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ATROCIOUS MURDER OF THE MARCHIONESS DU GANGE, A CELEBRATED FRENCH BEAUTY.

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MARIA DE ROSSAN, the most beau." and corrosive sublimate. He was tiful woman of her time, and who' followed by the Chevalier, who, on served as a model for the celebrated coming, in laid his hand on his sword. Mignard to paint a perfect beauty, “ Madam," said the Abbe," you was left a widow at the age of nine- must dies-choose by fire, by poison, teen; when she married as a second or by the sword.” Die!" cried husband the Marquis du Gange. the Marchioness, “what crime have The happy days of the marriage state I committed ?" “ Take your choice, were but brief, for her hushand's Madam," replied the Chevalier, jealousy soon rendered her miserable. we will choose for you.” The MarThe Abbe and the Chevalier du chioness then, raising her eyes to Gange, brothers of the Marquis, Heaven to invoke vengeance on those brought on the climax of her wretch- monsters, received the cup containing edness. They were two of the most the fatal liquid, which she swallowed abandoned men that trod the earth. with the pistol pointing at her. As They both fell in love with the Mar- much of the poisonous ingredients chioness, and dared to make propo- had, in the meantime settled at the sals to her, which this virtuous wo- bottom, the Chevalier made it into a man rejected with contempt. Irri- pastil and gave it to the Marchioness, tated by this repulse, they united to saying, Corne, madam, you must gether, and thought only of ven- swallow the pill.” The Marchioness geance. They infused a thousand took it, but left it in her mouth, and suspicions into the breast of the Mar- having laid down in her bed, rejected quis, and inflamed his jealousy to it without their observing her. Seesuch a pitch, that he consented to ing them remain by her, she said, have her destroyed through their “You are satisfied, I presume: you agency: He set out for Avignon, will not surely carry your barbarity and left his wretched wife at his Cas- so far as to destroy my soul; in the tle du Gange, which was about nine- name of God send me a confessor." teen leagues from that place. The They retired, closing the door after Abbe and the Chevalier, seeing their them, and went in search of a Priest victim delivered over to them, lost no who had been five and twenty years time in gratifying their vengeance. in their service. During this time One dav, when the Marchioness was the Marchioness, without suffering confined to her bed by a slight indis. herself to be overcome by the sight of position, the Abbe went into her certain death, rose, dressed, and room, holding in one hand a pistol, gained a corridor, which overlovked and in the other a mixtuja of arsenic the tower court of the castle. As she was preparing to take the sheets the Abbe remained outside to keep off or any thing else to assist her escape, the populace. These two monsters the Priest made his appearance.

The

wished to prevent her from obtaining Marchioness thought only of throw- assistance until the poison had began ing herself out of her window, which to operate. It was of so corrosive a would have dashed her to pieces, as nature as to turn black the skin of she must have fallen head formost; the bosom, on which a few drops had but at that moment the Priest coming fallen. Feeling, probably, a burning up, caught the lower part of her dress, hat, she made signs for some water, which being but of taffety remained which a young woman brought her in his hand. This fortunate accident in a large glass. The Chevalier obbroke her fall, and she fell on her serving that every one had withdrawn feet, without any other injury than a into an adjoining room, broke the few contusions. The Priest, who glass in her mouth, and stabbed her was doubtless in the secret, ran to a twice with bis sword. She cried out window, under which the Marchion- for help, but before it could arrive, ess was obliged to pass, and threw the infuriated wretch gave her more out upon her a large vase full of wounds and Aed. « T'he deed is water, which must certainly have done,” said he to his brother ;. “ let killed her, had it not happily fallen us withdraw."

The Abbe wishing by her side. Having passed on, she to be assured of it hinself, went in sat down and endeavoured to bring armed with a pistol, and would have on vomiting. She thrust the tresses fired at her if those present had not of her hair in her mouth, and as the fallen on him. He defended himself fall had thrown her whole frame into with hands and fire-arms, but at a cominotion, she without difficulty length finding himself unable to keep rejected all she had previously swal- up the contest, he made his escape. lowed. Finding lierself released, slie The Marchioness, after languishing proceeded to her right towards the for some time, expired, and her body stables, and meeting the groom, she having been opened, the stomach was cried out, “My friend, open the sta- found to have been burnt by the ble to me; I am pursued : save my mere contact of the poison, the malife!" The groom immediately ran lignity of which had affected even the to her assistance, and took her in bis tresses of her hair which she put into arms as she was fainting. He carried her mouth, and had turned them as her to a place, where he believed he black as ink. The murderers were could obtain assistance. In his way pursued, but they anticipated pursuit he met some people, and put her un- by leaving the kingdoin, and were der their care. In the mean time the never after heard of. The Marquis Abbe and the Chevalier, informed by afterwards shot himself on discoverthe Priest of her escape, sought for ing the innocence of the unfortunate her on every side, and at last per- victim of his jealousy. ceived her taking flight. They pursued her, crying out to the crowd which had assembled, that their sister was mad As she was almost naked,

PUSS'S LETTER OF INTROand without shoes and stockings, and as her hair was dishevelled, and her

DUCTION. dress torn, the people were at a loss Mr. Ediror,—The following letter what to think They therefore suf- was, by a witty friend of ours, litefered the Marchioness to flee, and the rally put into the mouth of a hare, two brothers to pursue her. They which he sent as a present to a lady ; overtook her at about a mile from and, as it may vie with most compo. the castle, at the house of a trades- sitions of the kind in easy bumour, I man named Duprat, where she rusii- doubt not you will readily insert it ed in pursued by the Chevalier, while in your next number. I shall only observe, that wit, when it thus relaxes and stuffing me well, and calling itself into harmless merriment, has a me very pleasant at table, you were, thousand charms, which it wants for your own pleasure, to roast when it is employed in biting irony me, and cut me up, and make game and sarcasm; and, as it would be of me, before all the ladies, who well if all sportsmen would, some- will be picking and nibbling at me; times, put themselves in the place of and so I should soon be completely hares and partridges, and try to think dished, and positively torn to pieces a little of their feelings, so it would among you all. I trust, however, be happy for us honest, simple dogs, to your kindness, not to bring any if the Nimrods amongst the wits pert saucy puppies to meet me, as I would not make quite so free with have suffered so much from that yelptheir licences, but would check a little ing race, that I have quite a borror of their ardour for sporting, and, when- the young dogs, and it is death to me ever they have no gaine to give away,

to meet them ; unless I can run away, take care not to make game of their which I am afraid is not so much in friends. Yours, truly,

my power, lately, as it used to be, S. when I was at my mother's.

“ I believe, good inadam, that you

have had very close connections with “ Tuesday, February 18, 1806. several of my relations before now, « My Good MADAM,

particularly the young Master Le“I am but just come up, verets, who used to come frequently with three of iny poor brothers, from to town to see you, and though they the country, where we were born and were all hare-brained brats, you inbred, and have lived all our lives, troduced them to your acquaintances, amusing ourselves with running and stuffed them, and jugged them, about in the fields, or enjoying our- and gave thein wine and currant jelly, selves in a pleasant seat; till a pack and put nice new coats upon their of impudent hounds came into the backs; and you even went so far as neighbourhood, and seemed to think to say (I mention this privately, as I all our family fair game; so that we don't want to make mischief), that were so ill used, that many of us you were very fond of them indeed, were absolutely run down, and and you seemed ready to eat them hunted to death, and those who got up!!! They must have all loved off by hair-breadth 'scape were way. you very much, for not one of them laid and shot at by gangs of assassins ever came back again. I have no with fire arms I have very little to doubt, that with your accustonied say for myself by way of introduc- goodness, you will treat me with a sition, being naturally of a shy and milar degree of kindness, and that I rather inelancholy”. disposition; shall find many friends’ at your more remarkable for listening than house. You will excuse me for ex. for talking and making a noise ; my pressing myself, as well as I can, in ears being much longer than nyiny poor way, as I am no great wris tongue, though the gentleman who ter, nor orator neither ; and you may has sent ine to you is pretty well rely on the best reward in the power known for his talkativeness. But of, good madam, potwithstanding he has been so kind

"Your long-eared, as to endeavour to introduce me to

" Whiskered, dinner at your house, what he said of you has rather alarmed my natural

"Four-legged. timidity. He whispered me, that you

“ And devoted, have, sometimes, rather a queer way

• Servant, of treating your friends, and told me he should not be surprised, if, after

“ Puss." receiving me with great politeness," Free.---y."

66

Natural History Society of EdiaVENERABLE FEMALE,

burgh : IN November, 1823, died, at Penrith,

Mary Noble's parents were poor having attained to the almost patriar. labouring people of the name of Salchal age of one hundred and seven keld, and were chiefly employed in years, eight weeks, and four days, agriculture: both lived to be very Mary Noble, widow, who was a na

old, and they both had ten or eleven tive of Haresceugh, in the parish of children, several of whom reached ah Kirkoswald, in this county, in the advanced age. Mary was brought baptismal register of which parish up with plain and simple food, and she is entered as having been born

was accustomed to hard labour froin on the 17th of Sept. 1716. Such her youth. At thirty years of age longevity is an additional illustration she married Williain Noble, a miller, of the beneficial effect of temperance by whom she had three children, all and exercise, by which not only bodily of whom died young of acute diseases, health, but the health of the mind She is a very short woman, and at also

may (as in this instance) be pro- present (May, 1823) would not weigh tracted beyond the common period of more than four or five stone. Old mortality At the age of ninets, age is strongly marked in her counteMary Noble assisted in reaping a

nance and general appearance; her field of harley, and “kept her rig

forehead and face are much wrinkled, (as it is expressed in the provincial her eyes are clear, but her eye-lids phrase) with the younger reapers ;

are partially averted and affected with and her senses, with the exception of lippitude; she has had no teeth for that of hearing, seem to have been to twenty years, her gums, however, are the last much less impaired than is

so firm that she masticates hard bread the usual lot of long-extended life. with apparent ease.

Her hearing She perfectly retained in memory lier began to fail about three years ago, prayers, which she regularly and de- and has since gradually declined, she voutly repeated. During many of having been deaf during the last three her late years the burden iriseparable months, and at present can scarcely from age was much lightened and as

hear any thing. Her sight is still suaged by the kind hands and sooth: good. l'hree years ago only, it was ing attention of Mr. and Mrs. Nichol. $0 perfect that she had no occasion son, of Penrith, who, without

any

for glasses, and could thread a small relationship to, or any connection needle. Her hair is flaxen, thick, with her (except that she had been and long, having undergone but litpurse to Mrs. Nicholson), most kind- tle change : il has been a source of ly took her into their house, and profit to her, as she has often sold a waited upon her with an affectionate crop of it for len, fifteen, and even assiduity, the reward of which is in twenty shillings. Her menory was their own bosoms and with the Most always retentive; when 106 years High. The features of this extraor. old it was so perfect, that she used to dinary example of longevity will be relate an account of the second re familiar to many who never saw her, bellion, at which time she lived as a from an admirable likeness of her sit- servant at Stockbridge, and she saw ting and spinning at her wheel, which some of the rebels hung on Peorith was taken about Christmas 1822, at fell. She is able to read a little, and the desire and expeuse of the Right occasionally peruses her bible. For Honourable the Earl of Lonsdale, the last four or five years she has used and exhibited at Somerset-house.

a walking-stick, but always walks

quite erect, there being no contracThe preceding is from the pen of tion in her limbs. Her respiration a Penrith correspondent: what fol- is deep, easy, and uniform; she takes Jows are extracts from a paper by Dr. little food, sleeps much ; for her health Barnes, read before the Wernerian has been generally good; she never had blood drawn, nor took

any

medi- than formerly-at least in England, cine, except an opium pill on one oc- where mortality has diminished for casion for a cough, which made her 80 many years past. The results of the sick and ill that her life was despaired population returns afford satisfactory of. William Noble, her busband, evidence that our ancestors did not rented a corn-will at Malmerly. At enjoy the same degree of health and that time, the subject of this notice longevity that we do at present. The was in the habit of rising at three annual mortality has decreased nearly o'clock in the inoruing, and going one third in 40 years. In 1780, the with carts to Alston, a distance of rate was taken at one in forty; in eleven miles, over vle of the wildest, 1795, at one in forty-five; in 1801, coldest, and most dreary parts of at one in forty-seven; in 1811, at Cumberland. When she was 72 or one in fifty-two; and in 1821, the 73 years of age, her husband died; result of the census show a mortality and she was afterwards employed as of one in fifty-eight Many canses house-keeper to a farmer at Old-town, have contributed to produce these efin whose service she regularly drove fects; the principal of which are, the ponies, laden with corn, to Carlisle improvement in our food and clothe and Penrith markets, each town being ing, in the cleanliness of our houses about nine miles distant from her and towns, in the draivage of land, place of residence. When 90 years and in the prevention and treatment old, she reaped during the harvest, of diseases. Some of the niost forwalking a mile to the tield, and keep- midable and fatal maladies of former ing up with the other reapers. She times are now either extinct among has always been abstemious, and her us or much mitigated in their vior diet of the plainest kind, not objecting lence." to a little ale or spirits occasionally ; but for some years past she has chiefly lived upon tea, which she takes strong with cream, but without sugar; this THE MINSTREL. is her favourite food; yet, occasionally, she inakes use of a little milk or broth; her clothing was always of a warm kind. Until within the last Our readers have on one or two oc. three months she spun finen

casions met with articles in our pages

yarn with a spinning wheel, a common oce relating to that accommodating per cupation among the peasantry of sonage, the Vicar of Bray :* we have Cumberland, and made

lately met with an old ditty comme

yarn quality. I lately saw a very handa morative of his versatility, which wo some table-cloth which had been wo

think possesses sufficient merit and ven from it ; and it is worthy of re

interest to form a number of our mark, that this cloth, spun at the Minstrel, under which head we age of 106, was woven by a blind therefore introduce it without farther inan. Mary has resided for the last ceremony :17 years with Mr. J. Nicholson, of Penrith, who is now 76 years of age,

THE VICAR OF BRAY. and remembers her a woman from

TUNE, THB TURNCOAT." his youth : his wife, who is 69, was nursed by her when a child, which Op Bray the vicar long I've been circumstance gave birth to a strong And many a lest and trial attachment, and Mrs. Nicholson nur- I've stood, and various changes seen, ses her in her old age, and affords her Yet never prov'd disloyal. every attention and comfort: they have lived together for the last 32 years. We have strong reasons to • Compare vol. ii, p. 382, and believe that inankind live longer now of the present volo

NO. VI.

of good

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