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for large merchant vessels, until its “ Albemarle-street, a street of excuurse became obstructed by these en- cellent new buildings, inhabited by croachments. It communicated its persons of quality, between the fields name to a street through which it and Portugal-street, right against the passed, and which is known to this N. W. end of St. James's-street. day by the name of Turnmillmor, by Arlington-street, a very graceful vulgar corruption, Turnbull street, and pleasant street of excellent houses, Cow-cross, West Smithfield ; winding inbabited by Nobility and Gentry; its way down the declivity of Cow it looks W. into St. James's Park, lane and Snow-hill, it discharged itself and runs parallel with St. James'sat Holborn-bridge inlo _Fleet-ditch street, out of Portugal-street. (anciently the river of Flete),' and Portugal-street, a very spacious thence into the Thames. I have been street, between the road to Kensing, told that there is a water-mill in ton and Piccadilly; length 500 yards. Turn-mill street, turned to this day This last quotation enables any one by the stream in question ; though in to deterinine where Piccadilly then most parts of the town through ended, and Portugal-street began. which it runs, it has long been arched The adoption of the latter name for over, (Compare Nic-Nac, vol. i. the newer buildings would seem to

show that they were begun to be

raised whilst Catherine of Portugal PICCADILLY.-It is, perhaps, not was Queen Consort-or before 1684. generally known, that in the year In the well-known Map, or View of 1708, the greater part of this street London, as it existed in the reign of bore the name of Portugal-street. Elizabeth, the whole of the present In the “ New View of London,' Piccadilly is marked as «« The Road published in that year, a Portugal- to Redinge." street is spoken of in terms wbich could only be applicable to a conti- CLERKENWELL PLAY8.-Interludes nuation of Piccadilly. Thus, Bur- or dramas were publicly represented, lington House is said to stand some centuries since, by the parishthe north side of Portugal-street, near clerks of London. On the 18th, 19th, Piccadilly; and Berkeley House, on and 20th, of July, 1390, they played the site of which Devonshire House before Richard the il., his Queen, has been since built, is thus men- avd Court; And in 1490 they pertioned :

formed a piece called • The Creation of Berkeley House, a spacious build the world,” for eight successive days, iug, on the north side of Portugal. to splendid audiences. These doings street, near Piccadilly, with a spacious are commemorated by an inscription, large court, now in the occupation of in raised letters, on a cast iron plate, the Duke of Devonshire. The house affixed to a pump, standing in front is built of brick, adorned with stone of the house (a bird shop), No. 4, at pilasters and an entablature and pe- the S. E. of Ray-st. Clerkenwell. It diment, all of the Corinthian order,

runs thus : under which is the figure of Britan

A. D. 1800, nia, finely carved in stone; and at some distance, on the east side of the court, is the kitchen and laundry ;

“ Joseph BIRD and, on the west side, stables and “ For the better accommodation lodging-rooms, which adjoin to the of the neighbourhood, this Pump was mansion by brick walls and two cir- removed to the spot where it now cular galleries, each elevated on co- stands. lumns of the Corinthian order, where “ The spring by which it is supare two ambulatories."

plied is situated four feet eastward, Again, in the list of streets, we and round it, as history informs us; find further instances of a denomina- the parish-clerks of London, in remote tivn now obsolete :



“WILLIAM BOUND ?Churchwardens,

J. B. M.

ages, annually performed sacred plays. And, therefore, do I smooth my brow, That custom caused it to be denomi- And brighten up mine eye, nated CLERKS' Well, and from And check the tear, though prompt to which this parish derives its name.

flow, The water was greatly esteemed

And stop the bursting sigh. by the prior and brethren of the order of St. John of Jerusalem, and the Benedictine Nuns* in the neighbour.. hood."

Interesting Varieties. ? Mr. Hone has printed an incorrect copy of this inscription in his “ Ancient Mysteries," î823. For “ GA8.-The light-house at Margate ally performed sacred plays," he has Pier is now illuminated by gas, which given, ".commonly performed;" and is the first experiment of the kind. A for “this parish derives its name, company also is forming, which inhe read, “ drived its name. A visit tends to contract for running the to the spot, will enable the antiquary mails, and other carriages, by means to decide whether his copy or mine is

of locomotive engines, impelled by the most faithful.

portable gas (Dec. 1824.)



3rd i

A PATRIOT (From voltaire's “ Age

of Louis xiy.") The moment which HEART-SICKNESS.

immortalizes Cardinal Mazarin, is There is no wrinkle on my brow,

the acquisition of Alsace. He added No sadness in mine eye ;

this province to France at the very. Who ever saw my tear-drops flow,

time that she was exclaiming against Or heard my plaintive sigh ?

him ; and by a singular fatality, did And ever jocund is my smile,

more good to the kingdom, when he And joyous is my tongue ;

was persecuted by it, than during the Who then would guess how all the while tranquillity of an uncoutroled power.

My heart of hearts is wrung? While jests are flowing from my lip,

APRIL has been remarkable for its While loudest is my laugh, Or while with those, who largest sip,

fatality to celebrated women; ecce. The cheering bowl I quaff,


DIED THE Who would suspect that all inside No touch of joy can feel ?

Jeanne de Navarre

2nd Or that a smiling face should hide Queen Elizabeth of England A soul of lifeless steel !

Mademoiselle de Montpensier 5th
Petrach's Laura.

6th Yet so it is! no care have I

Gabrielle d' Estrees

9th For ought I say or do ;

Madame de Sevigne

14th. Deep in yon grave my fond hopes lie,

Maintenon 15th Under the Church-yard yew.


15th I live without an aiman end


15th A purpose to pursues And care not how throngh life I wend,

Christina, Queen of Sweeden 19th

Judish, do. of France So that it WBRB passed through.

19th Dianna of Poictiers


CLIO. But why should I my friends torment

With sorrows all my own ?
It gives my bosom more content

To sit and sigh alone.

Subjoined are some Epigrams, Quib

bles, and Conceits of the 16th an 17th .The site of their convent is now centuries. The first and second are occupied by a Mr. Bound's iron-foundry. from “ Six Centuries of Epigrams, by

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Joko Heywood, 1547;"the three next 7. APPROPRIATÈ Venicie. from “ Epigrams by H. P. 1608;" and

Funus is coachd, and for his further the remainder from “ Rab and a Great

grace, Cast, and Runne and a Great Cast.

Doth ask his friends how he becomes The second bowle. In 200 Epigrams. the place? By Thomas Freeman, 1614.”.

Troth, I should tell him, the poore 1.-CONSANGUINITY.

coach hath w

wrong; In old world, when old wives bitterly And that a cart would serve to carry

dong. One devoutly, as by way of a boon,

8.-CONSEQUENCES. Ask'd vengeance on her husband, and to Peg would play false, but that she stands him said,

in fear $ Thou would'st wed a young wife ere I would shew within three quarters of a this week were done,

year. s Were I dead, but thou shalt wed the devil aş soon!"

She fancies, though she follows not, the cannot wed the devil," quod he.

game; Why?" quod she.

'Tis not for fear of sinne, but fear of * For I have wedded his dam before,

shame. quod hè.


Fungus the usurer's dead, and no will I wish thou had'st a little mouth, wife, kittle and little, to drop out words in

Whose are his goods ?-They say no strife!

heir he had. And I wish you,sir, a wide mouth,

for the Sure I should think (and so hath lama sonce,

assign'd) To speak all that ever you shall speak They are the devils, for he's next of


10.-ON DOLLY PREGNANT. Monos Skill in horses doth so much excel; Doll, learning propria quæ maribus That no man living breaks them half without booke, so well:

Like nomen crescentis genitivo did But see, one sithe shrew controls his art,


K. And, : worse, than all those horses


at once.



TO CORRESPONDENTS, Aske Ficus how his luck at dicing goes, Like to the tide (sáith he) it ebbes and The Editor has received Clio's. last flowes.

communication (25) and has commpi. Then I suppose his chance cannot be cated to Mr. Wallis the friendly propom good,

sal it conveyed.--Sandy Gordon puust For all men know'tis longer ebb than not be impatient, but may rely upod flood.

our promise.-" The Emigrant's return 5.-TA MANHAT ER.

to the House of his childhood' is en Sotus hates wise men, for himself is exquisitely pathetic and beautiful com

position: it shall appear immediately. none; Aõd fools he hates, because himself 'is RBCBIVBD.-Apexa Truth:LE

Geo. P. and Ariel.Alphus–J.H. B.

-and P. P. 6.-The TOOTH-ACHE. Mopsa had not (I heard her when she REJECTED.Lomax and se.

swore) The tooth-ache, not for twenty yeares

and more. Add well may Mopsa 'sweare, and sweare

LONDON---Printed and Published by ! . Wallis but truth,


Town ; and also published by C. Harris. Bow 'Tis above twenty since she had a tooth. for the Editor are received:

Street, Cerep! Garden, by whom Combination


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Torture, says Paley, in his " Prin- extort from him some secret which is ciples of Moral Philosophy," is ap- supposed to be concealed in his breast. plied, either to obtain confessions of This question by torture, however, guilt, or to prolong the pains of appear to be equivocal in its effects; death. No bodily punishment, how. for, since extremity of pain, and not ever excruciating or continued, re- any feeling of remorse, produces these ceives the name of torture, unless it effects, an innocent man may sink be designed afterwards to kill the cri- under the torture as soon as the guilminal by more lingering death, or to ty; or even abcuse bimself falsely, from the intense and almost irresisti- executioner, and those concerned in ble de ire of respite from his agony*; liis punishment, seemed to delight in for which reason, though recom- bis sufferings. mended by ancient and general example, it has been properly by the “[ this day saw the pan-tze, or inild and alitious system of jurispru- bambooing, inflicted upon one of the dener established in this country.- boatinen, and was surprised at the com(Compare Nic-Nac, vol. 2, p. 97) parative lenity of the punishment;

in many nations, however, and the strokes, 25 in number, were inflicespecially among those of the East, ted on the back part of the thighs with the application of torture is a com- a half bamboo, six feet long, and two mon pract:ce. Que of the infernal inches wide ; but so little force was modes inven:ed, either to punish used, that the suffering certainly did crime or force confession, is repre- not exceed that of a tolerably severe sented in our cut. The head and flogging at school. The culprit, acbeels of a criminal being forcibly cording to established usage, returns drawn towards each other, and made thanks, by prostration to the mandafast, he is suspended from a kind of rin, when the punishinent was over." gibbet, for a per:od proportioned to thie enor riity of bis oifenre, or until he declares himself willing to make a

TEA. full avriwal The degree of violence

Concluded from p. 396, vol. ii, emploved in distorting the culpritos spine, depends upon circumstances, Dr. Churchill, in bis “ Genuine but the exquisite agony it produces Guide to Health," has the following will be readily imagined.

remarks on the use of Tea, &c. which The abominable practice of extort. as they appear to differ from the opiing confession by the application of nion of physicians in general, we subtorture, is one of the worst part mit to the notice of our female of the criminal laws of China ; but friends : they pretend to say this mode is seldom resorted to, unless in cases where A vast deal of pains have been the guilt of the accused has been made taken by many authors, to prove that to appear almost certain by circum- foreign tea is uncommonly pernicious, stanti:l evidence. It is, however, a and the habitual drinking of it more cominon punishment in cases of mis- destructive to the human frame than demeanour, to squeeze the fingers even the frequent practice of drunkenviolently, and is particularly practised ness. It, however, unfortunately towards females who purchase licences happens for these alarmists, that there for breaking the rules of chastity. must be a positive negative to such

Descriptions of one or two other assertions, by a simple appeal to real modes of punishing offences among matter of fact. Had the article of this people are subjoined, which we te: been a new production about to have extracted from Ellis's “Embassy be introduced to general use, such to China,” 4to. 1817 :

insinuations might go down tolerably “We witnessed this morning the well

, and the dreadful effects attributpunishment of face slapping, indicted ed to it might operate as scarecrows, with a short piece of hide, half an to warn us of our danger; but as we inch thick ; the hair of the culprit know from experience, that nothing was twisted till his eyes almost started

of the kind dues nor ever did exist, froin the r sockets, and on his cheeks, consider it very little short of a libel much distended, the blows were on common understanding in any one struck. His crime was said to be who would be bold enough to advance rubbing from the baggage-boats ; the such : hypothetical dogmas, alto

gether unsubstantiated by reason or • Compare, Nic-Nac, vol. I, p. 397. truth.


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