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part of the room, in order to confine his parish who had been an admirer the sounds.

of Whitfield, that “300 new lights This defect in the room is a great had come over from England." calaınity, considering how much that

(ibid.) is valuable is thus thrown away. Our government is an oratorical government, and every thing almost

THE SPHINX, No 9, depends upon the exhibitions of ora

QUERIES. tory and eloquence by the members. 1. What three letters will spell Brandy ? of the legislative department. They 2. What word is that, the first two lelspeak, not merely for the purpose of ters of which are a male; the first victory in argument, or the propaga

three a female; the first four a tion of the priociples of sound politics

great man; and the whole, a great and the establishment of good and wholesome laws, but for the benefit $ 11 Dick's father is John's son,

What relation is Dick to John ? of the speakers, and the amusement of their constituents. In just such

CHARADES. degrees, then, as the malter úttered 1. What we adore, what we abjure, and from time to time is not heard, or

what we celebrate. not understood, are both the repre. 2. My first is light, my second is light, sentative and the constituents disap

and my whole is too often made

light of. pointed, and mortified.

3. My first gaily sings, though in du. It seems strange that we have no

rance accurst, architects in this country who have My second's a beautiful tree ; skill and science enough to contrive My whole, as a bailiff, arrested my a legislative hall that skall answer first, the great and indispensible purpose Which no human laws can set free. of speaking and hearing. One would

ENIGMA. have suppused that before this tiine, What the single wish for, and the marthe subject would have been as well

ried prize, understood, and reduced to as certain What the earth produces, and the tomb rules, as the form of a half bushel, supplies; or the figure of a coasting vessel. Join these two together, then you'll find And yet, every experiment made at

with ease

disease, the seat of government bitherto, A vexatious evil, not to say, has failed. What can look more queerly than to see graves legislators (6 Solutions to the ahove will be encircled, and covered, instead of

found at p. 78.) with solid walls and ceiling's, by canvaşs. In one respect, however, the TO CORRESPONDENTS. latter inust be considered as particu• For the attention of A. T. S. we are larly appropriate-there will always much obliged, and will see what can be be wind enough to fill it, and that of done with cut he has forwarded, though the most approved kind, for it we fear it could hardly be properly exewill be of domestic manufac. cuted on wood. Not one of the poems ture."

Sarah G. alludes to is in our possession, ( New-York Daily Advertiser;" nor do we recollect that we ever received March 20, 1822.) them.--The Old Song transmitted by

Grub shall grace our next MINSTRELLIGHT WIT-The town of Boston “ Poetry and Poets” is delayed, but not was first lighted with lamps about forgotten.-D. G. is an ass. the year 1783–Three hundred lamps were imported from England, and

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LONDON...Printed and Published by T. Wallis gave occasion for a witticism by Ma

for the Editor are received, and G. Gifford, l'ater, ther Byles. He told an old lady of noster Row and Newgate Street,

Camden Town : and also Published by C. Harris, B.
Street, Covent Garden, by whom 'nm munications

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GRAVESSND AND TILBURY FORT. T'he town of Gravesend stands on verse to casual visitors, since the inthe Kentish bank of the river T'hames, cessant demand for provisions occaabout twenty-two miles distant from sions the inns and other places of acLondon, and exactly opposite to commodation to be amongst the Tilbury Fort in Essex, as represented dearest in England. in the above cut. It is large and pu

Most of the Dutch turbot vessels pulous, but the houses are mean, and also lie near the town, whence they the streets narrow. The number of supply the London market with their inhabitants was stated in the Return fish; and the greater part of the asof 1801 to be 2483, in 1811 it bad in- paragus consumed in the mel ropolis is creased to 3119, and in 1821, when the brought from extensive gardens surlast census was made, to near 4000. rounding the place. Aïl these cir

The port of London ending just cumstances, added to that of there below this town, there is an office of being a ferry across the river into customs established here, and all out- Essex, bring great profit to the town, ward-bound ships are obliged to an- and cause a continual bustle. chor in the road, till they have been This place has suffered severely risited by the inspectors. Most of from fires. On the 24th August, 1727, these ships also complete their cargoes a terrible one happened, which deat this place, 80 that it is generally stroyed the church, together with full of seamen ; but this, though 110 houses ; in May, 1731, another beneficial to the tradesmen, is the re- happened, of a serious nature, though

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not quite 60 destructive; and on the fact, it is more difficult than the ape 9th Nov. 1748, another, which for a cial kind. The materials out of which long time threatened destruction to it is formed are few in number, and the whole town.

easily accessible. The following is a These, however, were mere trifles, pretty complete assortiert. The compared with what, Gravesend en- weather-the health of your friends dured in the year 1380, when a party the funds--any accidents whic! have of French sailed up the Thanies in gals happened to any of your acquainleys, burned nearly the whole of the tances, such as deaths or marriages town, and carried away gi eat part of --the King—Hariette Wilsonthe inhabitants as prisoners. To en

the dearness of meat--any waterable the place to recover from this ing-place- the Corn Bill-the Author disaster, a charter was granted it by of Waverley—and the Theatre. These Richard 11., conferring upon the

are the coin that will pass current in towns-people the exclusive right of any society. Thus, in a morning call, conveying passengers to and from if two strangers happen to be left toLondon in packet-boats, a privilege gether, how agreeably they may pass which they enjoy to this day. The the tinie in enlarging upon the above · Vessels leare Gravesend every flood topics. " A very hot day, Sir!" tide, and Billingsgate at the ebb, the Yes, indeed, Sir; my thermometer moment of high-water being an

stood 80 in the shade. Pray, Sir, are nounced by the ringing of a bell, when

you related to the Rev. Jeremiah Jolthey are compelled to proceed on their lison? I hope he is well."--"I am way. In 1779, when Hasted published his brother, Sir : he died two years his History of Kent, the fare to ago."

" God bless me! but it's more Gravesend was 9d. ; it is now ls. 6d.,

than two


since I saw him. Pray, and a cheaper or more pleasant mode Sir, what do you think of Spanish of viewing the river-scenery and the bonds?" &c. : forests of shiping which it exhibits,

Such is the conversation you generéannot be selected, than by proceeding ally hear after dinner (before dinuer to Gravesend in one of these boats. there is none), in stage coaches, at The distance by water is 30 miles. hotels, and at watering places. It is Perhaps, also, a more delightful pro difficulty in this kind of small talk is

most suitable for adults. The grand spect, of a richly-cultivated country, does not exist, than that which may

to discover any subject; for as l imabe viewed from the hill in the rear of gine it to be a metaphpsical truth, the town (as shewn in our cut), the that the mind cannot, ex mero motu farourite resort of all visiters to şuo, call up any subject it pleases, the Gravesend.

dialogue must necessarily depend The Fort of Tilbury, over against on the power of association by the Gravesend, owes its celebrity princi- brain of the individuals who mainpally to being the spot selected by

taio it, and it requires great presence Elizabeth for harang uiug her troops,

of mind to call up a sufficient num. when England was threatened with ber of topics to meet a sudden invasion by the Spanish Armada, but emergency . Thus, when you meet a the circumstances connected with that friend in the street, who, in spite of event are so universally known, that your attempts to pass him with a 'tis quite needless to recapitulate pod, will stop and speak to you, them here.

how awkward it is to have nothing to

say! This happens to me continually: SMALL TALK.

When you have shaken hands, and

the one has said, a fine day," and However simple the art of general the other, "yes, very," you stand small-talkirg may seem, and however for a few moments gazing with a va

the topics may sort of look one another, it is employed; yetin shake part. The

It is a

same accident sometimes happens in lace which you brought over the morning calls. After having exhaus- other day in the collar of your coat ? ted all the common-places of civility, I see where your mistake lay. Inyou feel yourself suddenly run on stead of talking to her of books, you shore. It is in vain you attempt to should hare talked or book muslin. think of some subject of discourse; You should have discoursed of millithe longer you search, the further you ners instead of authors, of flounces are from it; except the conviction insiead of poems." You occasionally that you can find nothing to talk meet with the same sort of people in about, your mind is a TABULA RASA.

stage coaches.

Beautiful country Your guest at last rises and puts you this we are travelling through, Sir ?" out of your agony.

Yes, Sir," “ Fine catile this stage, There are some people, however,

Siri". · Yes, Sir."

Did you get who have a genius for small talki any sleep in the night, Sir?" "No, Their stock seems boundless. It is Sir.” Did you see the Paper beno matter where, or with whom, 'or fore we set off, Sir?" “ No, Sir!'upon what, they are talking ; still it and so the conversation terininates. flows URL and on “ in one weak, washy, everlasting flood” great infliction to be the only per

ENGLISH DRAMATISTS. son in company with these invete. rate small talkers. Their discourse

( Resumed from pr. 51.) make one's head ache. It is like the perpetual dropping of water The tragedy of “ Ferrex and Porupon the crown of one's pericra- rex," acted before Queen Elizabeth in nium. To me, however, such peo- 1561, a spurious copy of which was ple, if their conversation is not au- prinied under the title of "Gorbodue," dressed to me, are a great relief. is generally cousidered as the first They save me the trouble of attempt- tragedy which appeared in the English ing to talk, and the mortification of Language. It was the joint produca failure.”

tion of Thomas Norton and Thomas Every one must occasionally ex- Sackville, afterwards Lord Buckhurst; perience the up-bill; heart-breaking the first three acts being ascribed to labour of talking to an impenetrable the former. and the remainder to the person: ** Well, what sort of a day latter. This play has been much had you!" said I'to a lively friend of lauded, and we think far, very far, bemine. “Oh! my dear Peter,” said yond its intrinsic merit; but it neverhe, “I had the ill luck to be seated at theless possesses the extrinsic value of dinner next to the DREAREST young being the first piece which in plot, in-lady you ever d d not talk with. She cident, and characier, is entitled to seeined to be afraid lest, if she opened the name of an English tragedy. Sir her mouth, jewels and roses would Philip Sidnev says, it is “full of fall from it, and she should lose thein. Stately spreches and well-sounding

•I did do all that might become a phrases, ciimbing to the height of Se- . man.' I tried her with Lord Byron neca his style, and as full of notable. -I tried ber with Moore-I tried' morality, which it doth most delighther with the Theatre-I tried her fully teach." Rymer thinks it inight with Walter Scott-1 tried ber with have been a better direction to Shake the Park-I tried her with Albert speare and Jonsna, than any guide with Noblet--with Mrs. Hannah they had the back to follow ; and Moore-with the treadwheel—the Pope praises it for the propriety of frost-.quadrilles—-lancers- -Sir the sentiments and perspicuity of the Charles Grandison, and Spanish bo- style. It is written in blank verse, leros."-"Ah! but, my dear friend," and divided into five acts, each of said I, “ did you try her with dress ? which is proceeded by a dumb-show, Did you tell her of the Valenciendes typical of the ensuing act, and, ex


cept the last, concluded with a cho- sure," horrowed from an Italian no

vel. It deserves mention on no other About the same period, Mr. Rich- account. ard Edwards produced his comedy Robert Greene, the next dramatic of “ Damou and Pithias*. It is not author we shall notice, was probably divided into acts, and is written in born about 1560; he was educated at rhymed couplets of different lengths, Cambridge, and travelled early," some of the lines extending to twenty- says Oldys,

" with some wild conone syllables. The author also wrote pany to Italy and Spain"—he took a comedy in two parts, called “Pale- his degree of Master of Arts in 1583, mon and Arcite," which was acted in and was the following year, presenled Christ-church Hall, Oxon, in 1538, to a vicarage in Essex, which he before Queen Elizabeth, who sont shortly afterwardi resigned. It is for the author and promised to re- conjectured, that about this time he ward hiin for his painst. Wood'in

married. His wife, an amiabie woforms us that this play was rehearsed man by whom he had an only son, he before the Queen's arrival, in the pre- deserted for the embraces of a prostiseuce of certain courtiers, who thought tute, and lived for several years in it much superior to DAMON AND London a debauched and irregular PITHIAS, and some of them went so life. By his licentious and expensive far as to say, that if the author wrote habits, his property was dissipated, any more plays, he would certainly and he was reduced to the necessity run inad.

We learn, from the same of writing for a subsistence. He is authority, that the cry of the hounds said to have been the first author was so adınirably performed, as, to who wrote for bread. It is but jus, deceive the yonng schollars in the tice to niention, that Wood says " he remoter parts of the stage, who im- wrote to maintain his wife," adding, agined there was a real chaze, to the lowever, “and that liigh and loose great admiration of the Queen. Put- course of living which poets generally tenham describes him as eminent for follow.” A full measure of obloquy coinedy and interlude, and it appears, has been heaped upon the head of from the prologue to • Dainon and Greene, partly derived from his own Pithias,” that he had written things works, and much from the representaof a less grave description; some of tions of his inveterate enemy, Gabriel his poems, probably those alluded 10, Harvey, whom, in his character of an were published after his death in the almanack-maker. he had ridiculed. “ Paradise of Dainty Devises.". Wood descrives Harvey to have bru.

In the British Museum is “ A new tally trainpled over the dead body of tragicall comedie of Apius and Virgi- this unfortunate Poet, in the grave, wia, whereio is lively expressed a rare His works are very voluminous, and example of the virtue of chastitie by sereral of a penitential and warning Virginia's constancy, wishing rather character ; for, having learned from to be slaine at her owne father's hands, his former associates the various arts then to be deflowred of tlie wicket of cosenage, then termed cony-catchJudge A pius. By R. B. Imprinted ing, he was enabled to expose them at London by William How, for with effect in bis works. Richard Jhones, 1575."

( Black

He is said to have died of a surfeit letter.),

in 1592, a death conformable with The “ Promos and Casandra" of the riotous indulgence of his life. George Whetstone, printed in 1578, Harvey, whose enmity. ceased not contains a rough sketch of the plot with the death of our author, wrote of Shakspeare's “ Measure for Mea- the following Epitaph on him.

• Acted before 1566. Edwards died the same year,

“ Ille ego, cui risus, rumores, festa, pu

ella, Vana libellorum scriptio, vita fuit ;


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