The Cambridge Companion to Descartes
John Cottingham, Professor of Philosophy John Cottingham
Cambridge University Press, 25. sep. 1992 - 441 sider
Descartes occupies a position of piviotal importance as one of the founding fathers of modern philosophy; he is, perhaps the most widely studied of all philosophers. In this authoritative collection an international team of leading scholars in Cartesian studies present the full range of Descartes' extraordinary philosophical achievement. His life and the development of his thought, as well as the intellectual background to and reception of his work are treated at length. At the core of the volume are a group of chapters on his metaphysics: the celebrated "Cogito" argument, the proofs of God's existence, the "Cartesian circle" and the dualistic theory of the mind and its relation to his theological and scientific views. Other chapters cover the philosophical implications of his work in algebra, his place in the 17th century scientific revolution, the structure of his physics, and his work on physiology and psychology.
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Descartes life and the development of his philosophy
Descartes and scholasticism the intellectual background to Descartes thought
The nature of abstract reasoning philosophical aspects of Descartes work in algebra
Cartesian metaphysics and the role of the simple natures
The Cogito and its importance
The idea of God and the proofs of his existence
The Cartesian circle
Cartesian dualism theology metaphysics and science
algebra argument Aristotelian Aristotle attribute Baillet Beeckman belief bodily body cartes Cartesian Circle cause certainty clear and distinct clearly and distinctly common simple natures conception CSM II CSMK deduction Descartes claims Descartes writes Discourse discussion dislodged distinct perception distinctly perceived doctrine epistemic Essays example explain extension fact Fifth Meditation Fleche Gassendi geometry Huet human hypothesis idea infinite intellectual simple natures interpretation intuition Isaac Beeckman Jesuits knowledge La Fleche laws Leibniz letter to Mersenne lines logical mathematics mathesis universalis matter mechanical mechanistic Meditation Mersenne metaphysics mind motion natural philosophy objects Optics passage passions perfect phenomena philosophy physics physiology pineal gland Principles problem proposition psychological reason for doubt recollected clear Regulae scholastic scholastic philosophy scholasticism scientific seems sensations sense sensory skeptical hypothesis skeptical supposition soul substance substantial forms theology theory thing thought and existence tion true truth rule unshakability VIIIA