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can union in the course of a year by a Mr. Clymer, a native of the exceeds twenty-five millions. The United States; the former are called number of newspaper establishments Stanhope, and the latter are called is much greater in proportion to the Columbian presses. number of papers sold, than in this The first machine used in London country. Few daily journals, we are was made, we believe, by two Saxons, told, number there more than one named Konig and Baur, in 1814. thousand three hundred subscribers, This machine, or one upon a similar and only three journals of any de- principle, is now in use, worked by scription reckon above four thousand steam, at the Times Office, and there five hundred.

are others in various other offices, Previous to the introduction of The great expense of erecting maMachines into the business of print- chines worked by steam, led to the ing, the press department was one of invention of others, which are worked great labour and difficulty, and the by hand, but which have been liable number of copies of a newspaper, to many objections on the score of which could be printed within the the labour requisite in turning the hour, seldom exceeded 750*, wheel, and the injury to the type. with extraordinary exertion. The The number of newspapers printed consequence was, that in newspaper weekly in the united kingdom, as offices, where the circulation was exten- shewn above, is nearly a million. We sive, it was found necessary, in order shall now say something of the peto get the paper published in time, to riodical press, exclusive of newspacompose two or more copies, so that by pers. Thirty years ago, the number going to press at the same time, the of weekly publications in the metrodemands of the public might be com- polis did not exceed 110 ; we may now, plied with ; thus occasioning an enor- without exaggeration, state them at mous increase of expenditure both in 150. The monthly periodicals have the compositors' and press depart- not increased to the same extent, bements. In a newspaper circulating cause the increase in the weekly ones seven or eight thousand copies, this has naturally prevented it; but they expense, annually, could not have

are very numerous. In addition to been less than £2,000; all of which the periodical publications of the mehas been saved by the introduction of tropolis, we may notice several, and machines, which are worked by steam many of them of real talent, in the or hand. A few years ago, the presses large towns, such as Edinburgh, Dubin use at most of the newspaper of- lin, Glasgow, and Liverpool. It is fices, were of wood, and were found not in our power to state their prewholly inadequate to the purpose ; cise number, but it is certainly within by degrees, iron presses, which com- bounds to estimate them at 50, so bined greater rapidity with equality that the total of the weekly periodiof impression were introduced, and cals would be 200. The number of became general. Those most in use sheets printed must also, in some dewere invented by Earl Stanhope, and gree, be matter of doubt; but, from

accounts which have been delivered to + This estimation is for newspapers

us, and which we have every reason only ;—the regular number of sheets to consider authentic, we may strike of hookwork being averaged at 250 per an average of at least 2,000. Many of hour. It is a curious fact, that with the these works do not exceed 1,000; but ordinary presses, the workmen in Paris

there are several which exceed 5000; are supposed to labour hard, when they

consequently, our estimate will not throw off only 500 copies per hour. In this country, the same opinion is enter

be extravagant: we shall thus have a tained when the pressmen do 750 per weekly account of 400,000 sheets of hour. Does this arise from the greater paper, used for literary, pulitical, and comparative strength, or industry of scientific, publications, in adılition to Englishmen?

the 300,000 newspapers already no.

NO. VIII.

ticed, making a total of 700,000, to at least, that we live in a reading and which may be added the weekly pro- a thinking country. portion of the magazines which are published monthly. The number of LONDON TOPOGRAPHER. Sheets thus used appears, from the accounts which we have been able to collect, to be about 280,000 monthly, BLACK BOY AND Camel, in Leaderwhich would be 70,000 weekly : this ball Street.—This tavern, situated added to 700,900, would make a total up a narrow passage, a few yards of 770,000 weekly, or 40,040, 000 westward of the East-India House, annually, without reference to books, is one of the oldest in London, and is pamphlets, or any productions not said to be one of the places where stirctly periodical. This number re

Guy Fawkes and his associates assemduced into reams, would make 80, bled to concert means for carrying 080, whicli, at an average of thirty the Powder-Plot into effect. shillings per ream, would be £120, 920 expended for paper, annually;

to GUNPOWDER Plot. The house in which inay be added, at least £ 100, which Lord Monteagle resided at the 000 for the expenses of editing and time of his receiving the letter respecprinting. Our sum total of expendi- ting the Gunpowder-Plot in the year tare by the periodical press, annually, 1605, is yet, in part, standing. It is will, therefore, be as follows: situated in Monteagle Close, in the

Borough, and is occupied by a cooper, Paper

120,120

who has converted what ground reStamps For newspapers 346,667

mains attached to it, to the purpose Expenses of editing and print

of his business. ing newspapers

293,000 Ditto for other periodical pub

Cock LANE.—The house in this lane, lications

100,000 rendered famous by the visits of the

ghost, is (or lately was) inhabited by

£859,787 a plaster-figure-maker. expended annually by the periodical Long STREETS. The longest streets press, exclusive of the duty paid to in London without coach-turnings, government, as duty upon advertise

are Sackville Street, Piccadilly, and ments. If we carry the statement Bedford Place, Russell Square. further, by way of curiosity, we shall find that the number of sheets printed BROARD Streets.--Though the souupon annually, in this kingdom, in thern end of George Street, Hanover periodical works, would, if laid toge Square, is rather narrow, the norTher, cover a space of nearly 19,000 tern end is wider than Portland Place. aniles, taking the average size of the sheet at about two feet and a half. PRINCES SQUARE, between Little From all that we have stated, it will Queen Street, Holborn, and Gate Jeadily be conceived, that the present Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields, contains improved state of society, and perfec- one house only. tion which we witness in the various departments of life, are entirely to be BANK STREET, CORNHILL, though ascribed to the mighty engine-the one of the greatest thoroughfares in press. It must, of course, strike every the world, bas but two doors that one with wonder that so immense a

open into it;

and Engine Street, Picnumber of periodical works should be cadilly, has but one. published, when the population is considered; but as there is no such High House. The house which thing as setting up an opinion with consists of more Stories than any success, agaiust a fact, we can only other in London, is in Cheapside, observe, that our calculation proves next to Bow Church.

PIPES.

HOGSHEADS.

BRIDGE WARD. Though an alder- imprisonment in the Tower, on the man is returned for the Ward of day she was released, entered the first “ Bridge Without,” the Ward does church she found open which was not contain a single inhabitant, and Allhallows Staining. She then went, therefore I am at a loss to know by with her attendants, to the house whom he is chosen. The cause is, (then and now) called The King's that in former days the electors con- Arms Fenchurch Street, No. 53) sisted of the inhabitants of houses where she dined on pork and peasestanding on London Bridge, all of pudding. The dish and cover, of a which have long since been pulled mixed metal, yet hang over the firem down.

place, and a portrait of the Queen,

copied from a painting by Hans Hela DECREASE OP POPULATION.–From bein. The event is celebrated by an the circunstance just noticed, annual dinner, on the 17th of Nov., and various other concurring causes, her birth day, which has been selected; that part of London called the City because the real day is lost'*. contains fewer/inhabitants now (1825) than it did in 1700. The fondness of the citizens for country boxes is

Interesting Varieties.. the principal of these. I was looking the other day at a plan of Lon- Wine Brewing is the chief trade in don, as proposed by Sir c. Wren to Guernsey, as the Custoin-Books of be rebuilt after the great fire, some

that island testify, by which it appears comments subjoined to which, after that in the year of 1812 the followdeploring its rejection, observed, “ If ing quantities of wine were shipped the City had been built in this mag

For Guernsey and From Guernsey :nificent and useful form, would the werchants and other great tradesmen

Imported - 135

20 move out so frequently as they do to

Exported - 2245 162 other parts of the town, more com

(Compare Nic-Nac, vol. i. p.246 ) modious and healthy, which in time must render the City little better Coals:-In 1823 a Committee was than a warehouse ?"

appointed by the Common Council of

London, to inquire into the cause of LONDON BRIDG&.-" The London the high price of Coals. From their Chronicle," of August 16, 1760, says, Report (which was presented in Janu“ In pulling down the house, called ary 1824) it appeared that in 1800 the Chapel-house, on London Bridge,

one million chaldrons, Winchester there has been found this week a very

measure (i.e. 36 bushels) were brought antique marble font, &c. &c. The into the Port of London, while in the stones used in the building of this following years the quantity decreased. structure, were so strongly cemented

A member, however, asserted that with different kinds of mortar, and

100,000 chaldrons more were brouglit strong iron clamps, that the workmen

in 1823 than in 1822. have found a most difficult task in the demolition of it, which is not yet Roads:- The, summit of the hill ou completed."

the Highgate Archway road, is 338 feet above Trinity High-water Mark, at

Blackfriars Bridge." (First Report of King's ARM, FENCHURCH STREBT. the Holyhead Road Commissioners, The following extract from

Hugh- 1824.) son's London may induce some of my readers to take a dinner at the above Value op Houses.--In May 1824 a tavern--as I did the other day, when mansion at Leeds, which had previI found things remaining just as described, and got clear off for Is. 6d. • Nicholls, in his “ Progresses,” says

“ The Princess Elizabeth, after her she came out of the Tower in May.

CLIO.

on

CLIO.

ously been the residence of the Post.' · Brevity. The following is the Master, was pulled down, and sold, method recommended by Swift for. when the materials produced more , disusing superfluous letters : than the house had cost in building,

“Dr In, u r a bu t.” 120 years before.

i. e“ Dear Helen, you are a beauThe Hour Glass, or the TOMB ty." OF ALCIPPUS.-Among the poems

of the Amalthei, three poetical brothers,

Oldys.—The following anagram in the sixteenth century, and perhaps

the well-known bibliographer the best Latin poets and most ele

William Oldys, may claim a place gant scholars of their age, there is a among the best productions of this very pretty Epigram on the ashes of class. Oldys wrote it, and it was a lover, made into sand for an hour- found by his executors in one of his

MSS. glass, which may be thus imitated :

W. 0. The dust that here divides the flight of In word and WILL I AM a friend to time,

you, And to and fro, with ceaseless motion And one friend OLD IS worth a hun. hies,

dred new. Was once Alcippus ; in his youth's fond prime

A SIMILE. Reduced to ashes by fair Galla's eyes.

Why can,” quoth Grig, Poor restless dust! in thee how sure a

Yon little pig, test,

• With tail in curly trim, That hapless love can never hope for 66 A likeness boast rest!

- To Hamlet's ghost,

“ So ghastly and so grim ?"
Wit's Nunchion.

" Zooks !” cried Tom Dodd,
“ Your question's odd;

"Twould sages pose of old.” Legal W1T.-A barrister having ta. or Why, 'cause," quoth Grig, ken up his quarters at an inn, with

• You silly. prig, the landlord of which he was acquain- " It could A TAIL UNFOLD." ted, was consulted by the host what he should do in the case of a man Memento Mori ---- The following who had brought an action against appropriate inscription is affixed to him, though he had in return a de- the window of an Undertaker's shop mand upon his creditor. The barris- in the vicinity of Golden Squareter desired time to consider of it, as Lodgings for Single Gentlemen," he said it was a nice case, and would give his opinion in the morning. QUIBBLE.-A deserter,lately brought When day broke, he mounted his up handcuffed from Eseter, assured house; and, without troubling the his brother-soldiers on his arrival, landlord for his bill, left the following that he camne by" forced marches" to solution :-"I am of opinion, that join them. the best thing you can do, is to follow my example-make a set off."

TO CORRESPONDENTS.

We have received the further communia CLAIMING ACQUAINTANCE.—A'gentle- cations of Jenny Trapes—Priapusman boasting, in company that he .G. Sneyd--Larry—T. T.--and X. Y. always arose at four o'clock, a wag re- Is there nothing we can do to express plied, “ I am sorry to hear you claim our sense of the kindness Javani has an acquaintance with the gallows." displayed to wards us. Priapus won't do. (gallus.*)

Camden Town ; and, also Published by C. Harns, Bow

Street, Covent Garden, by whom Communiealog) * The Latin word for a Cock. for the Editor are received.

P. P.

LONDON.-Printed and Published by V. Wallis

OR,
LITERARY CABINET.

No. 109.

SATURDAY, JANUARY 29, 1825.

VOL. III.

« Praise us as we are tasted ; allow us as we prova: Our head shall go bare till Merit crown it."'

--SHAKSPEARE

AMERICANTS IN CHINA.

on

It may be recollected that a few wound, as the Chinese asserted, years ago a disturbance took place one of the temples, but this was stated between the Americans and the Chi- by the Americans to have been made nese, of the same nature as has two by the Chinese after she was found or three times occurred between the drowned. The family to which the English and the Chinese, on allega- woman belonged, threatened, next tion of murder, or some other morning, to represent the alleged charge. The complaints against the murder to the Chinese authorities, English sailors have usually been of and to demand the murderer to be delithe most vague and frivolous nature, vered

up

for trial; but at the same and occasioned more by the wish of time gave them to understand, that exacting moncy, than by any belief all would be hushed up if the Amerithat the crimes had been committed. cans would give them three or four The firmness of the Company's offi. hundred dollars. This was refused, cers has on every occasion resisted and on some of the inferior Mandarins these attempts to impose, and the getting notice of it, the demand was best results have followed ; but the encreased to as many thousand dolo' conduct of the Americans on the late lars. The Americans still refusing occasion is likely, in the opinion of to pay this douceur or bribe (as the those best acquainted with the charac- unfortunate man had no money), alter of the Chinese, to threaten very though they were aware the affair serious evils to the English and other was taking a serious turn, the Man-' Europeans at a future time. We darins at Canton were informed of it, have seen several accounts of the who immediately demanded the man transaction, but we believe the folo for trial. All trade with the Ameri: lowing to be the most correct account can ships in Canton river was immen of the affair:

diately stopped. A seaman, a native of Italy, then T'he Americans, at first, steadily": acting second officer on board an refused to give the man up, and the American vessel, observing a woman Chinese came to the resolution of tryband some samsoo (spirits) into one ing him on board his own ship, to of the ports of the ship, threw a small which the Americans consented. Dur.' stone jar at her, which struck her ono ing the mock trial, not one witness was one of the temples. The woman, examined for the defendant, and the either stunned by the blow, fell over- Chinese also refused admittance to Dr. board and immediately sunk, or fell Morrison, who volunteered his ser- : overboard in consequence of the pin, vices as interpreter at the trial. The on which the oar was fastened, break- inan was of course found guilty by' ing on her pulling away from the such a tribunal, and it was now more ships : both accounts are given. She insisted on that he should be given was found next morning at some dis- up. It was likewise demanded that tance from the ship, with a small he should be confined in irons, which

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