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ing straps that often ran through should always be a consideration subthe canvas of the pallet."

'ordinate to correctness, In the external part of the building, We are not aware of any remarkthe progress

of improvement was from able circumstances connected with the clay, to lath and plaster, such as dis- history of these edifices, vor any partinguish the ancient houses in London ticular interest which attaches to them, Wall

, represented in our cut, and beyond that arising from their antisuch as are still to be seen in Holy- quated appearance. They stand nearly wel! Street, the Strand, &c. At first at the S.W. corner of Moorfields; and the ceilings were formed of rude raf- they who wish to prove the accuracy ters only ; those of mortar and lime of our print, should inspect them from were a later custom. Country houses the opposite gateway, at the eastern were generally covered with shingles extremity of the chapel in Moorgate, or thin boạrds ; but slates and tiles lately occupied by the Rev.A. Fletcher were soon found necessary in towns of match-breaking celebrity: this beand cities, to prevent damages by fire. ing the point of view from which the These latter buildings were very solid, drawing was taken. The house (No. and consisted of many stories projec- 38) partly shewn on the right, is at ting over each other, so far, that in present occupied by a fishimonger, narrow lanes, &c. the windows on named Allwinkle; the next by a buteach side nearly met. The walls in cher; then occurs a narrow passage ; wealthy houses were decorated either and farther eastward is the house of with tapestry, arras, or painted Mr. Wright, hairdresser (No. 40), cloths, exhibiting divers histories, or distinguished by the carved ornaments herbs, beasts, &c. Till pewter was in front. The last building on the introduced, both yeomen and peasants left, opposite to which is the lady put up with wooden trenchers and meeting a porter carrying goods, is platters. Silver plate, china, and the hemp warehouse of a Mr. Ridley delft have succeeded : and, generally (No. 41). Two houses beyond, there speaking, the conveniences within, is a tavern (No. 43) known by the have kept pace with the improvements name of the Three Colts, in front of without.

which there appears this inscriptionTo render this sketch complete, it The OLDEST WINE-VAULTS may be proper to observe, that the LONDON. Upon this subject, our eumbrous brick building with case- artist writes to us as follows :ment windows, succeeded those of “ While I was employed in making lath and plaster, while the more mo- your sketch, a person, who it seems dern mode at once unites elegance and is proprietor of the neighbouring capaciousness

public-house, and was evidently desiTo illustate these remarks, we have rous to have his dwelling appear "in caused a drawing to be made by Mr. print," informed me that Stowe gives Findlay, of some curious old houses some curious particulars respecting it, now standing in London Wall; and the as it was the first that obtained a lie minute fidelity with which he has ex- cence from the Exchequer for the sale ecuted the task will be instantaneously of liquors; and that mention is also felt and acknowledged by any one made of the old house which I hare who troubles himself to visit the spot, made the centre and principal feature for the purpose of comparing the co- of the drawing." We have accordpy with the original; it will be seen ingly referred to Stowe, but without that while the artist has combined having our searel rewarded by a disspirited execution with perfect fideli- covery of the

curious particulars" ty, he has neither added nor omitted alluded to, the minutest feature of the scene, for We recommend such of our readers the purpose of making " a pretty pic- may visit this spot, to cuotinue ture." This is as it should be in their walk to the S. E. extremity of such subjects as this, mere effect Moorfields and turn into Great Win.


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chester Street so called, we imagine, usual, and excluding their customers because 'tis short and narrow-which from any participation in those advanthey will find, as a whole, one of the tages which in fairness ought to have most perfect remains of Old London been generally diffused. A few spirito now in existence. While looking up ed individuals soon put a stop to this it, from Moorfields, the spectator is system, by opening shops, where the almost tempted to fancy that he is best meat might be purchased at very gazing through the long vista of reduced prices. At first, as might departed days," at one of the metro naturally have been expected, these politan streets as they appeared in interlopers on the regular traders 1600,

were pronounced mere impostors, and the articles in which they dealt were

described as " the refuse of the marDOMESTIC MATTERS. ket,” -as meat of very inferior quality.

A few trials soon put these imputaSo much has recently been said on tions to the test, and the public finding the rise which has taken place in the that they could, at the cheap shops, prices of the ordinary necessaries of buy meat as good, and at two-thirds life, as compared with the prices of the of the money exacted by their ordinary same articles one or two years back, tradesmen, the good effect of competithat we have been induced, to lay be- tion became visible, and an immediate fore our readers a scale of the actual and very general reduction took place retail prices at which most of the arti- in all quarters. It is still to bę recles of common consumption are now marked, however, that there are yet selling in the inetropolis. This may two, if not three prices, obtained for prove useful not only to those who meat of the same quality,a

circumstance inay be in the habit of placing implicit which is to be attributed to various confidence in their servants and causes, some of which are sufficiently tradesmen, but may also lead to an

cogent;—for instance, a fair distinction interesting comparison between the is to be made between a ready money town and country markets.

and a credit customer. The ipan who BUTCHER'S MEAT.

exacts a credit of one, two, three, or Perhaps at no period during the four years, and sometimes of longer recollection of the major part of the continuance,capnot expect to be served existing generation were the prices of on the same terms with the indiri. butcher's ineat at a lower rate than dual who carries his cash in his hand. in the year 1822, a fact which, afforded Some allowance ought also to be made but too conclusive a proof of the dis for the situation in which a butcher tress to which the farmer must neces. may live. If, for the convenience of sarily liave been exposed, and the im- his customers, he occupies an expeupossibility of his being long enabled to sive house, where his rent and taxes support the burdens which he was are heavy, we think he is also entitled ealled upon to bear. In this case, to some consideration. There however, as in many others, what was other causes, which will naturally the loss of the few was the gain of the suggest themselves to our readers, and many, and the public at large were which ought likewise to operate as benefited by the state of things. The an excuse for what might othermarkets were evidently overstocked, wise seen extoștionate. The saine and the prices, as a natural conse- causes apply to the prices charged for quence, proportionably low.

all the other articles which we shall For a considerable period the retail bereafter enumerate; and candour prices were known to be in no respect having called upon us to make this proportioned to the wholesale. The admission, we trust we shall not be butchers seemed to have silently ac- coosidered as intending to interfere quiesced in taking to themselves a with the reasonable and legitimate farger proportion of profits than profits of any class of tradesmen, gp



improperly to expose them to ani- in the same proportion, the size of madversion. The prices we shall quote his penny rolls. We have occasionally are for “ ready money only;" and in seen rolls at the present price of the almost every case, we can speak from quartern loaf, -und for which a penny personal experience of their accuracy.

has been exacted, not one atom larger

than when the price was 18d. BREAD. We lately read a very sensible Es

FISH. say, by which it was proved that the price of flour is by no means propor. London market in which the prices

There is perhaps no article in the tioned to the price of wheat, and that,

vary so much as in fish. So much dein consequence, the price of the

quartern loaf is enhanced beyond the fair pends on the supply at Billingsgate,

and so much on the circumstances price at which the public is entitled to receive it. The miller, perhaps, ra

under which the sale takes place, that ther than the baker, is the individual it is difficult to fix an aggregate price. to whom the imposition is attribut

It has been observed, however, that

there are few classes of tradesinen who able; and we have only to hope that some respectable man of this class, co

make more rapid fortunes than fishoperating with a baker, may adopt a

mongers, having good connection. plan by which both himself and the

We have known instances where the public may be benefitted. If the agri- size and quality, has been charged in

same description of fish, both as to culturist were to be the gainer by the present prices, as they exist, we are

one place double the price at which satisfied the consumer would never

you could have obtained it at another. complain ; but, unhappily, the fact Of late years

, however, the establishis known to be otherwise. There are

ment of numerous competitors has Cheap Bakers” as well as Cheap

tended greatly to prevent these in

positions. Nevertheless Butchers ;” and with bread, as with


heard of instances in which we think meat, some advantage have been derived from that circumstance. The prices One case will suffice. Some years

a large extra profit was fairly due. at present obtained for bread are as follow :

back an old gentleman, dressed in

plain attire, and of venerable appearThe best wheaten, from 10d. to

ance, entered a celebrated fishmonger's 11d. per quartern.

shop in Piccadilly, and addressing himHousehold, from 8d. to 91d. per self to the proprietor, proposed dealquartern; the quality of the lower ing with him for fish. The man exprice being quite as good as that of pressed his willingness to supply bim. the higher. Independent of the tricks This must be, however," said the of the miller, we have endeavoured to old gentleman,

upon one condition find some other excuse for the mainte- --namely, that during my life you nance of high prices, but can discover never ask for payment !" The fishi

Allum, so necessary” an monger considered for a short time, ingredient in the manufacture of the and finally acquiesced in the terms loaf, has not advanced a farthing ; proposed, and did accordingly furnish and potatoes, frequently a substitute the necessary supplies. The old genfor flour, are as abundant and as tleman was the late Duke of Portland, cheap as they have been for many and at his death the fishmonger's bill years. Under these circumstances we amounted to 80001. It was honourmay fairly conclude, that in the article ably discharged by the noble Duke's of bread, a gross imposition is practised executors. We do not mean to state on the public.

that many such eccentric bargains as While on this subject, it would be thi have been made, but we know it as well perhaps to suggest to the ba- very often happens that extremely ker, that when bread falls in price, it long credits are taken, and that, not would be desirable for him to increase, unfrequently, the pay-day never ar



șives. Persons dealing on such terms tune, and he does so, according to the must not expect to have their fish at well known plan adopted by most of ready money prices. We should not speculating fortune-hunters, forget too, that all the great fishmon- namely, by “ matrimony." To speak gers are at considerable expense in plainly, but at the same time to use providing a large assortment, which the technical term of the practised is often not sold, and consequently coal dealers, he“ marries" a bad coal lost, and that they incur heavy charges with a good one; and thus it often in keeping ice to preserve their fish happens, when five chaldrons of the in good condition. Such men cannot, best coals are ordered and paid for, of course, afford to compete with a two-thirds of them are of inferior hawker whose whole shop is simply a quality, purchased in the market at basket, and whose stock in trade fre- perhaps 36s., or at the most forty quently consists of the refuse of the shillings, per chaldron. Hence the market. Fishmongers also at times difference which is often observed in send fish on shew to the larder of large fires made by coals taken from the taverns, which is often returned un. same cellar. The best Wall's End is a sold.

fine bituminous coal, yielding a good

black cinder, with very little dust, COALS.

Whereas the inferior coal is a dry We now come to the prices charg- substance, burning quickly, and yield. ed for coal, at this season of the year ing a dirty red and white ash, the ill a most important article of family effects of which inost good housewives consumption. Of all the things have had but too much reason to dewhich we have enumerated, we believe plore. Such marriages as we have there are none in which more gross described, are prohibited by law ; but impositions are practised than in nevertheless, from experience, we coals. The generality of our readers know that they are but too frequent; may not be aware, that in the printed and a sop to Cerberus," otherwise list of coals brought into the port of a douceur to the cook, often prevents London, and sold on the Coal Ex, exposures

which might otherwise change, there are no less than seventy- prove dangerous to future custom. one different sorts enumerated-name- It may not be unprofitable to state, ly, forty from Newcastle, fourteen that these frauds, if discovered, are from Blyth, Scotland, Wales, and punishable by heavy penalties; and Yorkshire, and seventeen from Sun- we know, where suspicion exists of derland; all these coals come from the practice, that there are persons to different mines which are more or less be found perfectly competent to discelebrated, and in proportion to their tinguish the best Russell's Wall's End quality obtain a greater or less price from any inferior coal. Of these, Russell's Wall's End are safeguards exist against short meaconsidered the best. On the last mar, sure, but still we see that the coal. ket day these fetched 43s. 6d. and 44s. merchant is not always in the habit per chaldron, in the Pool; and the of “ remembering his friends" in yendor being allowed to add 8 or 10 bumper bushels."

With these few per chaldron to this price to cover the hints we have only to add, that coals various charges which he incurs before of various qualities may be purchased he delivers them to his customers, the at retail prices, from 40s, to 50s. per retail price for these best coals at pre- chaldron. We would only recommend sent may be taken at 53s. and 51s. that those who pay the best price per chaldron. If the coal merchant should see that they have the best coal, were satisfied with the profit which is and where they discover the contrary, thus atforded him, the consumer that they will not fail to punish the would have no reason to complain, but author of the fraud. Be it rememunfortunately this is not the case; he bered also, that persons purchasing wishes to take a quicker road to for- five chałdrors of coals are entitled tý

The same

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receive 63 sacks, being three sacks in- offspring, caressed him as if he were grain, and that where two chaldrons actually her young one, and became so and a-half are purchased, one sack in- jealous of his moving froin her, that grain is due. Among petty dealers he could never get away without this little advautage is sometimes for- throwing his outer garment round a gotten. We know those in the trade, person of his own size, and leaving however, who would not sanction any him to keep his place till his returu. of the fraudulent tricks which we have To add to the excessive stupidity of enumerated.

this animal in making so unatural a MILK.

mistake, it should be mentioned that, This innocent beverage maintains when its own real offspring was the prices obtained for many years, brought to her, she rejected it entirenamély-Best milk 4d. per quart.

ly, and continued her maternal atten-Cream 4s. to 5s. per quart.

tions to the young adopted son for The consumer is at the mercy of months afterwards. the retail dealer as to the quantity of (Calcutta Paper, Sep. 1823.) water which his anxiety for the delicacy of his customer's stomach may Matrimony. The following parainduce him to mix with the genuine graph is copied from an American par commodity.

per : “ A very singular circumstance

respecting a case of divorce, has reInteresting Varieties. cently occurred in the state of Illinois.

The Kaskakia paper contains at

length the petitions of Catharine White Bait.-Sir Joseph Banks Wageman and Johann H. C. Wageonce assured a gentleman that he and man,reciprocally complaining of each several of his friends had occupied other, and mutually praying the Lethemselves in endeavouring to ascer, gislature to release them from their tain the species of fish those called The Legislature granted their White Bait belong to, and the result request; and in three little months of their inquiry was that they are afterwards, the same parties took each nothing else than Young Sprats. This other for better for worse, and were opinion, however, has been strenuously again united in the holy bands of madisputed, and the question still re- trimony !''.

Clio.. mains undecided.

(Compare “ Man and Wife," p. !88 of

our second Volume.) POPULATION.-Some faint idea of the mass of people crowded together Storms.So tempestuous was the in the metropolis, may be gathered weather during February 1823, that from the subjoined statement of the the quantity of rain which fell could number of persons resident within the not be ascertained at the Sunburgcity boundaries and two parishes only: Head Lighthouse, Shetland, the spray City of London

47,000 getting into the gauge, though 300 St. Marylebone 90,000 feet above high water mark ! St. Pancras


FRENCH FARMERS.- -From the ANIMAL STUPIDITY.-A camel be- “ Rural Rides in Normandy,” (publonging to a gentleman at Delhi was lished in the M. Herald, Sep. 1823), delivered of its first born at the usual it appears that French Farmers, be

It happened, however, that sides being liable to the Conscription, after the birth, the young camel was and heaven knows what, have heavy taken from her, and the first object assessments to pay for the roads, while on which the dam cast her eyes was a the rich gallop over them without young man who had been sent to at- paying a sous ; that they contribute tend her during the delivery. The eight francs per acre, land-tax; that camel mistaking this youth for its own it costs every farmer £125 to get a



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