode The mem'ry of the Past comes o'er

on the Death of Anne KILLIGREW; Thy sinking heart; like the chill breeze' the ribaldry of which he had been That evening wafts alone the shore; guilty, he not only is silent about his

former flattery, but loads the deceased When all around are light and gay, with all the laurels of ancient and There comes a thought Thou canst

modern genius,and says that she shall not banish That steals thy loveliest smile away,

be at the head of the sacred poets on And bids thy cheeks young roses va- :

the day of judgment. nish! Lady!--the thought of him to whom FARMS." It appears, that within

The world is now a place unblest; the last 40 years, there has been Who seeks the oblivion of the tomb monopolized and consolidated upTo ease the pangs that rend his wards of 40,000 small into large

farms, to the destruction of so many

families, besides cottagers dependant Comes sadly o'er thy brightest hours,

on them; but, if calculated at 30,000, When life's enchantment looks most blooming;

then their annual produce in live Like April blights on opening flowers,

stock only, would, on the lowest posTheir early blossoms fast consum

sible average, stand thus:-60,000 ing!

calves, 300,000 lambs, 300,000 pigs. 600,000 chickens, and 4,500,000

pounds of butter; besides milk, Interesting Varieties.

cheese, eggs, geese, ducks, turkeys, and pigeons. Since the small farnis have been consolidated into large

ones, it is believed scarcely one-fourth DRYDEN.-Much has been said re

of the live-stock is produced; and specting poverty, and the customs of very probably not more than threehis age, in order to excuse the gross fourths of grain and hay. Besides servility of DRYDEN, but no want, the small farmer, the cottagers which no custom, can excuse that contempt were attached to them generally raisof decent principle and reputation, ed some live-tock."-Essex HÉRALD with which he exalted Charles and Sept. 25, 1800. JAME8 the 2d into saints and demigods. In that strange mixture of Uit's Nunchion. doggrel and "fine poetry, the

THRENODIA AUGUSTALIS," not content with praising him as“ BOUN- Nelson IN PARTNERSHIP

Ave TEOUS, JUST, FORGIVING, teran tar reading the account of the and above all

PIOU8,” and compar: failure of the attack on Boulogoe, in ing liim to CAMILLUS, Nums, and 1804, signed Nelson and Bronte, thus


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